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The SG signature Papers







Volume 12 Index A-L
This index also includes references to substantive annotations in previous volumes that are not repeated here; for instance, the reference to the substantive annotation of Albert Adamski in volume 9 appears in this index as 9:406n; the glossary entry for Henry Abrahams in volume 2 is referenced in this index as 2:*..

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A (Asterisks indicate glossary entries)

Abern, Martin, 275-77, 277-78n

Abrahams, Henry, 2:*, 91n

Accidents, industrial, benefits for, 6

The Acquisitive Society (Tawney), 191, 192n

Adamski, Albert, 9:406n, 550

Addams, Jane, 9:231-32n, 427n

Adkins et al. v. Children's Hospital of D.C., 227, 228n, 230, 244, 246, 248-50, 370

Adolescents, 52-53

AFL. See American Federation of Labor

Albright, Albion D., 276, 278n

Alcorn, Robert H., 345, 348n

Alger, George W., 8:493n, 74n

Alifas, Nels P., 10:21n, 345-47

All-American Conference (1924, Washington, D.C.), 452, 452n

Allen, Andrew J., 364, 364n

Allen, Florence, 427n

Allen, Henry J., 11:290n, 169

Allen, Henry T., 435n; letter to, 435

All-Russian Congress of the Russian Communist YouthLeague, Fifth (1922, Moscow), 293, 294n

Alpine, John R.,* 550, 553n

Alschuler, Samuel B., 10:304n, 154

American Anti-Saloon League, 429, 430n

American Association for Labor Legislation, 9:277n; and AFLPermanent Conference for Abolition of Child Labor, 82n

American Association of University Women, and AFLPermanent Conference for Abolition of Child Labor, 82n

American Civil Liberties Union, 10:485n, 263-64, 265n, 309, 311n

American Committee for Relief of German Children, 435, 435n

American Federationist, 277

American Federation of Labor (AFL): affiliates, autonomy of,87n, 88, 89n; as bulwark against communism in U.S., 12,172-73; financial resources of, 242-43; and local unions,affiliation with central bodies, 88, 89n; and local unions,affiliation with state federations of labor, 88; membership,276; Scranton Declaration, 8:106n, 102, 102n, 126; andtransfer of union membership, 86, 87n

-- Building Trades Department, 6:175n, 155n, 399-401, 401n; and Carpenters, 163n; and Sheet Metal Workers, 163n

-- Building Trades Department, convention: 1924 (El Paso, Tex.), 518, 520n

-- Commission of Progress and Cooperation (proposed), 141-46, 146n

-- Committee on Education, 191

-- Conference Committee of Trade Union Legislative  Representatives in Washington, D.C., 35, 37-38

-- conventions, specific: 1886 (Columbus), 1:387, 521-22; 1890 (Detroit), 374, 375n; 1893 (Chicago), 374, 375n;1895 (New York City), 516, 516n; 1901 (Scranton), 102, 102n; 1908 (Denver), 8:79n, 215; 1909 (Toronto), 217, 218n;  1913 (Seattle), 9:21n, 249; 1919 (Atlantic City), 270, 271n;  1920 (Montreal), 11:281n, 269; 1921 (Denver), 4, 6n, 8n; 1922 (Cincinnati), 43, 43n, 100-102, 102n, 111, 115,126- 27, 137-39, 150, 158, 208, 217, 218n, 230, 313-14,352n; 1923 (Portland, Ore.), 262, 263n, 281n, 319n, 321,321n, 326, 338-39, 343, 346, 348n, 350, 352,352n, 356-57,360, 361n, 370, 380, 382-83n, 395-97, 398n, 403-4, 407,409, 410n, 421-22, 446n; 1924 (El Paso, Tex.), 338, 338n,362n, 449n, 466, 468n, 518, 520n, 534, 535n; 1925(Atlantic City), 555, 562n

-- conventions, specific, accounts of: 1922 (Cincinnati),  86- 98; 1923 (Portland, Ore.), 327-38; 1924 (El Paso,  Tex.), 520-32

-- Education Department, 157n

-- Executive Council: and election of 1924, 453-57, 458n,  462, 465, 474, 475n, 480-81, 483n, 486-94, 494n, 498-99; and industrial unionism, 55n; salaries of, 328; and Workers' Education Bureau, 157n; circulars, 113-17, 118n, 453-55, 457, 458n; letters to, 127-28, 221-22, 229, 311-15, 351, 356-59, 367-69, 455-57, 461-62, 503-4, 538-39; statement, mentioned, 146-47; tribute to SG, 560-62; wire to, 539

-- Executive Council, meetings of: June 1922, 150, 152n;  Sept. 1922, 133, 136, 137n; Feb. 1923, 206n, 223, 225n, 229, 243; May 1923, 229, 229n, 244, 262, 263n, 271n; Aug.-Sept. 1923, 263n, 274n, 298, 299n; Sept.-Oct. 1923, 319n, 324, 326n; Feb. 1924, 340n, 351, 352n; May 1924, 340n, 442n, 456, 457n, 458, 458n; Aug. 1924, 391n, 457n, 462, 462n, 465, 478, 481, 494n, 499-500, 502-3, 503n, 504, 514; Oct. 1924, 514n; Dec. 1924, 562n

-- Executive Council, minutes of meetings of: Sept. 1922,  140-46; Feb. 1923, 202-5; Sept.-Oct. 1923, 339; May 1924, 438-42; Aug. 1924, 486-94; Oct. 1924, 514; Dec. 1924, 554-60

-- Information and Publicity Service, 229, 433n, 461n, 467n; and AFL Permanent Conference for Abolition of Child Labor, 82n; bulletin issued by, 540-41

-- Legal Information Bureau, 91, 93n

-- Legislative Committee, 35, 165, 166n, 190, 343; and AFL Permanent Conference for Abolition of Child Labor, 82n; and Daugherty impeachment, 147, 147n; and election of 1924, 433n, 461n, 462, 467n; and railway shopmen's strike, 106n, 155n; and women workers, 247n

-- local unions, directly affiliated (LU): LU 12,755  (stenographers and typists, Chicago), 10:82n, 275, 278n; LU 15,842 (railroad helpers and laborers, Spencer, N.C.), 342n; LU 15,900 (railroad helpers and laborers, Raleigh, N.C.), 342n; LU 16,304 (stenographers, typewriters, bookkeepers and assistants, Seattle), 274-75, 275n; LU17,300 (railroad shop helpers, Fitzgerald, Ga.), 342n; LU 17,362 (railroad mechanics' helpers, Americus, Ga.), 342n; LU 17,430 (boilermakers' helpers, Columbia, S.C.), 342n; LU 17,456 (machinists' helpers, Columbia, S.C.), 342n; LU17,490 (horse nail makers, Buffalo, N.Y.), 220, 221n; LU 17,535 (railroad laborers, Tampa), 342n; LU 17,545 (freight handlers, Newport News, Va.), 129-30, 130n; LU 17,597 (mechanics' helpers, Savannah), 342n; LU 17,603 (boilermakers', pipe fitters', and machinists' helpers, Jacksonville, Fla.), 342n

-- Metal Trades Department, 7:368n, 155n; and railroad  shopmen's strike (1922), 106n

-- Metal Trades Department, conventions: 1923 (Portland,  Ore.), 341, 343n; 1924 (El Paso, Tex.), 518, 520n

-- Mining Department, 8:368n, 151; and railroad shopmen's  strike (1922), 106n

-- National Non-Partisan Political Campaign, 40, 224, 467

-- National Non-Partisan Political Campaign Committee,  34-35, 37, 38n, 160-61, 163n, 170, 172n; and election of 1922, 186-87, 189, 436; and election of 1924, 433-34n, 456, 461n, 462, 465, 472n, 481, 486-94, 494n, 500-501; circulars, mentioned, 434n, 494n; report, 486-94; report, mentioned, 186-87, 189

-- officers, elections of: 1922, 95, 97n; 1923, 337, 338n;  1924, 554-60

-- organizers, 150, 201, 276-77, 280-81; cost of, 242-43;  and  election of 1922, 161-62; furloughs of, 242; letters from, 48-49, 120-21, 125-26, 130-31, 219-21, 274-75, 326-27; letters to, 111-12, 148, 242-44, 299-300, 421-22; memorandum, 427-28

