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Volume 1 Index M-Z

M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ

M (Asterisks indicate glossary entries)

Miners and Mine Laborers, National Federation of,* 390, 391n

Miners and Mine Laborers, National Progressive Union of, 391n

Miners' and Miner Laborers' Amalgamated Association of Pennsylvania, 229n, 391n

Miners of the U.S., Amalgamated Association of, 391n

Miners, 211, 284, 286n, 336, 426, 437

Monckton, James H.,* 85, 86n

Monopolies, 212-13, 285

Moonelis, Adolph, 189, 192n, 199, 260

Moore, Mark W., 165, 167n

Moore, William B., 16

Moranete, John, 108

Morrison, John,* 420, 421n

Mule Spinners' Association, Amalgamated,* 329, 353n

Mullen, William H.,* 402, 404n

Mulraney, Edward, 457, 459n, 461

Murray, George F., 403, 404n

Myers, Morris H., 11, 12n

N

National Labor Tribune, 60

Neebe, Oscar W.,* 462n

Nejedly, Joseph E., 432, 433n

New Haven, Central Labor Council of, 459n

New Haven Trade Council, 458, 459n

Newmark, Bernard, 384

New York and Vicinity, Amalgamated Trades and Labor Union of, 84, 96, 98, 101n, 151-52, 248, 268n

New York City, 4, 45-46, 51, 247-49, 444; anti-tenement law, 169-70; Board of Health, 47, 50, 54n, 56, 58, 67, 79, 103, 111, 112n, 130, 200, 208; cigar industry, 172-77; cigarmakers, 95-96, 365-66, 412-14; Democratic party, 439n, 444, 448; Eight-hour movement (1872), 67n; German immigrants, 4, 21; labor politics, 429-34, 441-43, 446-49, 455-46. See also Cigar industry

New York City Central Federated Union, 379n

New York City Central Labor Federation, 379n

New York City Central Labor Union, 248, 376-79, 407, 429-33; letter to, 411-12

New York Staats Zeitung, 310

New York State Branch, AFL, 361n

New York State Federation of Labor, 361n

New York state legislature, 151-52, 169-70, 207-8, 261-62, 292-93

New York State Workingmen's Assembly, 360-61, 402, 446-47

New York Sun, 169

New York Unionist, 268n

New York, Workingmen's Federation of the State of, 361n

New Yorker Volkszeitung, 97, 169, 207, 252-54, 263n, 359, 429, 459n

Newsboys, 307-8

Nickelsberg, Kaufman, 68, 69n, 74, 93

Niederstein, John, 384

Niglutsch, John C., 260, 263n

O

O'Brien, Michael, 283, 285n

O'Callaghan, John,* 134, 139n, 151

O'Dea, Thomas,* 390, 458

O'Reilly, Thomas,* 390, 391n

Ohio Federation of Labor, 455n

Ohio State Trades and Labor Assembly, 453, 455n

Ohio Valley Trades and Labor Assembly, 390

Oppeit, E. J., 210n

Oppenheim, Joseph, 408, 409n, 418

Oppenheim, Simeon, 7

Order and the Cigarmakers, The, 401n, 411n, 464

Osborne, George W. 165, 166n

Out-of-work benefits, 104, 134, 138, 139n

Owen, Robert, 217n

Owen, Robert Dale, 217n

P

Pacific Coast, Representative Council of the Federated Trades and Labor Organizations of the,* 458, 460n

Pacific Coast, Representative Assembly of Trades and Labor Unions of the, 231, 232n

Pacific Mills, 327n

Packers, cigar, 110, 374-75, 378-79, 381

Packinghouse workers, 466, 467n

Painters, 67n

Painters, New York Mutual Benevolent and Protective Society of Operative, 361, 362n

Palda, Lev J.,* 107, 108n, 119, 130

Panic of 1873, 321

Panic of 1878, 340

Pape, George, 414

Park, Noel R., 113, 115n

Parker, Willard, 204, 206n

Parnell, Charles S., 286n

Parsons, Albert R.,* 462n

Pascoe, David M.,* 426, 427n, 464

Pauperism, 313-15

Pavelk, Max, 433

Pearce, Grafton, 453, 455n

Peasants' Revolt, 29

Perina, Anton, 125, 126n

Pfrommer, Julius, 250, 251n

Phillips, Hannah B. L., 11, 12n

Phillips, Hyman, 103-6

Phillips, John,* 361, 363n, 390

Picket, 366, 383, 392, 394, 406, 412, 421

Pickets, 113, 119, 373n, 377

Pierce, George P., 167

Pinckney, Walter S., 115n

Pinkerton Detective Agency, 454, 455n

Pinner, Reuben E.,* 237

Plate, Augustus F., 137, 139n

Plate, Martin D.,* 54n

Plumbers, Steam Fitters, and Gas Fitters, International Association of Journeymen,* 458, 460n

