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Volume 9 Index A-L

This index also includes references to substantive annotations in previous volumes that are not repeated here; for instance, the reference to the American Bridge Co. annotation in volume six appears in this index as 6:515n; and the glossary entry for Ernest Bohm in volume five appears in this index as 5:*.

A B C D E F G H I J K L

A (Asterisks indicate glossary entries)

Actors' Union, White Rats, 292n

Adamski, Albert, 406, 406n

Adamson, William, 450n

Addams, Jane, 231-32n, 274n; letter to, 231

AFL. See American Federation of Labor

Aguilar Vargas, Cándido, 306, 307n

Aishton, Richard, 312n

Albuquerque, N.M., peace conference (1916), 433n

Alexander, DeAlva, 200n

Alonso, José G., 429n, 467, 468n

Alonso, Rafael, 7:53n, 533

Alpert, Nathan, 405n; letter to, 403-5

Alpine, John R.,* 14n, 74n, 270-71, 274n, 436; elected AFL vice-president, 38n, 226n, 348n

Amalgamated Copper Co., 270-71, 275n

American Alliance for Labor and Democracy, 383n

American Anti-Boycott Association, 7:246n, 285n

American Association for Labor Legislation, 276-77, 277n

American Association of University Professors, 429, 430n

American Federation of Labor: audit of accounts of, 478-79, 479n; board of mediation and conciliation, 224-25, 225n; and central bodies, political discussions in, 164-66; Defense Fund, 6:128n, 29-33, 33n, 268; legal bureau of information, 530n; legal department, 528, 529-30n; office boy, 308; officers, election of, 38n, 225-26, 226n, 348, 348-49n; officers, salaries of, 213, 214n; organizing, assessments for, 38, 38n; per capita tax, 30; war and peace, convention resolutions on, 231, 232n, 265, 291, 292n, 485

--Building Trades Department, 6:175n, 261n, 503; and Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, 70, 73n; convention, 1913, 347n; convention, 1915 (San Francisco), 355n; and Sheet Metal Workers' International Alliance, Amalgamated, 70, 73n

--conventions: 1897 (Nashville), 7:64n, 103n; 1904 (San Francisco), 7:36n, 9n; 1906 (Minneapolis), 424, 424n, 472; 1908 (Denver), 8:79n, 276n, 423-24, 471-72, 472n; 1910 (St. Louis), 8:108n, 145n; 1911 (Atlanta), 8:146n, 145n; 1912 (Rochester, N.Y.), 19, 21n; 1913 (Seattle), 21n; 1913 (Seattle), accounts of, 19-21, 23-38; 1914 (Philadelphia), 25, 28n; 1914 (Philadelphia), accounts of, 210-26; 1915 (San Francisco), 106n, 107n, 340, 355n, 363; 1915 (San Francisco), accounts of, 343-50; 1916 (Baltimore), 348, 348n, 476, 487; 1916 (Baltimore), accounts of, 517-29; 1917 (Buffalo), 526n

--Executive Council: and AFL vice-presidency, 41-42, 42-43n; and AFL board of mediation and conciliation, 225n; circular issued by, 11-13; circulars issued by, mentioned, 38n, 65, 191n; medal presented to, 362, 363n; meeting with members of president's cabinet, 396, 396n; meeting with representatives of Mexican labor movement (1916), 426-27n, 436-42, 443n; meeting with Wilson, 9; letters to, 63-67, 140-41, 175-76, 197-98, 418-19

--Executive Council, meetings of: July 1913, 8:501n, 143, 146n, 169, 169n; Sept. 1913, 10n; Sept. 1913, minutes of, 9; Jan. 1914, 41, 42n, 47, 48n, 62, 63n, 65, 68n, 89, 234; May 1914, 106, 107n, 140; May 1914, minutes of, 111; July 1914, 143, 145n, 158, 163; Oct. 1914, 191, 191n; Nov. 1914, 209n; Jan. 1915, 234, 235n; Apr. 1915, 234, 235n, 260, 261n, 326; Apr. 1915, minutes of, 269-74; Sept. 1915, 326, 328n, 443n; Feb. 1916, 365-66, 366n, 396, 401, 443n, 461n; June-July 1916, 367n; June-July, 1916, minutes of, 435-42; July 1916, 460, 461n, 463; Oct. 1916, 477, 478n, 485; Oct. 1916, minutes of, 508-10; Jan. 1917, 526n, 529-30n

