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The SG signature Papers







Volume 3 Index A-L

This index also includes references to substantive annotations in volumes one and two that are not repeated here; for instance, the reference to Ernest J. Arundel's annotation in volume one appears in this index as 1:414n.

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A (Asterisks indicate glossary entries)

Adams, Elijah J., 139, 140n

Adams, Frederick U., 85, 86n

Adler, C. N., 378, 381, 382n

AFL. See American Federation of Labor

Agricultural Labourers' Union, National (Great Britain),1:*, 145-46, 146n

Agricultural Wheel, 24n

Alexander, D. L.,* 24n; letter from, 23-24

Alien Contract Labor Law. See Legislation, U.S.: Alien Contract Labor Law

Allen, Joseph B., 661, 664n

Allen, Thomas, 77, 78n

Alsbury, John, 364

Altgeld, John P.,* 350n, 358, 359n, 523, 559; letter to, 350

American Federationist, 474-75, 483, 502-3, 549n; criticism of, 478-81; debate on AFL political program in, 419-21

American Federation of Labor (AFL): affiliates, autonomy of, SG and, 100, 135, 166, 280, 406, 467, 518-19, 572-73, 655; defense fund, 149 (see also AFL sinking fund); growth of, 49, 93; headquarters, location of, 429, 438-39, 440n, 661, 664n, 667; journal, official, 402, 403n (see also American Federationist); office, description of, 543; officers, election of: 1893, 437-38; 1894, 609-10, 661-62, 664n; political action by, 134-35 (see also AFL political program); sinking fund, 257-58, 351-53, 353n, 470 (see also AFL defense fund)

--conventions, 203; representation at, 595, 597n; 1886 (Columbus, Ohio), 13, 14n; 1887 (Baltimore), 567, 580n; 1888 (St. Louis), 567, 580n; 1889 (Boston), 71, 75n; 1890 (Detroit), 6, 6n, 30, 72, 91-92; 1891 (Birmingham, Ala.), 13, 14n, 70n, 83n, 105, 109n, 125-38 (news accounts of), 162, 164n, 226, 264, 269n, 288-89; 1892 (Philadelphia), 185, 214, 214n, 215n, 242, 245, 245n, 246, 249-60 (news accounts of), 265, 276, 345n, 348-49, 401, 428, 635; 1893 (Chicago), 4, 268n, 371, 371n, 403n, 412n, 414n, 415, 415n, 423-40 (news accounts of), 441, 467, 470, 475, 499, 511, 650; 1894 (Denver), 437n, 589n, 590, 596, 607-58 and 661-64 (accounts of); 1895 (New York City), 421

--Executive Council, 6, 64, 108, 123, 163-64, 179, 259, 346n, 361n, 439, 460, 460n, 551-52, 655, 667; circulars issued by, 71-74, 206-8; legal proceedings, 126, 128n, 129-30, 147, 148n, 221-22; letters to, 30, 175-77, 182, 182n, 188, 263-64, 283-84, 297-98, 342-45, 351-53, 360-61, 411-12, 453-54, 460-61, 490-97, 590-91; meetings with U.S. government officials, 292, 292n, 342, 343n, 404; meeting of: May 1892 (news account of), 162-63

--federal labor unions (FLU), 592; age for membership in, 170; FLU 3873 (Boston), 12, 14n; FLU 4013 (New York City), 14n; FLU 5327 (Hot Springs, Ark.), 69, 70n; Muncie, Ind., FLU, 359, 360n

--local unions, directly affiliated (LU): LU 3702 (metal polishers, Plymouth, Mich.), 89; LU 4007 (tackmakers, Boston), 12, 14n; LU 5041 (plate printers, Washington, D.C.), 120n; LU 5043 (architectural iron workers, Indianapolis), 68; LU 5150 (sash, door, and blind workers, Chicago), 150, 153n; LU 5162 (car drivers, Indianapolis), 174, 175n; LU 5254 (laundry workers, Indianapolis), 161n; LU 5337 (teamsters, Columbus, Ohio), 167-68; LU 5358 (laundry workers, Troy, N.Y.), 164, 165n; LU 5391 (street car employees, Detroit), 175n; LU 5464 (marine firemen, St. Louis), 163, 163n, 350; LU 5467 (hod carriers, East St. Louis, Ill.), 80, 80n; LU 5490 (car drivers, New Orleans), 170, 172; LU 5491 (hod carriers, East St. Louis, Ill.), 80, 80n; LU 5504 (watchmakers, Elgin, Ill.), 347-48; LU 5550 (street car employees, Youngstown, Ohio), 228, 229n; LU 5577 (collar, cuff, and shirt starchers, Troy, N.Y.), 108, 109n, 164-65n, 176, 177n; LU 5588 (see LU 5577); LU 5611 (pavers and rammermen, New York City), 165, 166n; LU 5616 (stair builders, New York City), 150, 153n; LU 5626 (marine firemen, St. Louis), 350; LU 5635 (carriage and wagon laborers, South Bend, Ind.), 149; LU 5637 (teamsters and draymen, South Bend, Ind.), 149, 247; LU 5658 (stationary engineers, St. Louis), 462, 463n; LU 5707 (marine and stationary firemen, New Orleans), 171, 171n, 172, 178; LU 5778 (tobacco workers, St. Louis), 343-44, 345n; LU 5800 (warehousemen and packers, New Orleans), 243n; LU 5813 (teamsters and loaders, New Orleans), 243n; LU 5869 (scalesmen, New Orleans), 243n; LU 5873 (farm laborers, Bellaire, Ohio), 260, 260n; LU 6042 (boxmakers, St. Louis), 462, 463n; LU 6049 (rail mill helpers, New Albany, Ind.), 357; LU 6237 (hod carriers, Belleville, Ill.), 409, 410n; LU 6349 (musicians, St. Louis), 486, 486n; LU 6408 (musicians, Milwaukee), 496, 498n

--organizers: black, 162-63, 163n, 177-78, 170-73, 275-76, 350-51 (See Norton, George L.); letters to, 108-9, 144-46, 149-50, 154, 159-60, 169-73, 177-78, 219-20, 225-29, 235-36, 241-43, 284-85, 359-60, 370-71, 408, 486, 511-12, 582-84; woman, 133, 136, 160, 162 (see Kenney, Mary E.; Sullivan, Dora)

--political program, 366, 442, 585, 606-7; content of, 421, 422n, 435, 443, 616-17, 659n; debate on, 419-21, 421n, 435-37, 437n, 459, 479, 502-3, 611-13, 616-58, 659n; plank 8, 630-31, 644; plank 9, 630-31, 644; plank 10, 419-21, 444, 503, 611; plank 10, debate on, 618, 627-58; preamble, 421, 611; preamble, debate on, 619-27; SG and, 419, 421, 444-45, 585, 596, 606-7, 611-13, 624-26

American Industries, 342, 343n

American Protective Association, 652, 660n

American Railway Union. See Railway Union, American

American Social Science Association: convention, 1891 (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.), 83, 85n, 102n; SG address at, 95-102

Andrews, William S., 384, 385n

Angelo, Julius, 174, 174n

Appel, Jacob S., 34, 41n

Arbitration, compulsory: AFL and, 258-60, 303-4, 426-28; SG and, 192, 260, 303-4, 545-46, 575-76, 601-2

Arch, Joseph, 1:*, 146n

Archibald, James P.,* 62n, 298, 300n

Architectural Iron Workers' Industry of North America, International Union of the,* 68, 69n; convention, 1891 (Indianapolis), 68, 69n