Plunket, Thomas J., 449

Police, 101, 110, 113-14, 119, 277

Politics, SG and, 71, 139, 252-54, 446-49

Pollner, William C.,* 165, 166n, 218, 230, 235

Powderly, Terence V.,* 159, 161-62, 167, 276, 283-85, 286n, 366, 383n, 386-87, 398, 401, 411, 426-27, 438n, 454, 463-64, 466, 467n; and eight-hour movement, 276-77; and Home Club, 402-3, 404n; and trade unions, 284-85, 385-88, 425, 436; letters from, 391-92, 455; letters to, 167, 380, 382-84, 396; mentioned, 454, 463

Power, James E., 447, 448n

Powers, Richard,* 165, 211, 216, 218-19, 222, 228, 230-31, 233, 234n, 235, 239, 282, 286n, 352

Praktische Emanzipationswinke, 22-43

Printers' Union, New York German, 260n

Printers Union, New York, 362n

Printers, 31, 38, 42, 159, 161, 431, 437-38

Prison labor. See Convict labor

Productivity, of labor: SG on, 316-17, 328-30

Profits, 73, 331-35

Progress, 248

Progress and Poverty, 429

Progressive Cigarmakers. See Cigar Makers' Progressive Union

Progressive Labor Club. See Knights of Labor Local Assembly 2814

Progressive Labor party, 430

Progressive party, 28, 44n

Progressive Tailors. See Tailors' National Union, Progressive

Pronk, David, 414

Proudhon, Pierre Joseph, 23, 43n

Pryor, Roger A.,* 109, 111-12n

Public land commission, 230, 232n

Pugh, James L., 294-356 passim

Pyke, Lewis Eleazar, 7

Q

Quinn, James E.,* 402, 403n, 405

R

Racism, 218, 230, 300-301

Radicalism, SG and, 444

Railroad workers, 356, 466

Railroads, 285, 286n, 433n; government ownership of, 227, 288

Rankin, Alexander C.,* 216, 217n, 221-22, 228, 231, 233-35, 243

"Rats." See Scabs

Raum, Green B., 125, 126n, 208

Regionalism, 218, 227-28, 238, 403

Remick, Charles E., 361, 362n

Retail store workers, 304-5

Reuf, Maurice, 204, 206n

Reveira, N., 414

Ricardo, David, 44n

Rice, David, 58, 59n

Rice, E. P., 85

Right to organize, SG and, 354-55

Robinson, Lucius, 100, 102n

Rodgers, George,* 165, 166n

Rogers, Daniel, 219, 220n

Rohner, Louis P.,* 68, 69n

Rollers, 45, 66

Roney, Frank,* 458, 460n

Rood, Moses Isayes,* 7

Rood, Sarah. See Gompers, Sarah Rood

Roosevelt, Theodore, 263n, 430, 431n, 443

Rosenbaum, Adolph, 414

Rosenberg, B., 133-34, 247-48, 255-56

Rosenthal Brothers, 178-81, 199

Roswog, Alexander, 369

Rothschild, Sir Anthony, 13n

Rowe, John H., 151

S

Samuel, Sampson, 13

Samuels, Aaron, 114, 115n

Saqui, Alexander, 91-92

Sargent, Frank P.,* 391n

Scabs, 114, 376, 389, 392, 395, 397-98, 406-7, 409, 411-12

Scannel, Philip J., 360, 361n

Schäfer, John,* 58, 59n, 83, 86, 88-89; letter from, 87-88

Schaefer, William C.,* 151

Schimkowitz, Samuel,* 247-48, 254n, 255, 265-66, 273; letter from, 256-57

Schonemann, Charles P. R., 206, 207n

Schulze-Delitzsch, Hermann, 44n

Schurz, Carl, 444

Schutz, Fritz, 86, 87n, 88

Schwab, Michael,* 462n

Schweitzer, Johann Baptist von, 43n

Scott, John, 457, 459n

Seamen, Lake, 161, 165

Seamen's Benevolent Association of Chicago, Lake,* 165, 166n

Serr, Franz, 204-5, 206n

Sharp, Charles H.,* 390, 391n

Shattuck, John S., 215, 217n

Shea, John B., 446, 447n

Shevitch, Sergius, 430

Shinn, Dexter L., 167

Shipbuilders, 38

Shoe Salesmen's Protective Union of New York, United, 461, 462n

Shoemakers, 437

Shop delegates, 47, 109

Shop floor autonomy, 160

Shop stewards, 47, 63-64, 79-80

Shully, W. M., 391

Sick benefits, 103-4, 135, 137-38, 139n, 156-58

Siegel and Co., 110, 112n

Silk weavers, 98

Silversmiths, 31

Silverthau and Co., 190-91, 192n, 199

Simon Brothers, 112, 115n, 191-92, 199

Single-tax, 430

Sinking fund, 150

Skarda, Frank, 108n

Slimp, Marshal, 115n

SLP. See Socialist Labor party

Smith, Charles J., 447, 448n