 -- Permanent Conference for the Abolition of Child Labor, 81, 82n, 346, 348n

-- Permanent Conference for the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Women Wage Earners, 246-47

-- Publicity Department, 162; and railroad shopmen's strike (1922), 106n, 155n

-- Railroad (Railway) Employes' Department, 8:253n, 10,  158-59, 160n; executive council, meeting of (Feb. 1922), 20, 21n

-- Railroad (Railway) Employes' Department, conventions:  1922 (Chicago), 53-54, 54-55n, 66, 66n; 1924 (El Paso, Tex.), 518, 520n

-- Research Department, and AFL Permanent Conference for Abolition of Child Labor, 82n

-- Trade Union Legislative Conference Committee, minutes of meeting of (Nov. 1923), 343-47

-- Union Label Trades Department, 7:457n, 155n, 247n, 444, 461n

-- Union Label Trades Department, convention: 1924 (El  Paso, Tex.), 518, 520n

-- Weekly News Service, 106n, 204, 206n, 277; and AFL Permanent Conference for Abolition of Child Labor, 82n

-- Women in Industry, Committee on Organizing, meetings: Feb. 1924, 361n, 408n; Mar. 1924, 361n, 408n, 417, 418n; Apr. 1924, 361n, 417-18, 418n; May 1924, 362n, 408n, 445-46n, 448, 449n, 450, 451n

-- Women in Industry, Committee on Organizing, minutes of  meetings of: Mar. 1924, 404-7; May 1924, 443-45

-- women's department, considered, 277, 361-62n, 377,  404-7, 408n, 443-45, 446-47n, 448-49, 449n, 450-51, 451n. See also AFL: Women in Industry, Committee on Organizing, meetings; AFL: Women in Industry, Committeeon Organizing, minutes of meetings of; Women workers, AFL and; Women workers, SG and

American Friends Service Committee, 435n

American Fund for Public Service (Garland Fund), 226, 227n,  257, 264

American Individualism (Hoover), 191, 192n

American Iron and Steel Institute, 281n

"American Labor's Political Strategy--A Failure" (West), 41

American Legion:
-- conference: 1924 (Washington, D.C.; All-American  Conference), 452, 452n

-- convention: 1922 (New Orleans), 159n; SG address at,  158, 159n, 162

American Lithographic Co. v. Castro, 302, 303n

"American Plan," 396, 451n. See also Open shop

American Protective Association, 3:660n, 352, 352n

American Railroad Executives' Association, 203-4

American Society of Mechanical Engineers:

-- conference: 1920 (New York City), 142, 146n

American Steel Foundries v. Tri-City Central Trades Council  et al.,10:253n, 93n, 302

Anderson, Albert B., 8:414n, 22, 24n

Anderson, George M., 174n; letter to, 173-74

Anderson, Mary, 10:82n, 446n; letter from, 450-51

Anglo-Soviet Trade Agreement (1921), 15n

Anthony, Daniel R., Jr., 346, 349n

Anti-Saloon League of America, 429, 430n

Anti-trust legislation, demand for repeal of, 453

Antonini, Luigi, 91n, 550, 553n

Apprentices, 6; limitation of number of, 69, 71-72

Arbitration: compulsory, 3; voluntary, 3, 6

Argentina, 386

Armaments, General Committee on Limitation of (AFL), 11:548n, 310, 311n

Asian workers, immigration of, 416n

Assembly, freedom of, 454, 487, 510

Association, freedom of, 454

Atterbury, William W., 103, 106n, 114

Auerbach, Julius, 456, 457n, 542

Ault, Erwin B. "Harry," 11:218n, 274n, 324

"Away" (Riley), 550, 552n

B

Blandy, Graham F., 284, 285n

Blanton, Thomas L., 10:454n, 366

Bloodgood, Rufus, 367n

Bloor, Ella Reeve, 48, 49n

Bloor, Richard, 49n

Bohn, Frank, 11:403-4n, 392; letter to, 160-63

"Bohunks," 210

Boiler Makers, Iron Ship Builders, and Helpers of America,  International Brotherhood of,* 49n; and black workers, 148, 341, 343n

"Bolshevism" in U.S.: accusations of, 64, 133, 135, 309-10,  333, 447; AFL condemnation of, 255-56

Bolte, Friedrich, 393, 394n

Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, 3:*, 446n

Boot and Shoe Workers' Union, 11:*, 446n

Bordson, Alfred B., 326, 327n

"Boring from within," 403, 438

"Bourbons," 116

Bowen, William J.,* 550, 553n

Boycott, right to, 4

Brady, Peter J., 9:153n, 461n, 550

Brailsford, Henry N., 231, 232n

Bramley, Fred, 377n; letter to, 376

Brandeis, Elizabeth, 250, 250n

Brandeis, Louis D., 6:83n, 250, 250n

Breaker boys, 179

Breen, Michael, 550

Brewery, Flour, Cereal, and Soft Drink Workers of America,  International Union of United,* 66n; industrial unionism and, 62

Brick and Clay Workers of America, United,* 353-55, 355n,  446n; wages of, 353-55

-- strikes and lockouts: 1914 (Chicago), 353, 355-56n

Bricklayers', Masons', and Plasterers' International Union of  America,* 80n, 223, 223n
-- locals: local 60 (New York City), 80, 80-81n

Bridge, Structural, and Ornamental Iron Workers, International Association of,* 223, 223n

Bridgman, Mich., communist party meeting at (1922), 132,  132n, 338, 338n; raid on, 131-32, 132n

Briegel, Joseph A., 56, 61n

Brindell, Robert P., 9:292n, 75-76

British Columbia Loggers' Union, 442n

Brookhart, Smith W., 170, 171n, 348n

Brophy, John, 296n

Browder, Earl, 48n

Brown, John W., 357, 360n

Brown, Mabel Elizabeth Gleaves, 11:460n, 554n

Brunson, Hartwell L., 388, 389n

Bryan, Charles W., 467n; and election of 1924, 463-64,  467-68n, 492-93

Bryan, William Jennings, 4:234n, 463, 467n

Bryant, Louise, 231, 232n

Buffalo and Vicinity, Central Labor Council of, 219-20, 221n

Bugniazet, G. M., 383n

Building trades unions:
-- strike: 1921-22 (Chicago), 11:496-97n, 57-58

Bullard, Arthur, 286-87, 288n, 291

Bullard, Robert L., 546, 550, 552n

Burch, Frank, 350n; letter from, 349-50

Burke, John P.,* 445, 446n

Burkhard, Clemens D., 339n; wire from, 338-39

Burns Detective Agency, 132n

Burress, James H., 552, 554n

Butler, William M., 296-97, 299n

Butte (Mont.) Central Labor Council, 6:285n, 339, 340n

Bytal, A. L., 541

 C

Cable, John L., 185, 186n

Caetani, Gelasio, 415, 417n

Calder, William, 170n

California, landholding by Asians in, 171n

Calles, Plutarco Elías, 120, 121n, 392n, 525; inauguration of, 515, 515n, 535, 536n

Campbell, Henry C., 122, 123n

Canada, labor movement in, 438-42

Canada, Trades and Labor Congress of, 4:471n, 438-42, 442n; charters, issued by, 439-42; organizers, appointment of, 440-42

Canadian and Catholic Confederation of Labor. See  Confédération canadienne et catholique du travail

Canadian National Railroad, 413

Canal Zone, workers in, 385-86, 410-11, 412n. See also "Gold roll" employees, in Canal Zone; Panama Canal; "Silver roll" employees, in Canal Zone

Capital punishment, SG and, 516, 516n

Carl, Conrad, 393, 394n

Carnegie Corporation, 185

Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 69, 73n

Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of,*  238, 241n, 469; jurisdiction of, 73, 163n, 399-401, 401n

 -- locals: local 75 (Indianapolis), 363

Carranza, Venustiano, 9:160n, 121n

Carter, William S.,* 499, 501n

Casey, Josephine, 359n

Cattell, James M., 186n; letter to, 185-86

Central bodies: affiliation of local unions in, 88, 89n

Chafin, Dan, 265n

Chamber of Commerce, 301

Charleston, S.C., Central Labor Union, 207, 207n

Check-off, 354-55

Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, 413

Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Omaha Railway Co.,  strike against (1922), 373n

