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Volume 7 Index A-L

This index also includes references to substantive annotations in previous volumes that are not repeated here; for instance, the reference to the American Labor Union annotation in volume four appears in this index as 4:453n; and the glossary entry for Clarence Darrow in volume six appears in this index as 6:*.

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A(Asterisks indicate glossary entries)

Actor's National Protective Union,* 41n

Adair, John A. M., 99n; letter from, 99

Adams, John Q., 88

AFL. See American Federation of Labor

"A.F. of L. Campaign Programme," 20, 21n, 60-64, 64n, 95; reactions to, 64-67

Aldrich, William F., 80, 90n

Aldridge, William, 130, 142n

Allen, Amos L., 80, 89n, 90n

Allen, Colonel. See Mulhall, Martin M.

Allen, John W., and Sons, 461n

Allen, Louis L., 301, 302n

Allied Printing Trades Label, 337

Alonso, Rafael, 53n

Alpine, John R.,* 442n, 453n; elected AFL vice-president, 427n (1908)

American and English Encyclopaedia of Law, 468n

American Anti-Boycott Association, 245, 246n

American Boom and Timber Co.: strike against (1908), 378-80

American Bridge Co.: strike against (1905- ), 6: 515-16n, 12-13

American Federationist, 249n, 263; financial support of, 425-26, 427n

American Federation of Labor: Committee on Building Trades, 275-76, 276n, 277-79; constitution, 319, 320n; defense fund, 6: 128n, 52n, 123-24, 427n, 455n; headquarters, 446-47; newsletter, 426, 427n; office building, 426, 427n, 446-47; SG on, 476; "We Don't Patronize List," see "We Don't Patronize List" (AFL)

--Building Trades Department, 365-68, 447, 459-60, 461n, 481; conventions: 1908 (Denver), 443, 445n; 1908 (Washington, D.C.), 312, 313n; 1909 (Tampa) 445n; 1910, 451n; and Glass Workers' International Association of America, Amalgamated, 449-50, 451n; and Hod Carriers and Building Laborers' Union of America, International, 443-44, 445-46n; organization of, 275-76, 276n, 277-79

--conventions: proceedings of, 405-6, 406-7n; 1887 (Baltimore), 211, 214n; 1888 (St. Louis), 367, 368n; 1897 (Nashville), 60, 64n; 1899 (Detroit), 170, 177n; 1902 (New Orleans), 37n, 56n, 243n; 1903 (Boston), 56n, 268n; 1904 (San Francisco), 34, 36n, 486n; 1905 (Pittsburgh), 33, 36n, 130, 201n; 1906 (Minneapolis), 37n, 113n, 126-41 (accounts of), 143-44, 146n, 148-50, 151n, 153, 156-57, 168n, 172, 175, 178, 180n, 182, 185, 186n, 199-200, 201-2n, 214-16, 235, 272-73, 274n, 317, 346n, 389-90, 408n, 424n, 450; 1907 (Norfolk), 216, 217n, 223n, 258n, 267-81 (accounts of), 286n, 288, 290, 297, 298n, 301, 317-18, 365-68, 389-90, 401n, 470n; 1908 (Denver), 269, 269n, 276n, 281n, 395, 400, 401n, 418-26 (accounts of), 428, 441, 452, 457, 470n; 1909 (Toronto), 426, 427n, 445n, 461n, 471n, 473n, 486n, 491; 1910 (St. Louis), 446n, 473n

--Executive Council: circulars issued by, 3-6, 6n, 60-64, 64n, 95, 389-93, 440-42 (see also "A.F. of L. Campaign Programme," "Labor's Bill of Grievances," "Labor's Protest to Congress"); circulars issued by, mentioned, 268n, 336n, 372, 372n, 389; and conference regarding Moyer, Haywood, and Pettibone, 144-46, 146n; election of, 281n, 427n; letters to, 17, 32-35, 109-10, 143-46, 152, 223, 266, 287, 289-90, 295-96, 309, 312-13, 318-20, 348, 356-57, 451-53, 457-58, 493-97

--Executive Council, meetings of: Sept. 1903, 6: 178n, 451n; Mar. 1906, 32-33, 36n; June 1906, 37n; Nov. 1906, 113n, 152n, 157, 178; Mar. 1907, 154n, 158n, 194n, 199-201 (minutes), 201n, 216-17; Aug. 1907, 195n, 223n, 242n, 252n, 286n; Jan. 1908, 274n, 309, 310n; Mar. 1908, 307, 308n, 311n, 315n, 319, 320n; Apr. 1908, 470n; June 1908, 308n, 310n, 315n, 342n, 347, 347n; July 1908, 310n, 350n; Sept. 1908, 383n, 387, 388n, 389, 399; Jan. 1909, 443; Apr. 1909, 451n, 457, 457n, 458; June 1909, 470, 470-71n, 496, 498n; Oct. 1909, 471n, 491, 492n; June 1911, 451n

--federal labor unions (FLU): FLU 8393 (Brunswick, Ga.), 187, 190n, strike (1903), 187, 190n; FLU 11,747 (Walnut, N.C.), 205, 205n; FLU 12,050 (Lexington, Ky.), 22n; FLU 12,495 (Tell City, Ind.), 229n, strike (1907), 227-29, 229n, 234-35

--Labor Representation Committee, 63, 110n, 135, 376-77; report of, 389-92

--Legislative Committee, 16, 16n, 19, 141n, 169, 191, 288, 346-47, 371n, 372, 389, 457, 458n

--local unions, directly affiliated (LU): LU 8156 (cigar tobacco strippers, Boston), 306, 308-9n, 365, 461-62, strike (1908), 309n; LU 10,535 (bottle caners, San Francisco), 219-20, 220n; LU 10,630 (excavators, New York City), 149, 150n; LU 10,631 (rockmen, New York City), 149, 150n; LU 11,594 (hat trimmers, Wabash, Ind.), 197-99, 199n, letter to, 230-31; LU 12,283 (moccasin and moccasin slipper workers, Bangor, Maine), 126n; LU 12,442 (laborers, Goldfield, Nev.), 283, 286n; LU 12,542 (chair plaiters, Tell City, Ind.), 234-35, 236n; LU 12,647 (marine sack sewers and cargo repairers, New Orleans), 225n

--Metal Trades Department, 365-68, 368n, 447

--organizers, 181, 190-92, 301; and campaign, 1906, 96-97, 99-100, 102n, 107n, 109n, 121-22, 122n, 358; and campaign, 1908, 346-47, 347n, 350n, 358, 360, 376-77, 377-78n, 380, 383-84, 390; cost of, 165, 231-32; and fees, collection of, 225-26; letters from, 45, 58-59, 99-100, 152, 209, 227-29, 233-35, 281-82, 343-45, 378-80, 383-84, 459-61, 493-97; letters to, 51-52, 57-58, 105-7, 115, 126, 225-26, 231-32, 298-99, 373-74, 394-95, 428; mentioned, 17, 48, 58, 69, 70n, 90n, 104, 104n, 107n, 111, 166n, 181, 190, 198-99, 199n, 209, 224, 225n, 227n, 229n, 230-31, 236, 237n, 268n, 281-82, 298-99n, 340n, 345-46, 347n, 350n, 358, 360, 376, 377-78n, 384n, 385, 390, 395n, 396-97, 398n, 416-17, 417n, 444, 445n, 449, 461n, 469, 472, 473n, 480, 482n, 492, 495, 498n

--Union Label Trades Department: convention, 1909 (Washington, D.C.), 456, 457n

American Federation of Labor et al. v. Buck's Stove and Range Co., 249-50n. See also Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases: injunction case

American Labor Union, 4: 453n, 403-4

American Masters of Sculpture (Caffin), 442, 443n

American Peace Society, 214n

American Sheet and Tin Plate Co.: strike against (1909-10), 472, 473n, 480

American Society of Equity, 234, 236n, 268, 301; state conventions: Kentucky, 1908 (Henderson), 301, 302n; Minnesota, 1908 (St. Paul), 301, 302n; Wisconsin, 1908 (Eau Claire), 301, 302n

