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Volume 11 Index A-L

This index also includes references to substantive annotations in previous volumes that are not repeated here; for instance, the reference to the Atlanta Federation of Trades annotation in volume four appears in this index as 4:24n; and the glossary entry for Daniel DeLeon in volume 6 appears in this index as 6:*.

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A (Asterisks indicate glossary entries)

Adams, Emmet L., 456, 459n, 525-26

Adams, Norman, 122

Adams, Oswin T., 190, 191n

Afel (cargo ship), 97, 97n

AFL. See American Federation of Labor

Airplane, transatlantic crossings by, 90, 92n

Alabama Drydock and Shipbuilding Co., strike against (1920- 21), 484-85, 486n

Albert I, 10:567n, 56

Alexander, Magnus W., 287-88, 289n

Allegheny Coal and Coke Co., organization of, attempted, 121, 123n; strike against (1919), 121-22, 123n

Allen, Henry J., 289-90, 290n; SG debate with, 289-90, 290n, 298-99, 304-8, 320n

Allen, Noah, 326n

Alpine, John R., 10:*, 40n

Alschuler, Samuel B., 10:304n, 453n

Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employes of America, Local Union No. 497 v. Joplin and Pittsburg Railway Co., 408, 409n

American Anti-Boycott Association, 7:246n, 408n

American entry into World War I, AFL and, 88, 92n

American Federation of Labor (AFL): as bulwark against Bolshevism, 389, 425; Defense Fund, 6:128n, 478n; legal assistance from, 515-16; salaries of officers and organizers, 395, 397n

--Building Trades Department, 6:175n, 22-23n, 271, 352, 445, 467, 467n, 544-45, 545n; conventions: 1919, 23n; 1920 (Montreal), 378, 379n; 1921, 468n

--central bodies, strike votes by, 49, 50n, 94, 95n

--conventions: 1890 (Detroit), 65, 66n; 1893 (Chicago), 32, 34n; 1897 (Nashville), 65, 66n; 1900 (Louisville, Ky.), 66, 66n; 1901 (Scranton, Pa.), 42, 46n, 66; 1903 (Boston), 260-61, 262n, 444, 444n; 1911 (Atlanta), 532; 1917 (Buffalo), 66, 66n, 210; 1918 (St. Paul), 27n, 66, 66n; 1919 (Atlantic City), 63-64, 64n, 67n, 69, 70n, 98, 108, 110, 111n, 114, 116, 117n, 130, 131n, 146n, 150, 243, 271, 367; accounts of, 79-91, 93-94; 1920 (Montreal), 270, 281n, 325-26, 328-29, 346, 370-71, 392, 393n, 394-95, 397-98, 434, 436, 438, 441-42, 462, 463n, 469, 478n; accounts of, 313-23; 1921 (Denver), 400, 400n, 417, 420n, 485, 488, 491n, 492, 493-94n, 497, 504n, 506, 507n, 534-35, 541-42, 543n, 555, 559; accounts of, 472-82; 1922 (Cincinnati), 60n, 482, 482n, 507n

--Executive Council: and Plumb Plan, 130-31, 131n; powers of, 331; letter from, 436-39; letters to, 112-13, 119-20, 132-34, 213-14, 223-24, 227-28, 401-3, 406-7, 410, 505-6, 507n; statement of, 208-11, 211n, 213n

--Executive Council, meetings of: Dec. 1918, 25n; May 1919, 60, 61n, 63, 67n; June 1919, 110, 111n; Aug. 1919, 125n, 130, 131n, 134, 135n; Aug. 1919, minutes of, 124-25; Oct. 1919, 152n, 213, 214n; Oct. 1919, minutes of, 151-52; Nov. 1919, 208, 211n, 213-14, 214n; Dec. 1919, 240n; Dec. 1919, minutes of, 239-40; Feb.-Mar. 1920, 265n; Feb.-Mar. 1920, minutes of, 271-74; May 1920, 294n; June 1920, 326, 326n, 328, 359; June 1920, minutes of, 310-13; Aug. 1920, 345, 345n; Nov. 1920, 395, 396n, 401; Nov. 1920, minutes of, 384-90; Feb.-Mar. 1921, 407, 408n, 436, 468, 470; Feb.-Mar. 1921, minutes of, 426-31, 433-34; June 1921, 471n, 492, 493n, 517; June 1921, minutes of, 468-71; Aug. 1921, 513, 514n, 517-18; Nov. 1921, 515, 515n

--federal labor union 14,949 (New York City), 323, 324n

--Information and Education Bureau, 402, 403

--Legislative Committee, 294n, 329, 407, 465, 502

--local unions, directly affiliated (LU): LU 7417 (house shorers and movers, New York City), 467, 467n; LU 8156 (tobacco strippers, Boston), 420n; LU 10,227 (tobacco strippers, Hartford, Conn.), 420n; LU 10,422 (tobacco strippers, Denver), 478n; LU 12,046 (tobacco strippers, New Haven, Conn.), 420n; LU 12,971 (tobacco strippers, Manchester, N.H.), 420n; LU 14,332 (flat janitors, Chicago), 450, 450n; LU 14,451 (crane followers and platform workers, Schenectady, N.Y.), 411-12, 412n; LU 16,088 (railway coach cleaners, St. Louis), 119-20, 120-21n; LU 16,199 (boiler makers', blacksmiths', and machinists' helpers, Mobile, Ala.), 484-85, 486n; LU 16,220 (freight handlers, Richmond, Va.), 314, 317n; LU 16,313 (watchmen and transportation workers, Lynn, Mass.), 186-87, 187n; LU 16,313, strike (threatened), 186-87; LU 16,381 (freight handlers, Baltimore), 492n; LU 16,406 (freight handlers, Little Rock, Ark.), 183, 183n; LU 16,488 (cigar factory employees, Manchester, N.H.), 417-18, 420n; LU 16,685 (railway coach and station cleaners and porters, Cleveland), 325, 326n; LU 16,718 (city policemen, Washington, D.C.), 146n; LU 16,718, injunction against, 146n; LU 16,807 (city policemen, Boston), 145, 146n; LU 16,982 (freight handlers, Winston-Salem, N.C.), 492n; LU 17,196 (freight handlers, Columbia, S.C.), 492n; LU 17,306 (baggage and mail handlers, Washington, D.C.), 492n; LU 17,417 (railway coach and car cleaners, Waco, Tex.), 565n

--Metal Trades Department, 7:368n, 62, 76n, 271

--Mining Department, 8:368n, 271

--mission to Europe (spring 1919), 25, 25n, 37-40, 40n, 46- 48, 52-59, 62n, 63-64

--mission to Europe (summer 1919), 110, 111n, 113n, 118, 119n, 460n

--National Non-Partisan Political Campaign, 265, 265n, 266, 271-74, 275n, 276-77, 281-83, 283n, 330, 374-77, 378n

--National Non-Partisan Political Campaign Committee, 279, 301, 377, 382; and Chicago Federation of Labor, 275, 283; financial appeal by, 272, 274, 275n; members of, 240n, 272, 275n; report by, 271-74

--news letter, 403

--organizers, 62, 63n, 341-42n, 501-2, 502n, 526-27n; black, 317n, 325-26, 464; layoffs of, 395-96, 396n, 517; and Mexican immigrant labor, 338-40; and Southern Lines System Board of Adjustment, 550-54; and southern textile organizing campaign, 525-26, 526n; and steel strike, 154, 155n, 206, 206n; letters from, 72-74, 106, 380-81, 451-53, 549, 551-52, 558-59; letters to, 342-43, 395-96, 502-3, 509, 509n, 517, 550-56; wires from, 112-13, 212; wire to, 145-46

--Publicity Bureau, 426n

--Railway Employes' Department, 8:253n, 271; and Plumb Plan, 130, 131n; and railroad shopmen's strike (1919, threatened), 120n

--strike fund, 556-58, 558n, 565-70

--Union Label Trades Department, 7:457n, 271

American Federation of Labor Reconstruction Program, 7, 7- 8n, 33, 53, 54n

American Institute of Architects, 23n


American Labor Alliance, 549n

American Labor's Position in Peace or in War, 10:22n, 521n

American Legion, 217n

American Mason, 374, 376n

"American Plan." See Open shop

American Railway Union,* 250-51, 259n

American Telephone and Telegraph Co., strike against (1919), 93, 94-95n, 102-4, 104n