Chicago Brick Exchange Insurance Dept., 353

Chicago building trades arbitration case (1921), 11:496-97n, 57-60, 6ln

ChicagoBuilding Trades Council, 3:359n, 5:216n, 356n; and  SG, meeting with representatives of, 55, 55n, 56-61

Chicago Federation of Labor, 1:166n, 4:159n, 4:177n, 490;  AFL financial assistance to, 242-44, 244n; and industrial  unionism, 54, 54-55n, 62-63, 67, 312-15; and SG, meeting with representatives of, 54, 54n, 55

"Chicago Platform," 21n

Chicago trade union representatives, and SG, meeting with,  61-65

Chicherin, Georgi V., 11:432n, 15n

Child, Richard, 15n

Child labor: and black women's clubs, 83; constitutional  amendment prohibiting, 81, 82-83n, 91, 208, 276, 343, 346, 348n, 374, 453-54, 455n, 486-87, 510-11; prohibition of, 83-85, 91, 93, 161, 276, 343, 346, 348n, 374-75, 375n, 453-54

Child labor laws, state, 5

Children's Hospital of D.C. v. Adkins et al., 228n

Children's Hospital of the District of Columbia, 228n

Chile, 386n

China, workers in, 285, 305

Chinese workers: admission of, into Hawaii, 210-11, 415;  exclusion of, 419; membership of, in trade unions, 265;  registration of, 345; smuggling of, across Mexican border, 32

Chlopek, Anthony J.,* 7n, 49n, 390-91n, 441; letter from, 7

Choate, Rufus, 217n

Christman, Elisabeth, 10:*, 418n, 447n, 450-51

Cigar industry, machinery in, 304-5, 308n

Cigar Makers' International Union of America,* 132n, 323,  446n, 517; and bunchmakers, 305, 308n; and cigar rollers,  305, 308n; and La Kurba Cigar Co. arbitration case, 132, 133n; membership of, SG and, 305

-- conventions: 1877 (Rochester, N.Y.), 308, 309n; 1880  (Chicago), 308n; 1881 (Cleveland), 305, 308n; 1920 (Cleveland), 305, 308n; 1923 (Chicago), 298, 299n, 303-8, 308n, 312

-- locals: local 144 (New York City), 1:46, 517; local 527  (Chicago), 132

Cigar mold, 304-5

Cigars, "Spanish," 304, 308n

CincinnatiBuilding Trades Council, 401n

Citizens' Alliance of Ramsay and Dakota Counties, Minn.,  283-85

Citizens' Committee to Enforce the Landis Award, 58, 60

Class struggle, 181

Clay, Henry, 191, 192n

Clay, John, 91n

"Cleveland Agreement," 48n

Cleveland Chamber of Commerce, 177

Clothing Workers of America, Amalgamated,* 350, 350n, 388, 389n

Coefield, John,* 73, 73n, 225n, 550, 553n

Cohn, Fannia M., 11:500n, 388, 389n; letters from, 156-57,  360-61, 447-49

Colbert, John, 526, 526n, 534

Coler, Bird S., 550, 553n

Collective bargaining, 177; right to, 3, 6, 216

Colleran, Michael, 81n

Collins, William, 339-40n

Comintern. See Third (Communist) International

Committee of Forty-Eight, 99n

Committee on Elimination of Waste in Industry. See Federated American Engineering Societies

Commons, John R., 6:*, 17, 19

Communist Manifesto (Marx and Engels), 399

Communist Party of America:
-- meeting at Bridgman, Mich. (1922), 132, 132n, 338, 338n; raid on, 131-32, 132n

Communists: in Canadian labor movement, 438; in U.S., 276, 366, 431-32, 447, 490-91, 494n; in U.S., AFL as bulwark against, 12, 172-73

"Communist" sympathies, accusations of, 219-20, 224-27,  227n, 235, 253, 257-58, 263-64, 267, 271n, 272-73, 284,  294-95, 296n, 309-11, 327-29, 330n, 333, 337-38, 391, 403, 431-32, 438, 447, 452, 490. See also "Bolshevism" in  U.S.

Communist Youth League of the U.S. of A., 277n

Company unions, 23n, 106n, 109, 115, 442n

Conboy, Sara A.,* 38n, 97n, 143, 146n, 404, 406-7, 408n,  418n; letter from, 417-18

Conboy, Thomas J., 11:206n; letter from, 125-26

Conciliation, 6

Confederación Regional Obrera Mexicana, 319n, 392n, 533n, 536-37; and SG, meeting with representatives of, 356-58,  359-60n

-- convention: 1924 (Ciudad Juárez), 515, 515n, 520n, 524, 534

Confédération canadienne et catholique du travail, 438, 442n

Conference Board of Physicians in Industry:
-- meeting: 1924 (New York City), 419, 421n, 424, 424n

Conference for Progressive Political Action, 433n, 467n; and election of 1924, 409, 409-10n, 432, 463-66, 467-68n, 469, 471, 472n, 473, 475n, 478, 480n, 481, 490; National Committee of, 469, 474, 475n

-- conventions: 1922 (Chicago), 467n; 1924 (Cleveland),  409-10n, 463-66, 467-68n, 469; 1925, 468n

Conlon, Peter J., 103-4, 106n, 202-3

Connolly, John J., 550, 553n

Conscription, 454

Convict labor, 454

Cooke, Morris, 348n, 425, 426n

Coolidge, Calvin, 11:146, 299n, 372, 373n, 379, 380n, 416n;  bust of, 533n; and election of 1924, 463, 467n, 484-85, 492, 500, 508-10, 513n; and SG, meeting with, 296-98, 298-99n

Copeland, Royal, 170n

Corns v. Pattern Makers' Association of Toledo, 302, 303n

Coronado case, 10:323n, 153, 227, 509

Correspondence between Baker and Gompers (AFL), 183n

Cost of living, 424

Cost-plus system, 424

Cotharin, William P., 9, 10n

Coughlin, John P., 9:63n, 504

Coulter, Clarence C.,* 245, 247, 247n

Council of National Defense, 10:20-21n
-- Advisory Commission, 10:20-21n, 412

Courts, power of, 68-72, 74, 91-93, 230. See also U.S.  Supreme Court, amendment to curb veto power of

Cox, James M., 11:337n, 41, 122

Craft unionism, Foster and, 67

Cramp, Concemore T. T.,* 526, 526n, 534

Crispien, Artur, 231, 232n

Cromwell, Oliver, 548, 552n

Curran, Richard H., 550, 554n

Cuyler, Thomas D., 114, 117n

D

Daily Worker, SG interview with, 427-28

Dallinger, Frederick, 288n

Daniel, F. Watt, 197n

Darrow, Clarence, 8:*, 516n

Daugherty, Harry M., 11:498n, 87n, 133, 135-36, 137n,  152-54, 155n, 158; impeachment of, 147, 147-48n, 154-55, 166-67

Davenport, Daniel J., 6:339n, 398n

Davies, Hywel, 212n

Davis, James J., 11:411n, 32n, 212n, 260, 260n, 344-45,  348n; and election of 1924, 463-64, 467-68n, 484-85, 492,  495-501, 508-9; and SG, meeting with, 210-12; letter from, 344-45; letter to, 31-32

Davis, Jonathan M., 171n

Davison, Emmett C.,* 391, 392n

Dawes, Charles G., 366, 367n, 463, 467n, 486, 492

Dawes Plan, 367n

Dayton building trades council, 401n

Death benefits, 6

Debs, Eugene V., 11:*, 132n

Defrem, Herman, 87n, 97n

Dehan, Joseph, 10:329n, 316n, 318-19; letter from, 315-16

Democratic National Committee, 495, 501; and AFL  representatives, meeting with, 183-84

Democratic party, 41, 183-84; AFL demands of, 1920, 269;  AFL demands of, 1924, 453-55, 455n, 456-57, 457n, 458, 458n, 459-60, 461n; and election of 1920, 122; and election of 1922, 169, 170n; and election of 1924, 462-64, 467-68n, 472, 472n, 473, 481, 484, 486-87, 491-92,  495-501, 505-6, 508-11, 513, 518-19

-- conventions, national: 1920 (San Francisco), 269; 1924  (New York City), 456, 457n, 458, 458n, 459, 461n, 462-63, 481, 484, 486-87, 501, 519