Arena, 468, 469n

Argo, George W., 265, 266n

Armstrong, Hamilton, 40, 41n, 439, 440n

Arnold, Frank W.,* 533, 533n

Arthur, Chester A., 200, 204n

Arthur, Peter M.,* 294n, 414n, 467; letter to, 413-14

Arundel, Ernest J., 1:414n, 141

Ashley, Alfred, 342, 343n

Ashley, Henry W., 330-31, 340n

Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad, 282n

Auburn (Me.) Shoe Manufacturers' Association, 412n, 460

Aveling, Eleanor Marx,* 33n, 34n; letter to, 32-33

Axe and Edge Tool Makers' National Union of America,* 24n

B

Bäcker-Zeitung, Deutsch-Amerikanische, 114n

Bailey, Professor, 656

Baker, William T., 151, 153n

Bakers' and Confectioners' International Union of America, Journeymen,* 27n, 65-66, 270, 270n, 353, 621; and KOL, 105, 105n, 270, 270n; local 1 (New York City), 379, 382n; local 7 (New York City), 114n; local 17 (Mobile, Ala.), 105, 105n; local 24 (San Francisco), 27, 27n; local 51 (San Francisco), 27, 27n; local 73 (Birmingham, Ala.), 105, 105n; local 93 (New York City), 111, 114n

Bakers' Journal, 114n

Bakers' Journal and Deutsch-Amerikanische Bäcker-Zeitung, 114n

Bandlow, Robert,* 253, 253n, 260; letter to, 598-99

Banner, Louis, 141, 142n

Banner, Louisa, 141, 142n

Banner, Rose, 140, 141n

Barbers' International Union of America, Journeymen,* 154, 154n

Barnes, J. Mahlon,* 234, 235n, 403, 403n, 643, 659n; and AFL political program, 627-28, 645

Baron de Hirsch Trade School, 375, 376n

Barondess, Joseph,* 123n, 364, 367, 377, 380-82; letter to, 123

Barrett, George C., 295n, 302

Barrie, James L., 51, 55n

Bartenders' and waiters' union. See Hotel and Restaurant Employees' National Alliance

Barthelmy, F., 400-401, 401n

Bartholomee, Robert H., 15, 18n

Barton, Alexander, 51, 55n

Bauer, Joseph, 21, 23n

Baustian, Charles A.,* 509n, 533; letter from, 509; letter to, 510-11

Bayne, Harry, 236, 240n

Beales, Edmund V., 34, 41n

Bean, J. C., 273n; letter to, 272-73

Beaumont, Ralph, 2:*, 3

Bebel, August, 1:43n, 639, 660n

Bechtold, Charles F.,* 533, 533n

Behrens, Jacob, 157, 158n

Bell, Samuel H., 402n; letter to, 401-2

Bellamy, Edward, 355n

Bemis, Edward W., 376n, 656; letter to, 375-76

Bereutz, E., 141

Berger, Victor L.,* 492, 497-98n

Berkman, Alexander, 211n, 238

Bestel, Charles F.: letter to, 359-60

Billings, Edward C., 293, 294n, 302

Binghamton (N.Y.) Cigar Manufacturers' Association, 26n

Bishop, Michael J.,* 268-69, 269n, 270

Bissell, Wilson S., 413, 414n, 560

Blacksmiths, International Brotherhood of,* 346n; convention, 1893 (Philadelphia), 345

Blackstone, William, 560, 561n

Black workers: AFL and, 162-63, 163n, 167-68, 172-73, 177-78, 235, 275-76, 343, 486

Blaine, James G., 2:173n, 119, 120n

Blair, Henry W., 1:326-27n, 245, 245n, 405n, 590-91; letters to, 230-31, 465-66

Blick, Edward H., 141, 142n

Blick, Mrs. Edward H., 141

Block, George G.,* 141, 142n

Block, Mary, 141, 142n

Bloete, Charles G.,* 141, 143n

Bodine, Lester, 34, 41n

Bohm, Ernest,* 8, 10n; letter from, 11-14

Boilermakers and Iron Shipbuilders, United Society of (Great Britain), 640, 660n

Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of,* 169, 169n

Boot and Shoe Workers' International Union of America,* 20-22, 22n, 139, 140n, 155, 155n, 269n, 411-12; application for strike support, 461, 461n; convention, 1890 (Rochester, N.Y.), 20, 23n; convention, 1891 (Boston), 75, 76n; convention, 1892 (Philadelphia), 180, 181n; local 21 (Auburn, Me.), 412n; local 117 (New York City), 2:371n, 111, 115n

Boshman, A. J., 403, 403n

Boston Globe, 415, 415n

Bourse du travail (Paris), 369, 370n

Bouvé, Crawford, and Co., 269n

Boyard, A. F., 404n

Boyce, Tully, 47, 48n

Boycotts: Bouvé, Crawford, and Co. (1891-95), 269n, 270; Clark's O. N. T. Cotton Thread Co. (1891), 53, 56n; clothing cutters (1893, New York City), 295, 295n, 296, 296n; Drummond Tobacco Co. (1893), 344, 345-46n; Fleischmann and Co. (1889-93), 2:417-18n, 270, 270n; Homestead (1892, proposed), 232-34, 235n; Lippmann, L., and Sons (1891-92), 108n; Miller, Hall, and Hartwell (1891-92), 109n, 164, 164-65n, 176; New Yorker Staats-Zeitung (1892), 486n; Plymouth Rock Pants Co. (1892), 179, 180n; Pray, Small, and Co. (1894), 412n; Pullman Palace Car Co. (1894; see Pullman strike); Todd, Sullivan, and Baldwin (1891), 108n; Toledo, Ann Arbor, and Northern Michigan Railroad (1893), 294n; Wellington coal (1891), 53, 56n

Boyer, William C., 131, 132n

Boyle, Christopher J., 47, 48n

Bramwood, John W.,* 618, 641, 659n

Brand, Charles, 141

Brand, Herman, 141

Brand, Mrs. Charles, 141

Brand, Mrs. Herman, 141

Brand, Mrs. Sigmund, 141

Brand, Sigmund, 141

Breen, Peter, 294n; letter to, 293-94

Brennan, John, 21, 23n

Brennan, Thomas S., 384, 385n

Brettell, James,* 427, 429n, 532, 615, 616n, 646-47, 662

Brewers' and Maltsters' local 6. See Brewery Workmen of the U.S., National Union of the United, local 6

Brewers' Union of New York, Journeymen, 113, 115n

Brewery Workmen of the U.S., National Union of the United,* 14n, 30, 30-31n, 43, 81-82, 88, 261-62, 344, 353; convention, 1891 (St. Louis), 87-88, 88n; convention, 1892 (Buffalo, N.Y.), 89n; local 1 (New York City), 112-13, 115n; local 6 (St. Louis), 2:408n, 346n; local 16 (San Francisco), 30, 30n, 81, 88; Portland, Ore., local, 81, 83n

Brewery Workmen's Union of the Pacific Coast, United, 30-31n, 43, 81-82, 87-88; branch 8 (Portland, Ore.), 82n

Briceville (Tenn.) mines, 215n

Bricklayers' and Masons' International Union of America,* 145n; local 7 (Milwaukee), 494, 497, 498n

Briggs House conference. See Labor conferences: 1894 (Briggs House, Chicago)

Brisbane, Arthur, 387, 388n

Broadhurst, Henry,* 516, 517n

Brooklyn Central Labor Federation, 83-84, 85n, 112-13

Brooklyn Central Labor Union, 2:68n, 471

Brooklyn Labor Lyceum, 484-85, 485-86n

Broom Makers' Union, International,* 346n; convention, 1893 (Chicago), 344, 346n

Brown, John, 630-31, 641

Brown, Morris, 141, 143n

Brown, William L., 159n; letter to, 159

Browne, Carl, 482n

Browne, Edward B. M., 424, 426n

Buchanan, John P., 215n

Buchanan, Joseph R.,* 585n

Buchner, Charles, 141, 143n

Buffalo Creek Railroad, 185, 214n

Buffalo switchmen's strike. See Strikes and lockouts: switchmen (1892, Buffalo, N.Y.)

