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Volume 6 Index A-L

This index also includes references to substantive annotations in previous volumes that are not repeated here; for instance, the reference to Joseph B. Allen's annotation in volume three appears in this index as 3:664n; and the glossary entry for Ernest Bohm in volume five appears in this index as 5:*.

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A(Asterisks indicate glossary entries)

Actors' Alliance of America (San Francisco). See American Labor Union: local 474

Actors' National Protective Union,* 517, 518n; strike, 1906 (local 14, New York City), 516-17, 517-18n

AFL. See American Federation of Labor

Agard, Edgar A., 5:444n, 55, 57n, 59-61, 67-68, 205, 206n

Alabama: disfranchisement of blacks in, 106, 107n

Alabama State Federation of Labor, 106, 107n, 108; convention, 1903 (Bessemer), 109, 110n

Alexander, H. M., 39, 40n

Alexander II: assassination of, 321, 326n

Alger, Russell A., 243, 244n

Allen, Joseph B., 3:664n, 174, 175n

Allen, L. B.: letter from, 115-16

Allied Trades and Labor Association (Ottawa), 156, 158n

Allimon, Walter D., 293, 294n

Alonso, Rafael, 253, 258n

Alton (Ill.) Trades and Labor Assembly, 186-89, 189n

Amalgamated Copper Co: American Labor Union and, 284, 285n

American Bridge Co: strike against (1905- ), 514-15, 515-16n

American Cigar Co., 31n

American Conference on International Arbitration, 378n, 381, 381n

American Express Co., 287

American Federationist, 161; extra numbers: 1902, 307-8n; 1904, 300-307 (excerpts from), 307-8n

American Federation of Labor: Building Trades Department, 175n, 343n; defense fund, 126-27, 128n, 134, 136n, 243-44, 244n, 310, 400n, 489, 489n; financial resources of, 409; headquarters, 47, 160-62; membership, xiv-xv; officers, election of: 1903, 208-9, 210n; 1904, 376n; 1905, 509n; office staff, 161, 237-38, 411; and secret service bureau, 430-32

--conventions: quorum at, 209-10; voting at, 225-26; 1890 (Detroit), 300, 308n; 1893 (Chicago), 35, 37n; 1900 (Louisville, Ky.), 365, 368n, 496n; 1901 (Scranton, Pa.), 9, 11n, 52-53n, 65, 67n, 109, 128n, 308n; 1902 (New Orleans), 10, 11n, 38, 41-43, 44-45n, 50-70 (accounts of), 71n, 128n, 133-34, 165, 171, 201, 206n, 208, 224, 231, 308n, 317, 324, 326n, 343n, 356, 373; 1903 (Boston), 53n, 126, 128n, 136n, 183n, 191, 196-212 (accounts of), 214-15, 224, 226-27, 231, 275, 282n, 311-12, 312n, 326n, 342, 343n, 356-57, 373-74, 396, 462, 507; 1904 (San Francisco), 209, 210n, 271-73, 340-41, 341n, 351, 354-76 (accounts of), 377-78, 378n, 483, 484n, 486n, 502-3n; 1905 (Pittsburgh), 343n, 381n, 476, 476n, 483, 484n, 485, 486n, 491-508 (accounts of), 546, 511, 512n, 515n; 1906 (Minneapolis), 381n, 509n; 1912 (Rochester, N.Y.), 343n

--Executive Council, 162; circulars issued by, 273-75, 279-81; election of, 208-9, 376n, 509n; number of members of, 205-7; letters to, 111-12, 173-74, 228-32, 241-44, 315, 384, 387-88, 487-89, 525-29

--Executive Council, meetings of: July 1902, 23n; Oct. 1902, 41, 42n; Apr. 1903, 109, 110n, 126, 133-35 (minutes); June 1903, 151n; Sept. 1903, 177, 178n, 183; Apr. 1904, 239, 240n, 260n, 282n, 315, 326n, 353, 354n; Sept. 1904, 312n, 316, 317n, 342-43; Mar. 1905, 405; June 1905, 430-31, 432n, 440, 485; Sept. 1905, 432n, 486, 486n, 487; Mar. 1906, 528, 529n, 531, 531n, 535, 546n

--federal labor unions (FLU): FLU 7295 (Knoxville, Tenn.), 119n, strike (1900-1903), 118, 119n; FLU 8892 (Waco, Tex.), 194, 194n; FLU 8921 (San Pedro, Calif.), 243, 244n; FLU 9985 (Ohio), 244, 244n, strike (1904), 245n; FLU 9989 (Bedford, Ill.), 244, 245n; FLU 10,554 (Peru, Ind.), 141n; FLU 10,722 (Poplar Bluff, Mo.), 223n, strike (1903-4), 222, 223n; FLU 10,723 (Poplar Bluff), strike (1903-4), 222, 223n; FLU 10,917 (Ft. Bragg, Calif.), 241, 244n, strike (1903-6?), 170, 171n, 241-44; FLU 11,478 (Girard, Kans.), 221, 222n

--Legislative Committee, 47, 211-12, 232, 369-73, 373n, 393, 451

--local unions, directly affiliated (LU): LU 7413 (architectural foundry workers, St. Louis), 244, 245n, strike (1904), 245n; LU 7471 (building laborers, Birmingham, Ala.), 107n; LU 8178 (quarrymen, Lithonia, Ga.), 116n, 120, 121n, 147n; LU 8990 (paving cutters, Lithonia), 120, 121n; LU 9363 (hod carriers, Stockton, Calif.), 39, 40n; LU 9560 (suspender makers, New York City), 310n, strike (1904), 310, 310n; LU 9840 (gas workers, San Francisco), 101-2, 102-3n; LU 9891 (shingle weavers, Tacoma, Wash.), 45n; LU 9914 (telephone operators, Washington, D.C.), 32-33, 33n; LU 10,315 (riggers, Boston), 210, 211n; LU 10,584 (women can workers, Maywood, Ill.), 244, 245n, strike (1904), 245n; LU 10,618 (wine and liquor workers, San Francisco), 219n; LU 10,851 (gill net stringers and helpers, Cleveland), 153-54, 154n; LU 11,102 (laborers, Jackson, Miss.), 181, 182n; LU 11,103 (street laborers, Chicago), 283, 285n; LU 11,121 (sugar beet and farm laborers, Oxnard, Calif.), 149-50, 150n; LU 11,744 (truckers and stock movers, Dayton, Ohio), 489, 489n; LU 11,754 (lime workers, Rockland, Maine), 399n, 435, 439n; LU 11,773 (stenographers and clerks, Washington, D.C.), 411, 412n; LU 11,835 (lime trimmers, Rockland), 397-98, 399n, 435, 439n; LU 11,843 (lobster fishermen, Vinalhaven, Maine), 403, 404n; LU 11,927 (barbers, Rockland), 404, 405n

--organizers, xv, 15-17, 106-9, 315, 409, 410n, 530; letters from, 4, 85-87, 106, 142-45, 149-50, 397-99, 402-4, 414-16, 435-39, 521; letters to, 33-35, 163-64, 167-70, 172, 180, 182-83, 309-10, 382-83, 470, 475-76, 516-19, 522-23, 532, 536-37; mentioned: 4-5n, 21, 22n, 39, 41-42n, 48n, 62n, 106-7n, 118n, 121, 122n, 141n, 143, 145n, 150n, 168, 174, 175n, 182n, 186, 192n, 223n, 238n, 241, 244n, 260n, 262, 264-65, 265n, 268-69, 283-84, 285n, 289-90n, 351, 352n, 368n, 387n, 399-400n, 404, 416-17n, 427, 437, 439n, 469, 469n, 473, 484n, 533n