Denby, Edwin, 200-201, 202n

Detective agencies: Burns detective agency, 132n; Thiel  detective agency, 132n

Detroit Federation of Labor, 10:108n, 326n, 339, 340n

Dickinson, Frank G., 420n; letter to, 419-20

Dickman, Franklin J., 217n

Dill, Clarence C., 171n, 187, 436

Direct election, of president and vice-president, 487, 511

Doak, William N., 11:349n, 345

Dobson, William,* 550, 553n

Doheny, Edward L., 228n

Doherty, William, 91n

Donlin, John H.,* 80, 80n, 212n; letter from, 399-401

Doyle, Charles W., 10:400n, 241, 271, 274-75, 322-24; letter to, 324-26

Doyle, Peter A., 550, 553n

Drake, Barbara M., 376, 377n

Drake v. Perry, 302, 303n

Draper, Patrick M.,* 438-39, 442n

Dual organizations, AFL and, 400-401, 401n

Duell, Holland, 39n

Duffy, Frank,* 117n, 333, 334n; elected AFL vice-president,  97n, 338n; and election of successor to SG, 555, 559-60;  letters to, 352, 387-88, 470

Duncan, James,* 98n; at AFL conventions, 97; and death of  SG, 541; elected AFL vice-president, 97n, 338n; and election of 1908, 459; and election of 1924, 430, 432, 433n, 489, 491, 493; and election of successor to SG, 555, 557-60; eulogy for SG, 545, 549-50

Duncan, James A., 11:81-82n, 241, 271, 271n, 273, 273-74n,  275, 322-24, 334-35, 436, 437n; letters to, 223-25, 252-55

Dunne, William F., 96, 97-98n, 326-27, 332n; expulsion from  AFL 1923 convention, 327-29, 330n, 338-39, 403, 404n

Duplex Printing Press Co. v. Deering et al., 11:408n, 93n

Duse, Eleonora, 340, 340n

Dutton Publishing Co., 378, 378n

Dyche, John A.,* 528, 532n

Dykaar, Moses W., 530, 533n, 534

E

Easby-Smith, James S., 155, 156n

Easley, Ralph M.,* 47n, 367n, 550; letter from, 43-47

Eatough, Henry, 11:512n, 252

Economics (Clay), 191, 192n

Education: of immigrants, 210, 212, 213n; trade unions and,  382, 387-88, 389n; of women workers, 449, 449n

Edwards, Edward I., 171n

Egan, James P., 543, 544n

Egypt, workers in, 305

Einstein, Albert, 277, 278n

Eisendrath Glove Co., strike against (1920-21), 451n

Ekern, Herman, 494n

Election:

-- 1908: Duncan and, 459; Keefe and, 459; party platforms, AFL and, 459

-- 1912, 436-37

-- 1920, 41, 269; SG and, 122

-- 1922, 34-36, 40, 147, 169, 170n, 187, 436, 464, 467n; AFL and, 160-63, 169-70; AFL Executive Council and, 162; AFL National Non-Partisan Political Campaign Committee and, 186-87, 189, 436; Democratic party and, 169, 170n; La Follette and, 121-23, 149-50, 170; SG and,  121-23, 162, 169, 170-71n

--1924: AFL and, 409, 453-55, 455n, 456-57, 457n, 458,  458n, 459-60, 461n; AFL Executive Council and, 453-57, 458n, 462, 465, 474, 475n, 480-81, 483n, 486-94, 494n, 498-99; AFL Legislative Committee and, 433n, 461n, 462, 467n; AFL National Non-Partisan Political Campaign Committee and, 433-34n, 456, 461n, 462, 465, 472n, 481, 486-94, 494n, 500-501; Berry and, 468, 468n, 474; Bryan and, 463-64, 467-68n, 492-93; Conference for Progressive Political Action and, 409, 409-10n, 432, 463-66, 467-68n, 469, 471, 472n, 473, 475n, 478, 480n, 481, 490; Coolidge and, 463, 467n, 484-85, 492, 500, 508-10, 513n; Davis and, 463-64, 467-68n, 484-85, 492, 495-501, 508-9; Democratic party and, 453-55, 455n, 456-57, 457n, 458, 458n, 459-60, 461n, 462-64, 467-68n, 472, 472n, 473, 481, 484, 486-87, 491-92, 495-501, 505-6, 508-11, 513, 518-19; Duncan and, 430, 432, 433n, 489, 491, 493; Farmer-Labor party and, 296n, 430, 432, 433n, 484, 490; Farmer-Labor Progressive party and, 430-33, 433n, 490-91; Federated Farmer-Labor party and, 296n, 409, 430-31; Foster and, 432, 433n, 484-85, 485n, 490-91, 508; Frayne and, 461n, 504; Green and, 491, 493; Holder and, 468, 474; Jewell and, 474, 478-80, 481, 484n; Johnston and, 431, 433n, 468-69, 470n, 474, 478-81, 490; La Follette and, 389n, 409, 409-10n, 432, 433n, 463-67, 467n, 468-69, 470n, 471, 473-75, 475-76n, 478-84, 484n, 485, 487-89, 491-93, 494n, 497, 501, 504-7, 507n, 508, 510-13, 513n; Manly and, 431-33, 433n, 474, 476n, 478; McGrady and, 184n, 433, 433n, 456, 461n, 467n, 474, 483; Morrison and, 184n, 433, 433n, 456, 459-60, 461n, 464, 466, 467n, 468, 468n, 470n, 472n, 474, 480-83, 483n, 489-92; Nelson and, 430, 432, 433n, 481, 484n, 491; O'Connell and, 184n, 433n, 456, 459-60, 461n, 481, 489-90; party platforms, AFL and, 410n, 453-55, 455n, 456-57, 457n, 458, 458n, 459-60, 461n; railroad unions and, 479; Republican party and, 453-55, 455n, 456-57, 457n, 458, 458n, 459-60, 462-63, 467n, 472, 472n, 473, 481, 484, 486-87, 491-92, 501, 505-6, 508-11, 513, 518-19; Roberts and, 184n, 433n, 456, 460, 461n, 467n, 472n, 483n; SG and, 227-28, 384, 409, 430-33, 433n, 456-57, 457-58n, 458-60, 461n, 462-69, 470n, 471-72, 472n, 473-75, 478-85, 485n, 486-501, 503-13, 518-20; Tobin and, 461n, 489, 491-93; Wallace and, 432-33, 433n, 456, 461n, 467n, 468, 474, 483; Wheeler and, 389n, 409n, 467-68n, 470n, 475-76n, 482, 484n, 487-89, 492-93, 505-6, 513; Wilson and, 495-501; Woll and, 456, 458n, 459, 461n, 465-66, 467n, 468-69, 470n, 471-72, 472n, 473, 473n, 474-75, 478-83, 483n, 489, 504-5, 507n; Workers' Party of America and, 296n, 409, 431-32, 433n, 463, 484-85, 485n; Wright and, 431, 433n, 461n, 467n, 468, 470n, 471, 474, 478-80, 502, 504

Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,* 148n; and black workers, 148, 343n; and women workers,  organization of, 371n

-- locals: local 481 (Indianapolis), 363

Elks, Benevolent and Protective Order of:
-- lodges: Lodge 1 (New York City), 517; Lodge 15 (Washington, D.C.), 517

Emancipation Proclamation, 110

Emerson, Harrington, 142, 146n

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 217n

Emme, Julius F., 326-27, 327n

Employers' liability legislation, state, 4

Engineers' Committee on Waste in Industry. See Federated American Engineering Societies

Equal rights amendment, 31n, 37, 39n; AFL opposition to, 31, 372

Evans, Evan A., 154, 155n, 219

Everett, Wash., Trades Council, 237, 241n

Excess profits tax, 25, 424

Executive Council of National and International

Organizations for Organizing the Steel Industry, 281n; and SG,meeting with, 278-81

F

Factory inspection laws, state, 4

Fall, Albert B., 228n

Farmer-Labor Federated party, 430

Farmer-Labor party, 187, 236, 270; and election of 1924,  296n, 430, 432, 433n, 484, 490