American Woolen Co., 352n

Ames, Charles B., 202, 203n

Anderson, Albert B., 8:414n, 196n, 209, 220

Anderson, Mary, 10:82n, 18-20, 132, 134

Anderson, Sydney, 332n

Antonini, Luigi, 318n

Appleton, William A.,* 28, 30n, 223, 437; letter to, 117-19

Arizona State Federation of Labor, 9:468n, 340-41

Armaments, General Committee on Limitation of (AFL), 547, 548n

Armistice Day disarmament demonstrations, 523-24, 524-25n, 533-34, 534n

Armour meatpacking company, strike against (1921-22), 571n

Arnold, Benedict, 5:99n, 368

Arras, battle of, 57, 58n

Ashley, William F., Jr., 353n, 378, 379n, 460

Ashton, William, 459n

Assembly, freedom of, 8, 18n, 70n, 159, 163, 176, 247, 311

Association, freedom of, 8n, 11, 70-71n, 100

Association of Master Painters and Decorators of New York City, strike against (1920-21), 358n

Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Co. v. Gee et al., 458n

Atkins, Milton W., 95n, 103, 104n

Atlanta Federation of Trades, 4:24n, 66

Ault, Erwin B., 217, 217-18n

Austria, participation in International Labor Conference (1919, Washington, D.C.), 136-37, 137-38n

B

Badgett, Harry, 84n

Baer, Frederick W.,* 434, 435n

Bailey, Joseph W., 339, 342n, 375

Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co., 514n

Bailey v. George, 514n

Baine, Charles L.,* 560n; letter to, 559-60

Baker, Horace, 538, 539- 40n

Baker, Newton D., 9:512n, 191, 206n, 259n, 393n; letter from, 116

Bakery and Confectionery Workers' International Union of America , and black workers, 9:*, 84n

Balboa ( Canal Zone ) Central Labor Union, 391, 393n

Baldwin-Felts detectives, 296n

Balfour, Arthur J., 69, 71n

Barbers' International Union of America, Journeymen,* 317n; and black workers, 84n

Barbour, E. T., 286n

Barker, Allan E.,* 59-60, 60n

Barlow, Lester P., 277-78, 278n

Barnes, George N.,* 70n, 136, 137n; letter from, 69-70

Barnes, J. Mahlon,* 93n, 477, 478n

Barrett, James F.,* 510-11, 512n, 526

Barton, Robert, 538, 539n

Baruch, Bernard M., 10:38n, 167, 172, 176-77, 523n

Batt, Dennis, 488n

Bauer, Joseph A., 343n; letter to, 342-43

Belgian Federation of Labor, meetings with AFL peace delegation, 55-56

Belleau Wood , battle of, 47, 49n, 56, 118

Berg, Benita: letter to, 244

Berger, Victor L.,* 248, 248-49n

Berger et al. v. U.S. , 249n

Berres, Albert J.,* 76n, 401, 403n, 434, 560n

Bethlehem Steel Co., 399n; strike against (1919), 126n

Bibb Manufacturing Co., 76n

Billings , Warren , 87n, 541

Birch, Nathan P., 80, 82n

Birth Control Conference, 1921 ( New York City ), 540, 540n

Bismarck , Otto von, 4:70n, 10

Black and Tans, 452-53, 454n

Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers, and Helpers, International Brotherhood of,* 27 -28n, 85n, 344, 362, 475n; and black workers, 84n, 284; and railroad shopmen's strike (1919, threatened), 120n; local 422 ( Mobile , Ala. ), strike (1920-21), 486n

Blackwell, Jerome, 197n; letter from, 196-97

Black workers, 36-37, 37n, 42-46, 46n, 366n; AFL and, 46n, 65-66, 66n, 82-83, 83-84n, 96, 96n, 105-6, 106-7n, 114, 119-20, 121n, 143, 143n, 148-49, 149n, 189n, 313-16, 316-17n, 325-26, 391-92, 392-93n, 433-34, 435n, 464, 476-78, 478n, 484-85, 488-91, 491-92n, 501-2, 502n, 506; SG and, 82, 142-43, 143n, 182-83, 188-89, 197n, 243, 243n, 349-50, 365-66, 366n, 393-94, 400, 400n, 464, 486n, 528-29, 529n, 546, 547n, 550-51, 551n, 552-54, 558-59, 564-65, 565n; and steel strike, 196-97, 283-86, 286n

Bland, Lawrence D., 9:255-56n, 447

Blanton, Thomas L., 10:454n, 65, 66n, 245, 245n

Bliss, Tasker H., 41n, 48, 49n, 58n

Bloom, Evelyn Hechheimer (Mrs. Sol Bloom), 53, 54n

Bloom, Sol, 53, 54n

Board of Adjustment of the Railway and Steamship Freight Handlers and Station Employes of the Southern Railway, 550-51, 551n, 552-54, 559

Board of Railway Wages and Working Conditions, 157n

Boddy, Samuel L., 62, 63n

Boiler Makers, Iron Ship Builders, and Helpers of America, International Brotherhood of,* 28n, 85n, 106n, 131n, 318n, 344, 475n; and black workers, 106, 107n, 478n, 484-85; convention, 1920, 107n; local 112 (Mobile, Ala.), strike (1920-21), 486n; and railroad shopmen's strike (1919, threatened), 120n

Bohm, Ernest,* 263, 265n

Bohn, Frank, 401, 403-4n

Boies, William D., 302n; letter to, 300-302

Bollenbacher, Peter, 87n

"Bolshevism" in U.S. : accusations of, 6, 51, 81, 157, 355, 357, 421, 425; AFL condemnation of, 150, 371, 442; and Prohibition, 81, 184; and steel strike, 123n, 163, 165, 194

Boncer, William, 83n

Boot and Shoe Workers' Union ,* 135n, 287-88; and black workers, 84n

Bope, George W., 245n; letter to, 245

Borden, Robert L., 69, 71n, 91, 92-93n, 101

Boston Central Labor Union, 1:166n, 146n

Boston police strike (1919), 145-46, 146 -47n, 318, 319n

Boulware, Joseph, 478n

"Bourbon," 171

Bowen, William, 529n

Bowerman, Charles W.,* 12, 17n, 28, 30n, 38

Boycott, right to, 422

Boyd, James E., 512-14, 514n

Boyd, William, 96n; letter from, 96

Boys, education of, 221-23

Brackenridge , Pa. , murders in, 121-23, 123n

Brady, George, 447n

Brady, Peter, 9:153n, 354-55

Branstetter, Otto F., 427, 432n

Breaker boys, 305

Brennan, Redmond S., 451, 453n

Brer Rabbit, 68, 68n

Brewery, Flour, Cereal, and Soft Drink Workers of America, International Union of United, 9:*, 81n; and black workers, 84n

Brewster, Thomas T., 204, 205n

Brick and Clay Workers of America, United, 9:*, 28n, 85n; and black workers, 84n

Bricklayers', Masons', and Plasterers' International Union of America , 10:*, 28n, 85n; and black workers, 84n, 529n

Bridge, Structural, and Ornamental Iron Workers, International Association of,* 28n, 85n, 362, 365n

Brindell, Robert P., 9:292n, 324, 324-25n, 352-53, 355-56, 378-79, 467, 467n; conviction of, 445, 446n

Brock, James F.,* 477, 478n

Brooklyn Central Labor Union, 2:68n, 358n

Brooklyn Rapid Transit Co., strike against (1920), 356, 358n

Browder, Earl, 561n

Brown, George R., 389, 391n

Brown, James, 4:131n, 326, 327n

Brown, Jay G.,* 360, 365n

Brown, Lathrop, 158, 160n

Brown, Mabel Elizabeth (Mrs. Irving Brown), 460, 460n

Brown, William S.,* 434, 435n

Bryan, William E.,* 103, 104n; letter from, 556-58, 558n; letter to, 565-70

Buck, L. W., 113n

Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases, 7:249-50n, 15, 18n, 85

Building Laborers' Union, Independent, 325n

Building trades unions: corruption in, 530 ( see also New York City Building Trades Council); jurisdiction of, 21-22, 22-23n, 60n; strike (1919, Winnipeg), 75n; strike (1921-22, Chicago), 496-97n