American Fire Engine Co., 151

American Labor Union, 4:453n, 17n, 191, 284, 285n, 443-44,

461; and AFL, 37, 37n, 202-3, 224; in California, 17; in Chicago, 283, 285n; in Colorado, 15; in Denver, 85-86, 87n; and IWW, 447, 462-63, 468; local 127 (bartenders, Butte, Mont.), 285n; local 158 (firemen's and engineer's helpers, Denver), strike (1903), 131n; local 188 (paper mill workers, Denver), strike (1903), 131n; local 423 (street laborers and excavators, Chicago), 283, 285n, 463; local 435 (musicians, San Francisco), 233, 234n; local 474 (actors, San Francisco), 234, 234n; in San Francisco, 233-34; in Texas, 264; and trade unions, 203, 395-96. See also Western Labor Union

American Smelting and Refining Co.: strike against (1903), 282n

American Tobacco Co., 401, 402n

Anniston (Ala.) Trades and Labor Council, 106, 107n

Ansley, Hubert M., 183n

Anthony, Susan B., 5:140n, 482n, 512n; letter from, 511-12

Anthracite coal strike. See Mine Workers of America, United: strikes: 1902 (anthracite); Strikes and lockouts: miners, 1902 (anthracite)

Anthracite Coal Strike Commission, 14n, 45-46, 46n, 103-4, 104n, 334

Anthracite mining region, 530

Arbitration, international, 377-78, 378n

Armour and Co.: strike against (1904), 313-14, 314-15n

Arrandale, Matthew, 62n

Ashbridge, Samuel H., 6, 8n

Atkinson, Alatau L. C., 472, 473n

Atkinson, Thomas,* 176n, 220n; letter to, 219-20

Auger and Simon Works: strike against (1902), 29n

Averill, John W., 153, 154n

Avery, Martha Moore, 117, 118n

B

Bacon, Abraham, 277, 278n

Bacon, Robert, 490, 490n

Baer, George, 14n

Bainbridge, Alexander G., 114, 115n

Bakery and Confectionery Workers' International Union of America,* 393n; local 48 (Montreal), 447, 449n

Barbers' International Union of America, Journeymen,* 20n; local 166 (Denison, Tex.), 19-20, 20n; local 395 (Denison), 20, 20n

Barnes, J. Mahlon,* 70n; at AFL conventions, 69, 202, 204n, 211-12, 212n, 363, 365n, 369-70, 372, 507-8, 509n

Barney, H. S., and Co.: boycott of (1903-4), 176, 176n, 179; letter from, 175-76

Barnum, Gertrude, 483-84n; letter from, 482-83; letter to, 520

Barry, James L.,* 517, 518n

Barter, Henry C.,* 499, 499n

Baum, L., and Co.: strike against (1904), 310, 310n

Beall, Edmond, 186-89, 189n

Beall Bros., 186-89, 189n

Bean, John H., 106n; letter from, 106

Beatty, James H., 442n

Becerril, Joaquín A., 252-53, 258n

Beddall, Joseph, 104n

Beeks, Gertrude B., 386, 387n

Belk, Mason S., 5:371n, 48n; letter to, 47-48

Bell, George W., 101, 102n

Bellamy, Edward, 4:307n, 397n

Belleville (Ill.) Trades and Labor Assembly, 369n

Bell Telephone Co.: strike against (1904), 265-66

Belmont, August, 380n; president of Interborough Rapid

Transit Co., 475-76, 521-22n; president of National Civic Federation, 236n, 379-80, 381n, 417, 423n, 521

Bemis, Edward W., 3:376n, 235, 236n

Bensley, Martha, 484n

Bergdoll, Louis, Brewing Co., 503n

Berger, Victor L.,* 62n, 445; at AFL conventions, 58, 357- 60, 360n, 361-63, 491-92, 493n, 501

Berry, Edward, 215n

Bessette, Edward, 56, 57n

Bethell, Union N., 33n; letter to, 32-33

Bird, Joseph, 6, 8n

Birmingham (Ala.) Trades Council, 193n

Bischoff, John W., 12, 14n

Black, David, 4:275n, 147, 147n

Blacksmiths and Helpers, International Brotherhood of,* 186- 89, 189n; local 179 (Alton, Ill.), 186-89, 189n

Black workers, 223n, 293, 293n, 401; AFL and, 90-91, 91n, 106, 107n, 108-9, 116n, 146-47, 147n, 533-34; organization of, 106, 107n, 108-9, 113-15, 115n, 116, 116n, 120-21, 146-47, 147n, 214; representation in central bodies, 19-20, 20n, 39, 108-9, 533-34; SG and, 20n, 31n, 39, 108-9, 181-82, 182n, 533-34

Blast Furnace Workers and Smelters of America, National

Association of: strike, 1903 (local 2, Buffalo), 168, 168n, 169, 169n, 170, 170n

Bliss, Cornelius N., 236, 236n

Blunt, Stanhope, 216n

Bohm, Ernest, 5:*, 90n

Bohnen, George J., 65, 67n, 207, 207n

Bonney, Richard W., 39n; letter to, 38-39

Boot and Shoe Workers Union,* 16, 17n, 357; and American Labor Union, 203, 395

Boston Bridge Co., 515n

Boyce, Edward,* 36, 37n

Boycott, 423n; SG and, 333. See also "We Don't Patronize List" (AFL)

Boycotts: Barney, H. S., and Co. (1903-4), 176, 176n, 179;

Brown and Williamson Tobacco Co., 401; Cluett, Peabody, and Co. (1905-6), 484n; Denver contractors (1902), 18n; Denver newspapers (1903), 131, 131n, 132, 132n; Knoxville Woolen Mills (1900-1903), 118-19, 119n; Loewe, D. E., and Co. (1902), 177-78n, 440-42; Los Angeles Times (1893- ), 212-13, 213n; Merritt Expanded Metal Fireproofing Co. (1903-6), 292n; National Cash Register (1901-2), 5:366n, 240n; New York City breweries (1888-1902), 2:101n, 89n, (1902), 89, 90n; Northwestern Brewers' Association (1905), 442n; Palmers Manufacturing Co. (1903-5), 223n; People's Street Railway Co. (1901-4), 5:379n, 142-44, 145n; Poth, F. A., and Sons' Brewery (1902-3), 44-45n; Rochester, N.Y., clothing manufacturers (1903-8), 297n; Star and Western breweries (1904- ), 369n; Washburn-Crosby Milling Co., 430n; Williams Cooperage Co. (1903-5), 223n