Burgman, Charles F.,* 47, 48n

Burke, Thomas, 241n

Burlington, Charles G., 460, 461n

Burnham, Daniel H., 150-51, 153, 153n

Burns, John E.,* 16, 18n, 516, 517n, 620, 622, 626, 634-35, 637-38, 640; as delegate to AFL 1894 convention, 589n, 596

Burt, Joseph H. (variously Burtt), 131, 131-32n, 135

Burt, Thomas,* 516, 517n

Butler, Mr., 646

Butts, Arthur C., 299, 301n

C

Cahan, Abraham,* 85n, 298, 300n

Caiger, Bill, 516

Callaghan, John M., 172-73, 173n; letters to, 177-78, 241-43

Campbell, James A., 250, 253n

Campbell, Robert M., 250, 253n, 377-78, 381, 383-84

Cannon, Joseph G., 19, 20n

Cannon, William J., 14n

Capitalist system, SG and, 39, 101, 388-92, 398, 518, 539-42, 544, 555-58, 569, 573-74, 600

Car coupler bill. See Legislation, U.S.: Safety Applicance Act

Carey, James, 238, 241n

Carey, John D., 238, 241n

Carl, LeRoy, 439, 440n

Carlisle, John G., 292, 292n, 342, 343n, 404, 405n, 465-66, 613

Carlyle, Thomas, 451, 451n

Carnegie, Andrew, 2:36n, 210, 420, 481, 539, 542n, 582, 635, 637

Carnegie Steel Co., 185, 188-89, 189n, 199, 207, 209, 217, 236-37, 239-40, 264

Carney, William A.,* 75n, 108, 189, 210, 255, 258, 258n, 260, 427

Carpenters and Joiners, American District of the Amalgamated Society of, 2:*, 61n, 379

Carpenters and Joiners, United Order of American, local 22 (Newark, N.J.), 70n

Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of,* 61, 61-62n, 70n, 151-53, 267, 268n, 596, 649; convention, 1892 (St. Louis), 213; District Council 1, 379; District Council, Newark, N.J., 70n; District Council, New York City, 150; and eight-hour movement (1890), 42, 54, 71-72, 623; local 119 (Newark, N.J.), 70n; local 172 (Newark, N.J.), 70n; local 232 (Millburn, N.J.), 70n; local 468 (New York City), 379, 382n; local 477 (Orange, N.J.), 70n; local 533 (Montclair, N.J.), 70n; local 652 (Elwood, Ind.), 222n

Carpenters' Council (St. Louis), 344, 345n

Carpet Makers' Council (New York City), 379

Carr, Frederick J., 124n; letter to, 124

Carr, Maggie, 140

Carr, Mrs., 141

Carriage and Wagon Workers' International Union of North America,* 509n

Carroll, Charles, 199n; letter from, 199

Carroll, Michael J., 464, 465n, 533-34, 535n, 552, 589

Carson, James, 141

Cavanaugh, George,* 133, 134n

Cavendish, Lord Frederick, 241n

Central bodies: chartering of, AFL and, 459

Central Pacific Railroad, 551, 552n, 659n

Cessna, William, 258, 260n

Chadwick, Mrs. T., 141

Chandelier Workers' Benevolent and Protective Union (New York City), 379, 382n

Chandler, William E., 194, 194n, 487n; letter to, 487

Cherry, Edward H., 145n; letter to, 144-45

Chicago: election, 1887, 646; election, 1894, 646

Chicago, Trade and Labor Assembly of, 1:166n, 103n, 286n, 358, 359n, 430, 538-39,

Chicago Building Trades Council, 359n

Chicago Civic Federation, 521, 552, 553n, 561, 589, 597, 605; industrial committee of, 599, 606n

Child labor: SG and, 38, 43, 50, 192, 278-79, 286, 395-96, 550

Chinese, immigration of: SG and, 53, 287, 371, 488-89

Chinese Exclusion Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Chinese Exclusion Act

Chopper, J. F.: letter to, 346-47

Cigar industry: tenement-house production, 76-77, 77n

Cigar Makers' International Union,* 15, 18n, 68, 76-77, 106; convention, 1891 (Indianapolis), 248, 249n, 403, 404n; convention, 1893 (Milwaukee), 402, 402n, 403, 403-4n; local 10 (New York City; Cigar Makers' Progressive International Union), 1:374n, 379; local 13 (New York City), 1:380n, 379, 382n; local 16 (Binghamton, N.Y.), 26n, 148, 148n; local 78 (Hornellsville, N.Y.), 273; local 90 (New York City; Cigar Makers' Progressive International Union), 2:371n, 76-77, 77n, 379; local 100 (Philadelphia), 1:359, 234, 235n; local 126 (Ephrata, Pa.), 561n; local 141 (New York City), 1:380n, 76-77, 77n; local 144 (New York City), 1:46, 111, 115n, 379; local 218 (Binghamton, N.Y.), 26n, 148, 148n; local 228 (San Francisco), 551; local 251 (New York City; cigar packers), 1:420n, 379; officers, election of, 248, 249n; and political party, independent, 403, 403-4n

Cigar Makers' Official Journal, 1:74n, 483

Citizens' Railroad Co. of Indianapolis, 154n

Clark, Annie, 141

Clark, Ephraim W., 117-18, 119n, 280

Clark, Josephine, 141

Clark, Theresa, 141

Clark's O. N. T. Cotton Thread Co., 53, 56n

Class divisions in American society: SG and, 75, 143, 237-38, 249, 281-82, 388-92

Clerks' National Protective Association of America, Retail,* 89, 90n, 244; and KOL, 244-45, 245n

Cleveland, Grover, 2:127n, 200, 292, 342, 613; and Jefferson Borden mutineers, 120n, 280, 281n; and Pullman strike, 521, 523, 539, 559, 579n; letter to, 598; telegrams to, 532-33, 565

Cleveland Central Labor Union, 1:166n, 402, 403n

Cleveland Citizen, 402, 403n

Cleveland Trades and Labor Assembly, 1:166n, 403n

Clew, John, 118, 119n

Cloak and Suit Cutters' Association, United (New York City), 379

Cloakmakers, Italian branch of (New York City), 379

Cloak Makers', Operators' and, local 1 (New York City), 2:371n, 379

Cloakmakers, United Brotherhood of, 355n

Clothiers' Exchange (Rochester, N.Y.), 300n

Clothing Cutters, Trimmers, and Tailors of North America, United. See Knights of Labor: National Trade Assembly 231

Clothing Cutters' Association, United, 2:338n, 457

Clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City): mediation of, 305-40, 340n

Clothing Cutters' Union 4. See Garment Workers of America, United, local 4

Clothing Manufacturers' Association (New York City), 295-97n, 297-300, 302; and mediation of clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 305-40

Coal Creek (Tenn.) mines, 215n

Coeur d'Alene strike, 1892. See Strikes and lockouts: miners (1892, Coeur d'Alene)

Coffin, L. S., 553n

Cogan, William P., 199n; letter from, 199

Cohen, Fanny (Femmetje) Gompers (Mrs. Jacob Cohen),* 140, 142n

Cohen, Henry L., 656-57, 661n, 662

Cohen, Jacob, 140, 141n

Cohen, Simon, 140, 142n

Coinage Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Coinage Act

Coit, Stanton, 457, 458n

Coles, Richard T., 63n; letter to, 62-63

College Settlement, 160, 160n

Columbian Exposition, World's, 1893 (Chicago), 2:346n, 86, 151-53, 356, 358, 359n, 365, 433, 495, 630; Board of Directors of (Directory), 151-52, 153n, 349, 358, 359n; Board of Lady Managers of, 91; eight-hour workday at, 151-53, 162; exhibition of women's and children's work at, 91-92, 92n; French workers' delegation to, 397-99, 399n, 400-401; and nonunion labor, 151-52; Sunday closing of, 162, 163n

Commons, John R.,* 502n; letter to, 501-2

Commonwealers. See Commonweal of Christ

Commonweal of Christ, 514-15, 515n

Communications: government ownership of, AFL and, 258-59, 260n, 401, 635; SG and, 475, 574 (See also AFL political program)

Conciliation Act of 1896 (Great Britain), 94n

Confederation of Industrial Organizations: conference, 1892 (St. Louis), 262, 263n; and People's party, 263n