--federal labor unions (FLU), 503; FLU 12,985 (Butte, Mont.), 183n; FLU 13,153 (Alamosa, Colo.), 456, 457n; FLU 14,365 (Big Springs, Tex.), 43, 43n; FLU 14,592 (Trois-Rivières, Que.), 15, 16n

--Labor Representation Committee, 488n

--Legislative Committee, 4:113n, 7-8, 40, 68n, 91, 141, 153, 217

--local unions, directly affiliated (LU): LU 8156 (cigar tobacco strippers, Boston), 7:308n, 492n; LU 11,773 (stenographers and clerks, Washington, D.C.), 6:412n, 537, 539n; LU 12,429 (dock builders, New York City), 292n, 311n; LU 12,675 (ladies' hat makers, Chicago), 107, 110n; LU 12,755 (stenographers and typists, Chicago), 235n; LU 14,204 (Crown Cork and Seal Operatives, Baltimore), 333n, LU 14,440 (ladies' hat makers, Chicago), 110n; LU 14,569 (hat trimmers, New York City), 108, 110n; LU 14,596 (school custodians and janitors, Washington, D.C.), 267-68, 268n; LU 14,790 (dye house workers, Chicago), 354, 356n

--Metal Trades Department, 7:368n, 503; jurisdiction of, 388-90, 390n

--Mining Department, 8:368n, 271, 351-52, 503

--office building, 275-76, 276n, 308, 366; cornerstone of, 276n, 308, 367-70, 370n; dedication of, 276n, 436, 443-48, 448n; groundbreaking for, 276n; SG and, 508-10

--organizers, 83n, 98-99, 99n, 110n, 142, 145n, 154n, 236n, 354, 410, 418n, 443n; and Northern Michigan copper miners' strike, 44n, 46, 47n, 65; letters to, 78-80, 150, 153-54, 194, 326-28, 408-9, 490-95; wire from, 438

--Railroad (Railway) Employes' Department, 8:253n, 50n, 343n, 503

--Union Label Trades Department, 7:457n, 503

American Industrial Union, 118n, 507n

American Labor Movement: Its Makeup, Achievements, and Aspirations, The (SG), 224n

American League (baseball), 237n

American Revolution, 290

American Tobacco Co., 481

American Union against Militarism, 430-31, 433n

American Vocational Association, 353n

Ammon, Charles G.,* 353, 355n

Ammons, Elias, 24n, 95n

Anaconda Copper Mining Co., 275n

Ancona, Mary D., 1:18n, 538, 539n

Anderson, Albert B., 8:414n, 206-7, 208n, 220

Anderson, Edward E.,* 457, 457n

Andrews, John B., 277n; letter to, 276-77

Anthracite coal strike commission, 86-87, 88n, 323

Anti-Militarism Committee, 433n

Anti-Preparedness Committee, 433n

Appleton, William A.,* 174, 175n, 385, 385n, 485, 487; and International Federation of Trade Unions, 265, 289n; and postwar labor conference, AFL proposal for, 468, 469n, 474; letters from, 192-93, 238-39, 288-89

Apprenticeship, regulation of, 53, 54n

Arabic pledge, 287n

Arbitration, compulsory, 56n, 450n, 463, 529n; AFL and, 212; SG and, 85, 312-13, 408-9, 449-50

Arbitration, voluntary, 449; SG and, 55, 85

Arbitration boards, SG and, 55-56, 56n

Arcand, Narcisse, 15, 15-16n

Argentina, and civil war in Mexico, 363n

Arizona Copper Co., strike against (1915-16), 351-52, 352n, 425

Arizona State Federation of Labor, 352n, 468n

Arnold, Emil, 31, 34n

Asian workers: exclusion of, SG and, 100-101; immigration of, 206, 206n. See also Chinese workers; Japanese workers