Boynton, Henry B., 268n; letter to, 267-68

Bradley, W. J., 459, 460n

Braff, Bernard,* 276-77, 278n

Brandeis, Louis D., 83n; debate with SG, 71-83

Brass Moulders' International Union of North America,* 446n

Breckon, Mr., 221

Breen, J. L., 142

Breidenbach, Elias, 143, 145n

Brewer, David J., 340n

Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United,* 10n, 384; charter, revocation of, SG and, 318, 321-22, 326n, 501; convention, 1903 (Cincinnati), 90n, 135n; and IWW, 487; jurisdiction of, 9-10, 10-11n, 88-89, 89-90n, 133-34, 135-36n, 208, 223-28, 228n, 317-26, 326-27n, 365-67, 367-68n, 452, 453n, 500-502, 502-3n; local 28 (Belleville, Ill.), 369n; local 31 (New York City), 89, 90n; local 59 (New York City), 2:337n, 5:245n, 89, 90n; local 223 (Indianapolis), 226, 228n; local 246 (St. Louis), 369n; local 285 (Philadelphia), 503n; local 289 (Philadelphia), 503n; strike, 1905 (Seattle), 442n; and Western Labor Union, 9

Brewery Workmen of the U.S., National Union of the United. See Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United

Bricklayers' and Masons' International Union of America,* 173-74, 175n

Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, International Association of (IBSIW),* 173-74, 175n; convention, 1905 (Philadelphia), 514, 515-16n; jurisdiction of, 210, 211n; strikes: 1905 (local 15, New Haven, Conn.), 514, 515n; 1905- (IBSIW), 514-15, 515-16n

Brisbane, Arthur, 522n

Brounstein, Abraham A., 276-77, 278n

Brown, Edward M., 43-44, 45n

Brown, Francis Shunk, 6, 8n

Brown, James, 4:131n, 400-401

Brown, John, 331

Brown, Morris, 3:143n, 361-62, 364n, 396n

Brown, W. Sprigg, 223n

Brown and Williamson Tobacco Co.: letter from, 400-402

Browne, Carl, 3:482n; letter to, 35-37

Browne, Lennox D., 293n; letter from, 293

Bruner, John E.,* 352n, 384, 384n

Buchanan, Frank J.,* 367, 369n, 514

Builders' Exchange (San Antonio), 264

Building Material Drivers' Union (New York City): lockout  (1903), 185-86n

Building Material Handlers' Union (New York City): lockout (1903), 185-86n

Building trades: AFL and, 205-6, 206n, 207, 492

Building Trades, United Board of (New York City), 185-86n

Building Trades Alliance, Structural, 173-74, 174-75n; and Philadelphia Central Labor Union Building Trades Section, 414, 414n

Building Trades Employers' Association of New York, 184-85, 186n

Building Trades Mechanics, United Board of (New York City), 186n

Building trades unions: conferences: Aug. 1903 (Indianapolis), 173-74, 174-75n; Oct. 1903 (Indianapolis), 175n

Building trades unions of New York City: lockout (1903), 183-85, 185-86n; letter to, 183-85

Burgess, William H., 114, 115n

Burns, Patrick J., 398, 400n

Business associations: SG and, 98-100, 123-25

Bustillo Bros. and Diaz (company), 71n

Butler, Michael T., 166, 167n

Butte (Mont.) Central Labor Council, 284, 285n

C

Caldwell, Howard H., 5:342n, 437-39, 439n

California: Chinese workers in, 149, 340-41; Japanese workers in, 149-50, 150-51n; Mexican workers in, 149-50, 150-51n

California State Building Trades Council, 4, 5n

California State Federation of Labor, 243, 244n

Call, Homer D.,* 16, 19n

Calvert, Alfred, 479n; letter to, 478-79

Campbell, Philip, 308n

Canada: labor movement in, 21-22, 134-35, 136n, 156-59, 159-60n; organizing in, 128n, 404, 404n

Canada, Trades and Labor Congress of, 4:471n, 134-35, 136n

Cannon, Joseph G., 3:20n, 477n, 526, 527n, 529n; letter to, 476-77

Capital, organization of. See Business associations

Carey, James F., 5:48n, 199, 202, 204n

Carnegie, Andrew, 2:36n, 235-36, 236n

Carpenters and Joiners, Amalgamated Society of,* 44n, 157; jurisdiction of, 42-44, 44-45n, 51, 62-64, 66-67n, 175-76, 176n, 178-79, 210-11, 219-20, 326n

Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of,* 8n, 173-74; and black workers, 114, 115n; and Canadian labor movement, 21-22, 156-57; circular to (from McGuire), 7, 8n; conventions: 1894, 52n; 1902 (Atlanta), 7, 8n, 22, 34, 38, 38n, 42-44, 44n, 326n; jurisdiction of, 42-44, 44-45n, 51, 52-53n, 62-66, 66-67n, 165-67, 167n, 175-76, 176n, 178-79, 181, 210-11, 211n, 219-20, 326n, 500, 503n; local 8 (Philadelphia), 546n; local 492 (Reading, Pa.), 263, 264n; local 524 (Nelson, B.C.), 21; local 717 (San Antonio, Tex.), 264-65, 265n; local 1313 (Demopolis, Ala.), 106, 107n; local 1782 (New Orleans), 533-34; and McGuire, 5-8, 8n, 38, 38n, 92, 130; and per capita tax, AFL, 42-43; San Franciso District Council, 5n; strikes: 1902 (Philadelphia), 43, 44-45n; 1903- (Schenectady, N.Y.), 175-76, 176n, 178-79; and Structural Building Trades Alliance, 414; and withdrawal from AFL, 317, 326n

Carriage and Wagon Workers' International Union of North America,* 312n, 384; jurisdiction of, 311, 312n

Carrick, Michael P.,* 114n; and building trades unions conference, 173-74; letter from, 113-14

Carter, George R., 473n

Catt, Carrie Chapman, 217n; letter from, 216-17

Cattermull, Alfred C., 121, 122n, 143

Central bodies: AFL convention decisions regarding, 273-75

Centralia (Ill.) Central Trades and Labor Assembly, 266n

Chalmers, Hugh, 488, 489n

Chance, George,* 41, 42n

Charleston, S.C.: earthquake (1886), 362, 364n

Charters: issuance of, 493-96; revocation of, 318, 321-22, 326n, 501, 502-3n

Chevalier, F., Co., 218

Chicago Brass Manufacturers' Association, 445n

Chicago Chandelier Manufacturers' Association, 445n

Chicago Employers' Association, 453n

Chicago Federation of Labor, 4:159n, 4:177n, 13n, 156n, 342, 407n, 453n; election (1905), 468, 469n

Chicago Industrial Workers' Club, 447, 449n

Child labor, 96, 214, 478-79; legislation regarding, 372

China: SG and, 338

Chinese, exclusion of, 261, 261-62n, 471; AFL and, 286, 473n, 525, 527-29; SG and, 11-12, 12-13n, 150n, 471-72, 472-73n. See also Legislation, U.S.: Chinese exclusion legislation

Chinese, immigration of, 521-22n; National Civic Federation and, 513, 513n, 521-22n; SG and, 513, 513n; Roosevelt and, 513, 513n, 525, 527n

Chinese workers, 340-41; organization of, 149, 285-86; and Panama Canal, 512, 512n; SG and, 149, 195, 285-86, 347

Christopher-Simpson Foundry Co.: strike against, 244

Cigar Makers' International Union of America,* 31n; and American Labor Union, 203, 395; constitution, amendments to, 385-86, 386n, 433-34, 434-35n; convention, 1896 (Detroit), 4:180n, 434; financial support of strikes, 30, 31n, 294n; local 25 (Milwaukee), 433-34, 435n; local 28 (Westfield, Mass.), 433, 435n; local 129 (Denver), 5:395n, 203, 385-86; local 144 (New York City), 1:46, 397n; and Miners, Western Federation of, 505; SG and, 224, 385-86, 433-34
--strikes and lockouts: 1902 (local 220, New Orleans), 30-31, 31n; 1903-4 (locals 219 and 433, Mobile, Ala.), 293, 293n