Smith, Charlotte, 283n

Smith, Christian W., 151

Smith, James W.,* 454, 455n, 469-70

Smith, John, 361, 362n

Smith, Matthias M., 116, 117n, 118, 121-24

Smith, Oliver, 447

Smith, Walter T., 111, 112n, 113-14

Smith, William J.,* 458, 459n

Snell, Judge William B., 372, 373n

Social Democratic Workingmen's party (German), 22-24, 28-29, 31, 33-37, 40, 43n

Social Democratic Workingmen's Party of North America, 84n, 203n

Social-Demokrat, 203n

Socialism, 21-22, 32, 40, 71; alleged, 213, 216, 262; SG and, 21-22, 43n, 83-84, 216-18, 239, 245n, 345-47; and trade unions, 83, 86-88, 345-47

Socialist Labor party (SLP), 83, 97, 430

Socialist Labor Party of Germany, 43n

Socialistic Labor party. See Socialist Labor party

Socialists, 91, 248, 404n; and anti-tenement campaign, 247, 252-54; cigarmakers, 247-48, 251, 258-60; and Cigar Makers' International Union 144, 250-54; German immigrants, 21, 91, 247-48, 259-60, 274n; and Henry George campaign, 429-30; and labor politics, 250-54, 259-60; and New York City Central Labor Union, 379n

Solidarity, 26n, 36, 60

Solkey, Charles, 257, 266; letter to, 263-64

Somers, Perry G., 221, 227, 229n

Sorge, Friedrich Adolph, 22n

Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei. See Social Democratic Workingmen's party (German)

Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands. See Socialist Labor Party of Germany

Spies, August,* 277, 462n

Spiess, Louis, 113, 115n

Spread the Light Club. See Knights of Labor Local Assembly 1562

Squire, John R. M., 444

St. Louis Central Trades and Labor Union, 166n

St. Louis Trades Assembly, 165, 166n

Stachelberg, M., and Co., 4, 95, 106, 108

Standard, 430, 438n

Statistics, labor. See Bureau of labor statistics

Steamboat hands, 308-9

Steel workers. See Iron and Steel Workers

Steinbach, L., letter to, 391

Stereotypers Association, New York, 458, 460n

Steward, Ira,* 83, 315, 317, 327n

Stiebeling, Dr. George C., 203n

Stoltz, Peter, 414

Stone, W. W., 447

Stove Manufacturers' Association, 402n

Stove mounters, 402n

Straiton and Storm, 75, 76n, 115n, 365, 378

Strasser, Adolph,* 46, 50n, 68, 71-74, 84, 94, 98, 100, 108, 114, 125, 158n, 159, 169, 207, 247-48, 251, 260n, 262, 287, 365, 374, 389-90, 393, 396, 426, 451, 457, 460, 463, 470; and cigarmakers' strike (1877), 95-96, 110-11, 116, 119; and Cigar Makers' International Union 144, 77, 79, 255-57, 264; and KOL, 385-86, 409, 464-65; letters from, 73-74, 126-27, 254, 380, 382

Straus, David, 68, 69n

Streat, Harrison S., 211, 212n, 242

Strike benefits, 47, 56-57

Strike fund, 72, 109, 132-33, 337-39

Strikes and lockouts, 40, 64, 287-88, 335-39, 395; and congressional hearings, 335-37; SG on, 132-33, 335-39, 343, 411-12, 422-24; strategy, 132-33; use of military in, 95, 98, 410; use of police in, 113, 119
--cigarmakers: 1870, 49, 50n; 1873, 66; 1874, 56-57; 1877, 95-96, 106-14, 115n, 116-21, 123, 207; 1881, 297-99, 327n; 1883, 357-58; 1886, 365-66, 375-79, 382-84, 407-8, 411-12, 422-24, 465
--clothing cutters (1886), 466, 467n
--collar and cuff workers (1886), 466, 467n
--eight-hour strikes (1886), 276-77
--freight handlers (1882), 296-97, 327n, 335
--horse car drivers (1880), 327n, 335
--iron and steel workers (1882), 272, 339-40, 353n
--locomotive engineers (1882), 343, 353n
--miners: 1882, 286n; 1884, 426; in England, 336
--packinghouse workers (1886), 466, 467n
--railroad: 1877, 95, 98-99, 102; 1885-86, 399-400, 402n; 1886), 409-10
--stove mounters (1886), 402n
--tanners and curriers (1886), 471n
--telegraphers (1883), 343, 353n
--textile workers: 1880, 268n; 1882, 264, 265n, 267-68, 293-96, 327n
--weavers (1875), 66n