Association for National Service, 451n

Assumption of risk, 7, 9n

Atl, Dr., 433n

Austria-Hungary, and outbreak of WWI, 160n, 163n

Authority, SG and respect for, 451

B

Bablitz, August A., 244, 244n

Bacon, Augustus O., 8:381n, 10n

Baine, Charles L.,* 460n; letter to, 458-59

Baker, Newton D., 512n, 524, 525n; letter to, 511

Bakery and Confectionery Workers' International Union of America,* 34n, 191n; jurisdiction of, 143, 145n, 147-49

Baldwin-Felts guards, 24n

Ballard, S. Thruston, 139, 139n, 312n

Baltic Mining Co. et al. v. Houghton Circuit Judge, 13n

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 516

Baltimore Federals (baseball team), 237-38n

Barbers, organization of, 222

Barnes, J. Mahlon,* 9n, 339, 341n, 348-49, 349n, 350

Bartlett, Charles L., 8:381n, 10n

Barton, Bruce, 17n; letter to, 16-17

Barton, Dante, 422n

Baseball disputes, 237, 237-38n

Baumeister, Albert,* 107, 107n; letter from, 173-74

Beattie, Samuel G., 27, 28n

Belcher, George W., 480, 480n

Belgium: German atrocities in, 192, 193-94n, 195; German invasion of, 163n, 193n, 295, 296n, 364; labor representatives of, at Leeds conference, 470n; neutrality of, 295, 296n

Bennett, Albert W., 29, 31, 33-34n

Benson, Allan L., 462, 462n

Berger, Victor L.,* 80-82, 82-83n, 353, 355, 383n

Bernhardi, Friedrich von, 192, 193n

Bernstorff, Johann von, 287n

Berres, Albert J.,* 91, 94n, 157n

Berry, George L.,* 34-36, 36n, 347, 350, 410n; letter to, 409-10

Bethmann Hollweg, Chancellor, 296n

Bevin, Ernest,* 353, 355n

Billings, Warren, 517-18n

Bittner, Van Amberg, 8:*, 38n

Blacksmiths and Helpers, International Brotherhood of, 8:*; jurisdiction of, 347, 347-48n

Black workers, 342, 481; AFL and, 161n, 267-68; AFL Executive Council and, 169, 169n; Hod Carriers', Building and Common Laborers' Union of America, International, and, 480, 480n; migration to northern states, 481, 510-11, 516; Musicians, American Federation of, and, 168-69, 169-70n; representation in central bodies, 268; SG and, 161n, 169-70n; Steam and Operating Engineers, International Union of, and, 281, 282n, 497, 497n; letters from, 160-61, 281, 497

Blaine, James G., 2:173n, 3:120n, 88n

Bland, Lawrence D., 208n, 255, 255-56n

Blatch, Harriot Stanton, 187n

Blermstrong, John, letter to, 50-51

Blue Book (British), 192, 193n

Bohm, Ernest,* 291n; letters to, 290-91, 303-4

Bolander, Carl N., 260, 261n

Bolivia, and civil war in Mexico, 363n

Bonillas, Ignacio, 498-500, 500n

Boot and Shoe Workers' Union,* 452, 452n; convention, 1899 (Rochester, N.Y.), 5:111-12n; local 94 (Chicago), 302, 303n

Boston Building Trades Council, 68n

Boston building trades conference (1914), 66, 68n, 70, 73n

Boston Central Labor Union, 1:166n, 492n

Boston Elevated Railway Co., 390n

Bowerman, Charles W.,* 105n, 385n, 474, 485, 487; letters to, 105, 162-63, 384-85

Boyer, C. S., 496, 497n

Brady, Peter J., 153n; letter to, 152-53

Brais, Eugene J.,* 71, 74n, 236, 236n

Brandeis, Louis D., 6:83n, 409-10, 410n

Brazil, and civil war in Mexico, 363n

Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United,* 34n, 181; and industrial unionism, 502; jurisdiction of, 143-44, 146n, 148