Cincinnati agreement, 90n, 134, 135n, 208, 226, 326-27n

Cincinnati Industrial Workers' Club, 447, 449n

Cintron (striker), 425

Citizens' Alliance. See Citizens' Industrial Association of America

Citizens alliances, local: Birmingham, Ala., 192, 193n; Colorado, 279-80, 344n; Cripple Creek, Colo., 283n; Denver, 234, 282n; Grand Rapids, Mich., 230; Los Angeles, 213n; San Francisco, 234, 234n, 386; Telluride, Colo., 282n; Waco, Tex., 194

Citizens' Industrial Association of America, 193n, 353, 354n, 362; and IWW, 384, 522

Citizens' Protective League (Colorado), 282n

Citizens' Railway Co.: strike against (1903), 193-94, 194n

Clark, Ephraim, 3:119n, 206, 207n

Clarke, Edgar E., 4:*, 14n

Clarksburg (W.Va.) Fuel Co: strike against (1902), 84n

Clerks' International Protective Association, Retail,* 176n, 192; local 330 (Seattle), 19n

Cleveland, Grover, 2:127n, 302

Cloak Makers and Custom Tailors: local 38 (Montreal), 447, 449n

Closed shop. See Union shop

Clothing Makers' Union of America, Custom, 50n

Clothing Makers' Union of America, Special Order, 50n; jurisdiction of, 49-50, 50n

Clothing Manufacturers' Association of New York City, 297n

Cluett, Peabody, and Co.: strike against (1905-6), 483-84n, 492

Coates, David C.,* 18n, 191-92, 192n, 467; and IWW founding convention, 452, 455-65

Cohen, Henry, 354n; letter from, 353-54

Cohen, Simon A., 277, 278n

Cohen, William, 374, 376n

Coleman, John, 169n

Collar and Shirt Manufacturers' Association (Troy, N.Y.): strike against (1905-6), 483-84n

Collar Starchers' Union: strike, 1905-6 (local 1, Troy, N.Y.), 483-84n, 492

Collective ownership of means of production and distribution: AFL and, 196, 197n, 199, 205n

Colorado: organizing in, 15-17, 203

Colorado Springs (Colo.) Federated Trades Council, 15, 17n

Colorado State Federation of Labor, 5:92n, 18-19n, 87n; convention, 1902 (Trinidad, Colo.), 16-17, 19n

Columbia River Fishermen's Protective Union, 5n

Commons, John R.,* 478, 480n

Company benefits system, 138

Compton, John L., 5:396n, 85, 87n

Connolly, Patrick H., 177, 177-78n

Conried, Heinrich, 516-17, 517n

Conroy, James B., 367, 369n, 502, 504n

Consolidated Traction Co., 13n

Conspiracy, 353, 526n

Contempt of court, 353

Contracting Carpenters' Association (Schenectady, N.Y.), 176n, 179, 179n

Contractors' and Material Men's Association (Denver), 18n

Contracts: SG and, 148

Conway, Frank, 32-33, 33n

Cooks, organization of, 390-92

Copeland, T. V., 308n

Copely, DeWitt C., 364, 365n

Cornelius, Richard, 270, 271n

Cortelyou, George B., 5:425n; letter to, 195

Counsel: labor's right to be heard by, 96-97

Courts: and labor. See Injunctions; Lochner v. New York; Loewe v. Lawlor; People v. Lochner; Taff Vale decision; Wunch v. Shankland

Coxey, Jacob, 3:482n, 37n

Cranston, Frederick P., 459, 460n

Crider, Mr., 122

Critchlow, Walter G.,* 398, 400n, 403, 436

Crockett, George L., 435, 439n

Cronin, Frederick W., 461, 463, 464n

Cullom, Shelby, 232n

Cumberland Telephone and Telegraph Co: strike against (1902), 32n

D

Dahlstrom, George E., 189n; letter from, 186-89

Darrow, Clarence S.,* 104, 104n, 237, 238n; letter to, 113

Davenport, Daniel, 327-29, 333-38, 339n

Day, William R., 421, 423n

Dayton (Ohio) Baseball Club, 145n

Dayton (Ohio) Central Labor Union, 145n

Dayton (Ohio) Employers' Association, 5:367n, 144, 145n

Debs, Eugene V.,* 17n, 36-37, 37n, 395, 397n, 432, 432n; and founding of IWW, 384, 384n, 449, 452, 454, 457, 459-60, 464-65, 467, 468n

Degetau Gonzalez, Federico, 251, 257n

DeLeon, Daniel,* 117, 118n, 202; and founding of IWW, 444, 449, 455, 458-59, 467, 468n

Democratic party, 36

Denby, Edwin, 527n

Denison (Tex.) Labor Trades Council, 19-20, 20n

Denver: divisions in labor movement in, 18-19n, 85-87, 87n

Denver Amalgamated Trades and Labor Assembly (independent), 18-19n, 353

Denver Building Trades Council, 15, 17-18n

Denver Federation of Labor, 18n

Denver Incorporated Trades and Labor Assembly (AFL affiliate), 18-19n, 85-86, 87n, 353

Denver Trades and Labor Assembly (AFL affiliate), 2:288n, 16, 18-19n, 353

Denver Trades and Labor Assembly (independent), 18, 85-86, 87n

DeVeaux, Harry,* 517, 518n

Devine, Edward T., 486n

Dickens, Charles, 98, 100n

Dietrich, Charles E., 411, 412n

Dilke, Charles W., 337, 340n

Dillworth, Daniel L., 145n

Direct employment: by state and local governments, SG and, 478

Dold, Charles,* 469n, 495, 497n

Donegan, Mr., 270

Donnelly, Michael J.,* 313, 315n, 321, 326n, 468, 469n

Douglas, William L., 350n

Downey, Daniel, 164, 164n

Downey, Patrick J., 53n, 166, 167n, 211

Downing, William C., 475, 476n

Doyle, John, 475, 476n

Draper, Patrick M.,* 134, 136n; letter to, 156-58

Dred Scott v. Sandford, 331-32, 340n

Drinkhouse, John A., 341, 341n

Driscoll, Dennis D., 5:*, 11n

"Driscoll substitute," 11n, 133

DuBois, W. E. B., 91n; letter to, 90-91

Duffy, Frank,* 8n, 67n, 207, 207n, 290n, 473n; and jurisdiction, 62-66, 176n; letters to, 21-22, 42-44, 165-67, 178-79, 181, 264-65, 533-35; and McGuire, 6, 92-93, 546n

Dukes, Aaron N., 140, 141n

Duncan, James,* 4, 5n, 116n, 217n, 232, 239, 259, 308n, 314, 316, 512; and AFL conventions, 54, 56, 57n, 64, 196, 197n, 200, 206, 212, 357-58, 360n, 362, 364-66, 370, 374-75, 492, 493n, 498-500, 502n; and AFL Executive Council meeting, 133-34; candidacy for AFL presidency, 171; elected AFL vice-president, 209 (1903), 376n (1904), 509n (1905); letters from, 146-47, 183-85

Dyche, John A.,* 276-77, 278n, 518-19, 519n; letter to, 473-74

Dyers' Helpers and Finishers of America, United, 29n

E

Easley, Gertrude B. See Beeks, Gertrude B.