Bureau of International Trade and Industrial Unions, 488n

Burford, Robert E., 83-84n, 314, 316- 17n, 489-91, 491n

Burke, Frank, 219, 220n

Burleson, Albert S., 8:495n, 93-94, 95n, 102-4

Burns, William, 54n

Burt, Robert R.,* 477, 478n

Burt, Sidney , 189n; letter from, 188-89

Butler , Seymour, 319n

Butterworth, Frank, 206n

C

Cabinet Makers' Employers' Association, strike against (1920-21), 358n

Cachin, Marcel, 39, 41n

Cahill, Martin, 199, 199n

Cahillane, Patrick, 86n

California : Japanese students in, 89; landholding by Asian immigrants in, 89

Callaghan, Edward F., 510, 512n

Callahan, Patrick, 86n

Calles, Plutarco El í as, 404n

Cambria Steel Co., strike against (1919), 206, 206n

Campaign, 1920: 275-77, 330, 346-47, 374-77, 378n, 382, 384, 404-5; AFL Executive Council and, 239-40, 264; AFL demands of Democratic and Republican parties, 310-13. See also AFL National Non-Partisan Political Campaign; AFL National Non-Partisan Political Campaign Committee

Campbell, Guy, 123n

Campbell, Thomas M., 190, 191n

Canada , labor representatives of, meetings with AFL peace delegation, 55

Canada , Trades and Labor Congress of, 4:471n, 380; convention, 1918, 75n; convention, 1920 (Windsor, Ont.), 380, 381n

Canadian Electrical Trades Union , 381, 381n

Canadian Federation of Labor, 8:121n, 380, 381n

Canadian immigrant workers, 341n

Canadian Labor Congress, 76n

Canadian unions: expenditures for, 280, 281n; income from, 280, 281n

Canal Zone , workers in, 391-92, 392-93n, 433-34, 435n

Canal Zone Central Labor Union. See Balboa ( Canal Zone ) Central Labor Union

Canal Zone Metal Trades Council, 393n

Cantonment construction agreement, 10:114, 10:115n, 116, 117n

Cap Makers of North America , United Cloth Hat and,* 135n

Capper, Arthur, 338n

Carmania (passenger liner), 37-38, 40n

Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of,* 325n; and AFL Building Trades Department, 544-45, 545n; and black workers, 84n, 366n; and Chicago building trades arbitration case, 496-97n; jurisdiction of, 60n, 545n; local 1411 (Mobile, Ala.), strike (1920-21), 486n; local 1456 (New York City), 324, 325n; local 2203 (Bogalusa, La.), 366; organizing campaign, Bogalusa, 366n

Carpenters' Union , International, 544, 545n

Carranza, Venustiano, 9:160n, 300n, 303, 303n

Carter, William S.,* 460-61, 461n, 462, 472n, 489, 491, 532n

Castle, Howard, 454n

Catt, Carrie Chapman, 6:217n, 20n

Centralia , Wash. , Armistice Day affair, 216, 217n

Chadbourne, Thomas L., Jr., 168, 168n

The Challenge Accepted: Labor Will Not Be Outlawed or Enslaved, 426n

Chambers , Jordan W., 83-84n, 120n, 326n, 477, 478n; wire from, 119

Chandler , D. L., 475n

Chas. Wolff Packing Co. v. The Court of Industrial Relations of the State of Kansas , 280n

Ch â teau-Thierry, battle of, 10:567n, 47, 49n, 56, 118

Cheka, 429-30, 432n

Chicago , mayoral elections in: 1915, 263, 265n; 1919, 263- 64, 265n

Chicago Associated Building Trades Council, 497n

Chicago Building Construction Employers' Association, 497n

Chicago building trades arbitration case, 496, 496-97n

Chicago Building Trades Council, 3:359n, 27n, 496-97n

Chicago Defender, 149, 149n

Chicago Federation of Labor, 4:159n, 4:177n, 17n, 27n, 275- 78, 368-73, 373n, 525n; letter from, 281-83

Chicherin, Georgi V., 427, 432n

Child labor, prohibition of, 8n, 70-71n, 100, 159, 305, 311; and Child Labor Tax Act, 15, 512-14, 514n; and Keating-Owen Act, 15

Chindblom, Carl R., 276, 278n, 281

Chinese workers, 43, 149, 342; admission of, into Hawaii , 483, 484n, 502-3, 503-4n

Christman, Elisabeth, 10:82n, 18, 532n; letter from, 505-6, 507n

Cigar Makers' International Union of America,* 10, 17n; and black workers, 84n; convention, 1920 (Cleveland), 8:422n, 416; Joint Advisory Board, Tampa, 571n; local 336 (Tampa), 571n; local 462 (Tampa), 571n; local 464 (Tampa), 571n; local 474 (Tampa), 571n; local 500 (Tampa), 571n; local 507 (Boston), 420n; local 518 (Manchester, N.H.), 420n; local 520 (Manchester), 420n; strike (1920-21, Tampa), 567, 571n; and tobacco strippers' locals, 412-19, 419-20n, 478n

Cigar Manufacturers' Association of Tampa , 571n

Citizens' Committee to Enforce the Landis Award, 496-97n

Citizenship, annulment of, 562-63

Claessens, August, 262n

Claherty, Coleman, 284, 286n

Clark, Edgar E.,* 348, 349n

Clark, Frank, 116n; letter from, 114-15

Clark, James B. "Champ," 8:258n; letter to, 384

Clay, Arthur H., 565n; letter from, 564-65

Clerks' International Protective Association, Retail, 9:*; local 361 ( Palestine , Tex. ), 189, 191n

Cleveland Federation of Labor, 9:137n, 319n

Cleveland Street Railway Co.: strike against (1918), 19, 21n; and women workers, 18-19, 20-21n

Closed shop, 162, 327

Clothing Workers of America, Amalgamated, 10:*, 351-52n; injunction against, 458n

Coach cleaners' unions, black, 478n, 564-65, 565n

Coal strike (1919), 192n, 194, 233, 386, 566; AFL Executive Council statement on, 208-11; injunction against, 192n, 195, 196n, 197-201, 203-4, 206, 208-12, 213n, 220, 252-53, 336; SG negotiations regarding, 191-92, 195-96, 198-205, 205n, 206

Coffin, Josephine, 507n; letter from, 505-6

Cohn, Fannia M., 500n; letter from, 499-500, 533n

Colby, Bainbridge, 300, 300n

Colby, Josephine, 395, 396n

Cole, Ralph D., 375, 376n

Cole, Raymond C., 376n

Collective bargaining, right to, 287-88, 386; AFL and, 7n, 186, 230, 235, 310, 421-22, 424, 426n; Industrial Conference, First (1919, Washington , D.C. ) and, 158, 167-82; SG and, 170-82, 242, 327, 509, 536-39

Collins, John M., 264, 265n

Comintern. See Third (Communist) International

Commission on International Labor Legislation, 40, 41n; report of, 69, 70n, 99-102, 102n; SG and, 40, 40-41n, 47-48, 53, 56-58

Commission Syndicale de Belgique, 57n

Communist party, in the U.S. , 427-28, 432n

Communist Party of America , 550n

Communist Party of the United States of America , 550n

Company unions, 173-74, 179

Conant, Luther, Jr., 334n; letter to, 333-34

Conboy, Sara A.,* 97, 97n, 128n, 240n, 275n, 460, 532n

Conboy, Thomas J., 206, 206n

Conf é d é ration G é n é rale du Travail, 7:479n, 11, 440n; meetings with AFL peace delegation, 39-40, 40-41n, 55, 57n

Confederaci ó n Regional Obrera Mexicana, 140n

A Congress of Negation, 336, 338n

Connors, John, 365n

Conroy, James J., 496, 497n

Conscription, AFL and, 292, 294, 301

Convict labor, 70n, 312

Conway, Mary, 415, 420n

Coogan, James J., 10, 17n

Coolidge, Calvin, 146, 146 -47n, 498n

Cooperatives, 214n, 233, 238n, 335, 338n

Coopers' International Union of North America ,* 28n, 85n, 153n

Cornwell, John J., 295, 297n

Coronado case, 10:323n, 174, 492, 494n

Cost of living, 233, 388, 443

Cotter, J. J., 158, 160n

Coughlin, John, 9:63n, 457, 457n

Council of National Defense, 10:20-21n, 4-5

--Advisory Commission, 10:20-21n, 4, 348

--Committee on Labor, 10:21n; Committee on Welfare Work, 35; Committee on Women in Industry, 35-36; and labor standards, 35; wartime accomplishments of, 34-36; letter to, 34-36