-- convention: 1923 (Chicago), 294, 296n, 430-32, 490

Farmer-Labor Progressive party, and election of 1924, 430-33, 433n, 490-91

-- convention: 1924 (St. Paul, Minn.), 430-33, 433n, 490-91

Farmer-Labor Reconstruction League (Oklahoma), 189n

Farmers, 188, 285

Farm Organizations, National Board of, and AFL Permanent Conference for Abolition of Child Labor, 82n

Farrington, Frank, 9:178n; letter to, 294-95

Fascist movement, 255-56, 366

Fechner, Robert, 202-3, 206n; letter to, 213-15

Federación Obrera de la República de Panamá, 411; and SG, meeting with representatives of, 385-86

-- conventions: 1921 (Panama City), 536, 538n; 1924  (Panama City), 536, 538n

Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, 415, 417n; and AFL Permanent Conference for Abolition of Child  Labor, 82n

Federal Employees, National Federation of, 11:*, 446n; and  women workers, organization of, 371n

Federal Reserve Board, 216

Federated American Engineering Societies, 142-43, 146n,  297, 413

Federated Farmer-Labor party, 295, 296n, 490; and election of 1924, 296n, 409, 430-31

Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the U.S. and Canada (FOTLU):

-- conventions: 1881 (Pittsburgh), 9:370n, 351, 375, 375n,  521-22; 1884 (Chicago), 375, 376n

Feinstone, Morris C., 550, 553n

Fellowship of Reconciliation, 310, 311n

Ferry, Neal (or Neil) J., 550, 553n

Fess, Simeon D., 171n

Filipino labor union (in Hawaii), 211, 212n

Fink, Reuben, 125n; letter to, 123-25

"Fink Hall," 390, 390n

Firemen and Oilers, International Brotherhood of,* 98n, 446n;and black workers, 299-300, 341-42, 342-43n; jurisdictionof, 300, 341-42, 342-43n

Fisch, Gustav, 219n

Fischer, Jacob,* 117n, 163n, 336, 461n, 476; elected AFL vice-president, 97n, 338n; and election of successor to SG, 555, 559-60

Fitch, John A., 11:155n, 7, 8n

Fitzgerald, Anna, 7:299n, 38n

FitzGerald, Edward H.,* 21n, 86, 111, 112n; wire to, 20

FitzPatrick, James P., 536n

Fitzpatrick, John J.,* 38, 40n, 42, 43n, 55, 190, 244n, 296n,311-12, 315n, 490; and SG, meeting with, 282-83; circular,312-15; letter to, 242-44

Flood, Emmet T.,* 295, 296n

Flores, A. J., 550

Ford, Cornelius, 8:*, 66n

Ford, Martha R., 66n; wire from, 66

Ford Motor Co., 10n

Fordney, Joseph, 26n

Forrester, James J.,* 112n, 344-46, 348n, 433n

Forrester, Rose Yates, 10:468n, 246-47, 247n

Forty Years of Action (AFL), 188, 189n, 437

Foster, Israel, 83n

Foster, John T., 438-39, 442n

Foster, William Z.,* 47n, 48, 434n; and AFL convention, 96-97;amalgamation campaign, 43-47, 48n, 55n, 62-65, 67-68, 220, 403, 403n; arrest of, 125, 126n, 132n; and ChicagoFederation of Labor, 311, 431; and election of 1924, 432,433n, 484-85, 485n, 490-91, 508; and Illinois StateFederation of Labor, 334n; raid on office of, 131, 132n; andsteelworkers' organizing campaign (1918-19), 279, 281n;western tour of, 125-26, 126-27n; letter from, 67-68; wirefrom, 484-85

Fourteen Points, 10:310n, 156

Fox, Harry W., 87-88n, 191n; letter to, 191

Fox, William W., 503, 504n

France, Joseph I., 13, 15n

Frank, Leo M., lynching of, 9:278-79n, 210n

Franklin, Joseph A.,* 128n, 341-42, 343n

Franks, Robert, 516n

Frayne, Hugh,* 50, 51-52n, 242, 368, 550; and election of 1924, 461n, 504

Frazier, Lynn J., 170, 171n

Frelinghuysen, Joseph S., 169, 171n

Frey, John P.,* 38n, 54n, 388, 550; at AFL convention, 91n; and death of SG, 541; letters to, 53-54, 167-68, 226-27

From Politics to Industry (SG), 420, 421n

Furuseth, Andrew,* 345-46, 348n, 433, 501

G

Gale, Zona, 427n

Garfield, James A., 511, 513n

Garland, Charles, 227n

Garland Fund, 226, 227n, 257, 264

Garment industry, machinery in, 306

Garment Workers of America, United,* 444, 446n; and women workers, organization of, 371n

-- locals: local 127 (Indianapolis), 363

Garner, John Nance, 184, 184n

Garrett, Finis J., 9:9n, 184

Garrison, William Lloyd, 4:408n, 135

Gary, Elbert H., 8:227n, 121, 123, 185, 212, 260, 279-81

Gauthier, Victor S., 403n; letter to, 403

General Federation of Women's Clubs, and AFL Permanent Conference for Abolition of Child Labor, 82n

General strikes: 1922 (South Africa), 47n; 1922 (threatened),133-34, 136-37, 137n, 147

Genoa conference (1922), 12-14, 15n

George, Henry, 3:*, 33, 33-34n; mayoral campaign (1886), 33,34n

Gerber, William E., 260n; letter to, 259-60

Gerling, Asmus, 399, 399n

German Federation of Trade Unions, 368; and womenworkers, 361n

Germany: AFL financial support of trade union movement in, 367-69, 369n, 377; communists in, 369; EconomicCongress, 144-45; postwar conditions in, 368-69, 435,435n; Reichstag, 144; reparations, 13-14, 367n; trade unionmovement in, 368-69, 377

"Giant Power." See Power network, expansion of

Giles, John E., 10:471n, 541, 541n, 543

Gillmore, Frank P.,* 550, 553n

Girlhood, 52-53

Gitlow, Benjamin, 485, 485n

Gladstone, William E., 3:580n, 217

Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of the U.S. and Canada, 10:*, 446n

Glass bottle industry, machinery in, 305

Gleaves, Albert E., 554n

Gleaves, Elsie M., 11:460n, 16

Gleaves, Walter, 551

Gleaves, William H., 554n

Gleaves, William T., 554n

"Glenwood Plan," 382, 383n, 412-13

Glove Workers' Union of America, International,* 446n, 450-51, 451n

-- locals: local 4 (Chicago), 451n; local 18 (Chicago), 451n

-- strikes and lockouts: 1920-21 (Chicago), 451, 451n

Golden, Clinton S., 350, 350n

"Gold roll" employees, in Canal Zone, 386, 386n

Gomez, Natalie, 276, 278n

Gompers, Alexander J.,* 517, 517n, 551

Gompers, Gertrude Annersly Gleaves,* 16n, 517, 546, 550-52,554n; letters to, 15-16, 340

Gompers, Henry J.,* 517, 517n, 551

Gompers, Sadie J.,* 323, 324n

Gompers, Samuel: autobiography, 316, 318-19, 321, 322n, 365, 365n, 378, 384, 533-35, 535n; birthday of, 16-17; bust of, 530, 532, 533n, 534; as cigarmaker, 304; death of, 536n, 541-44, 560; early employment of, 393, 394n, 399;elections as AFL president, 90, 95, 97n, 337, 549; financialsituation of, 514; funeral, 545-52, 554; illness of (1923), 218, 219n, 221-22, 222n, 243; illness of (Feb.-Apr. 1924), 424, 424n; illness of (May-Oct. 1924), 447n, 455-56, 457-58n,461, 462n, 470, 481, 489, 500, 502-3, 503n, 504, 504n,505, 514, 519, 534, 536n; illness, final, 536n, 538-43;pacifism of, 179; salary of, 323; security of, 123; successor, election of, 554-60; tributes to, 526-30, 544-45

-- addresses, 17-20, 303-8, 520-23, 524n, 525, 530-32, 536-38

-- addresses mentioned, 10n, 11, 39n, 53, 54-55n, 142, 146n,159n, 162, 164n, 170-71n, 278n, 285, 286n, 299n, 319n, 419, 421n, 424, 424-25n, 534