Congregational Association of Ohio: annual meeting, 1894 (Cincinnati), 506, 507n

Congress on Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration, 1894 (Chicago), 552, 553n, 561, 589-90; SG address before, 599-606

Connellsville strike. See Strikes and lockouts: miners (1891, Connellsville coke region)

Connolly, Clarence P., 205n; letter to, 205

Connolly, James, 2:289n, 156, 156n

Conspiracy laws, 126, 130

Contracts: SG and, 310

Convict labor: in Tennessee, 185, 215n, 220, 252

Cooper, Ben, 516, 517n

Cooper, Peter, 1:192n, 380

Coopers' International Union of North America,* 470n

Cordray, John F., 55, 56n

Corliss Association of Stationary Engineers of America. See American Federation of Labor: Local unions, directly affiliated, 5658

Corper, Joseph, 141, 142n

Corper, Sarah, 141, 142n

Correspondenzblatt, 85n, 86, 87n

Coster, Benjamin, 141, 142n

Coster, Mrs. Benjamin, 141

Coughlin, John E.,* 492-96, 497n

Cowen, Isaac, 402n; letter to, 402

Cox, Albert E., 274n; letter to, 273-74

Cox, P., Shoe Co., 20-21

Cox, Patrick, 21, 23n

Cox, Samuel S., 449, 451n

Coxen, E. R., 222n

Coxey, Jacob S., 365, 482n, 514, 515n, 546; march on Washington, D.C., 366, 482, 482n, 514-15, 515n; letter to, 482

Coxey's "army." See Coxey, Jacob S.: march on Washington, D.C.

Coyle, John E., 21, 23n

Cracker bakers' union, proposed, 455

Crawford, J. A., 260, 261n

Crawford, Thomas J., 206, 208, 210n; letter to, 217-18

Cream City Typographical Union 23. See Typographical Union, International, local 23

"Crime of '73." See Legislation, U.S.: Coinage Act (1873)

Critchlow, Sylvester, 265, 266n

Crouse, Alonzo B., 260, 260n

Culross Brothers Bakery, 105n

Cummings, Amos J.,* 137, 138n, 245, 245n, 469, 539

Currier, Charles M., 133, 134n

Cushing, Walter F., 51, 55n

Cutters' National Union. See Cutters' Union, New England

Cutters' Union, New England, 269n

D

Dagan, Robert. See Degen, Robert

Daisy, John: letter to, 165

Daley, Edward L.,* 130, 131n, 134, 137, 259, 260n, 270, 662, 664n; letter to, 224-25

Daly, James J.,* 252, 253n, 260, 428, 436

Daly, Marcus, 294, 295n

Dampf, Henry, 140, 141n

Dampf, Isaac, 140, 142n

Dampf, Mamie (variously Mary), 141, 142n

Dampf, Meyer, 1:438n, 140, 298, 380, 382n

Dampf, Rose, 140

Dampf, Sophia. See Gompers, Sophia Dampf

Davis, Bernhard, 1:459n, 379-80, 382n

Davis, David, 202, 204n, 612

Debs, Eugene V.,* 247n, 586; and Pullman strike, 186, 522-25, 526n, 531n, 534-35, 561n, 563n, 565-66, 579n, 639; letters to, 246, 562-63

Decatur (Ill.) Federation of Labor, 362n

De Costa, Moses, 379, 381, 382n, 383-84, 403

Degen, Robert, 84, 86n

Delabar, August,* 27n, 90n, 111-12, 135, 138n; letters from, 27, 65, 105; letter to, 65-66

Delahaye, Victor,* 91n, 369, 379; letter to, 90-91

DeLeon, Daniel,* 397-99, 399n, 516

Delves, Frank, 636, 660n

Depression of 1893, 360, 363-66, 544, 647, 660n; causes of, SG and, 368-69, 377-78, 387, 418, 444-47; mass meetings and demonstrations, 364-65, 367-69, 377-82, 382n, 383, 385, 457, 458n, 482, 482n, 514-15, 515n, 546; SG and, 364-65, 367, 377-85, 607-8; trade unions and, SG views, 360, 365, 376, 431-32, 504; unemployment in, 363-65, 377-78, 420; unemployment in, SG and, 383, 386, 394, 445-46, 489, 555; unemployment relief, 363-65, 367, 377-85, 387, 396-97, 418, 433-34, 445-51, 458n, 600

Detroit Street Railway Gazette, 174, 175n

Detroit Trade and Labor Council, 2:69n, 272, 272n

DeVore, Morris H., 133, 134n

Dickinson, Frances, 25n; letter to, 25

Dillon, William J.,* 108n; letter to, 107-8

Directory of World's Columbian Exposition. See Columbian Exposition, World's, 1893: Board of Directors of

Doherty, Jeremiah, 125-26, 128, 128n, 130, 135, 137, 208

Dolan, John, 496, 498n

Dold, Charles,* 125, 128n, 131, 137-38, 257, 258n

Donegan, Edward J., 170, 171n

Doolittle, William H., 477, 478n

Dopheide, Henry, 533, 533n

Downey, John, 152, 153n

Doyle, James G., 381, 383n

Drage, Geoffrey, 222-23, 224n

Drees, Charles, 404n

Drinking: SG and, 54, 183, 598

Drucher, H., 141

Drucher, Mrs. H., 141

Drummond, Charles L.,* 532, 533n, 534; letter to, 548-49

Drummond Tobacco Co., 304n, 344, 345-46n

Ducey, Thomas J., 386, 388n

Dugan, Bernard, 122n; letter to, 122

Dugan, Martin, 175, 175n

Dullea, John D.,* 461, 461n

Dumas, P. E., 70n

Duncan, James,* 260, 260n, 430, 434n; letter from, 341-42

Duncan, William, 272n; letter from, 272; letter to, 274-75

Duncker, Franz, 1:44n, 639

Dunsmuir, A., and Sons, 56n

Dupuy (French minister of the interior), 370n

Dyer, Josiah B.,* 79n, 405n; letter from, 78-79; letters to, 79-80, 404-5

E

Easley, Ralph M.,* 590n; letter to, 589-90

Eastern Counties' Labour Federation (Great Britain), 146n

Eberhardt, William F., 182, 183n

Eckelmann, George J., 495, 498n

Edbrooke, Willoughby J., 404, 405n

Edmonston, Gabriel,* 119, 120n; letter to, 211-12

Education, public: SG and, 286, 286-87n

Edwards, Arthur, 424, 425n

Egan, John M., 522, 524

Eickoff, Anthony, 18n

Eight-hour movement, 93-94, 447, 547, 591; and carpenters, 70n, 267, 268n; of 1886, 1:276-77, 567-68; of 1890, 2:163-64, 42, 54, 71-72, 567-68, 623; of 1891, 2:164, 23, 24n, 31, 32n, 33, 40, 42, 44, 54-55, 57, 60, 64, 64n, 69, 70n, 71, 71n, 72-74, 111, 168; of 1892, 162, 168-69; and furniture workers, 267, 268n; and Trades Union Congress of Great Britain, 223, 224n, 349. See also Knights of Labor and eight-hour movement

Eikhoff, Henry J.,* 89-90n, 662, 664n; letter to, 89

Einstein, Edwin, 15, 18n

Elderkin, Thomas J.,* 251, 253n, 437, 439, 532, 610, 611n, 617; letters to, 280-81, 358

Election campaigns: 1892, SG and, 194n, 200-204, 224-25, 230-32

Electrical Workers of America, National Brotherhood of,* 260, 442n, 533n; local 2 (Milwaukee), 494, 498n

Elliott, John T.,* 61n, 119; letter from, 61; letters to, 63-64, 157

Elm, Johann A. von,* 639, 660n

Ely, Richard T.,* 363, 656, 661n

Employers: liability of, SG and 192, 278, 395, 454-55; as members of trade unions, SG and, 247-48