Courts, power of, 8n, 232, 312, 422-23

Covert, Clair,* 365, 366n

Cox, James M., 335-37, 337n, 374-75

Credit, 235

Croly, Herbert D., 470, 472n

Cuba , support for people of, 88, 92n

Cudahy meatpacking company, strike against (1921-22), 571n

Cummins, Albert B., 9:208n, 195n

Curtis, Edwin, 146n, 319n

D

Dacus, Solomon J., 366n; letter from, 365-66

D'Alessandro, Domenico,* 324, 325n, 353n; letter from, 378- 79

Daniels, Josephus, 10:54n, 191

Danville ( Va. ) Central Labor Union, 5:439n, 66, 66n

D'Aragona, Ludovico,* 372, 373n

d'Arschot-Schoonhoven, Guillaume, comte, 56, 58n

Daugherty, Harry M., 196n, 497, 498n

Davenport , Daniel J., 6:339n, 408n

Davey, Martin, 260n

Davila, Felix Cordova, 503n

Davis, David, 3:204n, 8

Davis, David J.,* 98, 99n, 124-25, 360; wire from, 128-29

Davis, James J., 410, 411n, 451, 453n; letter to, 494-95

Daylight savings, 79, 82n

Dean, John J., 510, 512n

Debate between Samuel Gompers, President of the American Federation of Labor, and Henry J. Allen, Governor of Kansas , 290n

Debs, Eugene V.,* 250, 259n, 318, 397-98, 398n, 532, 533n

Dee, Richard P., 314-16, 317n

Dehan, Joseph, 40n

DeLeon, Daniel, 6:*, 570, 572n

Democratic party: AFL demands of, 1920, 310-13, 313n, 330

Demolition Contractors' Protective Association, 353, 353n

Depression of 1893, 3:363-66, 32

Detective agencies, 296n, 422, 447n

Detroit Federation of Labor, 10:108n, 488n

Deutelbaum, Julius, 87n

DeValera, Eamon, 86n

DeWitt, Samuel, 262n

Diamond, Max, 378n; letter to, 376-77

Dickson, William, 391n

Dielman, Henry, 20n

Disarmament: The American Federation of Labor: Its Declarations and Actions in Support of Disarmament and International Peace, 548, 548n

Doak, William N., 348, 349n, 468, 470

Doane, Lester B., 340, 342n

Dobson, William, 10:*, 23n, 529n

Dock Builders' Union ( New York City ), 324, 325n

Doggett, John W., 73, 74n

Donlin, John H.,* 379n, 401, 544; and Canal Zone, workers in, 392, 434; and Industrial Conference, First (1919, Washington , D.C. ), 128n; and New York City building trades situation, 378, 445, 467, 467-68n; and Unemployment Conference (1921, Washington , D.C. ), 532n

Dorchy v. State of Kansas , 280n

Dorsey, Hugh M., 76n; wire to, 76

Drew, Walter, 8:227n, 287

Drexel Furniture Co. v. Bailey, 514n

Drury, Horace, 391n

DuBose, G. P., 39, 41n

Dudek, Lawrence, 142n

Duell, Holland , 564n

Duffy, Frank,* 84n, 345, 365, 366n, 544, 545n; at AFL conventions, 83, 315-16, 317n; and AFL mission to Europe (spring 1919), 40n; and Canal Zone, workers in, 365n, 435; elected AFL vice-president, 93n, 321, 321n, 482; and Industrial Conference, First (1919, Washington, D.C.), 128n

Duffy, Peter J., 66n; letter to, 65-66

Duncan, James,* 65n, 93n, 221n, 345, 387-88, 447, 544; and AFL committee on wage determination, 560n; at AFL conventions, 315, 317n, 473, 475n; and AFL mission to Europe (spring 1919), 40n, 48n; and Canal Zone, workers in, 365n; elected AFL vice-president, 93n, 321, 321n, 482; and Industrial Conference, First (1919, Washington, D.C.), 128n; and International Labor Conference (1919, Washington, D.C.), 110-11, 111n; letters to, 64-65, 110-11

Duncan, James A., 79-80, 81-82n, 87n, 94, 316, 317-18n, 321

Dunlap, Henry, 454n

Dunlop, Robert, 321n

Duplex Printing Press Co., 408n

Duplex Printing Press Co. v. Deering et al., 406, 408n

Dutton, E. P., and Co. , 522, 523n

Dyche, James E., 532, 533n

E

Easley, Ralph M.,* 530n; letters to, 529-30, 562-64

East St. Louis race riots, 10:133-34n, 114

Eastty, George W., 488, 491, 492n

Eatough, Henry, 510, 512n

Economic readjustment, postwar, 3-5, 7, 7-8n, 17, 31-34, 51, 52n

Edge, Walter, 107n; letter to, 107

Education: compulsory, AFL and, 379; government supervision of, 8n; trade unions and, 499-500, 500n

Edwoods, Prince L., 243n; letter from, 243

Eichelberger, Harry L., 8:47n, 489, 491, 525

Eight-hour day, 14, 18n, 100. See also Hours of labor, limitation of

Eight-hour legislation, enforcement of, 312

Eight-hour movement (1886), 1:276-77, 9

Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,* 28n, 85n, 99n, 281n, 344, 381, 381n, 475n; local 147A (Palestine, Tex.), strike (1919), 189-90, 191n; local 147A, injunction against, 189-90, 191n; local 213 (Vancouver), 281n; local 353 (Toronto), 381, 381n; local 388 (Palestine, Tex.), strike (1919), 189-90, 191n; local 388, injunction against, 189-90, 191n; local 397 (Balboa Heights, Canal Zone), 391; local 572 (Regina, Sask.), 381, 381n; local 810 (Mobile, Ala.), strike (1920-21), 486n; and railroad shopmen's strike (1919, threatened), 120n; strike (1919, threatened), 95n

Elevator Constructors, International Union of, and Chicago building trades arbitration case, 496n; local 50 ( Toronto ), 380, 381n

Elliott, James D., 10:323n, 174

Elliott, J. H., 538, 539n

Elm, Johann Adolph von,* 10-11, 17n

Emergency Fleet Corporation, 10:208n, 52n, 63n

Employment agencies, 8n

Engineering Council, 23n

Engineers, and labor, 384-90, 391n

Ennis, Roscoe C., 486n; letter from, 484-85

Erlanger, Mitchell L., 455, 458n

Esch, John, 157n, 216n

Esper, Frank J., 262-63, 265n

Evans, Edward J., 98, 99n, 124-25; wire from, 128-29

Everest, Wesley, 217n

Excess profits tax, 542, 543n

F

Faber, Leander B., 455, 458n

Fairchild, Lewis W., 42, 46n, 394n; letter from, 400; letter to, 393-94

Farmer-Labor party, 218n, 452

Farmers, organized, 213, 214n, 218n, 347n; AFL and, 132n, 187, 188n; letter from, 238-39, 239n

Farrington, Frank, 9:178n, 481

Federaci ó n Libre de los Trabajadores, 504n

Federal Employees, National Federation of,* 135n, 335; and black workers, 84n

Felts, Albert, 296n

Fessler, Arthur F., 267n; wire from, 265-66

Filene, Edward A., 7:462n, 523n

Fire Fighters, International Association of,* 435n

Firemen and Oilers, International Brotherhood of Stationary,* 28n, 60n, 85n, 318-19n, 362, 480n; and black workers, 84n; jurisdiction of, 59-60, 61n, 105; local 18 ( Lawrence , Mass. ), 351, 352n

Fischer, Jacob,* 128n, 345, 345n; elected AFL vice- president, 93n, 321, 321n, 482

Fitch, John A., 154, 155n

Fitzgerald, Anna, 7:299n, 240n, 275n

Fitzgerald, Clarence A., 149, 149n

FitzGerald, Edward H.,* 502n; letter from, 501-2

Fitzpatrick, John J.,* 18n, 85n, 214, 263-64; and steelworkers' organizing campaign and strike, 27n, 85, 99, 124-25, 126n, 129n, 143-44, 148, 151-52, 197n, 270n, 365n; letters from, 141-42, 283-86; letters to, 140-41, 496; wire from, 128-29