-- articles, 289, 303-8, 507-13

-- articles mentioned, 162, 365, 376, 377n, 381-83

-- circular, 370-71, 371n

-- circulars mentioned, 127, 128-29n, 147, 147n, 229, 229n, 346, 348n, 369n, 371n, 377, 377n, 491, 494n

-- editorial, 26-30

-- editorials mentioned, 12, 15n, 33, 34n, 162, 164n, 259, 260n, 379, 380n

-- interviews, 222, 427-28

-- memorandum, 296-98

-- statements, 84-85, 426-27, 518-20

-- statements mentioned, 106n, 118, 118n, 195, 197n, 351,352n

-- testimony, 68-80

-- testimony mentioned, 82-83n, 148n, 208

-- trips: New York City, Springfield, Mass. (Jan. 1922), 8, 10n,15-16; New York City, Albany (Feb.-Mar. 1922), 36, 39n;Northeast (Mar. 1922), 53, 54n; Chicago, Northeast (Apr. 1922), 53-55, 55n; New Orleans (Oct. 1922), 158, 159n,162; Indianapolis (Oct. 1922), 160, 163n; New Jersey, NewYork City, New Haven, Conn. (Nov. 1922), 162, 164n; NewYork City (Feb. 1923), 208, 209n; New York City (Mar.1923), 219n, 243; Chicago, New York City (June 1923), 277-78n; Chicago, Milwaukee, New York City, Philadelphia (Aug.-Sept. 1923), 298, 299n, 312; western trip (Sept.-Nov.1923), 319, 319n, 321, 356, 365; Panama (Dec. 1923-Jan.1924), 383, 383-84n, 385, 536, 538n; New York City,Bethlehem and Harrisburg, Pa., Chicago (Apr. 1924), 418, 418n, 422, 424, 425n; New York City (May 1924), 456, 457n; Texas, Mexico (Nov.-Dec. 1924), 518, 520n, 534-35, 536n

-- will, 516-17

Gompers, Samuel J.,* 457n, 517, 517n, 543, 551

Gompers, Samuel Moses,* 323, 324n

Gompers, Sophia J.,* 323, 324n

Gordon, H. F., letter to, 206

Gorey, John W., 56, 61n

Gorozave, Eusebio, 101n

Granite Cutters' International Association of America,* 129n,223

-- strikes and lockouts: 1921-, 127, 129n

Grant, Ulysses S., 1:328n, 519

Grassmann, Peter O.,* 526, 526n, 534, 537, 538n

Gray et al. v. Building Trades Council et al., 303, 303n

Green, William,* 82-83n, 120n, 150, 544n; and AFL conventions, 327-29, 330n, 520, 524n; elected AFLpresident, 555, 557-60; elected AFL vice-president, 97n,338n; and election of 1924, 491, 493; letter to, 81

Greene, Michael F.,* 550, 553n

Greene, William, 228n

Greenfield v. Central Labor Council, 302, 303n

Greenstein, Abraham,* 221n

Gregor, Edward C., lynching of, 192-93, 196n

Guard, R. Lee,* 131n, 156, 157n, 428n, 433n, 483n; and deathof SG, 543-44; and SG illness (1923), 218; and SG illness(May-Oct. 1924), 458n, 461, 462n, 470, 502, 503n; and SGillness, final, 538-39; and SG memoirs, 365, 378n, 385n,533-34; letters from, 365, 470, 533-35, 538-39;memoranda, 502, 543-44; wires from, 218, 539

Guest, William J., 36, 38-39n

Gulick, Sidney L., 9:515n, 417n

Gunther, William, 57-58, 61n

H

Haberman, Roberto, 359n

Haggerty, Thomas T., 495, 498n

Hall, E. G., 333n

Hall, Harry L., 337, 337n, 550, 552n

Hamilton, Albert H., 320, 321n

Hamrock, Patrick, 127n

Hanly, David, 31n; letter to, 30-31

Hanson, William S., 540, 540n, 541-42

Harding, Florence M. K., 296, 299n

Harding, Warren G., 11:376n, 13, 26n, 39n, 48n, 260, 281n, 310; bust of, 533n; death of, 299n; and railroadshopmen's strike (1922), 86-87n, 103, 105, 106n, 116, 135,137n, 203; and World Court, 209, 210

Harmon, Gilbert, 22, 24n

Harris, Daniel,* 393, 394n

Harrison, Ark., strike (1921-23), 192-95, 196-97n

Harrison, Byron P., 380n; letter to, 378-80

Harrison, Cabel, 132, 132n

Hartwig, Otto R., 11:*, 212n

Hastings, Charles E., 17n; letter to, 16-17

Hatters of North America, United, 9:*, 446n

Hawaii: admission of Chinese workers into, 210-11, 415; commission to investigate labor conditions in, 211, 212n; Filipino labor union in, 211, 212n; Japanese workers in, 415

Hayes, Max S.,* 89n; at AFL conventions, 88, 94-96, 332-33

Hays, Arthur G., 265n

Hays, John W.,* 126, 127n

Hays, William H., 263n; letter to, 261-63

Hayward, William, 80n

Healy, Timothy,* 96-97, 98n, 299-300, 342-43, 467n; letter from, 341-42

Hedrick, George, 383n

Hell Gate Power Station, 68, 72, 73n

Hempstead, H. K., 184n

Henderson, George, 195, 197n

Henning, Edward J., 546, 550, 552n

Hensel, Otto, 457n, 503, 504n

Hering, Frank E., 218n; letter to, 217-18

Herrin Massacre, 99, 99n, 195, 197n, 329, 330n; Lewis and, 99n; SG and, 99-100n

Hesketh, Robert B.,* 258, 259n

Hickey, John H., 300n; letter to, 299-300

Hickory Steel-Grip Glove Co., strike against (1920-21), 451n

Hilfers, Henry F.,* 305, 308n

Hillquit, Morris,* 208, 209n

Hirsch, David, 1:76n; cigar shop of, 393, 394n, 399

Hitchman Coal and Coke Co. v. Mitchell et al., 10:287n, 23, 93n

Hod Carriers', Building and Common Laborers' Union of America, International,* 238, 241n

-- locals: local 120 (Indianapolis), 363, 364n

Holden, Henrietta, 222, 222n

Holder, Arthur E.,* 470n; and 1924 election, 468, 474

Holdom, Jesse, 366, 367n

Holland, James P.,* 550, 553n

Hoover, Herbert C., 10:304n, 30n, 142, 146n, 191, 192n, 413;and SG, meetings with, 12-15, 381, 382n

Hopkins, J. A. H., 10:161n, 99n; wire from, 99

Hotel and Restaurant Employees' International Alliance and Bartenders' International League of America,* 259n

-- locals: local 33 (Seattle), 259n; local 380 (Bisbee, Ariz.),injunction against, 93n

Hours of labor, 279-80, 281n, 304-5

Howard, Robert, 4:*, 376n

Howlin, William H., 543, 544n

Huber, Henry, 215n

Huddell, Arthur M.,* 550, 553n

Hudson, Manley O., 210n

Huerta, Adolfo de la, 9:468n, 391-92, 392n

Hughes, Charles Evans, 8:259n, 12-13, 210n, 211, 294n, 417n, 492; bust of, 533n; letter from, 290-94; letters to, 100,255-56, 286-88

Hughes, William, 8:101n, 496

Hulbert, George M., 546, 550, 552n

Hull, Cordell, 184, 184n

Hull, Harry, 348n

Humphrey, H. Ben, letter to, 515-16

Hungary, immigrants from, 415

Hunter, Samuel N., 99n

Huntington, Henry, 265n

Hushing, William C., 246, 247n, 383n

Hutcheson, William L.,* 550, 553n

Hylan, John F., 10:238n, 546, 550

I

Ice Delivery Company of Spokane v. Local No. 690 of Teamsters, 302, 303n

Idar, Clemente N., 11:341n, 358-59, 525, 541; letter from, 120-21

If I Were an Employer (Crowther), 419, 421n

Iglesias Pantín, Santiago,* 201-2n, 356, 358, 391; and SG, meeting with, 197-201

Illinois Conference for Progressive Political Action, 409, 410n

Illinois State Federation of Labor, 2:202n, 7:364n, 295, 296n;and SG, meeting with representatives of, 54