American Tobacco Co., 473n

Anderson, Thomas H., 357, 357n

Appleton, William A.,* 489, 490n

A. R. Barnes and Co. et al. v. Chicago Typographical Union No. 16, 12n

Arbitration, international, 179-80, 180n, 206, 211, 214n

Arbitration boards, 300; SG views on, 300n

Arnold, Emil, 427n

Asiatic Exclusion League, 147, 148n

Associated Press, 406n

Atlas Cement Works, 45

Augusta (Ga.) Trades Council, 59n

Austin, John, 468n

B

Bailey, Willis J., 80, 90n

Baine, Charles L.,* 39n; letter from, 37-39

Baltimore Federation of Labor, 2: 68n, 120n

Baltz, J. & P., Brewing Co.: proposed boycott of (1906), 33

Barbers' International Union of America, Journeymen, 6:*; local 205 (Denver), 8, 9n

Barnard, George G., 442, 443n

Barnes, J. Mahlon,* 129, 141n, 144, 427n

Barnett, Cicero M., 329n

Barr, Frank, 408n; letter from, 407

Barrett, Charles S., 59, 59n

Battle Creek Breakfast Food Co., Ltd., 302-4, 304n

Beattie, William W.,* 250, 252n

Bechtold, George,* 154n; letter from, 153-54

Beck, James, 250n

Beeks, Gertrude, 6: 387n, 244

Bell, Charles K., 160-61, 161n

Bell, George W., 383, 385n

Bell, Henry C., 348-50, 350n, 357-60, 377; letter to, 348-50

Bell, Theodore A., 117, 118n, 384

Belmont, August, 6: 380n, 69-70, 70n

Benner, Lafayette, 76, 90n

Bennett, J. S., 104, 105n

Bensley, Martha S., 46, 47n

Berger, Victor L.,* 129-31, 137-39, 141-42n, 269, 269n, 270, 274, 280

Berlyn, Bernard, 363, 364n

Berner, Edmund, 130, 142n

Berry, George L.,* 337, 338n

Bert, George, 48, 48n

Billings, Hollis C., 59n; letter from, 58-59

Black, Robert J., 121, 122n

Black Hand Society, 393

Blackman, William,* 108, 109n

Blacks: and housing in Washington, 255; and railroad travel in the South, 21-22

Blackstone, William, 468n

Black workers, 21-22, 187-89, 190n, 224-25, 225n, 228, 234

Blaine, James G., 2: 173n, 88

Block, Alexander, 469, 471n

Bock, Charles, 116, 118n

Bodine, George C., 498n; letter from, 493-97

Boiler Makers and Iron Ship Builders' Helpers, Heaters, and Holders-on of America, International Brotherhood of, 177n

Boiler Makers and Iron Ship Builders of America, Brotherhood of, 176, 177n

Boiler Makers and Iron Ship Builders of North America, United, 176, 178n

Boiler Makers, Iron Ship Builders, and Helpers of America,International Brotherhood of,* 89n, 178n; convention, 1906 (Kansas City, Kans.), 75, 89-90n; local 40 (Louisville, Ky.), 233-34, 235n; local 168 (Bath, Maine), 76, 90n

Bonaparte, Charles J., 5: 484n, 196-97, 197n

Boot and Shoe Workers' Union,* 39-40n; arbitration system, 37, 40n; conferences, 1906, 38, 40n; conventions: 1899 (Rochester, N.Y.), 5: 111-12n, 40n; 1906 (Milwaukee), 39, 40n; and Douglas, W. L., Shoe Co., 399, 400n; financial condition of, 38-39; and KOL, 39; local 32 (Lynn, Mass.), 50; local 159 (Syracuse, N.Y.), 339-40, 340n; local 192 (Brockton, Mass.), 37, 39n; strikes: 1905 (local 192, Brockton), 37, 39n; 1906-7 (local 159, Syracuse), 185, 186n, 339

Boston Central Labor Union, 1: 166n, 313

Bousfield, Harry, 69n; letter from, 69; letter to, 94-95

Bowen, Anna T., 365n; letter from, 365

Bowers, Lloyd, 473n

Bowersock, Justin DeW., 94, 95n

Boycott, SG and, 160-61. See also Boycotts; "We Don't Patronize List" (AFL)

Boycotts: Baltz, J. & P., Brewing Co. (proposed, 1906), 33; Buck's Stove and Range Co. (1906-), 153-54, 154n, 249n, 263, 287, 289, 295-96, 296n, 430, 434-35; Dayton (Ohio) Manufacturing Co. (1899-1900), 194n; Elizabeth (N.J.) Daily Journal (1908), 337-38, 338n; Franklin Brewing Co. (1907), 209-10; Houston Ice and Brewing Co. (1907), 222; Kuppenheimer, B., and Co. (1907- ), 178-79, 179n; Loewe v. Lawlor, see "We Don't Patronize List" (AFL), discontinuation of; Ludlow Valve Co. (proposed, 1906), 53-54, 54n; National Cash Register Co. (proposed, 1907), 167-68, 168n, 193, 194-95n; Nettleton, A. E., Co. (1906), 186n; Schultz, Otto B. (1905-6), 158n

Boyd, James E., 186n

Brandeis, Louis D., 6: 83n, 186n, 245, 339-40, 400n

Brandenburg, Broughton, 257-58n, 269, 270n, 271

Branting, Karl H., 484, 486n

Brauer Zeitung, 215, 217n

Breen, John, 445n

Brewers Exchange (New Orleans), 494-95, 497

Brewery Workers of America, United, 498n; jurisdiction of,498n

Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United,* 36n; charter, restoration of, 272-74, 274n, 317-18; charter, revocation of, 33-35, 36-37n, 199-201, 201-2n, 215-17, 223, 223n, 317; convention, 1908 (New York City), 495, 498n; and IWW, 34; jurisdiction of, 32-35, 36-37n, 152, 152-53n, 199-201, 201-2n, 208-10, 210-11n, 221-22, 222n, 272-74, 274n, 317-18, 451-52, 493-97; letter to, 317-18; local 44 (Denver), 8, 9n; local 56 (Denver), 8, 9n; local 58 (Denver), 8, 9n; local 80 (Columbus, Ohio), 152n; local 111 (Houston), 221, 222n; local 161 (New Orleans), 498n; local 215 (New Orleans), 495-96, 498n; strikes: 1907 (Columbus), 209-10, 210n; 1907-8 (local 161, New Orleans), 498n

Bricklayers' and Masons' International Union of America,* 281-82, 282n; convention, 1908 (Detroit), 282n; Jewish Union of (Cleveland), 281-82, 282n; local 2 (Jacksonville, Fla.), 354-55, 356n; local 5 (Cleveland), 282, 282n

Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, International Association of,* 13n; AFL financial appeal in support of, 12-13; strike, 1905- , 6: 515-16n, 12-13

Brinkman, John, 246n

Brockhausen, Frederick, 67n, 130, 142n; letters from, 64-67, 157

Brockton (Mass.) City Council, 400n

Brockton (Mass.) Joint Shoe Council, 37, 39n

Brockton (Mass.) Shoe Manufacturers' Assoc., 37, 39n, 400n

Brown, Arthur L., 186n

Brown, E. Gerry, 141n

Brown, Morris, 3: 143n, 6: 364n; letter to, 254-55

Brumm, Charles N., 336n; letter to, 334-36

Bruner, Mary, 231, 231n

Bryan, William Jennings, 4: 234n, 300n, 387, 387n, 404; and campaign, 1908, 310-11, 369, 370n, 374-75, 380, 384, 384n, 397, 398n, 410-11, 414-15, 415n, 421; letters from, 300, 369; letters to, 351-52, 414-15

Buck's Stove and Range Co.: boycott of (1906- ), 153-54, 154n, 263, 289, 430, 434-35; boycott of, AFL and, 154n, 249n, 287, 295-96, 296n; strike against (1906), 153, 154-55n

Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases: AFL and, 426, 427n; AFL appeals, 290, 290n, 440-42, 448-49; AFL assessments, 267, 268n, 290, 426, 427n; circular regarding, 440-42; contempt case, 249-50n, 356-57, 387, 392, 394-95, 395n, 399, 426, 430-38, 438n, 439-41, 465, 478, 491, 492n; injunction case, 247-49, 249-50n, 253, 263, 266-67, 287, 289-90, 295-96, 296n, 426, 427n, 430-38, 440-41, 449, 453-54, 465; Mitchell and, 249-50n, 356-57, 392, 426, 430-31, 434, 439-41, 478, 492n; Morrison and, 249-50n, 356-57, 392, 426, 430-31, 434, 439-41, 478, 492n; SG and, 247-49, 249-50n, 253, 266, 289-90, 356-57, 387, 394-95, 395n, 399, 430-41, 453-54, 465-68, 476n, 478, 491, 492n

Buck's Stove and Range Co. v. American Federation of Labor et al., 247-49, 249-50n, 356-57. See also Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases: injunction case

Building trades workers, 183n, 459-61, 461n, 483; in Cleveland, 281-82, 282n; conference, 1907 (Indianapolis), 182, 183n; convention, 1908 (Washington, D.C.), 276n; in Danville, Ill., 358; Duncan and, 276n, 277-78; in Goldfield, Nev., 283-85, 286n; in Hartford, Conn., 459-60, 461n; in Jacksonville, Fla., 354-55; SG and, 276n, 277-79. See also AFL: Building Trades Department

Burns, Simon,* 121, 122n

Bush, Francis X., 15

Business agent: of Jacksonville (Fla.) Central Trades and Labor Council, 353-54

"Business Man and the Masses" (Bryan), 370n

"Business Man's Vote" (Van Cleave), 370n

Butcher Workmen of America, Brotherhood of,* 343-45, 345-46n; jurisdiction of, 343-45, 345-46n

Butler, Thomas S., 80, 90n

Byrnes, Patrick S., 108, 109n

C

Cabanas cigar factory: strike against (1907), 220-21, 221n

Caffin, Charles H., 442, 443n

Cain, George L., 115n; letter to, 114-15

Calderhead, William A., 80, 90n, 94

California: campaign, 1906, in, 117; campaign, 1908, in, 381-84, 384-85n, 413-14, 414n; Democratic state convention, 1908 (Stockton), 383-84, 384n

California State Building Trades Council, 6: 5n, 43n

California State Federation of Labor, 6: 244n, 111

Call, Homer D.,* 344-45, 345n

Calvert, Alfred D., 85, 91n

Campaign, 1906: AFL and, 126-41, 141n; AFL Executive Council and, 60-64, 64n, 65-67, 126-41; SG and, 68, 112-13, 138-40. See also AFL: organizers, and campaign, 1906; Individual states

Campaign, 1908, 333, 369; AFL and, 341-42, 342n, 373-74, 374n, 376-77, 377-78n, 381, 383, 384n, 389-93, 396-97, 413-14, 416n, 422-24, 424n, 425, 427n; AFL financial appeals for, 342n, 390, 392, 393n; Keefe and, 422, 425; party platforms, AFL and, 309-10, 310n, 311, 348, 348n, 349, 351-52, 369, 370n, 372, 372n; SG and, 348-50, 350n, 351-52, 362n, 369, 370n, 371, 371n, 372-74, 374n, 376-77, 377n, 385-87, 391, 396, 396n, 397, 398n, 401-5, 408-11, 413-15, 415n, 416, 416n, 417-18, 421, 425, 427n, 486n; socialists and, 374-75, 375n, 401-5, 425, 427n, 486n; state conventions, 383-84, 384n. See also AFL: organizers, and campaign, 1908; Individual states

Campbell, Philip P., 69, 69n, 94

Canada: central labor bodies in, and AFL, 268n; labor movement in, and AFL, 267, 268n; textile workers in, 236-37

Canada, Trades and Labor Congress of, 4: 471n; AFL and, 267, 268n; convention, 1906 (Victoria, B.C.), 97, 98n

Cannon, Joseph G., 3: 20n, 6n, 43, 49, 80, 86-87, 91n, 288, 320n; and campaign, 1906, 96, 101-2, 102n, 103, 106, 130, 140; and campaign, 1908, 349, 350n, 357-60, 377, 387, 390, 398; election as Speaker of the House, 334, 336n; letters to, 3-6, 155-56; SG and, 92, 93n, 101-2, 334, 349, 350n

Cap Manufacturers' Association (New York City), 207, 208n

Cárdenas, Julio de, 221n

Carey, Jeremiah T.,* 202-4, 204n

Carey, W. M., 379

Carnegie, Andrew, 2: 36n, 214n

Carnova, Mr., 162-64

Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of,* 56n, 282, 483; and Canadian per capita tax, 268n; jurisdiction of, 242-43, 243n, 272; local 8 (Philadelphia), 55; local 55 (Denver), 8, 9n; local 528 (Denver), 8, 9n; local 770 (Denver), 8, 9n; local 1761 (Goldfield, Nev.), 284, 286n; local 1874 (Denver), 8, 9n; and McGuire, 54-56; strikes: 1906-7 (local 595, Lynn, Mass.), 49-50, 50n; 1909 (locals 97, 1672, New Britain, Conn.), 460, 461n

Carriage and Wagon Workers' International Union of North America,* 245, 246n

Carriage Builders' National Association of the U.S. of America, 245, 246n

Cary, William J., 130, 139, 142n; letter to, 332-33

Case, Charles R., 109n; letter from, 107-9

Case, J. I., Threshing Machine Co.: strike against (1905- 6?), 158n

Central Union Times (Jacksonville, Fla.), 353-54

Century Syndicate, 256-57, 271

Chafin, Eugene W., 397-98, 399n

Chair-Makers' Union (Tell City, Ind.), 228, 229n

Chalmers, Hugh, 6: 489n, 168n; letter from, 166-68

Chandler, Michael, 205, 205n

Chicago Federation of Labor, 4: 159n, 4: 177n; and campaign, 1906, 110n, 115; and campaign, 1908, 363, 373, 386, 416-17, 417n; Political Action Committee, 363

Chicago Railway Co.: strike against (1908), 342, 342n

Chicago Typothetae: strike against (1905- ), 11n

Chinese, exclusion of, 206, 267, 268n

Chinese workers, 111-12; CMIU and, 308n; in Hawaii, 332-33; and Panama Canal, 93, 93n, 119; SG and, 307

Cigar Makers' International Union of America,* 221n, 483, 500, 501n; constitution of (1879), 307, 308n; convention, 1880 (Chicago), 308n; membership of, SG and, 306-8, 308n; local 68 (Albany, N.Y.), 1: 263n, 308n; local 97 (Boston), 308n; local 151 (Havana), 220, 221n; strike, 1907 (Havana, Cuba), 220-21, 221n

Cigar packers, 307

Citizens' Alliance. See Citizen's Industrial Association of America

Citizens alliances, local: Beloit, Wis., 157; Boston, 50, 50n; Illinois, 346, 347n; Racine, Wis., 157

Citizens' Industrial Association of America, 6: 193n, 48-49, 49n, 118n, 155n, 191-92, 245, 346, 347n

City of Rio de Janeiro, sinking of, 4, 7n

Clabaugh, Harry M., 248, 249-50n

Clay, Henry, and Bock Co.: strike against (1907), 220-21, 221n

Cleveland, Grover, 2: 127n, 24, 25n

Cleveland (Ohio) Central Labor Union. See Cuyahoga Co.