Fitzpatrick, Val, 250, 259n

Flaherty, Thomas F.,* 476, 478n

Flett, John A.,* 381n; letter from, 380-81

Flood, Emmet T., 450, 450n; letter from, 451-53

Flynn, William J., 54n, 219, 220n

Foley, Cornelius F., 316, 317n

Ford, C. M.: letter to, 221-23

Ford, Henry, 9:45n, 449, 508n; letter to, 507-8

Ford, M. R., 106n

Forrester, James J.,* 83, 84n, 188n, 488, 491, 502n, 551-52

Forty-four hour week, 18n

Forward, 299, 299n

Fosdick, Eugene , 450n

Foster, John, 460n

Foster, William Z.,* 27; and steelworkers' organizing campaign and strike, 28n, 99, 124-25, 126n, 129n, 141-42, 144n, 148, 152, 155n, 206n, 228-29, 360; and Trade Union Educational League, 561n; letters from, 26-27, 153-55, 561; wires from, 126, 128-29, 206

Foundry Employes, International Brotherhood of, 8:*, 28n, 85n

Fox, Charles,* 262-63, 265n

France : "Bolshevism" in, 28; socialists in, 11; trade unions in, 11

Franck, Charles H., 51-52n, wire from, 51, 52n

Frank, Solomon, 380n; letter to, 379-80

Frayne, Hugh,* 111n, 140n, 243n, 324-25n, 354, 357, 454, 533n; and International Labor Conference (1919, Washington , D.C. ), 110-11, 111n; letters from, 323-24, 549

Freeman, William E.,* 280n; letter to, 279-80

Freight handlers, black, 182-83, 183n, 326, 349-50, 501-2, 502n; at AFL conventions, 83n, 313-16, 316n; conference with representatives of, 488-91, 491-92n; Worthey, James, and, 550-51, 551n, 552-54, 558-59

Frey, John P.,* 64n, 240n, 404n, 473, 475n, 560n; at AFL convention, 79-80, 81n; letters to, 63-64, 225-27

Fritz, Adolph J.,* 262, 264n

Furuseth, Andrew,* 88-90, 92n, 152, 473-74

Fur Workers, and black workers, 84n

G

Gainor, Edward J.,* 474, 476n

Gallagher, Agnes, 414-15, 417-19, 420n

Gallagher, Thomas, 276, 278n

Galloway, Earl, 93n

Galveston , Tex. : flood (1900), 6:364n, 31

Garfield, Harry A., 10:288n, 307

Garrison, Lindley, 358n

Gary, Elbert, 8:227n, 27n, 125, 126n, 151, 169-70, 172, 390; letter to, 98-99

Gawanus Building Material Co., 323, 324n

Gelotte, Dominick, 206n

General Electric Co.: strike against (1919, threatened), 186-87; wage reduction by, 411

General Federation of Trade Unions of Great Britain and Ireland , 5:69n, 11, 17n, 569, 572n

General strikes: 1894 (threatened), 250-51; 1919 (Boston; threatened), 146n; 1919 (Mooney, on behalf of, threatened), 86, 87n, 94; 1919 (Seattle), 61, 62-63n, 94; 1919 (threatened), 207, 215; 1919 (Winnipeg), 74-75, 75n, 94; 1920 (Europe, threatened), 437-38, 439-40n; 1920 (France), 438, 440n; 1920 (threatened), 368-69, 372, 373n

George, Henry, 3:*; mayoral campaign of, 1886, 1:429-30, 9

George v. Bailey, 512-14, 514n

George Washington (passenger liner), 111n, 460n

German-Polish boundary dispute, 48, 49n

German Workers' Educational Association, 549n

Germany, 47-48; "Bolshevism" in, 28, 150; industrial conference boards in, 164, 167n; militarism of, 118; participation in International Labor Conference (1919, Washington, D.C.), 136-37, 137-38n; responsibility for war, 47, 48-49n, 55; socialists in, 11; trade unions in, 10-11

Gibson, Lewis H., 342-43, 343n

Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of the U.S. and Canada , 8:*; and black workers, 84n

Gleaves, Elsie M., 460, 460n

Gleaves, William T., 460n

Glenn, John M., 287, 289n

Golden, John,* 351n; letter to, 350-51

Goldman, Emma,* 427, 432n

"Gold roll" employees, in Canal Zone , 392-93n, 433-34, 435n

Gompers, Alexander,* 54n, 367, 368n

Gompers, Alexander Julian,* 53-54, 54n

Gompers, Ella Applebaum (Mrs. Alexander J. Gompers), 54, 54n, 298, 299n

Gompers, Esther, 54, 54n

Gompers, Florence (SG's granddaughter), 53, 54n, 57, 486, 487n

Gompers, Florence (Mrs. Louis Gompers, wife of SG's French cousin), 39, 41n, 52-53, 54n

Gompers, Gertrude Annersly Gleaves (SG's second wife), 459- 60, 460n, 543

Gompers, Harriett,* 367, 368n

Gompers, Henry,* 54n, 367, 368n

Gompers, Jacob,* 367, 368n

Gompers, Louis (SG's brother),* 54n, 367, 368n; death of, 291, 291n

Gompers, Louis (SG's French cousin), 39, 41n, 52-53, 54n

Gompers, May, 54, 54n

Gompers, Sadie Julian,* 18n, 562; death of, 16, 18n, 23, 291

Gompers, Samuel: accident (1919), 67, 67n, 69-70, 91, 93n; addresses, 8-16, 157-58, 161-66, 170-82, 192-94, 249-58; addresses mentioned, 14, 17-18n, 23-25, 25n, 37, 40n, 220, 221n, 320n, 458-59n, 524n, 532, 532-33n; articles mentioned, 277, 278n, 299n, 336, 338n, 391n, 447, 447-48n; birthday of, 40, 246; circulars, 108-9, 224-25, 280-81, 349-50, 391-92, 483, 554-56; circulars mentioned, 207, 207n, 215, 226, 227n, 393n, 509, 509n; debate with Allen, 289-90, 290n, 298-99, 304-8, 320n; editorial, 515-16; editorials mentioned, 372, 373n, 536, 539n; elected AFL president, 93n, 321, 321n, 480-82; eyesight of, 486, 487n; home life of, 297-98; illness of (1919), 57; interview with, 536-39; memoirs, 68, 68n, 117, 119n, 522-23; memoranda, 37-40, 46-48, 55-57, 497-98; service, views of, 64, 498-99; statements issued by, 150, 512-14; statements mentioned, 66n, 198n, 548, 548n; testimony, 31-34; testimony mentioned, 81n, 85n, 146n, 153n, 156, 157n, 246, 247n, 260n, 319n, 502, 503n; wedding of, 459-60

--trips: Europe (1895), 4:50n, 10-11; Europe (Aug.-Nov. 1918), 10:470n, 6n; New York City (Nov.-Dec. 1918), 18n; New York City (Dec. 1918), 17n; Europe (Jan.-Apr. 1919), 25, 25n, 37-40, 40n, 46-48, 52-59, 62n, 63-64; New York City (Apr. 1919), 66- 67n; New York City (July 1919), 113n; Europe (July-Aug. 1919), 110, 111n, 113n, 118, 119n, 460n; New York City (Sept. 1919), 138n, 140n; (New York City (Nov. 1919), 199n; San Francisco (June-July, 1920), 328; New York City (Dec. 1920), 469, 472n; Mexico (Jan. 1921), 402, 404n, 407; Boston (Mar. 1921), 417-18, 420n; New York City (Oct. 1921), 532, 533n

Gompers, Samuel Harry, 10:207n, 53, 54n, 57

Gompers, Sarah,* 367, 368n

Gompers, Simon,* 54n

Gompers, Solomon,* 54, 54n, 367, 368n; death of, 129n, 138, 138n, 141, 144, 291

Gompers, Sophia (daughter of Alexander J. Gompers), 54, 54n

Gompers, Sophia Julian,* 23, 24n, 63, 67, 562; death of, 291, 291n; letter to, 52-54

Gompers, Sylvain, 39, 41n

Gorman, Owen D., 315, 317n

Graham, George, 260n

Graham, Wade B., 191n; letter from, 189-90

Granite Cutters' International Association of America ,* 65n, 544

Grayson, Cary, 41n

Great Britain : "Bolshevism" in, 28-29; election (1918), 28- 29, 30n; industrial councils in, 164, 166-67n, 244; participation in International Labor Conference (1919, Washington , D.C. ), 136, 137n; trade unions in, 11-12