Emrich, Henry,* 176, 177n, 298

Engels, Friedrich, 2:150n, 10n, 121, 121-22n; letter to, 7-10

English, Margaret, 109, 109n, 176

Erie Railroad, 185, 214n

Erwin, William W., 265, 266n

Evans, Christopher,* 58n, 74, 105, 107, 128, 141, 174, 217, 261, 302, 401, 411, 511, 595, 597n, 607, 607n, 610, 667; address by, 238; and AFL political program, 623, 626-27, 657; and clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 298, 313, 338, 340n; and depression of 1893, 367, 379, 382; and Homestead strike, 199n, 206, 210, 218, 219n, 231; and Pullman strike, 532, 535, 563; letter from, 58; letter to, 56-57

F

Factory inspection: in Massachusetts, 278; in New York, 278-79, 279n; in Ohio, 279; in Pennsylvania, 278-79, 279n; SG and, 192, 277-79

Fairchild, G. W.: letter to, 247-48

Fallon, Michael, 497n; letter from, 490-97

Fallows, Samuel, 424, 426n

Farm laborer organizations: SG and, 3, 93, 145-46, 201, 272-73

Farmers' Alliance, National ("Northwestern Alliance"), 24n

Farmers' Alliance and Co-operative Union of America, National ("Southern Alliance"), 24n, 263n

Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union of America, National, 3, 24n, 105n, 263n, 442n, 511

Farmers' alliances: conferences: 1889 (St. Louis), 3; 1890 (Ocala, Fla.), 3, 6n; 1891 (Indianapolis), 104, 105n; 1892 (St. Louis), 262, 263n; and labor organizations, 3-4, 24; SG and, 3, 93, 99, 201, 262-63, 263n, 272-73. See also Knights of Labor and farmers' alliances

Farmers' and Laborers' Union of America, 24n

Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association, 105n, 263n

Farmers' National Alliance and Cooperative Union, Colored, 24n

Farnham, Milton G., 2:98n; letter to, 154

Faulkner, James E., 138, 138n

Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the U.S. and Canada: conventions: 1881 (Pittsburgh), 2:156n, 202, 662; 1884 (Chicago), 106n, 567, 580n; 1885 (Washington, D.C.), 567, 580n

Feeney, Edward, 340n; and mediation of clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 305-7, 313, 333-36, 338, 340

Fehrenbatch, John,* 469, 470n

Fenians, 241n

Fenwick, Charles, 223, 224n, 516; letter to, 348-49

Fielden, Samuel,* 350, 350n, 358

Fleischmann, Charles, 270n

Fleischmann, Louis, 270n

Fleischmann and Co., 270n

Flint Glass Workers' Union of North America, American,* 21, 23n, 505-6

Florina, Nicola, 513

Flower, Roswell P., 156n, 365, 377, 385n, 387, 433; letters to, 156, 385

Foran, Martin A.,* 469, 470n

Foran Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Foran Act

Foster, Charles, 195n; letter to, 195

Foster, Frank K.,* 14n, 356, 441, 480, 517, 517n, 655; at AFL 1890 convention, 12-13; at AFL 1891 convention, 126, 128n, 137; at AFL 1892 convention, 251-52, 253n, 256, 259; at AFL 1893 convention, 430, 434n, 438-39; and AFL political program, 419, 436, 503; letter to, 606-7

Foster, Murphy J., 243n

Fowler, Henry H., 541, 542n

Fox, Martin,* 430, 434n, 436, 439, 535n, 662, 664n

France, trade unions in, 640

Frick, H. C., Coke Co., 58n

Frick, Henry C., 67, 68n, 217, 237, 420, 481; attempted murder of, 209, 211n, 238

Friedman, Julius, 486n; letter to, 486

"Friendly Inn," 364

Frinke, John W., 116n

Fromme Brothers, 453

Fuhrman, Alfred,* 30n, 47, 48n, 82, 87

Funk, Isaac K., 217, 218n

Furniture Manufacturers' Association (New York City), 268n

Furniture Workers' Union of America, International,* 266-67, 268n; convention, 1890, 268n; and eight-hour movement, 267, 268n; and KOL, 268n; local 7 (cabinet makers, New York City), 152, 153n, 267, 268n; and nine-hour day, 266-67, 268n

Furuseth, Andrew, 535n

G

Gage, Lyman J.,* 151-52, 153n; letter to, 215-16

Gahan, D. F., 348n; letter to, 347-48

Gallinger, Jacob H., 469, 469n

Gannon, Lawrence J., 47, 48n

Garland, Mahlon M.,* 206, 210-11n, 233-34, 234n, 253n, 533-35, 535n, 553n; letter to, 265-66

Garment Makers' Trades Council (New York City), 379

Garment Workers of America, United,* 107, 108n, 299, 355n, 379, 382n, 589n; and clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 295-97n, 302, 453-54; convention, 1891 (New York City), 107, 108n; and KOL, 107-8, 108n, 295-96, 296n, 299, 300-301n, 318, 320-24; local 1 (Boston), 179, 180n; local 4 (clothing cutters, New York City), 111, 115n, 296n, 297, 297n, 298-300; and mediation of clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 305-40

Garrison School (Kansas City, Mo.), 63n

Gassner, Jacob, 47, 48n

Gas Workers and General Labourers of Great Britain and Ireland, National Union of, 33, 33n

Geary Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Geary Act

Geissenhainer, Jacob A., 513, 514n

General Commission of German Trade Unions. See Generalkommission der Gewerkschaften Deutschlands

Generalkommission der Gewerkschaften Deutschlands, 660n

General Managers' Association, 580n; and Pullman strike, 522-24, 526n, 566, 571, 579n

George, Henry,* 10n; debate with Sergius E. Shevitch, 10

Geraldine, Dion, 151-52, 153n

German Trades, United (Brooklyn), 85n

German Waiters' Union 1, 484, 485n

Germany: socialism in, 639-42; trade unions in, 639-42

Gifford, Orrin P., 424, 425n

Gilbert, Simeon, 424, 425n

Gilroy, Thomas F., 365, 377, 380-81, 382n, 383-85, 387, 445-46, 600

Gladstone, William E., 429n, 565, 580n

Glass Workers' Association of the U.S. and Canada, United Green,* 442n, 511, 512n

Glidden, Benjamin F., 362, 362n

Glyn, Henry, 182n; letter to, 181-82

Gobel, E. F., 466n

Godfrey, Samuel W., 497n; letter from, 490-97

Goff, John W., 297, 298n

Goldman, Emma,* 383n; and depression of 1893, 364, 382, 382n

Goldwater, Samuel,* 125, 128, 128n, 131, 134, 136, 251, 253n, 260; letters to, 225-29, 415-16

Gompers, Abraham J.,* 140, 142n

Gompers, Alexander,* 140, 141n

Gompers, Alexander J.,* 140, 142n

Gompers, Fanny (Femmetje). See Cohen, Fanny (Femmetje) Gompers

Gompers, Henry,* 140, 141n

Gompers, Henry J.,* 140, 142n, 341-42

Gompers, Jacob,* 140, 141n

Gompers, Leah Lopez (Mrs. Simon Gompers), 140, 141n

Gompers, Louis,* 140, 141n

Gompers, Rachel Bickstein (Mrs. Alexander Gompers), 140, 141n

Gompers, Samuel: addresses, 35-40, 52-54, 75-76, 95-102, 208-10, 236-38, 295-96, 299-300, 377-78, 388-96, 425, 430-34, 438, 458, 599-606, 611-13, 662-63; AFL presidential candidacy: 1891, 117, 127-28, 133, 135; 1893, 429, 437-38, 464, 610-11, 663-64; 1894, 609, 661-65; articles by, 44-46, 200-204, 287-91, 445-51, 527-31; description of, 42, 48-49, 59, 386, 458, 543; editorials, 514-15, 539-42, 580-82, 669-71; interviews with, 42-44, 49-50, 59-60, 189-90, 231-32, 386-87, 396-97, 444-45, 543-47, 608-9; mediation of clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 305-40; nominations for political office, 17, 110; testimony, 563-79