(Ohio), United Trades and Labor Council of

Cleveland Electric Railway Co., 342n

Cloakmakers, Joint Board of (New York City), 470n

CMIU. See Cigar Makers' International Union of America

Cochren, Alexander, 76, 90n

Cohen, Fannie,* 499, 501n

Collins, Peter W.,* 226, 227n, 482n

Columbus (Ohio) Federation of Labor, 152n

Columbus (Ohio) Trades and Labor Assembly, 4: 82n, 152-53n

Comerford, Matthew,* 33, 35, 36n; letter to, 218

Confédération Générale du Travail (General Confederation of Labor): 479, 479n

Conference, Protest, 1908. See Protest Conference, 1908

Conlon, P. J., 355n

Connecticut: campaign, 1906, in, 112

Connellsville (Pa.) Central Trades and Labor Council, 181n

Connelly, John F., 185, 186n

Conner, James P., 28-30, 32n

Conservation: AFL and, 322, 322n

Conservation conferences: May 1908 (Washington D.C.), 322, 322n; Dec. 1908 (Washington, D.C.), 322n

Continental Paper Bag Co.: strike against (1906), 104, 105n

Cook, Henry W., 339-40, 340n

Cooper, Henry A., 21n; letter to, 20-21

Cooper, Jerry, 444, 445n

Cooperative League, 462n

Co-operative Union (of Great Britain), 490n

Corporations Auxiliary Co., 405-6, 406n

Costello, Thomas M., 185, 186n

Costello, William F.,* 158n; letter to, 156-58

Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia, 249-50n, 431, 440, 453-54, 465, 491, 492n

Cowper, John D., 100, 101n

Coyne, Robert, 15

Coyne Brothers Co., 14-15, 15n

Craig, Thomas E., 379, 381n

Creamer, James J.,* 280, 281n

Creelman, James, 372, 372n

Cremer, William R., 2: 64n, 211, 214n

Crimping system, 73

Crockett, George L., 6: 439n, 102, 104n

Cromer, George W., 99, 99n

Croskey, Richard E., 23n; letter from, 22

Crumpacker, Edgar D., 139, 143n

Cuba: dock and waterfront workers' strike (1901), 162, 164n; general strike (1906), 162, 164n; longshoremens' strike (1907), 163, 165n; motormen and conductors' strike (1906), 162, 164n; SG and, 162-64

Cullen, Charles A., 279, 280n

Cumming, James M., 396n; letter to, 396

Cunningham, F. E., 248, 357

Curran, Peter F.,* 476n

Curran, Thomas J., 104, 105n

Curtis, Charles, 94, 95n

Cushman, Francis W., 108, 109n

Cuyahoga Co. (Ohio), United Trades and Labor Council of, 282n

D

Daggett, Floyd L., 108, 109n

D'Alessandro, Domenico,* 444, 445n

Dalzell, John, 96, 98n, 120, 123n

Daniel, John W., 179-80, 181n

Danville (Ill.) Trades and Labor Council, 102n, 358, 360n; Political Action Committee, 358

Dardis, James, 427n

Darlington, J. J., 250n

Darroch, William, 139, 143n

Darrow, Clarence, 6:*, 146n

Davenport, Daniel, 6: 339n, 29, 250n

Davis, Mark, Sons and Co.: strike against (1903-4), 18, 19n; SG mediation of, 19n

Dayton Manufacturing Co.: boycott of (1899-1900), 194n; lawsuit against Metal Polishers', Buffers', Platers', and Brass Workers' Union of North America local 5, 193, 194n

Debs, Eugene V.,* 24, 25n; and campaign, 1908, 374-75, 375n, 401-5, 425, 427n, 486n; SG and, 401-5, 425, 427n

Deceit of the I.W.W. (Zuckerman), 19n, 184

Demand, 291-92

Democratic party: and campaign, 1906, 108; and campaign, 1908, 369, 370n, 372, 376-77, 377-78n, 410-11, 415n, 421; conventions, 1908: California, 383-84, 384n; national (Denver), 310n, 348-49, 351-52, 369, 389; Nebraska, 300n; state, 348; Washington, 108, 109n; platforms, 1908: Nebraska, 300, 300n; national, 309-10, 310n, 311, 348, 348n, 349, 351-52, 353n, 361, 369, 370n, 372, 372n, 380, 389. See also Campaign, 1906; Campaign, 1908

DeNedrey, Samuel,* 99-100, 100-101n, 107n

Deneen, Charles S., 363, 364n, 416, 417n

Detroit Cap Co.: lockout (1905-6), 18, 19n, 184, 186n

"Diary of an Amateur Waitress" (Younger), 239, 240n

Disarmament, 206

Dobson, William,* 282n; letter to, 281-82

Dolan, Pat, 4: 347n, 121

Dold, Charles,* 128, 133, 136, 141n

Doniger Brothers: strike against (1906), 18n, 184

Donnelly, Michael J.,* 363, 364n

Donohue, Patrick, 90n

Douglas, William, 378n

Douglas, W. L., Shoe Co.: and Boot and Shoe Workers' Union, 399, 400n

Douglass, C. C., 121, 122n

Driller, The (Niehaus), 442

Driscoll, Dennis D., 5:*, 37n

Driscoll, John C., 363-64, 364n, 429

"Driscoll substitute," 6: 11n, 34, 37n, 216

Drucker, Miss, 492

Dubue, Gustave: letter from, 224-25

Duckworth, Robert F., 59, 59n

Dues, union, 123-24

Duffey, C. E. See Weston, C. E.

Duffy, Frank,* 56n, 243n; letter from, 54-56; letters to, 56-57, 242-43

Duffy, T. J., 107n

Duncan, James,* 7n, 258n, 400n, 481; and AFL Building Trades Department, 276n, 277-78; at AFL conventions, 129, 142n, 423; and Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United, 202n, 216; and Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases, 248; and campaign, 1906, 111n; and campaign, 1908, 310n, 415-16, 416n; elected AFL vice-president, 281n (1907), 427n (1908); letters to, 182, 205, 399-400, 415-16; and "We Don't Patronize List" (AFL), 312-13

Dunn, George F.,* 90n, 233-34, 235n

Dwelle, E. C., 186n

Dyche, John A.,* 165-66n, 298n, 470n; letter from, 297-98; letters to, 165, 468-70

E

Earl, Charles, 195, 197n

Easley, Ralph M.,* 144n, 246-47n; letter from, 244-46; "Opposing Forces in the Industrial World," 244, 246-47n

East Liverpool (Ohio) Evening Review: article in, 106

Edlar, Ottomar, 495, 498n

Education test, for immigrants, 91n, 155-56

Eight-hour workday, 483-84; AFL and, 274-75, 275n

Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,* 90n, 461n; local 189 (Quincy, Mass.), 77; secession movement in, 480, 482n; special convention, 1908 (St. Louis), 482n

Elizabeth (N.J.) Central Labor Union. See Union Co. (N.J.) Trades Council

Elizabeth (N.J.) Daily Journal: boycott of (1908), 337-38, 338n

Ellison, Elias, 118n; letters from, 116-17, 381-82

Employees: discharge of, SG and, 458-59

Employers, trade agreements with, 293, 302-4

Engineers, German: local 1 (New York City), 217-19, 219n

Engineers, United: local 1 (New York City), 217-19, 219n

Eppley, Francis, 406n

Erie (Pa.), Central Labor Union of, 16n

Esdaile, James N., 238, 238n

Euphrat, Charles E., 198-99, 199n, 230-31

Eureka (Calif.) Federated Trades Council, 112n; and IWW, 111

Evans, Evan, 359, 361n

Evers, Charles, 9n; letter from, 8-9

F

Fairbanks, Charles, 5: 474n, 320n

Fairley, William R., 329n

Fales, L. E., 163, 164n

Farmers: AFL and, 134; SG and, 301, 385

Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America, 59n; conventions: 1908 (Memphis), 301, 302n; 1908 (Ft. Worth, Tex.), 385, 387n

Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of Texas, 301, 302n

Fear, Charles W., 161n; letters to, 158-61, 458-59

Feehan, Francis, 121, 122n

Fenn, Albert P., 227-28, 229n

Fennessey, Thomas D., 383-84, 384n

Ferris, Howard, 11, 11n

Figolah, William,* 449, 451n

Filene, Edward A., 309n, 461-62, 462n

Filler breakers (cigar workers), 307

Filler packers (cigar workers), 307

Firemen, International Brotherhood of Stationary,* 36n; jurisdiction of, 32-35, 36-37n, 152, 152-53n, 199-201, 201-2n, 208-10, 210-11n, 272-74, 274n, 317-18; local 56 (New York City), 373, 374n