Brick and Clay Workers of America, United, 203, 205n

Bricklayers', Masons', and Plasterers' International Union of America,* 70, 73n; convention, 1914 (Houston), 70, 73n; jurisdiction of, 73n

Brick, Tile, and Terra Cotta Workers' Alliance, International,* 74n, 205n

Bridge, Structural, and Ornamental Iron Workers and Pile Drivers, International Association of,* 191n, 300, 302n; jurisdiction of, 305n; strike, 1915 (Bridgeport, Conn.), 304, 305n

Brindell, Robert P., 290, 292n, 311n

Broadhurst, Henry, 3:*, 337

Brock, James F.,* 148, 149n

Brooklyn Central Labor Union, 2:68n, 62, 63n

Brown, George W., 50n

Brown, J. G.,* 221, 223-24n

Brown, Morris, 3:143n, 6:364n, 23, 24-25n

Brown, Rome G., 316, 318n

Brunet, G. R., 15, 15-16n

Brussels (steamship), 475, 477n

Brussels, German occupation of, 195, 197n

Bryan, William J., 4:234n, 3, 287n, 292n, 354, 430-31, 433n

Buchanan, Frank J., 8:*, 153n, 292n

Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases: contempt case, 7:249-50n, 105, 106n; injunction case, 7:249-50n, 106n; Mitchell and, 105, 106n; Morrison and, 105, 106n; SG and, 105, 106n

Budd, Britton I., 388, 390n

Buffalo Central Labor Council, 406n

Buffalo Copper and Brass Rolling Mill, strike against (1916), 406n

Burgman, Charles F., 3:*, 515n

Burnett, John L., 8:346n, 103n, 405n

Burnett immigration bill. See Legislation, U.S.: immigration act (1917)

Burns, John E., 4:*, 337; letter from, 326

Burns, William J., 8:214n, 23

Burton, Harry P., 232-33, 233n

Butte, Mont., labor situation in, 154, 155n, 177, 179-82, 190, 270-72, 274-75n

Butte (Mont.) Miners' Union. See Miners, Western Federation of, local 1 (Butte, Mont.)

Butte (Mont.) Mine Workers' Union, 155n, 181, 183n, 270-72

C

Cabrera, Luis, 498-500, 500n

Cabs, union, SG and, 266-67, 267n

California: Japanese in, 206n; landholding by Asian immigrants in, 206, 206n

California State Federation of Labor, 6:244n, 206n, 513, 515; convention, 1914, 206n; convention, 1915, 515n; convention, 1916, 515n

Call, Homer D., 7:*, 280n

Calumet and Hecla Mining Co., strike against (1913-14), 8:512-13n, 11-13, 13-14n, 25-28, 43-44, 44n, 46-47, 47-48n, 51-52, 52n, 64-67, 68n, 177, 181-83, 210, 211n, 301

Calumet (Mich.) News, 28n

Camomile, David A., 343, 344n

Campaigns

--1884, 86-87

--1906: AFL and, 3; AFL financial report, 3, 8n

--1908: AFL and, 3-4; AFL financial report, 3, 8n

--1910: AFL and, 3-4; AFL financial report, 3, 8n

--1912: AFL and, 4

--1916, 473, 487, 488n, 518

Canada, Trades and Labor Congress of, 4:471n; convention, 1914 (St. John, N.B.), 191n

Canada, trade unions in, 14-15, 15-16n, 458, 460n

Canadian Federation of Labor, 8:121n, 15n

Canal Zone, West Indian workers in, 496

Cannon, Joseph D., 8:286n, 292n, 443n; at AFL conventions, 25-26, 28n, 30, 346, 346n, 526n