Great Southern Lumber Co., organization of, 365, 366n

Green, William,* 25n, 92n, 313n, 335, 345, 390, 430; and AFL committee on wage determination, 560n; at AFL conventions, 89-90, 321-23; and AFL mission to Europe (spring 1919), 40n; and Industrial Conference, First (1919, Washington, D.C.), 128n; and International Labor Conference (1919, Washington, D.C.), 111n; elected AFL vice-president, 93n, 321, 321n, 482

Greenwood , Ernest H., 401, 404n, 405

Gregory, Thomas W., 10:92n, 210, 220, 221n, 336

Griffith, Arthur, 86n

Gronna, Asle, 338n

Grow, Cyrus F., 94, 95n

Guard, R. Lee,* 31n, 53, 64, 68n, 93n; letters from, 67, 117-19; memoranda, 300

Guyan coalfield ( W.Va. ), tactics of coal operators in, 297n

H

Haddock, William S., 122, 123n, 153n

Hague, Ethel, 476-77, 478n

Hall, Frank, 206n

Hamlin, Charles A.,* 347n; letter to, 346-47

Hammer v. Dagenhart, 10:499n, 15

Hammet, Allen K., 529n; letter from, 528-29

Hampton, George P., 187, 187-88n, 468, 471

Hancock, Charles, 67, 67n

Hanger, George, 538, 539n

Hannon, William, 98, 99n, 124-25, 129n; wire from, 128-29

Hanson, Ole, 63n

Harding, Chester , 393n

Harding, Warren G., 374, 376n, 404-6, 410, 524n, 532n, 539n, 548n; SG meetings with, 449, 450n, 484n, 497-98, 498n

Harlin, Robert H., 481, 482n

Harris, Joel Chandler, 68n

Hartwig, Otto R.,* 51n; wire from, 51, 52n

Hatfield, Sidney , 296n

Haugen, Gilbert N., 338n

Hawaii , admission of Chinese workers into, 483, 484n, 502-3, 503-4n

Hayes, Max S.,* 262-63, 265n, 474

Haymarket bombing, 1:277, 9

Hays, John W.,* 94, 95n

Haywood, William D.,* 113, 113n

Healy, Timothy,* 60n, 82n; letter from, 59-60

Heaphy, Richard A., 262n; letter to, 260-61

Hearst newspapers, attacks on SG, 366-68, 368n, 447, 447-48n

Heberling, Samuel E.,* 249, 259n, 461

Heller, Jacob J., 90, 92n

Henderson, Arthur,* 12, 17n, 28-29, 30n

Henderson Shipbuilding Co., strike against (1920-21), 484- 85, 486n

Hereford , Fred, wire from, 51, 52n

Hessler, John, 267n, 481; wire from, 265-66

Hewitt, Abram S., 1:*, 9

Hewitt, Fred, 401, 403n, 474

Higgins, Samuel, 538, 539n

Hindenburg, Paul von, 49n

Hines, Walker D., 128n, 238-39, 239n, 249, 254, 259n; and railroad shopmen's strike (1919, threatened), 120n

Hinkle, Charles C., 229n; letter from, 228-29

Hirsch, Louis, 444n; letter to, 443-44

Hobbs , Algernon G., 247n; wire to, 247

Hobby, William, 426n

Hod Carriers', Building and Common Laborers' Union of America , International,* 72, 74n, 85n, 323-24, 324-25n; and black workers, 84n; local 95 ( New York City ), 324 -25n, 352-53, 378; local 228 ( Lawrence , Mass. ), 351, 352n

Hodges Boiler Works, strike against (1920-21), 484-85, 486n

Holder, Arthur E.,* 466, 467n

Holland , James P.,* 354-55, 358n

Hollis, Henry, 31, 34n

Home work, 71n

Hooper, Ben Wade, 538, 539n

Hoover , Herbert, 10:304n, 210, 384-88, 390, 391n, 515n, 532n

Hotel and Restaurant Employees' International Alliance and Bartenders' International League of America,* 46n; and black workers, 42-46, 84n; and Chinese workers, 43; and Japanese workers, 43; jurisdiction of, 42-45, 46n

Hours of labor, limitation of, 8n, 70-71n, 79, 82n, 100, 159. See also Shorter workday

House, Edward M., 41n, 48, 49n, 58n

House Wreckers' Union ( New York City ), 323, 324 -25n. See also AFL federal labor union 14,949 ( New York City ); Hod Carriers', Building and Common Laborers' Union of America, International: local 95 ( New York City )

Howard, Charles P.,* 474, 476n

Howat, Alexander, 321n, 481, 481-82n

Huddleston, George, 10:378n, 468

Huerta, Adolpho de la, 9:468n, 340-41, 404n

Huggs, John A., 96n; letter from, 96

Hughes, Andrew C.,* 151, 153n

Hughes, Charles Evans, 8:259n, 261, 262n, 443n, 524n; letter to, 440-42

Hughes, James F., 350, 351 -52n

Hughes, William M., 10:493n, 409

Hunter, W. A., 73, 74n

Hurley, Edward N., 10:221n, 41n, 523n

Hutcheson, William L.,* 23n, 434, 435n, 477, 529n; letter to, 544-45

Huysmans, Camille, 28, 30n

Hynes, John J., 10:410n, 23n, 111n

I

Idar, Clemente N., 338-40, 341n

Iglesias, Santiago ,* 503 -4n; letter to, 502-3

Illinois Manufacturers' Association, 287, 289n

Illinois State Federation of Labor, 7:364n, 17-18n, 452

Immigration: of Canadian workers, 341n; of Chinese workers, 483, 484n, 502-3, 503-4n; of Mexican workers, 338-41, 341n; restriction of, 8n, 160, 312, 342, 387, 422

Indiana State Federation of Labor, 6:141n, 268

Industrial Conference, First (1919, Washington, D.C.), 127, 128n, 153, 230, 287, 386, 390, 538; black representation at, lack of, 142-43, 143n; organization of, 160n; and postponement of steel strike, 126n, 144n, 145, 147; proceedings of, 157-82

Industrial Conference, Second (1919-20, Washington, D.C.), 246, 247n

Industrial conference boards, 159-60; in Germany , 164, 167n

Industrial councils, in Great Britain , 164, 166-67n, 244

Industrial courts, 424. See also Kansas Court of Industrial Relations

"Industrial Peace," SG and, 77

Industrial training, wartime, 35

Industrial unionism, 18n, 75n, 112-13. See also One Big Union

Industrial Workers of the World, 175, 216, 217n, 218-19, 225, 350; linked to Bolsheviks, 163, 165, 184, 194; and Mooney general strike, threatened, 6

Industry, labor participation in management of, 242

Ingles, Ernest, 281n

Ingles et al. v. Morrison et al., 280, 281n

Initiative, 422

Injunctions: and Adamson Act, 259n; AFL campaign against, 421-24, 454-57, 458-59n, 515-16; in labor disputes, 226, 231, 254, 257, 449, 454-57, 458n

--in specific labor disputes: against AFL City Policemen's Union 16,718, 146n; against Clothing Workers of America, Amalgamated, 458n; against Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of, 189-90, 191n; against Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, International, 448-49, 456; against Leather Workers on Horse Goods, United Brotherhood of, 571n; against Mine Workers of America, United, 192n, 195, 196n, 197-201, 203-4, 206, 208-12, 213n, 220, 252-53, 336; against National War Labor Board, 21n; against New York City Cloak, Suit, and Skirt Manufacturers' Protective Association, 571n; against Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen, and Helpers of America, International Brotherhood of, 455, 458n

"Intelligencia," and labor movement, 470

Inter-Allied Labour and Socialist Conference, Sept. 1918 ( London ), 10:504n, 11-14, 16, 30n, 37, 48n

International Conference on Limitation of Armaments, 1921-22 ( Washington , D.C. ), 523-24, 524n, 533, 543, 547, 548n; advisory committee to American delegation, 547, 548n

International Congress of Working Women, 1919 ( Washington , D.C. ), 132-34, 135n