--trips: western (1891), 27, 27n, 30-33, 42-43, 59, 72; western (1893), 343-45

Gompers, Samuel J.,* 119, 120n, 140, 211-12

Gompers, Sarah Wennick (Mrs. Henry Gompers), 140, 141n

Gompers, Simon (SG's brother),* 140, 141n

Gompers, Simon (SG's uncle),* 111, 115n

Gompers, Solomon, 1:*, 516

Gompers, Sophia Bickstein (Mrs. Louis Gompers), 140, 141n

Gompers, Sophia Dampf (Mrs. Samuel J. Gompers),* 140, 141n, 212

Gompers, Sophia Julian (Mrs. Samuel Gompers),* 140, 141n

Gompers, Sophia Spero (Mrs. Jacob Gompers), 140, 141n

Gould, E. R. L., 602, 606n

Gould, Jay, 1:101n, 637

Gourley, James, 341

Government, power of, 629, 631-33, 656-57

Grambarth, Charles, 47, 48n

Grand Army of the Republic, 212, 212n, 652, 660n

Granite Cutters' National Union of the U.S.,* 79, 79n, 165-66n

Granite Manufacturers' Association of New England, 165, 165-66n

Grant, Hugh, 2:377n; letter to, 161-62

Grant, James, 166n

Grant, Ulysses S., 1:328n; 119n

Grawer's Brewery, 112

Great Northern Railroad, 521, 547n

Great Western Union of Musicians 6349. See American Federation of Labor: Local unions, directly affiliated, 6349

Greenawalt, Elmer E.,* 279, 279n

Greenhalgh, Charles, 632-33, 659n

Greenville brewery, 112

Gresham, Walter Q., 342, 343n, 488

Grimes, James F., 213, 214n

Grosscup, Peter S., 523, 527, 530, 531-32n, 559, 576-77, 587, 592; letter to, 554-61

Gruelle, Thomas M.,* 175, 175n, 227; letter to, 511-12

Gunton, George,* 588, 589n

H

Hacker, Mr.: letter to, 261-62

Hainer, Eugene, 471n

Hall, J. E. A., 70n

Hallahan, H. F., 141, 143n

Hardie, J. Keir,* 505, 505n, 516, 640

Harding, John C.,* 125-26, 128n, 131, 135, 137-38

Harmony Mills, 340n

Harriman, E. H., 552n

Harris, Daniel,* 176, 177n, 188, 298-99, 367, 452, 472

Harrison, Benjamin, 2:278n, 200, 214n, 283; and Jefferson Borden mutineers, 117-19, 120n, 157, 158n, 280

Harrison, Carter, 2:58n, 364-65

Hart, Charles, 51, 55n

Hart, George H., 297, 298n

Hart, Lee M.,* 520n, 539

Hatfield, George, 236, 240n

Hatton, Rev., 424

Hayes, John W.,* 414, 415n; letter to, 441-42

Haymarket: bombing, 1:277, 568; defendants, pardon of, 350, 358, 359n

Heathcote, Thomas, 521

Hebrew Labor Federation of the U.S. and Canada, 355n

Hebrew Trades, United, 353-54, 355n, 378, 381

Hebrew Trades of Greater New York, Federated, 355n

Hemleben, Ernst: letter from, 455

Hermann, Mrs. Paul, 141

Hermann, Paul, 141, 142n

Herzberg, George, 484, 485-86n

Hess, Rosa, 141, 142n

Higgins, John M., 474, 477n

Hilkene, Jacob, 69n; letter to, 68-69

Hill, David B.,* 28n, 508; letter to, 28

Hill, James J., 547n

Hirsch-Dunker. See Hirsch, Max; Duncker, Franz

Hirsch, Max, 1:44n, 639

Hochstader, Albert F., 340n; and mediation of clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 305-12, 314-16, 318-35, 337-38

Hod carriers, racial divisions among, 80

Hoffman, Clara C., 598, 599n

Hoffmeyer, Volmer A. H., 47, 48n

Hofher, Philip A., 628, 659n

Hollister, Frank C., 465n; letter to, 463-64

Hollister, William C., 464n; letter to, 463-64

Holmes, David,* 517n, 589n, 596, 597n

"Homestead Day" (Dec. 13, 1892), 250, 253n, 265

Homestead strike, 189n, 213, 214n, 420; advisory committeeof the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, 189n, 210-11n, 233, 233n, 234, 235n, 253n; AFL Executive Council and, 188, 191, 206-8, 210n, 231-34, 236-40, 250, 266, 266n; armed suppression of, by state, 185-86, 189n, 191, 191n, 208, 255-56; arrests and legal proceedings, 186, 210-11n, 217, 232, 233n, 237-38, 240-41n, 264-65, 266n, 299; circular regarding, 206-8, 217; financial support for, 206-8, 218-19, 219n, 250-52, 265, 266n; KOL and, 190, 217-18, 218n; mass meetings in support of, 206, 208-10, 231, 234, 236-40; SG and, 188-91, 193, 195, 206-10, 213, 217-19, 219n, 231-34, 236-38, 265-66; strikebreakers in, 186, 188, 189n, 190, 195, 199, 199n, 208, 239; sympathy strikes, 234n, 238, 250-51; violence in, 185, 188-89, 189n, 190, 193, 209-10, 237-38

Hooker, Mr., 588

Hopkins, John P., 521, 523-24

Horn, George L.,* 471n, 532; letter to, 470-71

Hornthal, Lewis M., 340n; and mediation of clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 305, 307, 313, 316, 326, 335-36, 338-39

Horseshoers' International Union, Journeymen: local 11 (Milwaukee), 497, 498n

Hotel and Restaurant Employees' National Alliance,* 401n, 417, 484-85, 485-86n; convention (1894), 486n; local 1 (Brooklyn) (See German Waiters' Union 1)

Hours of labor. See Workday

House of Representatives, U.S., committees: on Immigration and Naturalization, 512-13, 514n; on Pacific Railroads, 552n; on Post Office and Post Roads, 471n

Howard, George, 579n

Huber, Jacob, 112, 115n

Hudson County, N.J., Central Labor Federation, 83-84, 85n, 112-13

Hudson County, N.J., Central Labor Union, 85n

Hunger, Jacob, 492-95, 497n

Husted, Joel E., 227, 229n

Hyman, Celia, 140

Hyman, Miss Mary, 141

Hyman, Mrs. Mary, 141, 142n

Hysell, Nial R.,* 648, 654, 660n

I

Iams, William L., 238, 240-41n

Iden, George, 193n, 255, 258n; letter to, 192-93

Illinois State Federation of Labor, 562n

Immigration: Chinese, 53, 287, 371, 371-72n, 488-89; padrone system 508, 508n, 512-13; restriction of, AFL and, 135, 162, 343n; restriction of, SG and, 115-16, 287-91, 346, 488-89, 513

Income Tax Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Income Tax Act

Index, Weekly, 269

Indiana Federation of Trade and Labor Unions, 229n

Indianapolis Central Labor Union, 1:166n, 512, 512n

"Indianapolis Plan," 364

Indiana State Federation of Labor, 229n

Industrial Congress, 204n

Industrial disputes, mediation of: SG and, 283, 303-4, 304n, 305-40, 343-44, 601-2, 605

Ingraham, George L., 295n, 453

Injunctions, 61, 63; AFL and, 125-27, 129-31, 139-40, 148, 263-64, 295-96n, 297, 302; against strikes, 125-26, 128n, 129-30, 139, 148, 293-94, 294n, 295, 295n, 296, 296n, 297-300, 302, 420, 523-25, 526n, 530, 531n, 538, 547n, 559-60, 561n, 563n, 576, 632-33; SG and, 293-96, 299-300

Interstate Commerce Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Interstate Commerce Act

Interstate Commerce Commission, 301n

Invincibles, 241n

Iron and Steel Workers of the U.S., Finishers' Union of, 232, 233n, 238-40

Iron and Steel Workers of the U.S., Amalgamated Association of,* 21, 23n, 68, 420, 535, 575; and Homestead strike, 185, 188-89, 189n, 190, 219, 231, 233n, 236, 238-39, 250, 265

Iron and Steel Workers of the U.S., National Union of. See Iron and Steel Workers of the U.S., Finishers' Union of

Irwin, Mr. See Erwin, William W.