Strippers, tobacco, 51, 110, 304

Stuermer, J. Adam, 397, 398n

Suffrage, universal, 26, 32, 44n

Sullivan, James W.,* 438

Sutro and Newmark, 108, 109n, 193, 198n, 199, 384, 418

Sweatshops. See Anti-tenement campaign; Cigar industry; Tenement factories

Swinton, John,* 200, 203n, 288

T

Tailoresses, 303-4

Tailors' National Union, Journeymen,* 390, 391n

Tailors' National Union, Progressive,* 461, 462n

Talbot, Thomas, 269, 270n

Tammany Hall, 430, 439n, 448

Tanners, 161, 471n

Tanners' and Curriers' Union, National, 165

Tansill, R. W., 393

Tariff, 212-13, 221, 226-28, 241-42. See also Cigar industry

Taylor, Thomas W., 215, 217n

Telegraph companies, 306. See also Western Union Telegraph Co.

Telegraph lines, government ownership of, 227, 288

Telegraphers, 343, 353n, 354-55

Telegraphers, Brotherhood of (Knights of Labor District Assembly 45),* 353n

Telegraphers' Protective League, 353n

Ten-hour law, Massachusetts, 290, 327n, 329-30

Tenement factories, 51-52, 169-70, 172-210, 261-62

Tenement House Manufacturers' Association, 358n

Tenement production. See Cigar industry

Tenement workers, 45-46. See also Cigar industry

Textile industry, 328-30

Textile workers, 265n, 267-68, 293-96, 355. See also Mule Spinners; Strikes; Weavers

Thayer, Walter N.,* 360, 361n

Theiss Music Hall boycott, 430n

Thompson, Thomas, 165, 166n

Tilton, Elizabeth (Mrs. Theodore Tilton), 100, 102n

Tobacco workers, 31, 431-33

Tocsin, 427n

Todd, William V.,* 137, 140n, 151

Tomson, William E.,* 371, 452

Tracy, Roger S., 201-4

Trade assemblies: Boston, 166n; Chicago, 166n, 461, 462n; Cincinnati, 211, 212n; Cleveland, 165, 166n; Columbus, Ohio, 455n; Indianapolis, 165, 166n; Milwaukee, 216, 217n; New Haven, Conn., 458, 459n; New York City, 84, 96, 98, 101n, 151-52, 248, 268n, 376-79, 407, 411-12, 429-33; New York state, 360-61, 402, 446-47; Ohio Valley, 390; Ohio (state), 453, 455n; Pacific Coast, 231, 232n, 458, 460n; St. Louis, 165, 166n; Washington, D.C., 222, 229n, 286

Trade autonomy, 279, 386

Trade union autonomy, 450, 452

Trade union congresses: Sheffield, England (1866), 24, 43n; Erfurt, Germany (1872), 26, 32, 42; Gotha, Germany (1875), 43n;

Terre Haute (1881), 160-61, 164-65, 212; Pittsburgh (1881), 161-62, 164-65, 167, 210-32, 238-44; Cleveland (1882), 231, 232n, 282-85;

New York (1883), 323, 328n; Chicago (1884), 364n; Columbus (1886), 387, 437, 451-58, 460-62

Trade unions, 21-22, 27-28, 31, 34-42, 71, 279-81, 395-96, 401, 425-26, 449; and arbitration boards, 37; benefit system, 28, 30, 37, 39, 41, 71, 341-42; federation of, 26, 36, 40, 100, 159, 161, 164-65, 211-14, 220-22, 232-37, 275, 279-81, 435-54, 450-51, 456-58,461; incorporation of, 218, 225, 287, 351, 354n, 361; and KOL, 159-63, 385-89, 395-98, 402-4n, 406-9, 425-27, 437-38, 440, 454-55, 460-62, 466-69; and political organization, 26-29, 30-34, 38-40, 71, 83, 84n, 85-90, 97, 215, 253, 272-73, 360, 453, 467; SG on, 88-89, 344-45, 372-73, 454; and socialism, 71, 86-87, 345-47; strategy, 28, 30-31, 35, 41-42, 77-78, 211-12