Easley, Ralph M.,* 105, 105n, 172, 236n, 237, 417, 513; letters from, 235-36, 386-87, 489-90

Echel, James, 13n

Edmonston, Gabriel,* 91-93, 93n

Education: SG and, 479

Edwards, Enoch, 62n

Edwards, Thomas J.,* 260n; letter from, 258-60

Eggs, William L., 15, 19n

Eight-hour workday: SG and, 478. See also Legislation, state: Colorado: eight-hour law; Legislation, U.S.: eight-hour legislation; Workday: 8-hour

Eisenrath, William C., 15, 19n

Eisner, A. G.: letter to, 218-19

Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,* 122n; convention, 1903 (Milwaukee), 139, 140n; jurisdiction of, 297-99, 299n; local 355 (Wilkinsburg, Pa.), 121-22, 122n; strike, 1902 (local 4, New Orleans), 31, 31-32n

Eliot, Charles W., 356-59, 360n, 417, 423n

Elm, Johann Adolph von,* 413n; letter to, 412-13

Elmira (N.Y.) Central Trades and Labor Assembly, N.Y.), 152n

Elton, Charles, 415, 417n

Emmendorf, M., 276, 278n

Employees, injuries of, 353

Employers' liability act: SG and, 479

Engel, Anton J.,* 228-30, 231n

Engineers, Amalgamated Society of,* 157, 158n, 447, 449n

Evans, Christopher, 4:*, 270, 271n

F

Fahey, Charles P., 4:408n, 3, 4n

Fairgrieve, Alexander,* 455, 457n, 462

Fall River (Mass.) Textile Council, 350n

Falú, Pedro, 253, 258n

Fay, Stephen, 493n

Federación Libre de los Trabajadores de Puerto Rico (Free Federation of the Workers of Puerto Rico), 252-54, 258n; strike (1905), 424-25, 427-28, 429n

Federación Regional de los Trabajadores de Puerto Rico (Regional Federation of the Workers of Puerto Rico), 252-54, 257-58n

Findley, Alvin I.: letter to, 411

Firemen, International Brotherhood of Stationary,* 135n; conventions: 1898 (Kansas City, Mo.) 319, 326n; 1904 (Washington, D.C.), 317-26, 326n; jurisdiction of, 9-10, 10-11n, 88-89, 89-90n, 101-2, 102-3n, 133-34, 135-36n, 208, 223-28, 228n, 297-99, 299n, 317-26, 326-27n, 365-67, 368n, 452, 453n, 500-502, 502-3n; local 42 (Philadelphia), 503n; local 86 (San Francisco), 101-2, 102-3n; strike, 1904- (local 75, Belleville, Ill.), 367, 369n; and withdrawal from AFL, 317-18, 323, 326n

Fischer, Henry,* 214n, 400; letter from, 214

Fishermen of the Pacific, United, 5n

Fishermen's Protective Union of the Pacific Coast and Alaska, 5n

Fitchie, Thomas, 111n

Fitzpatrick, John, 283, 285n

Flat Janitors: local 102 (Chicago), 447, 449n

Flett, John A.,* 21, 22n, 134, 404, 404n

Flint Glass Workers' Union, American,* 448, 450n; convention, 1905 (Martins Ferry, Ohio), 448-49, 450n; jurisdiction of, 448

Flood, Emmet, 469, 469n

Flynn, Edward, 193

Flynn, Thomas H., 5:393n, 169n, 262-63, 268-69, 270n; letters to, 167-70

Fosdick, Sherman G., 16, 19n

Foster, David, 527n

Foster, Frank K.,* 362-63, 364n, 375-76, 504-5, 508, 508n

Foster, John W., 378n; letter to, 377-78

Foster, Volney W., 232n

Frankel, J., 277, 278n

French, Mr., 31n

Freund, John C., 396, 397n

Frey, John P.,* 147, 147n

Frohlichstein Cigar Manufacturing Co.: strike against (1903-4), 293, 293n

Fuller, Hugh R., 544, 545n

Furniture Manufacturers' Association (Grand Rapids, Mich.), 229-30, 231n

Furuseth, Andrew,* 11, 12n; and AFL conventions, 212, 212n, 374-75, 376n, 501, 503n, 507, 509n; letter from, 261; letters to, 170-71, 270-71

G

Gallagher, John, 546n

Galley, Alford A., 398, 400n

Galveston, Tex.: flood (1900), 362, 364n

Gardner, John J., 5:198n, 526, 527n, 529n

Garland, Mahlon M.,* 235, 236n

Garment Workers of America, United,* 4n, 116, 116n, 355n; convention (1904), 297n; jurisdiction of, 49-50, 50n, 189-90, 191n; organizing in South, 3; strikes: 1902 (Chicago), 50n; 1903-8 (local 136, Rochester, N.Y.), 297n; 1904 (New York City), 294-96, 297n, 313; 1904 (local 110, Philadelphia), 297n; 1904-5 (Chicago), 405-6, 406-7n, 409-10, 410n

Garrett, John, 70, 71n

Garrison, William Lloyd, 4:408n, 333

Gaul, Joseph, 15, 19n

Geary Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Chinese exclusion legislation

General Railway Co., 13n

George, Herbert, 234, 234n

Germany: trade union movement in, SG and, 412-23

Gill, Charles M., 102n; letter from, 101-2

Gilthorpe, William J., 5:*, 473n

Gitterman, Alice Sterne, 267, 268n

Gladstone, William E., 3:580n, 335

Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of the U.S. and Canada,* 62n; convention (1904), 509n; jurisdiction of, 448; and Miners, Western Federation of, 505, 509n

Glass Workers' International Association, Amalgamated: local 1 (Chicago), 448, 450n

Golden, John,* 113-14, 115n, 355, 355n

Goldowsky, Bernard M., 432n; letter from, 430-32

Goldstein, David, 118n

Goldzwig, Emanuel, 489, 489n

Gompers, Abraham J.,* 34, 35n, 41, 108n; death of, 35n, 107, 117, 130, 232n

Gompers, Alexander J.,* 34, 35n, 238, 238n

Gompers, Sadie J.,* 12, 14n, 33, 41

Gompers, Samuel: addresses, 93-100, 245-57, 317-39, 345-50, 417-23; addresses mentioned, 31n, 35n, 158n, 191n, 314n, 378n, 389, 486n; article about, 160-63; article mentioned, 484n; articles by, 426-28, 480-82; circulars, 24-25, 158-59, 192-93, 405-6, 433-34; circulars mentioned, 136n, 218; debate with Brandeis, 71-83; description of, 160; editorials, 25-29, 123-25, 394-96; editorials mentioned, 11, 12-13n, 451; elected AFL president, 208, 210n (1903), 376n (1904), 509n (1905); family of, in New York, 128-29; illness of, 190, 381, 381n, 382; leadership, philosophy of, 321-22; residence of, 12; Shaffer's charges against, 55-56, 57n, 60-61, 67-68, 70n, 103, 104n; testimony, 537-45; work schedule of, 126, 128-29