International Congress of Working Women, 1921 ( Geneva ), 525n

International Federation of Trade Unions, 8:394n, 38-39, 135-37; AFL and, 223-24, 224n, 436-39, 479, 480n; conference, 1919 (Berne), 28, 30n, 55; conference, 1919 ( Amsterdam ), 111n, 118, 135, 460n; conference, 1920 ( London ), 438, 440n; and Russo-Polish War, 437-38

International Joint Conference Council of Commercial and Periodical Branches of the Printing Industry, 570n

International Labor Conference, 1919 ( Washington , D.C. ), 70, 71 -72n, 110, 118, 135-37, 137-38n, 194, 195n

International Labor Organization, 41n, 101, 135, 137, 405

International Labour and Socialist Conference, 1919 ( Berne ), 28-29, 30n, 38-39, 41n, 47, 48-49n, 55

International Workers' Defense League, 7n, 86, 87n, 94

Interstate Commerce Commission, 195n, 216n, 238, 274n

Involuntary servitude, 70n, 92n

Ireland , independence of, 85-86, 86n, 87, 89-90, 92n, 108

Ireland , Republic of, recognition of, 85-86, 86n, 319, 320n, 473, 476n

Irish, Ernest O., 53, 54n

Iron League Erectors' Association, 399n

Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers, Amalgamated Association of,* 28n, 85n, 99n, 269-70, 270n, 360, 365n; and black workers, 285

Isaacs, Bella Gompers,* 54, 54n

Isaacs, Henrietta Gompers,* 54, 54n

Italy , "Bolshevism" in, 28

IWW. See Industrial Workers of the World

J

Jackson, Giles B., 10:327n, 286n

Jacobson, Hugo W., 391, 393n

Japan , peace delegation of, 38, 41n

Japanese: landholding by, in California , 89; students, in San Francisco , 89; workers, 43, 69, 149

Jefferson, Thomas, 232

Jewell, Bert M.,* 131 -32n, 190, 227, 348, 460-62, 469, 472n, 474; and Industrial Conference, First (1919, Washington , D.C. ), 128n; letter to, 130-31; wire from, 271

Jewish Socialist Federation, 549n

Jews' Free School, 1:12n, 117

Johnson, Albert, 483, 484n, 503, 504n

Johnson, Hiram, 8:277n, 337n

Johnston, William H.,* 124, 125n, 128n, 143, 144n, 151, 365n, 468-70

Johnstown , Pa. , flood (1889), 6:364n, 31

Jones, Eugene K., 9:169n; letter from, 142-43

Jones, Jerome,* 526, 527n

Jouhaux, L é on,* 39, 41n, 223

Judges, election of, 232

Jurisdictional disputes: among building trades unions, 21- 22, 22-23n; Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, v. Sheet Metal Workers' International Alliance, Amalgamated, 8:151n, 545n; Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, v. Street and Electric Railway Employes of America, Amalgamated Association of, 308-9, 309n, 328-29

Justice, 499

Juul, Niels, 276, 278n, 281

K

Kahn, Julius, 7:118n, 294n

Kalanianaole, Jonah K., 484n, 502, 503n

Kansas City ( Mo. ) Railways Co.: strike against (1918-19), 20, 21n; and women workers, 19-20, 21n

Kansas Court of Industrial Relations, 320, 320-21n, 409, 409n, 481n. See also Allen, Henry J.; Legislation, state: Kansas

Kansas State Federation of Labor, 346-47, 347n, 557-58

Kavanaugh, William, 86n, 96n

Keating, Edward, 10:125n, 131n, 154, 470

Kehoe, William F., 454-55, 457, 458n, 467n

Kelly Drydocks, strike against (1920-21), 484-85, 486n

Kendrick, John, 338n

Kenyon, William S., 8:424n, 31, 33, 297n, 336, 338n; letter to, 294-96

Kern, Charles W., 267n; wire from, 265-66

Kerwin, Hugh, 123n

Kidd, Edward C., 267n; wire from, 265-66

King, Alexander C., 195, 196n

King, John W., 528, 529n

King, Joseph H., 489, 491, 492n

King, Laura G., 413, 420n

King, Sidney S., 382, 383n

King County ( Wash. ) Triple Alliance , 218n

Kleiber, Victor,* 249n

Kline, James W.,* 27 -28n, 151; letter from, 504; letter to, 26-27

Knickerbocker Ice Co. v. Stewart, 335, 338n

Knights of Labor, 415

Konenkamp, Sylvester J.,* 103, 104n

Krowizek, Stephen, 142n

Ku Klux Klan, 527, 528n

Kurkowski, Frank, 206n

L

Labor, and war effort, 255, 444, 521, 521n

Labor, Its Grievances, Protests, and Demands, 132n, 188n, 229-37, 238n, 256, 260n

Labor clauses, in peace treaty, 108-10, 135-37, 166, 236-37, 367, 405; debate on, at AFL convention, 88-91; drafting of, 41n, 69-70; text of, 70-71n, 92-93n, 99-102

Labor conferences: Mar. 1917 (Washington, D.C.), 10:22n, 225, 227n, 420, 426n, 521n; Jan. 1919 (Chicago), 7n; Jan. 1919 (Pittsburgh), 27, 28n; Feb. 1919 (Berne), 28-29, 30n, 38-39, 41n, 47, 48-49n, 55; July-Aug. 1919 (Amsterdam), 111n, 118; Nov. 1919 (Chicago), 213, 214n; Dec. 13, 1919 (Washington, D.C.), 132n, 187, 188n, 188, 197-98, 225-27, 228n, 256, 271, 329, 332n; Dec. 13, 1919, declaration of, 229-37, 238n; Dec. 29, 1919 (Washington, D.C.), 241, 241n; Feb. 1920 (Washington, D.C.), 249-58, 258-59n; Mar. 1920 (Emporia, Kans.), 347n; May 1920 (Washington, D.C.), 286n; Dec. 1920 (Washington, D.C.), 401-2; Feb. 1921 (Washington, D.C.), 401-2, 404n, 426n, 470; Feb. 1921, declaration of, 420-26; Apr. 1921 (Washington, D.C.), 460-61, 461n, 462; July 1921 (Washington, D.C.), 488-91, 491-92n; Sept. 1921, minutes of, 525-26

Labor conferences, proposed: between representatives of capital and labor (1919), 77, 77n; postwar, in Paris , 28, 30n, 40n, 48n; railroad (1920), 347-49, 349n

Labor convention, in peace treaty. See Labor clauses, in peace treaty

Labor Day, date of, 86, 87n

Labor Herald (Chicago), 561, 561n

Labor party, 17n, 267-69, 282, 452; SG and, 8-16, 24-25, 226, 265-67, 275-77. See also Labor Party of Illinois; Labor Party of Indiana; Labor Party of New York, American; National Labor party; Progressive Labor party

Labor Party of Illinois , 17n

Labor Party of Indiana, 265n; convention, 1920 ( Indianapolis ), 262-65, 265n, 268

Labor Party of New York , American, 17n

Labor Party of the United States . See National Labor party

"Labor problem," SG and, 77

Labor representation on government agencies and boards, 18n "Labor's Fourteen Points," 13, 17-18n

Labor's Political Banner Unfurled, 277, 278n

Labor's Protest against Rampant Tragedy, 336, 338n

Labour party (of Great Britain ), 11-12, 30n, 38; executive committee of, 11

Lacey, John, 84n

Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, International,* 92 -93n, 318- 19n, 531; and black workers, 84n; Educational Department of, 499-500, 500n; injunctions against, 448-49, 456; strike (1921, Chicago), 567, 571n; strike (1921, Philadelphia), 567, 571n; strike (1921-22, New York City), 567, 571n

La Follette, Robert M., 407n, 468-70, 471n

Lakey, George H., 434, 435n

Landis, Kenesaw Mountain , 496, 496 -97n

Lane, Dennis,* 381, 381n, 451

Lane, Franklin K., 9:466n, 160n, 182n, 191, 259n

Lang, Harry, 299n; letter from, 297-99; letters to, 358-59n, 530-32

Lansing, Robert, 9:434n, 40, 41n, 48, 58n, 93n

Larger, Bernard A.,* 460, 460n

Lathers' International Union, Wood, Wire, and Metal, strike by (1919, Toronto ), 72