Fitzgerald, Anna (Annie), 299n; letter to, 298-99

FitzGerald, James F.,* 151n, 203-4; letter from, 150-51

Fitzpatrick, John, 6: 285n, 350n, 361-62, 387, 387n, 417n; letter from, 302-4

Flaska, Mary, 365, 365n

Flett, John A.,* 236, 237n

Flint Glass Workers' Union, American,* 408n; jurisdiction of, 407, 408n; local 6 (Marion, Ind.), 407, 408n; local 29 (Marion), 407, 408n; local 35 (Marion) 407, 408n; and representation in central labor bodies, 407, 408n

Flood, Anna, 233, 235n

Flood, Emmet, 6: 469n, 100, 104, 104n, 209, 229n; letters from, 227-29, 233-35

Flour and Cereal Mill Employes, International Union of,* 304n; and Battle Creek Breakfast Food Co., Ltd., 302-4, 304n

Flynn, John J.*, 44n; letter from, 44

Flynn, Thomas H., 5: 393n, 48, 48n, 90n, 121-22, 122n, 181, 190

Foraker, Joseph B., 4: 338n, 87, 397, 398n

Ford, Cornelius,* 469, 470-71n

Fort, Gov. Franklin, 456n

Foster, Frank K.,* 68n, 130, 134-35, 142n, 238, 481; letter to, 67-68

Fostoria, Ohio, Trades Assembly, 408n

Foulger, Sydney, 489, 490n

Foundry Employes, International Brotherhood of,* 54n; local 5 (Troy, N.Y.), 54n; strike, 1906 (local 5, Troy), 53-54, 54n

Fowler, Chester A., 158n

France: socialists in, SG and, 479; trade unions in, SG and, 479

Franklin Brewing Co.: strike against (1907), 209-10, 210n

Frayne, Hugh, 96, 98n

Frazier, William H.,* 101n

Freight Handlers' and Warehousemen's International Union, Interior,* 44n; and IWW, 44; local 4 (Chicago) 44; SLP and, 44

Frey, John P.,* 122n, 489; letter from, 120-22

Frost, Henry E., 89n

Frye, William P., 6n, 89n; letter to, 3-6

Fuller, Hugh R., 6: 545n, 457

Furuseth, Andrew,* 16n, 81-82; at AFL conventions, 134, 142n, 419, 423; and campaign, 1908, 382, 413-14, 414n; and injunctions, 92-93, 117; letters from, 42-43, 92-93, 310-11, 413-14; letters to, 16, 253-54

G

Gallagher, Andrew J., 384, 385n, 419

Gallinger, Jacob H., 3: 469n, 7n

Gambrinus brewery, 208

Gardner, John J., 5: 198n, 26-27, 311n

Garfield, Alex H., 225-26, 227n

Garment Workers of America, United,* 98n, 178; journal of, 297, 298n

Gavegan, Edward J., 457, 458n

Gender divisions in labor movement, 219-20, 220n. See also Women workers

General Confederation of Labor. See Confédération Générale du Travail

General Electric Co.: strike against (1906), 41n

General Federation of Trade Unions of Great Britain and Ireland, 5: 69n; convention, 1909 (Blackpool), 473n, 474-76, 476n

Generalkommission der Gewerkschaften Deutschlands, 4: 137n, 484

General Slocum, burning of, 4, 7n

Gentlemen's Agreement (with Japan), 148n

"George Grey Barnard: A Virile American Sculptor" (Knaufft), 442, 443n

Georgia: campaign, 1906, in, 58-59

Georgia Federation of Labor, 59n; convention, 1906 (Augusta), 59, 59n

Georgia Immigration Association, 196, 197n

German Trade Unions, General Commission of the. See

Generalkommission der Gewerkschaften Deutschlands

German workers: organization of, 217-19, 219n

Germany: trade unions in, SG and, 485

Gernon, James, 368n; letter to, 365-68

Gilbert, Newton, 91n

Gillett, James N., 118n

Gilmore, Solon T., 158, 161n

Gilthorpe, William J.,* 176, 177-78n

Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of the U.S. and Canada,* 408n; jurisdiction of, 407, 408n

Glass Workers' International Association of America, Amalgamated,* 451n; application for affiliation with AFL Building Trades Department, 449-50, 451n; jurisdiction of, 449-50, 451n

Gledhill, Edwin, 184, 186n

Glove Workers' Union of America, International,* 275n

Goethals, George W., 244, 246n

Golden, John,* 185n; letters from, 183-85, 236-37

Goldfield (Nev.) Businessmen's and Mine Owners' Association, 286n

Goldfield (Nev.) Federated Trades Council, 283, 286n

Gompers, Alexander,* 499, 501n

Gompers, Alexander J.,* 492, 492n

Gompers, Catherine,* 499, 501n

Gompers, Ethel, 492, 492n

Gompers, Florence, 4: 175n, 492, 501

Gompers, Henry,* 499, 501n

Gompers, Louis,* 492n, 498-99; letter to, 491-92

Gompers, Sadie J.,* 101n, 471, 481

Gompers, Samuel: accident (1899), 5: 156n, 170; account of 1908 campaign trip, 385-87; addresses, 70-89, 211-14, 214n, 258-65, 474-78, 483-85; addresses mentioned, 71, 96, 120n, 169n, 336n, 385-87, 387n, 395n, 399; and alleged National Association of Manufacturers bribery attempt, 257-58n, 269-70, 270n, 271-72, 280; article by, 291-94; article mentioned, 370n; articles about, 479, 487-91; circulars, 12-13, 48-49, 408-12; circulars mentioned, 17n, 180n, 195, 206, 206n, 268n, 311n, 341, 398n, 407, 408n, 412, 412n, 413-14, 414-15n; and conference about Moyer, Haywood, and Pettibone, 144-45, 146n; death threat, 393, 393n; editorials, 329-32, 401-5; editorials mentioned, 216, 217n, 232, 232n, 251, 252n, 295-96, 296n, 349, 350n, 356, 357n, 372, 399; elected AFL president, 280 (1907), 427n (1908); and employment of family members, 492; health of, 395, 395n; illness of, 143, 162; Labor in Europe and America, 474n; and public office, 411, 414-15, 415n; salary of, 463, 464n; statement to press, 417-18; testimony, 26-32; work schedule of, 394-95, 395n

--trips: Puerto Rico (Feb.-Mar. 1904), 6: 228n, 232; Maine (June 1906), 70, 89n; Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont (Aug.-Sept. 1906), 58, 58n, 70, 101n, 103, 448, 449n; New York City and Chicago (Sept.-Oct. 1906), 109, 110n; Cuba (Dec. 1906-Jan. 1907), 143-44, 144n, 162-64, 220-21; Cincinnati and Indianapolis (Feb. 1907), 182, 183n; New York, Michigan, Missouri, and Ohio (Apr. 1907), 210n; Midwest (Aug. 1907), 244, 246n; New York City (Sept. 1907), 250, 283, 286n; New York City (Feb. 1908), 315, 316n; Midwest (Apr.-May 1908), 334, 336n; Chicago and Denver (July 1908), 350n; St. Louis, Texas, and Illinois (Sept. 1908), 370n, 385-87, 387n, 394; Indiana (Sept. 1908), 395n, 399n; Columbus, Ohio (Sept. 1908), 395n, 399; Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, and Illinois (Oct. 1908), 395n; New Jersey and New York City (Nov. 1908), 395n; New York City (Apr. 1909), 462n; Europe (June-Oct. 1909), 472, 473-74n, 474-81, 483-85, 487-91, 492n

Gompers, Samuel J.,* 492, 492n, 501

Gompers, Sarah Rood,* 500, 501n

Gompers, Simon,* 499, 501n

Gompers, Solomon,* 498-500, 501n

Gompers, Sophia Bickstein, 3: 141n, 492n

Gompers, Sophia Julian,* 126, 126n, 471, 481

Gomperz, Rosa, 500, 501n

Gompers family reunion: article about, 498-501

Gompers v. United States, 250n. See also Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases: contempt case

Goodrell, Harry B., 447n; letter to, 446-47

Gorman, James, 315n

Gould, Ashley M., 249n, 287, 287n, 289, 296, 430, 453, 465

Government employees, organization of, 114-15, 313-14, 314-15n

Granite Cutters' International Association of America,* 142n

Great Britain: elections in, 1906, 63; labor and politics in, 419-21; trade unions in, SG and, 68, 401n, 473-74n, 474-76, 478, 489-91. See also Labour party