-- conventions: 1922 (Rockford), 295, 296n, 314; 1923 (Decatur), 295, 296n, 334n

Immigrants: Americanization of, 51n, 297, 348n, 378; education of, 210, 212, 213n; literacy test for, 164; registration of, 50-51, 211-12, 213n, 344-45, 348n, 379,380n; restriction of, 166n, 259-60, 260n, 344, 348n, 378,414-16, 416-17n; restriction of, SG and, 124-25, 164-66,297; surveillance of, 50-51

Immigration: and intelligence tests, use of, to restrict, 185,  186n; Japanese, 415, 416-17n

Income tax, 454

India, independence of, 223, 234-35

Indianapolis Central Labor Union, 1:166n, 3:512n, 362-64, 364n

Industrial hygiene, 419

Industrial mobilization, wartime, 422-23, 424n

Industrial unionism, 395-98; AFL and, 86-87, 87n, 88-89, 101-2, 102n, 126, 307, 330-31, 332n; and AFL Railway Employes' Department, 66, 66n; and Chicago Federation ofLabor, 54, 54-55n, 62-63, 67, 312-14; Foster and, 43-47,48n, 55n, 62-65, 67-68; and Illinois State Federation ofLabor, 295, 296n, 314; and Minnesota State Federation of Labor, 126, 127n

Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), 48, 64, 234, 253-54, 257, 266-67, 272, 389-90

Industry's Manifest Duty (AFL Executive Council), 420, 421n

Inheritance tax, 454

Injunctions in labor disputes, 24n, 171n, 453, 486-87, 495-96,510; legislation to limit, 317-18, 318n

-- in specific labor disputes: against AFL Railway Employes'Department, 87; and Bedford Cut Stone Co., 398n; againstBlacksmiths, 9n; and Blacksmiths' local, 267; andCarpenters, 400; against Chafin, 265n; and Chicago, St.Paul, Minneapolis, and Omaha Railway Co., 373n; againstHotel and Restaurant Employees' local, 94n; and Ladies' Garment Workers' local, 428, 428n; against Logan CoalOperators' Association, 265n; against Railroad LaborBoard, 27, 30n, 109, 115; against railroad shopmen, 87,133-36, 137n, 147, 147n, 152-55, 158-59, 161, 167, 248,486; against Springfield, Mass., Central Labor Union, 10n;against Street Railway Employes, 21-22, 24n

Intelligence tests, 167-68, 168n; and immigration, restriction of,185, 186n

"Intelligencia" and labor movement, 26, 42-43. See also Tradeunions and "outsiders"

Interborough Rapid Transit Co., strike against (1916), 9:492n, 23n

International Conference on Limitation of Armaments (1921-22,Washington, D.C.), 11:524n, 13, 180, 310, 311n

International Conference on Workers' Education (1922, Uccle, Belgium), 156-57, 157n

International Federation of Trade Unions, 8:394n; AFL and, 137-39, 139-40n, 357-58, 360n

-- meetings: Apr. 1922 (Rome), 138-39, 139n; Dec. 1922(The Hague), 140n

International Labor News Service, 277

International Labor Organization, 190; publications of, 231-32,232n

Interstate Commerce Commission, 115

Interstate Council on Immigrant Education, 50

Irish World, 33, 34n

Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers, Amalgamated Association of,* 66n, 281n, 333n; and industrial unionism, 62; jurisdiction of,221n

Iron Age, 164, 166n

Italian workers, 282-83

Italy, immigrants from, 415

IWW. See Industrial Workers of the World

J

Jackson, John J., Jr., 495, 498n

Jaeckel et al. v. Kaufman et al., 302, 303n

James, Newton A.,* 247, 247n

Jameton, Marie S., 541, 542n

Japanese: landholding by, in California, 171n

Japanese workers, 32, 211, 336; in Hawaii, 415; and railroadshopmen's strike (1922), 119

Jefferson, Thomas, 135, 291, 294n

Jewell, Bert M.,* 11n; and election of 1924, 474, 478-80, 481,484n; and railroad shopmen's strike (1922), 86, 87n, 105,106-7n, 118, 127-28, 128-29n, 131n, 204, 206n; letter from,148; letters to, 10-11, 146-47, 158-59, 382-83; wires to,106-7n, 153, 248, 373

Jewelry Workers' Union, International,* 221n

Jewish Daily Forward, 321n

Jewish Division, American Committee for Relief of German Children, 435

Jewish immigrants, 415-16

Johnson, Albert, 11:484n, 39n, 52n, 165, 166n, 211, 213n, 416-17n

Johnson, Edwin L., 426n; letter to, 425-26

Johnson, Frederick E., 375n; letter to, 374-75

Johnson, Hiram, 8:277n, 170

Johnson, Magnus, 432-33, 433-34n, 491, 494n

Johnston, William H.,* 341-42, 342-43n, 383n, 467n, 550; andelection of 1924, 431, 433n, 468-69, 470n, 474, 478-81,  490; letter to, 349-50

Jolin, Mazaire, 301n; letter to, 300-301

Jones, Andrieus A., 170, 172n

Jones, Jerome,* 112n, 159n; letters to, 111-12, 148

Jones, Mary Harris "Mother,"* 495, 498n

Jones, Wesley L., 7:109n, 228n

Jones and Laughlin Steel Works, 212

Jouhaux, Léon, 11:*, 369n

Junta Organizadora del Partido Liberal Mexicano, 392n

Jurisdictional disputes:

-- Carpenters v. Sheet Metal Workers, 73, 163n, 400, 401n

-- Plumbers v. Steamfitters, 68-69, 73n

-- Quarry Workers v. Steam and Operating Engineers,
394-98, 398n

Justice and the Poor (Smith), 69, 73-74n

K

Karston, Carl E., 335, 337n

Kasten, Frank M.,* 355n; letter from, 353-55

Kat, Tomosabur, 12, 15n

Keating, Edward, 10:125n, 432, 433n, 474, 475n, 479

Keefe, Daniel J.,* 459, 461n

Keegan, John J., 493, 494n

Keep, Arthur, 9:482n, 96

Keightly, Fred, 212n

Kelleher, Mary J., 252, 252n, 406, 408n

Kelleher, William, 551

Keller, Oscar E., 147-48n, 433, 433-34n

Kelley, Florence,* 81, 82n

Kellogg, Frank B., 169, 171n, 210n, 431, 434n

Kelly, José W., 356, 358-59, 359n, 524-25

Kendrick, John B., 170, 171n

Kennedy, Thomas,* 550, 552n

Kenny, Patrick F., 68, 73n

Kenworthy, Robert J., 551-52, 554n

Keough, Michael J.,* 550, 553n

Kern, Charles W., 11:267n, 363

Kerr, Archie R., 551, 554n

Keuffel and Esser v. International Association of Machinists,302, 303n

King, William H., 170, 171n

Kitchin, Claude, 496, 498n

Kline, James W.,* 113n, 128n, 237; letter from, 112; letter to,118

Knights of Labor (KOL), local assembly 1562 (Spread the LightClub, Brooklyn), 1:276, 33, 34n

Knollin, James C., 285n; letter to, 283-85

Know-Nothing party, 352

KOL. See Knights of Labor

Kollontai, Aleksandra M., 231, 232n

Koveleski, Emanuel,* 550, 553n

Krasin, Leonid B., 14, 15n

Krause, L., 145, 146n

Krumbein, Charles, 275, 278n

Kuhn, Conrad, 304, 308n

Ku Klux Klan, 89-90, 90n, 352, 352n, 366, 421-22; IndianapolisCentral Labor Union and, 362-64, 364n; murders by, inLouisiana, 194, 197n

Kvale, O. J., 433n

L

Labor banks, SG on, 401-3

Labor Day, 3:106-7n, 289

Labor Herald, 44, 63, 66n

Labor Injunction (Frey), 166

"Labor Is Not a Commodity" (SG), 249, 250n

Labor-management relations, 412-13

Labor movement, idealism of, 222

Labor party, 94, 430, 436; AFL and, 296n, 332-33, 333n, 410n,
468n; SG and, 187-89, 437. See also Third party movements

"Labor's Political Demands" (AFL). See Election, 1924: partyplatforms, AFL and

Labor's Position in the 1924 Campaign (AFL National
Non-Partisan Political Campaign Committee), 486-89, 501, 502n, 510-11, 513n