Latz, Alla Herschfield, 291n; letter to, 291

Latz, Mack, death of, 291, 291n

Lauck, W. Jett, 401, 404n, 471n

Laundry Workers' International Union,* 478n; and black workers, 84n

Lawrence , Mass. , Building Trades Council, 351

Lawrence , Mass. , Central Labor Union, 351n

League of Nations, 40, 41n, 100-101, 136-37, 212, 404-6; AFL and, 87-91, 91n, 102n, 321-23, 367; SG and, 87, 91, 321-22

League of Nations covenant, 58-59, 59n, 101-2, 108-9, 137, 166

League of Nations Union , 58, 59n

League to Enforce Peace, 212, 212n

Leary, John J., Jr., 297n

Leather Workers' International Union, United,* 319n, 558n; and black workers, 84n; strike (1919-20, Indianapolis ), 569, 571n; strike (1920, Boston ), 569, 571n; strike (1920, St. Louis ), 569, 571n; strike (1920-22, Chicago ), 569, 571n; strike (1920-22, Chicago ), injunction against, 571n; strike (1921, Peabody , Mass. ), 569, 571n

Ledyard, H. C., 534n; letter to, 533-34

Lee, William G.,* 42-43, 46n, 249-50, 393-94, 400n, 460-62, 470, 472n

Lefkowitz, Abraham, 10:395n, 326n

Legien, Carl,* 10-11, 17n, 39

Legislation, Canada : Immigration Act, 75n

Legislation, state:

-- California : Alien Land Act (1913), 9:206n, 89

-- Illinois : constabulary bill (1921), 452-53, 453-54n

-- Kansas : Court of Industrial Relations Law (1920), 279-80, 280n, 289-90, 290n, 304-6, 308, 346, 347n, 408, 563

-- Mississippi : antisedition law (1920), 247, 247-48n

-- New York : antistrike bill (1921), 447, 447n; detective agency investigation bill (1921), 447n; industrial relations court bill (1922), 563, 564n

-- Texas : Open Port Law (1920), 422, 426n

Legislation, U.S. :

--Adamson Act (1916), 9:450n, 251, 259n, 331

-- Anderson amendment (to Esch railroad bill), 330, 332n

--Army Reorganization Act (1920): H.R. 12,775 (1920), 292- 94, 294n, 300

--Baer bill, H.R. 13,526 (1920), 336, 338n

--Capper-Volstead Act (1922): H.R. 2373 (1921), 338n

--Child Labor Tax Act (1919), 10:499n, 15, 512-14, 514n

--Chinese, bill to admit, into Hawaii , H.J. Res. 158 (1921), 483, 484n

--Chinese, bill to admit, into Hawaii , H.J. Res. 171 (1921), 483, 484n, 502-3, 503-4n

--Clayton Act (1914), 9:94n, 14-15, 226, 310, 335-36, 406, 408n, 424

--Cummins bill, first, S. 2906 (1919), 195n

--Cummins bill, second, S. 3288 (1919), 194, 195n, 207, 215, 232, 238, 241, 253, 271, 274n, 301, 330

--Davey-Palmer antisedition bill, H.R. 10,650 (1919), 253, 260n, 301

--Eighteenth Amendment, 10:291n, 79

--Employer-employee relations, bill to improve, S.J. Res. 44 (1919), 107, 107-8n

--Erdman Act (1898), 4:142n, 330

--Esch bill, first, H.R. 4378 (1919), 156, 157n, 216n

--Esch bill, second, H.R. 10,453 (1919), 157n, 215, 216n, 241, 253, 271, 274n, 301, 330, 332n

--Espionage Act (1917), 10:64n, 80, 91, 93n, 248n, 319n

--farmer cooperative legislation: H.R. 13,931 (1920), 338n; S. 4344 (1920), 338n; H.R. 2373 (1921), 338n. See also Capper-Volstead Act

--Federal Farm Loan Act (1920), 311, 313n

--Food Control and District of Columbia Rents Act, H.R. 8624 (1919), 338n

--Graham antisedition bill, H.R. 11,430 (1920), 245n, 253, 260n, 301

--Haugen amendment, to Food Control and District of Columbia Rents Act, H.R. 8624 (1919), 336, 338n

--Keating-Owen Act (1916), 10:86n, 15

--Lever Food and Fuel Control Act (1917), 10:112n, 79-80, 81n, 196n, 210-11, 211n, 220, 221n, 336

--longshoremen's compensation act (1917): S. 2916 (1917), 335, 337n

--meatpacking industry legislation: S. 2199 (1919), 336, 338n; S. 2202 (1919), 336, 338n; S. 3944 (1920), 336, 338n; H.R. 6320 (1921), 338n. See also Packers and Stockyards Act

--National Defense Act (1916), 9:525n, 294n

--oleomargarine law (1886, 1902), 513, 514n

--Packers and Stockyards Act (1921): H.R. 6320 (1921), 338n

--phosphorus matches, law banning (1912), 513, 514n

--Poindexter bill, S. 4204 (1920), 406-7, 407n, 469; S. 16 (1921), 407n

--Pomerene bill, S. 1256 (1919), 157n

--railroad bills. See Esch bill, first; Esch bill, second; Pomerene bill; Sims bill

--Revenue Act of 1918, 543n

--Revenue Act of 1921, 543n

--Safety Appliance Act (1893; uniform car coupler law), 3:284n, 330

--Seamen's Act (1915), 9:10n, 14-16, 88, 311

-- Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), 4:28n, 196n, 492-93, 494n

--Sims bill, H.R. 8157 (1919), 130-31, 131n

--Sterling antisedition bill, S. 3317 (1919-20), 245n, 253, 260n, 301

--Transportation Act of 1920, 216n, 274n, 281, 312, 329-30, 469, 536

--War Revenue Act of 1917, 543n

--War Risk Insurance Act (1917), 10:213n, 35

--Webster amendment (to Esch railroad bill), 332n

--Workmen's Compensation Act (1908), 9:200n, 337n

--Workmen's Compensation Act (1916): H.R. 15,316 (1916), 335, 337n

Legislative agents of labor organizations: meetings of, in 1921, 465-66, 467n; minutes of meeting, 465-66

Lemke, James,* 520n, 547n; wire to, 519-20

Lenin, Vladimir I., 10:344n, 112, 371-72, 427

Lennon, John B.,* 22n, 79-81, 81n; letter to, 21-22

Lens, battle of, 57, 58n

Letter Carriers of the U.S. of America, National Association of,* 476n; and black workers, 84n

Lewis, John L.,* 128n, 138n, 199, 212, 213n, 322, 473-74, 532n; and AFL presidency (1921), 480-82; and Brackenridge, Pa., murders, 123n; telephone conversations with, 200-5; letter from, 492-93; wire from, 198-99; wires to, 138, 191-92, 195-96, 205-6

Lewis, Joseph, letter to, 327-28

Lewis, Matt, 183n, 315, 317n; letter to, 182-83

Levin, Max, 499-500, 500n

Liberator, 561n

Liebold, E. G., 508n

Liley, Henry F., 124, 125n

Linn, A. R., 365n

Listman, George P., 217, 217- 18n

Literacy test, and right to vote, 379-80, 380n

Living wage, 7-8n, 71n, 77n, 100, 159, 165, 233, 443

Lloyd George, David, 10:72n, 30n, 357

Lockwood, Charles, 399n

Lockwood Committee, 324n, 399, 399n

Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of,* 78, 78n, 131n, 539n; AFL charter application, 78, 78n; AFL charter application, withdrawal of, 78n, 308-9, 309n, 328-32, 345; convention, 1921 (Cleveland), 309, 309n; jurisdiction of, 308-9, 309n, 328-29

Locomotive Engineers and Firemen, Amalgamated Society of, strike (1919, Great Britain ), 167n

Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, Brotherhood of, 10:*, 131n, 539n

Longshoremen's Association, International, 10:*; and black workers, 84n; strike (1920, Galveston ), 426n

Longuet, Fr é d é ric J. L., 10:554-55n, 13-14

Lord, Frank B., 97n; wire to, 97

Lord, James,* 139, 140n, 391-92, 401

Lovely, Collis,* 288n; letter to, 287-88

Lowe, Walter: letter from, 148-49

Luther, Archie E., 435, 435n

Lynching, 96, 96n, 114-15

Lynn ( Mass. ) Metal Trades Council, 186

Lyons, Joseph H., 50n; wire from, 49; wire to, 50-51

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