Great Eastern Telephone Co., 406n

Greenawalt, Elmer E.,* 122, 122n

Grimes, James F., 6: 93n, 16n, 82

Grossman, Herman, 6:*, 166n

Grosvenor, Charles H., 84, 90n, 91n

Grout, Albert, 6: 446n, 427n

Guard, Rosa Lee,* 126n, 481; letters from, 126, 182, 205, 394-95; letters from, mentioned, 204n, 208n, 209, 222n, 246n, 304n, 356n, 383n, 395n, 451n, 479

Gullet, Francis M., 378, 381n

Gunther, Charles F., 361, 362n

Guyer Hat Co., 455

H

Hague Conference, Second (1907), 180, 180-81n, 206n, 214n

Hamilton, M. Grant, 6: 192n, 340n, 395n, 495; and campaign, 1906, 100, 104n, 107n; and campaign, 1908, 347n, 350n, 358, 360, 376, 377n, 387, 397, 398n, 416-17, 417n; letter from, 343-45; letters to, 105-7, 394-95

Hamilton, Thomas H., 162, 164n

Hammond Lumber Co.: strike against (1906), 117, 118n

Hammond Lumber Co. v. Sailors' Union of the Pacific et al., 118n

Hancock, John, 88

Hanford, Benjamin, 375, 375n

Hanscom, Charles W., 77; letter from, 77

Hardie, J. Keir,* 130, 142n, 477, 489

Harding, John C., 3: 128n, 387n

Hardwick, Thomas W., 58, 59n

Harper, Robert L., 354, 356n

Harriman, Charles A., 6: 399n, 86, 91n; letter from, 86

Harris, R. F.: letter from, 21-22

Hartford (Conn.) Building Trades Council, 459-60, 461n

Hartford (Conn.) Central Labor Union, 459, 461n

Hat and Cap Makers of North America, United Cloth,* 18n; agreement with Cap Manufacturers' Association, 207-8, 208n; convention, 1906 (New York City), 17, 18n; and IWW, 18, 18-19n, 207; lockout, 1905-6 (Detroit), 18, 19n, 184, 186n; strikes: 1903-4 (New York City and New Jersey), 18, 19n; 1904-5 (New York City and New Jersey), 6: 407n, 207; 1905-6 (New York City), 18, 18n, 184

Hatters of North America, United,* 313n; strike, 1909, 454-55, 455-56n

Havana Electric Railway Co.: strike against (1906), 162, 164n

Havana Tobacco Co.: strike against (1907), 220-21, 221n

Hawaii: Chinese workers in, 332-33; contract labor in, 332-33; Japanese workers in, 332-33

Hawaiian workers, 93n

Hawley, Frank T.,* 423, 424n, 457

Hay, Arthur A., 6: 417n; letter from, 383-84; letter to, 305-6

Hayden, James H., 5: 207n, 28-29

Hayes, Denis A.,* 7n, 111n, 123n, 202n, 251, 453n; elected AFL vice-president, 281n (1907), 427n (1908)

Hayes, Everis A., 382n, 384, 385n

Hayes, John W.,* 256, 257n

Hayes, Max S.,* 419, 422n, 423

Haywood, William D.,* 145, 146n, 245, 247n, 284, 286n

Healy, Timothy,* 33, 36n, 210

Hearst, William Randolph, 5: 63n, 90n, 104n, 110n, 311, 311n, 369, 397, 398n

Hefferman, Etta M., 286n

Helm, John L., 105n; letter from, 104-5

Henderson, David B., 80, 90n

Hepburn, William, 322n, 333n, 336n

Hewer, The (Barnard), 442

Hinder, Herman,* 207, 208n

Hints to Unions, Organizers, and Others, 5: 400n, 126n

Hirsch, Edward, 120n; letter from, 119-20

Hitchcock, Samuel M., 388n

Hitt, Robert R., 80, 91n

Hod Carriers' and Building Laborers' Union of America, International,* 282, 282n; local 4 (Chicago), 445n; reorganization of, 443-44, 445-46n

Hodge, John,* 288, 289n

Holder, Arthur E.,* 169, 177n, 288, 347n, 458n

Holdom, Jesse, 11, 11n

Holland, James P.,* 279, 280n

Holmqvist, 42

Hotel and Restaurant Employees' International Alliance and Bartenders' International League of America,* 23n; local 18 (Denver), 22; local 520 (Tell City, Ind.), 235, 236n

Hours of labor: SG and, 483-84, 490

Houston Ice and Brewing Co., 222

Hüber, Anton, 487-88, 488n

Huber, William D.,* 7n, 55-56, 111n, 243, 312-13, 453n; elected AFL vice-president, 281n (1907), 427n (1908)

Hullehan, Mr., 373

Humphrey, William E., 108, 109n

Hunt, John T., 183n

Hunt, Russell R., 47-48, 48n

Huysmans, Camille, 488, 489n

Hyde, John S., 77, 90n

I

Idaho: campaign, 1906, in, 118-19

Iglesias, Santiago Pantín,* 52n; letters to, 51-52, 231-32

Illinois: campaign, 1906, in, 96, 101-2, 102n, 109-10, 110n, 115, 140, 358, 360; campaign, 1908, in, 346-47, 347n, 348-50, 350n, 357-62, 362n, 363-64, 377, 386-87, 390, 397-98, 416-17, 417n

Illinois State Federation of Labor, 102n, 363, 364n

Illinois State Miners' Political Committee, 359

Immigrants: education test for, 91n, 155-56

Immigration, 486n; restriction of, 155-56, 196. See also Legislation, U.S.: Alien Contract labor Law; Legislation, U.S.: Immigration, restriction of; Legislation, U.S.: Immigration legislation

Independence League: and campaign, 1906, in Illinois, 110n

Independence party: and campaign, 1908, 369, 370n, 384; SG and, 370n

Independent Labor League (Maine), 86, 91n

Independent Labor party (New York), 110n

Indiana: campaign, 1906, in, 99, 99n, 112-13, 139; campaign, 1908, in, 397-98

Iowa: campaign, 1908, in, 397

Industrial disputes, mediation of, 187-89, 190n, 309n, 340n, 378-80, 399, 400n, 456n, 473n; SG and, 19n, 168-69n, 178-79, 179n, 186n, 195n, 252n, 309n, 339-40, 461-62, 462n

Industrial divisions within AFL: SG and, 367. See also AFL departments

Industrial Education (AFL), 427n

Industrial Workers of the World, 22, 245, 247n; and brewers, in Denver, 8; and Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United, 34; in California, 111; in Chicago, 44; Debs and, 404; and Freight Handlers' and Warehousemen's International Union, Interior, 44; and Hat and Cap Makers of North America, United Cloth, 18, 18-19n, 207; Industrial Council of Metal and Machinery Workers, 41n; and Laundry Workers' International Union, Shirt, Waist, and, 111; local 77 (Goldfield, Nev.), 286n; local 300 (Eureka, Calif.), 111, 112n; and Longshoremen, Marine, and Transport Workers' Association, International, 111; and Machinists, International Association of, 41n; and Plumbers, Gas Fitters, Steam Fitters, and Steam Fitters' Helpers of the U.S. and Canada, United Association of Journeymen, 47-48; in Schenectady, N.Y., 40, 41n, 47; and Shingle Weavers' Union of America, 111; SG and, 34, 40, 42n, 191; strikes: 1906 (metal and machinery workers, Schenectady), 41n; 1906 (local 310, Youngstown, Ohio), 41-42n; 1907 (local 397, Skowhegan, Maine), 184-85, 186n; and Textile Workers of America, United, 184-85; in Washington, 108, 111; and Woodsmen and Sawmill Workers, International Brotherhood of, 111; in Youngstown, 40, 41-42n, 48