Labour party (of Great Britain), 505

Ladd, Edwin F., 6n; letter to, 3-6

Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, International,* 91n, 156, 157n, 389n, 414-15, 444, 446n, 527-32, 532n; and womenworkers, organization of, 371n

-- convention: 1924 (Boston), 447, 449n

-- strikes and lockouts: 1910 (New York City), 8:114n, 528-29,531; 1924 (local 100, Chicago), 427-28, 428n

La Du, Dwight, 382n

Lady barbers, in Seattle, 237-39, 241n, 267-68

La Follette, Robert M., 11:471n; and election of 1922, 121-23,149-50, 170; and election of 1924, 389n, 409, 409-10n,432, 433n, 463-67, 467n, 468-69, 470n, 471, 473-75,475-76n, 478-84, 484n, 485, 487-89, 491-93, 494n, 497,501, 504-7, 507n, 508, 510-13, 513n; and SG, meetingswith, 471, 472n, 504-7

Laidler, Harry W., 387-88, 389n

La Kurba Cigar Co.: arbitration case, 132, 133n; boycott of (1917), 133n; strike against (1918), 133n

Lampert, Florian, 346, 349n

Landis, Kenesaw M., 11:496n, 30n, 57-59, 61n, 80, 159n

Lane, Franklin K., 9:466n, 499

Lang, Harry, 11:299n; and SG, meeting with, 320

Langer, Louis E., 530, 533n, 550

Lansbury, George, 231, 232-33n

Lares, 151, 152n

Larraga, Manuel, 101n

Laurell, Carl Malcolm Ferdinand,* 315-16, 316n, 318-19, 393,399

Laurell, Clara, 316n

Laurell, Emma, 316n

Laurell, Louisa, 315, 318, 319n

Laurell, Margaret, 316n

Laurell, Sophia, 316n

Lawlor, Martin,* 550, 553n

League for Industrial Democracy, 387, 389n

League of Nations, 10, 209; AFL and, 455

League of Nations Covenant, 11:59n, 210n

Leary, John J., Jr., 210n, 506-7; wire to, 209

Leather Workers' International Union, United, 11:*, 446n

Legassie, James, 89-90n

Legislation, states and territories:

-- California: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- Colorado: compulsory investigation law, 5

-- Florida: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- Georgia: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- Kansas: Court of Industrial Relations Law (1920), 11:280n,3, 5, 36

-- Maine: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- Michigan: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- Mississippi: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- Montana: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- New York: Duell-Miller Industrial Relations bill (1922), 36, 39n

-- Ohio: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- Puerto Rico: homestead law (1917, 1921), 198, 201n; landgrant law, 199

-- Rhode Island: anti-strike bill (1922), 36, 38n; trade unionincorporation bill (1922), 36, 38n

-- South Carolina: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- South Dakota: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of,5

-- Texas: children, legislation to limit hours of labor of, 5

-- Wisconsin: unemployment compensation bills (1921, 1923),214, 215n

Legislation, U.S.:

(The date in parentheses after an act is the year the law was passed; the date in parentheses after a bill number is the year the legislation was introduced in Congress.)

-- Adamson Act (1916), 9:450n, 497, 498n, 499

-- aliens, resident, bill to federalize state-level suits against, S.1943 (1921), 169, 171n

-- bonus bill, H.R. 10,874 (1922), 25-26, 26n

-- child labor amendment: H.J. Res. 407 (1922), 82-83n, 208;S.J. Res. 232 (1922), 82-83n, 208; H.J. Res. 184 (1924), 83n, 453-54, 455n

-- Child Labor Tax Act (1919), 10:499n, 82n, 84

-- Chinese, bills to admit, into Hawaii: H.J. Res. 158 (1921), 11:484n, 37; H.J. Res. 171 (1921), 11:484n, 37, 210-11,212n

-- Clayton Act (1914), 9:94n, 71, 134, 373-74n, 496-97, 499;amendment of, 91, 93

-- Department of Public Welfare, bills to create (1921), 37,39n

-- Esch-Cummins Law. See Legislation, U.S.: TransportationAct of 1920

-- extradition bill, S. 657 (1921), 37, 39n

-- immigrant intelligence screening bill, H.Res. 476 (1922),185, 186n

-- immigrant naturalization bill, H.R. 10,860 (1922), 50, 52n

-- immigration bills: H.R. 14,273 (1923), 211, 213n; S. 2365(1924), 348n

-- immigration law of 1921, 39n, 416n

-- immigration law of 1922, H.J. Res. 268 (1922), 37, 39n

-- immigration law of 1924, 416n; H.R. 101 (1923), 415, 416-17n; S. 35 (1923), 415, 417n; H.R. 6540 (1924), 417n;H.R. 7995 (1924), 414-16, 416n

-- minimum wage law for women in the District of Columbia (1918), 228n

-- munitions, manufacture of, bills regarding: H.R. 2702 (1923), 346, 348-49n; S. 742 (1923), 348-49n

-- pension bill, H.R. 14,494 (1909), 217, 218n

-- Poindexter bill, S. 4204 (1920), 11:407n, 436

-- refugee immigration bill, S.J. Res. 252 (1922), 211, 213n

-- sales tax bills: H.R. 14,956 (1920), 38, 39-40n; H.R. 2226(1921), 38, 39-40n; S. 202 (1921), 38, 39-40n

-- Seamen's Act of 1915, 9:10n, 501

-- Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), 4:28n, 85n; and labor organizations, 80n; repeal of, proposed, 91-93

-- ship subsidy bills: H.R. 10,644 (1922), 228, 228n; H.R. 12,021 (1922), 228, 228n; H.R. 12,817 (1922), 228, 228n; S. 3217 (1922), 228, 228n

-- Soviet Union, request for information regarding, H.Res. 635(1921), 286-87, 288n, 291

-- Transportation Act of 1920, 11:274n, 3, 103, 108-9, 113, 135, 300, 454

-- Volstead Act, 206, 429, 454

Legislative records, of political candidates, 34-35, 160-61,169, 187, 436-37, 487-88

Leipart, Theodor, 369n

Lenin, Vladimir I., 10:344n, 14, 64-65, 96, 98, 288n, 293, 294n

Lenox Hill Hospital, 219n, 221, 222n, 456, 457n, 461, 462n

Leonard, Edwin F., 9, 10n

Leopold, Nathan, Jr., 516, 516n

Letter Carriers of the U.S. of America, National Association of, 11:*

-- locals: local 39 (Indianapolis), 363

Lewis, J. C., 550

Lewis, John L.,* 29-30n, 105, 297, 329, 469, 550; and AFL presidency (1922), 90; and Herrin Massacre, 99n; andminers' strike of 1922, 146; permission to circularizemembers of union, 377, 377n; letter from, 150-51; letter to,377; wire to, 312, 315n

Lewis, Reuben A., Jr., 403n; letter to, 401-3

Liberal party (in U.S.), 99n

Life of John Marshall (Beveridge), 171n

Lincoln, Abraham, 92, 110, 135, 269, 511, 548, 562

Lindsay, Martha M., 81, 82n

Lindsay, Samuel M., 8:456n, 82n

Literacy test, for immigrants, 164

Living wage, 248

Lockwood Committee, 11:399n, 80n; SG testimony before,
68-73, 73n, 74-80

Lodge, Henry Cabot, 4:147n, 299n, 417n

Loeb, Richard, 516, 516n

Logan Coal Operators' Association, 265n

London, Meyer, 8:114n, 39n, 208, 209n

Longshoremen's Association, International,* 7n, 238, 241n,268, 389-90, 440-41, 442n; wage scale of, establishmentof, 7

-- locals: local 38-A2 (Seattle), 237-38, 241n, 267-68; local38-18 (San Pedro, Calif.), 48, 49n

-- strikes and lockouts: 1923 (Vancouver), 442n

Longworth, Nicholas, 346, 349n

Lord, Alice M., 241, 242n, 271, 273

Lord, James,* 150-51, 152n

Loree, Leonor F., 103, 106n, 114

Lovestone, Jay, 485n

Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen, 10:246n, 234, 241n

Lumber Workers' Industrial Union, 442n

Lumber Workers' Union of Canada, 439-42, 442n

Lynch, James M.,* 550, 553n

Lynch, Joseph L., 541, 542n

Lynch, M. W., 32n

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