Trades Union Congress of Great Britain,* 211, 212n, 235, 275

Tramps, 258, 260n, 341-42

Traveling benefits, 72, 103, 147-48, 158, 341

Truck system, 225-26, 336-37, 361

Turner, Frederick,* 394n, 401, 411, 466; letter to, 392-94

Tweed, William M., 172, 173n

Typesetters, 39

Typographers, 275

Typographia, German-American,* 258, 260n, 275, 390, 391n

Typographical Union, International,* 165, 166n, 385-86; local 6, 361n, 362n; local 7, 258, 260n; local 8, 220n; local 16, 211, 212n; and scabs, 389

U

Unemployment benefits, 47, 62, 103-4

Unemployment. See Cigar industry

Union label, 449. See also Label, cigarmakers'

United Labor party, 248, 430

United States Tobacco Journal, 404, 418n

U.S. Bureau of Internal Revenue, 125-26, 129, 131, 169

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 288

U.S. Congress, 126-27, 131, 207-8, 211, 287-356

U.S. Department of Labor, 288

U.S. Department of State, 328, 353n

V

Vanderbilt, William H., 99, 101n, 432

Vanderburgh, Joseph, 262, 263n

Vanderpoorten, Abraham, 107, 108n

Varnishers of New York and Vicinity, United, 361, 362n

Verband der deutschen Gewerkvereine. See German Workingmen's Associations, Federation of

Vince, Joseph, 432, 433n, 434

W

Wages, 313-15, 331-37, 339-40, 373-74; SG on, 282

Wage system, abolition of, 86-87, 90

Wagner, Leopold, 414, 442, 447

Wahrheit, Die, 274n

Waiters' Union 1, 457, 459n

Walder, G., 73, 74n

Walker, John P.,* 92n; letter to, 91-92

Walsh, Francis, 103-6

Walsh, Michael P., 216, 217n, 218, 228

Walters, A. J., 237

Walther, Herman, 250, 251n, 254n

Washburn, William B., 270n

Washington, D.C., Central Labor Union, 229n

Washington, D.C., Federation of Labor, 222, 229n, 286

Wealth, concentration of, 140-41

Weavers' Protective Association, 66n

Weavers, 60, 66n. See also Silk weavers; Textile workers

Weber, Robert E., 218, 220n, 230

Weihe, William,* 385-86, 390, 396, 426, 451, 458, 463-64

Weil, Jean,* 98, 101n

Weinstein, Gregory, 429

Western Union Telegraph Co., 287, 306, 343, 353n, 354, 433n

Whitfield, Smith A., 208, 210n

Whyte, William P., 207, 210n

Wiener, Joseph, 204-5, 206n

Wiener, Julius,* 457, 459n

Wilson, William, 217-18, 220n

Winders, John R., 457, 459n, 471

Window Glass Workers' Local Assembly 300,* 215, 217n, 388

Winkler, John,* 257

Winter, Ernst G.,* 110, 112n

Wise, Morris, 263n

Wismar, William, 414

Witter, Martin R. H.,* 385, 396; letter from, 396

Wolders, George, 134n

Wolf, Jacob, 418

Women's National Labor League, 282, 283n

Women workers, 32, 37, 40, 45-46, 313; "cash girls," 304-5; cigarmakers, 50, 53, 66, 102, 107, 110, 122; and FOTLU, 282; sewers, 313; SG on, 313; tailors, 303-4; textile workers, 267-68; tobacco strippers, 304

Workday, 28, 30-31, 40, 61, 75-76, 78, 83, 87, 98, 212-13, 219, 225, 281, 315-26, 328-30, 363-64, 372-73; and labor productivity, 316-17, 328-30; Australia, 318-19, 327n. See also Eight-hour movement

Workers of America, Association of United, 84n

Working class, 28, 31, 213; as consumers, 317; and emancipation, 23-25, 29-31, 33-34, 36, 59, 86; English, 23-24, 32, 41, 340-41; and equal rights, 34; German, 23, 32; SG on, 290-91

Working conditions. See Cigar industry

Workingmen's associations, European, 23-25, 26n, 30-40, 61

Workingmen's Party of the U.S., 71, 83, 85-86, 88, 97, 203n

Woytisek, Vincent W.,* 250, 251n, 358

Wright, Carroll D.,* 291, 327n, 329, 342

Wright, Julian L, 454, 455n

Z

"Zehn Philosophen, Die," 83

Zoatzer, Henry, 431

UP


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