Initiation fee, 123

Injunction Reform League, 387n

Injunctions, 245, 350n; AFL and, 324, 372n, 389, 391-92, 422-24; Cannon and, 93n; Chicago Typothetae, 11, 11-12n; Coyne Brothers, 14, 15n; Debs and 405; Democratic platform and, 351, 370n; Furuseth and, 92-93, 117; Hammond Lumber Co., 117, 118n; Machinery Manufacturers' Association, 51n; Master Builders' Association, 50; Perkins-Campbell Co., 11, 11n; and Republican platform, 351; Roosevelt and, 415n; San Francisco Steam Ship Association, 93n; SG and, 83-84, 160, 263, 335, 408-11, 415n, 423-24, 430-34, 438-39, 465; Street and Electric Railway Employes of America, Amalgamated Association of, Division 241, 342n; Taft and, 87, 91-92n, 118-19, 251, 252n, 281, 398n, 410; Teamsters, International Brotherhood of, 98n; Tell City, Ind., 234; Woodsmen and Sawmill Workers, International Brotherhood of, local 26, 378-79. See also Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases

In re Samuel Gompers, John Mitchell, and Frank Morrison, 250n. See also Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases: contempt case

Interborough Rapid Transit Co., 69-70, 70n

International Paper Co.: strike against (1907), 202-4, 204n

International Secretariat of the National Centers of Trade Unions: AFL and, 486n, 487-89; conferences: 1907 (Christiania, Norway), 399, 401n; 1909 (Paris), 399-400, 401n, 485, 486n, 487-89; SG and, 473-74n, 487-89

Ireland, Arthur E., 121, 122n, 241

Iron City Trades Council, 122n

Iron League of New York City, 12

Iron Molders' Union of North America,* 32, 36n; local 2 (Troy, N.Y.), 54n; local 306 (Auburn and Lewiston, Maine), 58n; strikes: 1906 (local 2, Troy), 53-54, 54n; 1906 (local 10, St. Louis), 153, 155n

Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers, Amalgamated Association of,* 464n; merger with Tin-Plate Workers' International Protective Association of America, 473n; strike, 1909-10, 472, 473n, 480

Isaacs, Henrietta Gompers,* 499, 501n

Isaacs, Isabella (Bella) Gompers,* 499, 501n

Isaacs, Rosa, 499

Isaacs, Sophia, 499

Italian workers: organization of, 45, 218

IWW. See Industrial Workers of the World

J

Jackson, Lee L., 112, 113n

Jacksonville (Fla.) Central Trades and Labor Council, 353-55, 355-56n; Building Trades Section, 354-55

Japan: National Civic Federation commission to, proposed, 245-46

Japanese: exclusion of, 147, 148n, 206, 267, 268n

Japanese and Korean Exclusion League. See Asiatic Exclusion League

Japanese immigration, 195

Japanese students, in San Francisco, 147, 148n

Japanese workers, 93n; in Hawaii, 332-33; SG and, 147

Jeffries, James J., 23, 25n

Jewish workers: organization of, 281-82, 282n, 297-98

Jones, Jerome,* 190n, 271, 272n; letter from, 187-89

Jones, J. R.: letter from, 21-22

Jones, Wesley L., 108, 109n

Judicial review, 264

Judson, Frederick N., 245, 246n

Julien, Mortimer, 470n

Jurisdictional disputes, 221-22, 222n; AFL and, 34, 36-37n, 150, 151n, 199-200, 201-2n, 243n, 268, 269n, 270, 272-74, 274n, 317-18, 343-45; AFL Executive Council and, 32-35, 36-37n, 150, 151n, 152, 152-53n, 199-201, 269n, 272, 274n, 407, 408n, 451n, 493-97; Morrison and, 152, 152-53n, 208-10, 210n; SG and, 32-35, 37n, 152n, 201, 202n, 210n, 242-43, 272-73, 274n, 451 --Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United: v. Firemen, International Brotherhood of Stationary, 32-35, 36-37n, 152, 152-53n, 199-201, 201-2n, 208-10, 210-11n, 272-74, 274n, 317-18; v. Machinists, International Association of, 221-22, 222n; v. Steam Engineers, International Union of, 32-35, 36-37n, 152, 152-53n, 199-201, 201-2n, 208-10, 210-11n, 272-74, 274n, 317-18, 451-52; v. Teamsters, International Brotherhood of, 36n, 199-201, 201-2n, 272-74, 274n, 317-18, 493-97
--Butcher Workmen of America, Brotherhood of, v. Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America, Amalgamated, 343-45, 345-46n
--Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of: v. Shipwrights, Joiners, Caulkers, Boat Builders, and Ship Cabinet Makers of America, International Union of, 242-43, 243n; v. Wood-Workers' International Union of America, Amalgamated, 272
--Flint Glass Workers' Union, American, v. Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of the U.S. and Canada, 407, 408n
--Glass Workers' International Association of America, Amalgamated, v. Painters, Decorators, and Paperhangers of America, Brotherhood of, 449-50, 451n
--Longshoremen, Marine, and Transport Workers' Association, International: v. marine sack sewers and cargo repairers, 224-25, 225n; v. Seamen's Union of America, International, 270 --Paper Makers, Pulp, Sulphite, and Paper Mill Workers, International Brotherhood of, v. Pulp, Sulphite, and Paper Mill Workers, International Brotherhood of, 150-51, 151-52n, 202-4, 204n --Plumbers, Gas Fitters, Steam Fitters, and Steam Fitters' Helpers of the U.S. and Canada, United Association of Journeymen, v. Steam, Hot Water, and Power Pipe Fitters and Helpers, International Association of, 272
-- Teamsters, International Brotherhood of: v. Teamsters' and Helpers' Union, Chicago, 429; v. Teamsters of America, United, 429-30, 430n

K

Kahn, Julius, 117, 118n, 382n

Kansas: campaign, 1906, in, 69, 94-95

Keefe, Daniel J.,* 7n, 187-89, 310n, 424n; and campaign, 1906, 111n; and campaign, 1908, 415-16, 416n, 422, 425; elected AFL vice-president, 281n (1907); letter to, 162-64

Keegan, John J., 6: 122n, 376, 378n

Kellington, Alfred E.,* 302-3, 304n

Kemper, Louis,* 32-33, 36n, 202n, 274

Kendall, Maude: letter from 197-99

Kendrick, Samuel J., 355n; letter from, 353-55

Kennedy, James, 105-6, 107n

Kennedy, Fr. John, 456n

Kennedy, John J., 58, 58n, 343

Kennedy, John L. (of Nebraska), 107n

Keuping, Henry G., 192, 194n

Kidd, Thomas I.,* 463, 464n

Kimbrough, Eugene R. E., 358-59, 361n

Kirby, James,* 443, 445n, 460, 461n

Kirby, John, Jr., 6: 100-101n, 193, 194n

Kirchner, John S.,* 375n; letter from, 374-75

Knaufft, Ernest, "George Grey Barnard: A Virile American Sculptor," 442, 443n

Knights of Labor, 314; and Boot and Shoe Workers' Union, 39

Knox, Philander, 415n

KOL. See Knights of Labor

Koralek, Frank, 8, 9n

Korean workers: exclusion of, 268n

Kreyling, David J.,* 153, 155n

Kuhn, I. B., 427n

Kumler, Alvin W., 193, 194n

Kuppenheimer, B., and Co., 179n; boycott (1907- ), 178-79, 179n; letter to, 178-79

L

Labor, depictions of, 442-43

Labor at Rest (Barnard), 442

Labor conference: Dec. 1909 (Pittsburgh), 473n

Labor in Europe and America (Gompers), 474n

Labor organizations, proliferation of, 456-57

Labor party. See Political action

"Labor's Bill of Grievances" (1906), 3-6, 6n, 20, 61, 94, 106, 107n, 127, 135, 409; reaction to, 21-25

"Labor's Political Duty," 391, 393n

"Labor's Protest to Congress" (1908), 320n, 323-29, 342n, 410

Labor World (Columbus, Ohio), 215, 217n

Labour party (Great Britain), 419, 421, 475, 477-78

Lachman, Tillie, 198-99, 199n

Ladies' garment workers: organizing of, 165, 166n

Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, International,* 166n; AFL organizer for, 165, 166n; convention, 1907, 470n; dispute with local 10 (New York City), 468-70, 470-71n; local 10 (New York City), 470-71n; local 53 (New York City), 470n