Ives, Harry M.,* 236n; letters to, 235-36, 276-77, 281-82

J

Jahelka, John, 15, 18n

Jefferson Borden: mutineers, 117-19, 119-20n, 157, 158n, 280, 343n; mutiny, 118, 119n

Jenkins, James G., 559, 561n

Jennings, James F., 252, 253n

Johnson, James S., 279n; letter to, 277-79

Johnson, William L. A.,* 282, 282n

Jonas, Alexander,* 298, 300n

Jones, Christopher C., 482n

Jones, James L., 173, 174n

Jones, Jerome,* 135, 285n, 430, 434n; letter to, 284-85

Jones, John P., 132, 134n

Jones rail mill, 481

Journal of the Knights of Labor, 69, 70n

Julian, J., 140

Julian, Mrs. J., 140

Jurisdictional disputes: Corliss Association of Stationary Engineers vs. Machinists' International Union (St. Louis), 462, 463n; International Machinists' Union of America vs. International Typographical Union (New York City), 457; Brotherhood of Painters and Decorators of America vs. Carriage and Wagon Laborers' Union 5635 (South Bend, Ind.), 149; Sash, Door, and Blind Workers' Union 5150 vs. United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America (Chicago), 150, 153n

Jute industry: in India, 540-42; in Scotland, 539-42

K

Kansas State Federation of Labor, 276, 277n

Kaufman, Mr., 378

Kean, Edward J.,* 28, 28n

Kelly, James T.,* 420, 614, 616n

Kelly, Patrick J., 430, 434n

Kenefick, John J., 148, 148n

Kennedy, John L., 119, 120n

Kenney, Horace, 342, 343n

Kenney, Mary E. (later Mary Kenney O'Sullivan*), 160n, 162,180, 251, 253n, 428; letters to, 159-60, 219-20

Kernon, John D., 579n

Ketcham, John H., 19n; letter to, 19

Keufer, Auguste,* 91n; letter to, 368-70

Keys, Ida B., 161n; letter to, 161

Kidd, Frank A., 136, 138n

Kidd, Thomas I.,* 138, 138n, 532

Kilgallan, John C.,* 234, 234n

King, Edward,* 472, 472n

King, J. S., 505

Kirby, John, 301, 302n

Kirchner, John S.,* 31, 32n, 234, 235n; letter to, 105-6

Kirchner, Maggie B., 107n

Kirkby, William, 294n

Klinger, Louis F.: letter to, 80

Kliver, William H.,* 150, 153n

Knife Grinders' and Finishers' National Union of America, Pen and Pocket,* 196, 197n

Knife Makers' National Protective Union of America, Spring,* 196, 197n

Knight, John C., 345, 346n

Knights of Labor, 179, 182, 344-45, 416, 516, 589n, 622, 654, 665; and AFL, 67-68, 173, 182, 244-45, 516; and AFL, conference with: Apr. 1894 (Philadelphia), 442n; and AFL, conference with: June 1894 (St. Louis), 441-42, 442n, 511, 517, 606; and American Protective Association, 660n; and Bakers' and Confectioners' International Union, Journeymen, 105, 105n, 270, 270n; and Clerks' National Protective Association, Retail, 244-45, 245n; and clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 295-96, 296n, 299, 300-301n, 318, 320-24; and eight-hour movement, 72-74, 75n, 93; and farmers' alliances, 3, 6n, 24; and Furniture Workers' Union of America, International, 268n; and Garment Workers of America, United, 107-8, 108n, 295-96, 296n, 299, 300-301n, 318, 320-24; General Executive Board, 58; and granite cutters' strike (1892, New York City), 166n; and Homestead strike, 190, 217-18, 218n; and labor congress, international: 1891 (Brussels), 84-85; and Lasters' Protective Union of America, 268-69, 269n, 270; and miners' strike (1891, Connellsville coke region), 67-68; and miners' strike (1891, Tennesee), 215n; and Mine Workers of America, United, 173; and New Orleans general strike, 243n; and Painters and Decorators of America, Brotherhood of, 61; and People's party, 3-4, 442n; and Pullman strike, 526n; SG and, 244-45, 270, 296, 344-45, 416; and Street Railway Employes, Amalgamated Association of, 226, 228; and women workers, 133
--district assemblies (DA): DA 5, 174n; DA 16, 173, 174n; DA 30, 269, 269n, 270; DA 49, 1:383n, 14n, 65, 166n, 218n; DA 148, 496, 498n; DA 197, 2:337n, 218n; DA 198, 14n; DA 210 (See KOL National Trade Assembly 210); DA 220, 2:338n, 270n; DA 253, 2:337n, 218n, 268n
--general assemblies: 1884, 106n; 1890 (Denver), 72, 75n; 1892 (St. Louis), 245n; 1893 (Philadelphia), 414, 415n, 441, 442n
--local assemblies (LA): Harlem Assembly, 14n; James Watt Assembly, 14n; LA 767, 244, 245n --national trade assemblies (NTA): NTA 135,* 58n, 70, 71n; NTA 210, 2:337n, 62n; NTA 216, 269n; NTA 231, 107, 108n, 296n, 300n

Knoxville Iron Co., 215n

Koenen, Bernard,* 268n; letter from, 266-67

Koeser, Ignatz, 141, 142n

Koeser, Mrs. Ignatz, 141

Kohout, Frank, 153n

KOL. See Knights of Labor

Korn, Moses, 51, 55n

Kreeft, Harry, 197n; letter to, 196-97

Kretlow, Henry, 47, 48n

Kugler, Delegate, 397, 399n

Kuhn, Henry, 199n

Kuntz, Delegate, 380

Kurtzer, F., 533, 533n

Kurzenknabe, Ernst,* 88n, 112-13, 344, 533; letter to, 87-88

L

Labadie, Joseph A.,* 585n; letter to, 584-85

Labor Conference for the Relief of the Unemployed (New York City), 364, 384-85

Labor conferences: 1891 (Oakesdale, Wash.), 51, 55n; 1892 (Pittsburgh), 197, 199n; Aug. 10, 1893 (New York City), 364, 367, 367n; Aug. 20, 1893 (New York City), 364, 367, 377-83, 385; 1893 (Chicago), 2:346n, 50, 349, 365, 369, 379; 1893 (Chicago): SG address before, 388-96; Apr. 1894 (Philadelphia), 442n; June 1894 (St. Louis), 4, 442n, 511, 517, 606; July 8, 1894 (Chicago), 564, 579n; 1894 (Springfield, Ill.), 4, 561, 562n
--1894 (Briggs House, Chicago), 523-24, 548, 564-69, 579n; news account of, 533-35; statement issued by, 535-38, 567; telegram to Grover Cleveland issued by, 532-33. See also Congress on Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration, 1894

Labor congresses, international: 1889 (Paris), 84, 86n, 197; 1889 (Paris), letter to, 369-70, 370n; 1891 (Brussels), 2:383n, 10n, 84-85, 85n, 86, 90, 197, 199n; 1893 (Chicago, proposed), 2:346n, 85-86, 194n, 198, 215-16, 223, 224n, 348-49; 1893 (London, proposed), 223, 224n, 348-49; 1893 (Zurich), 197, 199n, 223, 349

Labor Day, 106, 106-7n, 219, 355-56, 358, 359n

Labor disputes, conciliation or mediation of, 303-4. See also Gompers, Samuel: mediation of clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 305-40

Labor movement, divisions in: ethnic, SG and, 400, 409; gender, SG and, 122; industrial, SG and, 573; racial, SG and, 62-63, 80, 124, 133, 135, 166-68, 170-73, 235, 242, 252, 275-76, 284-85, 343, 350-51, 357, 406-7, 409, 486; religious, SG and, 99, 154, 170, 353-54, 378, 408, 475-76, 500-501, 506; sectional, SG and, 30, 81-82, 371, 411-12, 412n