--trips: western (July-Aug. 1902), 23n; New Orleans (Aug.-Sept. 1902), 30, 31n; New York and Pennsylvania (Sept. 1902), 38, 40n; Philadelphia (Jan. 1903), 92; Canada and New England (Apr.-May 1903), 109, 110n, 140, 159n; Kentucky (July 1903), 158, 158n; Midwest (July-Aug. 1903), 170n; Chicago (Oct. 1903), 189-90, 191n; New York City (Oct. 1903), 183-84, 186n; New York City (Dec. 1903), 217n; Puerto Rico (Feb.-Mar. 1904), 217n, 228, 228n, 231-32, 232n, 235, 237-39, 245-57, 257n, 426-27, 470; Ohio (Mar. 1905), 409; Midwest (May-June 1905), 430, 430n; Pennsylvania and New York City (Sept. 1905), 478, 479n; New York City (Dec. 1905), 512-13

Gompers, Samuel J.,* 35n

Gompers, Sophia Julian,* 34, 35n, 41, 117

Gordon, F. G. R., 117, 118n

Gordon, Kate M., 532, 532n

Grace, Lawrence A., 172n; letter to, 172

Gracy, George W., 243, 244n

Grange, 303, 308n

Granite Cutters' National Union of the U.S. of America,* 147n; Lithonia, Ga., branch, 120, 121n

Grant, Luke, 445n, 450n; letters from, 465-66, 468-69; reports of IWW founding convention, 442-64, 465n, 467-69n

Graves, Frank N., 387-88, 388n

Gray, George, 14n

Gray, Horace, 340n

Gray, James A., 241, 244n

Greenbaum, Leon, 203, 204n

Greenberger, Jesse, 474n

Gregg, Laura A., 532, 533n

Grieb Rubber Co.: strike against, 260n

Grimes, James F., 93n, 237, 264-65, 265n; letter to, 91-93

Gronland, Laurence, 395, 397n

Grossman, Herman,* 276-77, 278n

Grosvenor, Charles, 232n

Grout, Adelbert B.,* 443, 446n

Guard, R. Lee,* 150n, 154n, 161, 163n, 512n; letters from, 169-70, 237-38

Gubbins, George P.,* 173, 175n

Gutstadt, Herman,* 12n; letter to, 11-12

H

Haeselbarth, A. C., 426-28

Hagerty, Thomas J., 445n; and IWW founding convention, 443, 448, 450, 452, 454-55, 457-60, 462, 465, 467

Haggott, Warren, 282n

Hale, Marshall, 386, 387n

Hale, Prentis C., 386, 387n

Hale, Reuben B., 386, 387n

Hale Brothers, Inc., 386-87, 387n

Hall, William L., 408, 409n

Hamilton, M. Grant, 18n, 191, 192n, 262, 262n, 284, 285n

Hancock, John, 332-33, 349

Hanger, G. Wallace, 237, 238n

Hanna, Marcus A., 4:221n, 17n, 122, 138, 167-70, 170n, 212, 379; death of, 235, 236n, 379-80n; letter to, 40

Hannahan, John J.,* 235, 236n

Hardman, George S., 146, 147n

Harlan, John Marshall, 4:294n, 421, 423n

Harriman, Charles A., 398, 399-400n, 403-4, 405n, 435-39, 439n

Harris, George W., 4:391n, 119, 119n

Harris, William V., 15, 19n

Harrison, Thomas H., 498-99, 499n

Harry, George Y., 237, 238n; letters to, 532, 536-37

Hart, Lee M.,* 494, 496n

Hartzell, Charles, 424-25, 429n

Harzbecker, Frank,* 10n, 393n; letter to, 392-93

Haskell, William E., 299n; letter from, 297-99

Haskins, William H., 67-68, 70n

Hat and Cap Makers of North America, United Cloth,* 355n, 407n; strike, 1904-5 (New York City and New Jersey), 405-6, 407n, 409-10, 410n

Hatters of North America, United,* 177-78n; strike, 1902 (Danbury, Conn.), 177n. See also Loewe v. Lawlor

Hawaii: Chinese workers in, 195; Japanese workers in, 151n, 195; Korean workers in, 195, 195n; oriental labor in, 471-72, 472-73n; working conditions in, 372

Hay, Arthur A., 415, 416-17n

Hay, John, 378n

Hayes, Denis A.,* 63, 67n, 199, 204n, 361, 364n, 450n; elected AFL vice-president, 209 (1903), 376n (1904), 509n (1905)

Hayes, Max S.,* 62n; at AFL conventions, 59, 63-64, 67n, 69,

196, 197n, 200, 202, 204n, 501, 503n; letter to, 485-86

Haywood, William D.,* 37n, 281, 282-83n, 344n, 406n, 504-6, 509n; and IWW founding convention, 442, 450-52, 456-57, 459, 461-63; letter to, 343-44

Healy, Timothy,* 56, 57n, 501, 503n

Hearst, William Randolph, 5:63n, 213, 213n, 521, 521-22n

Hedley, Frank, 475, 476n

Heine, Heinrich, 419, 423n

Heinze, Frederick A., 285n

Heller, Charles, 222, 223n

Hernsheim factory: strike against (1902), 31n

Herwegh, Georg, 423n

Hibbert, Albert,* 119n, 358; letter to, 118-19

Higginson, Thomas H., 356

Hinchcliffe, John, 29n

Hitt, Robert, 232n, 261-62n

Hod Carriers' and Building Laborers' Union of America,

International,* 173-74, 175n

Hoehn, G. A., 2:*, 196, 197n

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr., 421, 423n

Honolulu Trades and Labor Council, 151n

Hotel and Restaurant Employees' International Alliance and Bartenders' International League of America,* 286n; local 14 (Denver), 5:396n, 15; local 767 (Washington, D.C.), 390

Hours of labor. See Workday

Houston, C. C., 107n

Huber, Jacob, 3:115n, 90n

Huber, William D.,* 6-7, 8n, 44, 92-93, 546n; elected AFL vice-president, 509n (1905)

Hudson, Oliver, 308n

Huebner, Adam,* 487, 488n

Hunt, William H., 254-55

Huntington, Henry E., 415-16, 417n

Huntington (W.Va.) Central Labor Union, 62n

I

Iglesias Pantín, Santiago,* 232n, 248, 252-54, 257n, 424-27, 429n; letters to, 382-83, 470

Illinois State Board of Arbitration, 5:510n, 314n

Income tax, 332

Income Tax Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Income Tax Act

Indiana: organizing in, 141

Indiana, State Federation of Trades and Labor Unions of the State of, 141n

Indiana Federation of Labor, 141n

Indiana State Federation of Labor, 3:229n, 141n

Individual: in modern industry, SG and: 95-96, 125, 338-39, 417-23, 543

Industrial disputes: mediation of, 14n, 29n, 40, 40n, 45-46, 46n, 103-4, 104n, 105, 241, 245n, 314n, 453n, 484n; AFL and, 516n; Duncan and, 183-85, 217n; National Civic Federation and, 13n, 408n; SG and, 154-56, 156n, 168, 176n, 178-79, 183-85, 186n, 189n, 214, 215n, 217n, 287-89, 350n, 380, 381n, 408n, 516-17, 517-18n

Industrial workers' clubs, 449n

Industrial Workers of the World, 518, 522; and Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United, 487; constitution of, 454-62; conventions: 1905 (Chicago), 384, 384-85n, 408, 442-64 (accounts of), 464-68; 1906, 461n; and Miners, Western Federation of, 506-7, 508n; SG and, 451, 467