LaFollette, Robert M., 90n

Lamb, Charles, 382, 382n

Landers, Samuel L., 97, 98n, 236

Langdon, William H., 117, 118n

Larger, Bernard A.,* 489, 490n

Laundry Workers' International Union, Shirt, Waist, and: 6:*; and IWW, 111; local in Bellingham, Wash., 111

Lavery amendment, 6: 367, 36n, 201n

Lavin, Charles, 6: 204n, 128, 141n

League for Industrial Rights. See American Anti-Boycott Association

Leather Workers on Horse Goods, United Brotherhood of,* 11n; strike, 1905- (local 49, Cincinnati), 11n

Legien, Carl,* 399-400, 400n, 486n, 488

Legislation, foreign:
--Great Britain: Trade Disputes Act (1906), 288, 289n, 326, 415n, 457; Workingmen's Compensation Act (1906), 288, 289n

Legislation, state:
--Arizona: eight-hour law (1903), 24, 25n
--Georgia: child labor law (1906), 59, 59n
--Maine: child labor law (1907), 183, 185-86n; woman and child labor bill (1907), 183, 185n --Massachusetts: woman and child labor law (1890), 184, 186n; woman and child labor law (1902), 184, 186n; woman and child labor law (1907), 183-84, 186n
--Missouri: antitrust law (1907), 158-61, 161n; employees, discharge of, bill regulating (1909), 458-59
--Ohio: child labor bill (1906), 106, 107n
--Texas: antitrust bill (1903), 160-61, 161n

Legislation, U.S.
--accident compensation bill (proposed), 452-53, 453n
--Alien Contract Labor Law, 3: 195-96n, 185, 186n, 195-97, 197n, 332-33
--anti-injunction bills: H.R. 11,060 (1902), 84, 91n; H.R. 9328 (1905), 81, 91n; H.R. 18,752 (1906), 6: 526-27n, 83, 91n, 101, 288; H.R. 94 (1907), 310-11, 311n, 327, 335, 346, 415n, 457; H.R. 3058 (1909), 457-58, 458n
--barge towing, bill for regulation of: H.R. 471 (1905), 78-79, 90n, 170-71
--Chinese Exclusion Act (1904), 6: 286-87n, 268n
--convict labor bill: H.R. 12,318 (1906), 182, 183n
--deficiency bill: H.R. 12,320 (1906), 6: 526n, 3, 94, 105
--eight-hour legislation, enforcement of, 6-7n, 76-77, 119; and Panama Canal workers, see Legislation, U.S., deficiency bill; violations of, 3, 6-7n; H.R. 6882 (1900), 5: 197-98n, 26; H.R. 3076 (1901), 5: 482n, 26; H.R. 4064 (1903), 6: 232n, 26; S. 489 (1903), 6: 232n, 26; H.R. 11,651 (1906), 6: 529n, 26-32, 32n, 43, 43n, 48-49, 101; H.R. 15,651 (1908), 310, 311n, 327, 335, 346 --employee compensation bill (proposed), 452-53, 453n
--employer liability bill (proposed), 452-53, 453n; H.R. 16,734 (1908), 327, 329n, 335, 346
--Foran Act. See Legislation, U.S., Alien Contract Labor Law
--government employee compensation bill (proposed), 452-53, 453n
--immigration, restriction of, 155-56
--immigration legislation: immigration act (1903), 91n, 197n; S. 4403 (1906), 87, 91n, 195; immigration act (1907), 91n; H.R. 10,568 (1907), 332, 333n
--Maguire Act (1895), 4, 7n, 72-73
--Pearre bill. See Legislation, U.S., anti-injunction bills, H.R. 94 (1907)
--pilotage bill: H.R. 5281 (1905), 75-76, 86, 90n, 101
--railroads, bill to limit hours of labor on: S. 5133 (1906), 79, 90n
--seamen's legislation: Act of 1790, 174, 177n; Act of 1884, 174, 177n; Act of 1891, 175, 177n; H.R. 9685 (1902), 72, 89n; S. 7337 (1903), 73, 89n. See also Legislation, U.S.: Maguire Act; Legislation, U.S.: White Act
--Sherman Antitrust Act, 4: 28n, 80, 473n; AFL and, 323-25, 389, 392, 410; amendment of, 310-11, 320n, 325, 372n; bills to amend: H.R. 10,539 (1900), 80-81, 90n; H.R. 19,754 (1908), 320-21, 321-22n; H.R. 20,584 (1908), 322n, 325-26, 329n, 335, 346, 457, 458n; SG and, 320n, 329-31, 335, 351, 420
--ship subsidy bill: S. 529 (1905), 4, 7n, 73-75, 89-90n, 169-76, 177n
--White Act (1898), 5: 15n, 4, 7n, 73, 89n
--Wilson bill. See Legislation, U.S., Sherman Antitrust Act, bills to amend, H.R. 20,584 (1908)

Legislative demands of labor, 3-6, 6n, 16, 61, 155-56, 156n, 309-11, 348, 348n. See also "Labor's Bill of Grievances"; "Labor's Protest to Congress"; specific legislation

Legislative records: of political candidates, 16, 19, 58, 69, 72-84, 94-95, 99, 105-6, 333, 346-47, 347n, 391, 416

Lennon, John B.,* 7n, 453n, 455-56n; at AFL conventions, 133-34, 142n, 269n, 277, 280n, 419, 422n, 423; and campaign, 1906, 96, 109, 110n; and campaign, 1908, 349-50, 350n, 363, 376, 377-78n, 396-98, 416-17, 417n; elected AFL treasurer, 281n (1907), 427n (1908); letters from, 361-62, 396-98, 454-57; letter to, 215-17

Lennon, Juna Allen (Mrs. John B.), 3: 142n, 361

Leonard, James, 3: 243-44n, 45n, 225n, 498n; letter from, 45

Lesley, A. F., 286n

Letter Carriers of the U.S. of America, National Association of,* 114, 115n

Lewis, James H., 361-62, 362n

Lewis, Thomas L.,* 423, 424n

Lewiston (Maine) Evening Journal: article in, 87, 92n

Licking River Lumber Co.: strike against (1908), 378-80

Lilien, Herman, 445n

Linihan, J. E., 302-4, 304n

Literacy test, for immigrants, 91n, 155-56

Lithographers, National Association of Employing, 244, 246n

Little, John E., 48, 48n

Littlefield, Charles E., 5: 327n, 90n; and campaign, 1906, 58, 58n, 71, 89n, 99-101, 104n, 130; legislative record of, 19, 72-84; SG campaign against, 19-20, 58, 58n, 70-89, 96, 101n, 102-3, 107-8, 138-39, 143n, 183

Livernash, Edward J., 6: 261-62n, 139-40, 143n, 311

Lloyd, Henry,* 377, 378n

Lobster Fishermen's International Protective Association,* 447-48, 449n

Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, 4:*, 91n

Locomotive Firemen, Brotherhood of,* 402-3; convention, 1892 (Cincinnati), 403, 405n

Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, Brotherhood of,* 400n; convention, 1908 (Columbus, Ohio), 399, 400n

Lodge, Henry Cabot, 4: 147n, 103

Loeb, William, Jr., 229n, 388n

Loewe, Dietrich, 409

Loewe v. Lawlor, 6: 177-78n, 304n, 310-11, 311-12n, 312-13, 319, 320n, 323-25, 329-32, 338, 346, 351, 372n, 389, 392, 409-10, 420

Long, Chester I., 80, 91n

Long, Norman, 387

Longshoremen, Marine, and Transport Workers' Association, International,* 164n; and IWW, 111; jurisdiction of, 270; local 251 (New Orleans), jurisdiction of, 224-25, 225n; local 681 (Havana), 163, 164n; local in Tacoma, Wash., 111; strike, 1907 (local 634, Brunswick, Ga.), 187-89, 190n

Los Angeles: organized labor in, 305-6

Louisville Federation of Labor, 234, 236n, 380

Lucas, Edward, 154, 155n

Ludlow Valve Co.: proposed boycott against (1906), 53-54, 54n; strike against (1906), 53-54, 54n

Lynch, James M.,* 166, 169n, 195n, 279, 280n, 423; letter to, 301

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