Labour, Its Wrongful Claims and Rightful Dues, Its Actual Present and Possible Future, On (Thornton), 102n

Labour Department of the Board of Trade (Great Britain), 94n

Lackner coal cutting machine, 481

Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, International, 355n

Lake Faring Men's Union. See Knights of Labor District Assembly 148

Lambert, Frederick J., 139, 140n, 264

Land, ownership of, 627, 629, 631

Lang, Detective, 381

Lappard, John,* 257, 258n

Lassalle, Ferdinand, 1:44n, 639

Lasters' Protective Union of America,* 140n, 268, 269n, 412n; and KOL, 268-69, 269n, 270

Laughton, Charles E., 51-52, 55n

Law, William J.,* 227-28, 229n, 359

Lawrence, Abraham R., 293, 295n, 296

Legal proceedings: AFL financial support for, 125-27, 128n, 129-31, 139-40, 147-48, 148n, 186, 214-15n, 221-22, 250-53, 263-66, 266n, 294, 297-98, 298n, 453-54, 454n, 562-63, 567

Legien, Carl,* 85n, 87n, 660n; letter to, 86-87

Legislation, state:
--California: antiboycott bill (1891), 53, 56n
--Illinois: arbitration law (1895), 553n
--Indiana: eight-hour law (1889), 221, 222n; violations of, 221-22, 222n
--Massachusetts: eleven-hour bill (1850), 282, 282-83n; fifty-eight hour law (1892), 282, 283n; ten-hour bill (1853), 282, 282-83n; twelve-hour law, 282
--Nebraska: eight-hour law (1891), 93, 94n, 147
--New York: conspiracy law (1881), 299, 301n; employment offices, bill to establish free public (1894), 452, 452n; factory inspection law (1893), 278-79, 279n; injunctions, bill to limit (1891), 25-26, 26n; New York Charter, Greater (1897), 472n; open air meetings in New York City, bill to allow (1892), 158, 159n; private police, act to regulate (1892), 26, 26n; ten-hour law, 185, 214n; woman suffrage bill (1892), 159, 159n; women and children, acts and bills to limit hours of labor of (1891, 1892, 1894, 1895, 1896), 29, 29n, 452
--Pennsylvania: conspiracy law, 126; factory inspection law (1889), 278, 279n; semimonthly payment law (1887, 1891), 147, 147-48n
--Washington: anti-Pinkerton bill (1891, 1893), 52, 55n; time check bill (1891), 52, 55-56n

Legislation, U.S.:

--alien contract labor legislation: Foran Act (1885), 195, 195-96n, 271, 287, 290, 292, 292n, 360-61, 487; H.R. 7897 (1894), 513, 514n
--antitrust legislation: use against strikes, 186, 243n
--Chinese exclusion legislation: Act of 1882, 371n, 490n; Scott Exclusion Act (1888), 488-89, 490n; Geary Act (1892), 343n, 371-72n, 488-89, 490n
--Coinage Act (1837), 613, 616n
--Coinage Act (1873), 613, 616n
--Department of Labor, bill to raise to cabinet-level status: H.R. 4514 (1893), 477, 478n --eight-hour legislation: H.R. 6449 (1890), 19, 19n; Act of 1892, 343n, 404, 405n, 449, 465-66 --Foran Act (1885), 195, 195-96n, 271, 287, 290, 292, 292n, 360-61, 487
--Geary Act (1892), 343n, 371-72n, 488-89, 490n
--gold standard legislation. See Coinage Act of 1873
--immigration and naturalization legislation: Oates bill, H.R. 12 (1892), 162, 163n. See also Alien Contract Labor Law; Chinese exclusion legislation
--Income Tax Act (1894), 546, 548n
--Interstate Commerce Act (1887), 301n; use against strikes, 294, 295n, 299-300, 523, 530, 531n, 559-60, 576, 632
--land, public, loan bill: H.R. 10 (1877), 448, 451n
--McKinley Tariff (1890), 224-25, 225n, 554n
--mail, U.S.: bills prohibiting obstruction of (1894), 413, 414n; H.R. 4897 (1893), classifying periodicals as second-class matter, 470, 471n
--Oates bill, H.R. 12 (1892), 162, 163n
--post office clerks' and employees' legislation: eight-hour bill, H.R. 6449 (1890), 19, 19n
--railroad legislation: Safety Appliance Act (1893), 283, 284n
--Safety Appliance Act (1893; uniform car coupler law), 283, 284n
--Scott Exclusion Act (1888), 488-89, 490n
--Sherman Antitrust Act (1890): use against strikes, 186, 243n
--Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890), 373, 375n, 387, 554, 615
--silver purchase legislation, 373, 375n, 387, 554, 615
--tariff legislation: McKinley Tariff (1890), 224-25, 225n, 554n; Wilson-Gorman Tariff (1894), 548n, 553-54, 554n
--uniform car coupler law. See Safety Appliance Act
--Wilson-Gorman Tariff (1894), 548n, 553-54, 554n
--woman suffrage amendment, 25n

Lehigh Valley Railroad, 185, 214n, 432, 434n

Leitch, Andrew S., 205, 206n; letters to, 244-45, 248-49

Lelyveld, Bessie, 141, 142n

Lelyveld, Hariet, 141, 142n

Lelyveld, Rosa, 141, 142n

Lelyvelt, Sadie, 141

Lemmler, Mr., 378

Leng, John, 541, 542n

Lennon, John B.,* 14n, 58, 58-59n, 74, 107, 128, 128n, 135-36, 141, 253n, 255, 397, 401, 411, 427, 430, 437, 441, 613-14, 616n, 661; and AFL political program, 420, 622, 647-48; and clothing cutters' strike (1893, New York City), 297-98; and Homestead strike, 206, 210, 218, 231, 238-39, 250; and printers' strike (1891-92, Pittsburgh), 125, 127, 130, 264; and Pullman strike, 532; letter from, 178-79

Lennon, Juna J. Allen, 141, 142n

Leonard, James, 241, 243-44n

Lesem, Samuel, 386, 388n

Levy, Sarah Gompers,* 141, 142n

Lewelling, Lorenzo D., 276, 277n

Liebknecht, Wilhelm, 2:159n, 639

Liggett and Meyers Tobacco Co., 304n, 343-44, 345n, 462

Lincoln, Abraham, 633

Lindner, Henry, 379, 382n

Linehan, James J., 85, 86n, 151, 252, 253n, 259-60, 613, 616n; and AFL political program, 620, 646; letter to, 538-39

Lippmann, L., and Sons, 107, 108n

Living wage. See Wages

Lloyd, George K., 106n, 298, 300n

Lloyd, Henry,* 126, 129n, 134, 517n, 588, 614-15, 616n; and AFL political program, 644-45, 651, 656-57; letter to, 515-17

Lloyd, Henry D.,* 4, 463, 465n; letter from, 561-62; letter to, 552-53

Loar, James A., 67, 68n

Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of,* 93, 94n, 331, 413, 442n, 466-68, 511, 547n

Locomotive Firemen, Brotherhood of,* 93, 94n, 215n, 246, 442n, 511, 547n, 572

Locomotive Firemen's Magazine, 246

Loebenberg, Abraham B.,* 131, 132n, 175, 227, 244

Loefler, E., 430, 434n

Logansport (Ind.) Trades and Labor Assembly, 583, 584n

Lomax, Essex L., 119, 120n

London and Counties Labour League (Great Britain), 146n

Londoner, Wolfe, 34-35, 41n

Losky, Woyt,* 417n; letter to, 416-17

Loucks, Henry L., 262, 263n

Loughran, Edward, 139, 140n

Lovejoy, Elijah, 633, 659n

Lovejoy, Francis T. F., 209, 211n

Lovejoy, Owen, 633, 659n

Lowenthal, Daniel, 140, 141n

Loyal leagues. See Union leagues

Luchtenburg, William H.: letter to, 167-68

Lubin, David, 477n; letter to, 474-77

Lux, Mrs., 141

Lynch, David, 207, 211n, 240

Lynch, James E., 594n; letter to, 593-94

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