Ingraham, Dr., 335

Initiative, 302-6, 308n

Injunctions, 74-75, 80-81, 83-84n, 90n, 194, 226, 228n, 229-30, 344, 353, 406-7n, 424-25, 428, 429n, 442n, 510; SG and, 331, 440-41, 537-45. See also Legislation, U.S.: anti-injunction bills

Insurance companies: AFL and, 492; investigation of, 493n

Interborough Rapid Transit Co., 475; strike against (1905), 407, 408n, 452, 521n

Inter Mountain Publishing Co.: American Labor Union and, 284

International Laborers' Union, 403-4, 435-39; local 196 (Rockland, Maine), 399n, strike (1905), 436-39, 439n

Iron Molders' Union of North America, 4:*; local 45 (Dayton,

Ohio), 144, 145n

Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers, Amalgamated Association of,* 57n; convention, 1902 (Wheeling, W.Va.), 55, 57n, 103, 104n

Italian workers: organization of, 290, 290-91n

J

Jackson, John J., 80-81, 84n

Jackson (Miss.) Trades and Labor Council, 182, 182n

Japanese: exclusion of, SG and, 150n

Japanese-Mexican Protective Association: strike (1903), 150, 151n

Japanese workers: AFL and, 151n; organization of, 149-50, 150-51n; SG and, 149, 151n, 195

Jefferson, Thomas, 333

Johnson, C. R., 243

Johnson, Jacob E., 443-44, 446n

Johnson, Robert C., 194n; letter from, 193-94

Johnstown, Pa.: flood (1889), 362, 364n

Jones, A. W. "Puggy," 59, 62n

Jones, Jerome,* 38n; letters to, 37-38, 180

Jones, Mary Harris "Mother,"* 84n, 262, 262n, 270, 443, 453

Jordan, Edward L., 110, 111n, 492, 493n

Julier, H. S., 289n; letter from, 287-89

Jurisdictional disputes, 297-99; AFL and, 11n, 44n, 50n, 52-53n, 53-55, 62-66, 67n, 101-2, 102-3n, 133-34, 135-36n, 165-66, 207-8, 208n, 210-11, 211n, 312n, 326n, 342, 343n, 365-67, 368n, 373-76, 377n, 493-96, 496n, 497-502, 503n; AFL Executive Council and, 10-11n, 43-44, 44n, 54-55, 62-64, 66n, 89, 90n, 133-34, 135-36n, 165-66, 167n, 181, 312n, 326n, 342, 343n, 450n, 502-3n; SG and, 9-10, 10-11n, 42-44, 45n, 50-52, 88-89, 90n, 158n, 165-67, 167n, 219-20, 223-28, 276-78, 299n, 312n, 317-26, 351-52, 352n, 473-74, 475n, 499n, 500, 502-3n
--Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United (IUUBW): v. Firemen, International Brotherhood of Stationary (IBSF), 5:162n, 172n, 292n, 375n, 515-16n, 9-10, 10-11n, 88-89, 89-90n, 133-34, 135-36n, 208, 223-28, 228n, 317-26, 326-27n, 365-67, 368n, 452, 453n, 500-502, 502-3n; v. Steam Engineers, International Union of (IUSE), 5:162n, 172n, 292n, 515-16n, 9-10, 10-11n, 88-89, 89-90n, 133-34, 135-36n, 208, 223-28, 228n, 365-67, 368n, 452, 453n, 500-502, 502-3n; v. Teamsters, International Brotherhood of, 365-67, 367-68n, 452, 500-502 --Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, International Association of, v. AFL Local Union (LU) 10,315, 210, 211n
--Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of: v. AFL LU 9891, 44, 45n; v. Carpenters and Joiners, Amalgamated Society of, 42-44, 44-45n, 51, 62-64, 66-67n, 175-76, 176n, 178-79, 210-11, 219-20, 326n; v. Wood-Workers' International Union of America, Amalgamated (AWWIU), 5:422-23n, 51, 52-53n, 64-66, 66-67n, 165-67, 167n, 181, 211, 211n, 500, 503n --Carriage and Wagon Workers' International Union of North America v. Metal Polishers', Buffers', Platers', Brass Molders', and Brass and Silver Workers' International Union of North America, 311, 312n
--Clothing Makers' Union of America, Special Order, v. Garment Workers of America, United, 49-50, 50n
--cooks, 390-92
--Flint Glass Workers Union, American, v. Glass Bottle Blowers Association of the U.S. and Canada, 448, 450n
--IBSF 86 v. AFL LU 9840, 101-2, 102-3n
--IUSE v. Miners, Western Federation of, 352n
--Longshoremen, Marine, and Transport Workers' Association, International, v. Seamen's Union of America, International, 51, 52n, 53-55, 373-76, 377n, 497-99, 499n, 502
--Machinists, International Association of, v. Typographical Union, International, 5:104-5n, 292n, 339n
--Piano and Organ Workers' International Union of America v. AWWIU, 66n
--Plumbers, Gas Fitters, Steam Fitters, and Steam Fitters' Helpers of the U.S. and Canada, United Association of, v. Steam, Hot Water, and Power Pipe Fitters and Helpers, International Association of, 342, 343n

Justi, Herman, 5:311n, 123-24, 126n

K

Kean, John, 341n; letter from 340-41

Keefe, Daniel J.,* 57n, 235, 259, 470, 513; at AFL conventions, 53-55, 375-76, 376n, 498-99, 499n; elected AFL vice-president, 209 (1903), 376n (1904), 509n (1905)

Keegan, John J., 121, 122n, 140n; letter from, 139

Keene, Rufus, 182, 182n

Kemper, Louis,* 9, 10n, 449, 487; at AFL conventions, 210, 210n, 366, 368n, 500-502, 503n; letters to, 88-89, 223-28

Kenehan, Roady,* 504, 507, 508n

Kennaday, Paul, 485, 486n

Kennedy, Adolphus, 116n; letter from, 115-16

Kennedy, John, 62n

Kennedy, William E., 122n, 139, 493n; letter from, 121-22

Keogh, Mae, 492, 493n

Kerr, Robert B.,* 188, 189n

Ketterer, William, 291-92, 292n

Keyes, John, 201, 204n

Kidd, Thomas I.,* 17n, 134, 165, 408n, 432n, 468-69, at AFL conventions, 63, 65-66, 67n, 198, 204n, 508, 509n; elected AFL vice-president, 209, 210n (1903), 376n (1904); letters from, 15-17, 316; letters to, 191-92, 432; resignation of, 316, 317n

Kirby, John Jr., 5:367n, 98-99, 100-101n

Kirkpatrick, Charles G.,* 443, 445n, 461, 487-88n

Klapetzky, William E.,* 16, 19n

Kneeland, Frederick J.,* 205, 206n

Knights of Labor: local assembly 2025 (Ft. Bragg, Calif.), 242, 244n

Knox, Philander, 14n

Knoxville Woolen Mills: strike against (1900-1903), 118-19, 119n

KOL. See Knights of Labor

Kolb, Robert, 147, 147n

Koreans: exclusion of, 471; SG and, 195

Korean workers, 195n; SG and, 195

Kreft, Ernst, 4:411n, 208, 210n

L

Labadie, Joseph A.,* 108n; letter to, 107

Labor: history of organization of, 418-19; specialization of, SG and, 338-39

Labor Day, 3:106-7n, 197n, 202-3

Laborers' Union, International,* 397-98, 399n

"Labor's Bill of Grievances," 535, 535n

Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, International,* 156n; convention, 1904 (Boston), 276-77, 278n; local 1 (New York City), 276, 278n; local 6 (New York City), 278n, 473-74, 474-75n; local 7 (Philadelphia), 278n; local 9 (New York City), 276, 278n; local 10 (Cleveland), 278n; local 10 (New York City), 475n; local 12 (New York City), 278n; local 14 (Cleveland), 278n; local 15 (New York City), 278n, 473, 475n; local 20 (Philadelphia), 278n; local 23 (New York City), 276, 278n; local 26 (Boston), 278n; local 35 (New York City), 276, 278n; local 38 (Montreal), 279n; local 63 (Philadelphia), 278n; SG mediation of dispute, 276-78; strike: 1903 (Chicago), 155, 156n

LaFrance Fire Engine Co., 152

Lambert, Frederick J., 6-7, 8n

Lanphere, Emma, 386-87, 387n

Lansing, Theodore F., 195, 195n

Larger, Bernard A.,* 406, 407n

Laughlin, Gail, 532, 533n

Laundry Workers' International Union, Shirt, Waist, and,* 493n; strike, 1905-6 (local 2, Troy, N.Y.), 484n, 492

Lavery, John T., 367, 368-69n

Lavery amendment, 367, 368n, 502, 504n

Lavin, Charles, 197, 204n

Lawrence, Joseph M.,* 536n; letter to, 535

Leak, Walter R., 402n

Leake, Harry P., 424, 428, 429n

Lectures, free: SG and, 479

Lee, Robert E., 31, 31n

Leffingwell, Samuel L.,* 523, 525n

Legislation, foreign:
--Canada: labor agitation in, 158-59, 159-60n
--Puerto Rico: eight-hour law, 254-55, 258n

Legislation, state: AFL financial support of lobbying for, 388, 389n
--Alabama: antiboycott law (1903), 108, 110n, 192, 193n, 293, 293-94n, 388; child labor law (1903), 108, 109-10n
--Colorado: eight-hour law (1899), 5:115n, 283n
--New York: bakers' ten-hour law (1895, 1896, 1897), 393, 393-94n, 420-21
--Texas, 387-88, 388n; garnishment of wages law (1905), 388, 388n; poll tax law, 388, 388n; railroad safety laws (1905), 388, 388n

Legislation, U.S.:

--anti-injunction bills: H.R. 89 (1903), 231, 232n, 301-6, 308n; H.R. 4445 (1905), 525, 526n, 527, 537-45; H.R. 18,752 (1906), 525, 526-27n
--antitrust legislation: Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), 4:28n, 178n
--arbitration bill, S. 3259 (1904), 231, 232n
--Chinese exclusion legislation: Geary Act (1892), 3:371-72n, 261, 262n; Act of 1902, 5:458-59n, 286n, 471; H.R. 9330 (1902), 5:458-59n, 48, 48n; H.R. 13,031 (1902), 5:459n, 11, 12-13n, 48, 48n; S. 2960 (1902), 5:458-59n, 48, 48n; Act of 1904, 286, 286-87n, 372, 472n; H.R. 15,167 (1904), 261, 261n; H.R. 12,973 (1906), 525, 527, 527n, 529; H.R. 18,022 (1906), 525, 527n
--convict labor bill, H.R. 10,006 (1904), 231, 232n
--deficiency bill, H.R. 12,320 (1906), 525-26, 526n, 527-28
--eight-hour legislation: Act of 1892, 3:405n, and Panama Canal workers, 525-28; H.R. 6882 (1900), 5:197-98n, 48, 48n; H.R. 4064 (1903), 231, 232n, 302-6, 308n, 477, 525; H.R. 8134 (1903), 308n; S. 489 (1903), 231, 232n; H.R. 11,651 (1906), 527, 529n. See also Legislation, U.S.: deficiency bill
--free lecture bill, 267, 268n
--Geary Act (1892), 3:371-72n, 261, 262n
--Income Tax Act (1894), 3:548n, 332, 340n
--interstate commerce court bill, S. 7051 (1905), 353-54, 354n
--Militia Act (1903), 201, 204n
--railroad legislation: Safety Appliance Act, 3:284n, 372
--Safety Appliance Act (1893; uniform car coupler law), 3:284n, 372
--seamen's legislation: White Act, 5:15n, 371
--Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), 4:28n, 178n
--tariff legislation: Wilson-Gorman Tariff (1894), 3:554n, 340
--White Act (1898), 5:15n, 371
--Wilson-Gorman Tariff (1894), 3:554n, 340

Legislative demands of labor, 96, 300-307, 372, 493n; demonstration regarding (1906), 526, 528-29, 535; SG and, 478-79, 525-27, 527n, 528-29, 545. Seealso "Labor's Bill of Grievances"

Legislative records: of political candidates, 47-48

Lennon, John,* 19n, 57n, 128n, 133-34, 163n, 239; at AFL conventions, 54, 59-60, 207, 207n, 369, 373n, 492, 493n, 501; elected AFL treasurer 209 (1903), 376n (1904), 509n (1905); letters from, 464-65, 509-11; letters to, 126-27, 189-90, 312-14, 467-68, 512-13

Lennon, Juna Allen (Mrs. John B.), 3:142n; letter to, 523-25

Leonard, James, 3:243-44n, 182-83, 183n; letter to, 182-83

Lewis, Thomas L.,* 67, 70n, 366, 368n, 508, 509n

Libby (company): strike against (1904), 313-14, 314-15n

Liebig, Albert F.,* 291, 292n

Lien laws, 372; SG and, 479

Lighthall, George,* 60, 62n

Lincoln, Abraham, 333, 335

Lindstrom, Ellen, 483, 484n

Little, John, 526n

Littlefield, Charles E., 5:327n, 537, 539-43

Livernash, Edward J., 261, 261-62n, 270-71

Living wage: SG and, 148. See also Minimum wage

Lizarraras, J. M., 150n

Lochner, Joseph, 393-94n

Lochner v. New York, 394n, 420-21

Lockman, Frank, 32n

Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, 4:*; strike, 1905 (local 105, New York City), 407, 408n, 452, 521n

Locomotive Firemen, Brotherhood of,* 36, 37n; strike, 1905

(local 149, New York City), 407, 408n, 452, 521n

Lodge, Henry Cabot, 4:147n, 212

Loewe, D. E.: boycott against (1902), 177-78n; strike against (1902), 177n. See also Loewe v. Lawlor

Loewe v. Lawlor, 177, 177-78n, 328, 440

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 81, 84n

Longshoremen, Marine, and Transport Workers' Association, International,* 52n, 126, 127n; jurisdiction of, 51, 52n, 53-55, 373-76, 377n, 497-99, 499n, 502

Los Angeles: organizing in, 414-16, 416n

Los Angeles Co. Council of Labor, 4:480n, 151n

Los Angeles Examiner, 213, 213n

Los Angeles Railway Co.: strike against (1903), 416n

Los Angeles Times, 415; boycott of, 417n; strike against (1890-92, 1893- ), 212-13, 213n

Lougheed, James, 159n

Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904, St. Louis), 121, 123n; AFL and, 237, 238n

Lovely, Collis P.,* 15, 17n, 233

Lowman, John H., 485, 486n

Lynch, Edward J.,* 112, 112n, 312n, 443; letter from, 311

Lynch, James M.,* 132n, 213n; letter to, 212-13

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