Cannon, Joseph G., 3:20n, 202

Cannon, William P., letter to, 267-68

Canova, Leon Joseph, 443n

Caperton, William, 311n

Capital punishment: AFL and, 278; SG and, 278

Carlin, Charles C., 91, 94n, 97n

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 274n

Carothers, Francis K.,* 168, 169n

Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of,* 15n, 332, 333n, 342, 343n, 428; and AFL Building Trades Department, 70, 73n; and Catholic Church in Canada, 14-15, 458, 460n; convention, 1916 (Ft. Worth, Tex.), 347, 348n, 496; jurisdiction of, 70, 73n, 346-47, 347n; local 11 (Cleveland), 4:451n, 470; local 913 (Balboa, Canal Zone), 496, 497n; local 1338 (Jonquière, Que.), 15, 15n; local 1368 (Chicoutimi, Que.), 15, 15n; local 1456 (New York City), 292n, 311n; local 1793 (Trois-Rivières, Que.), 14, 15n

Carranza, Venustiano, 160n, 438-39; and Casa del Obrero Mundial, 425, 426n, 498, 500n; declaration of martial law, 498-500, 500-501n; land reforms of, 439, 443n, 484n; and overthrow of Huerta, 95-96n, 437; religious persecution under, 440, 443n, 458; SG and, 158-59, 427, 427n, 428, 458; and U.S. Punitive Expedition, 426n, 431-33, 433-34n, 437; U.S. recognition of government of, 306-7, 307n, 325-26, 326n, 327, 328n, 360-61, 437; Villa and, 212n, 306, 437; Zapata and, 306, 307n; wire to, 434-35

Carrick, Michael P.,* 337, 341n

Carrizal (Chihuahua), battle at, 426n, 431-32, 434-35n, 437

Carter, William S.,* 49, 50n, 450n, 464n, 521, 527

Carvallo, Guillermo Z., 429n, 467, 468n

Cary, Henry N., 71, 74n

Casa del Obrero Mundial, 426, 427, 427-28n, 433n, 436; agreement with Mexican government, 425, 426n, 498, 500n; and general strike in Mexico City, 426n, 501n; letter to, 425-26

Casey, Josephine, 99n; letter from, 98-99

Cash, James G., 351, 352n

Catholic Church, and trade unions in Canada, 14-15, 15-16n, 458, 460n

Central bodies: constitutions of, 419-22; expulsion of locals from, 203-5, 205n, 208-9, 209n

Central New England Railroad, 516

Chance, George, 6:*, 336

Chandler, Harry, indictment of, 483, 484n

Charitable organizations, SG and, 50-51

Chase, John, 24n, 211, 211n

Chicago, Labor Day in, 453-54, 454n

Chicago Building Construction Employers' Association, 261n

Chicago building trades conference (1915), 260-61, 261n

Chicago Building Trades Council, 3:359n, 261n

Chicago Elevated Railways, 388, 390n

Chicago Federation of Labor, 4:159n, 4:177n, 203-4, 208, 261n, 371

Chicago Newspaper Publishers' Association, 71, 74n

Chicago police, violence against strikers, 354, 355n, 356-57, 386

Chihuahua, governor of, 427n

Children, hours of labor of, legislation regarding, AFL and, 118, 214, 223n

Chile, and civil war in Mexico, 363n

Chilton, William E., 8:362n, 19, 22n

Chinese workers: AFL and, 477, 478n; exclusion of, 514, 515n

Chipman, Miner, 229n

Cigar industry, tenement-house production in, 222-23

Cigar Makers' International Union of America,* 75n, 209, 209n, 537; convention, 1912 (Baltimore), 8:397n, 403n; and eight-hour day, 121, 223; life expectancy of members of, 402, 403n; per capita tax owed AFL, 478-79, 479n

Cigar Makers' Progressive International Union, 1:247-49, 1:365-66, 209, 209n

Citizens' alliance, in Calumet, Mich., 43

Claflin, Roy C., 466n; letter to, 465-66

Clapp, Moses E., 152, 153n

Clark, James B. "Champ," 8:258n, 48n, 65, 98n, 111, 112n

Clarke, James P., 111, 112n

Clayton, Henry D., 8:258n, 10n, 90-92, 106n, 141n; letter to, 96-97

Clayton Act. See Legislation, U.S.: Clayton Act (1914); Legislation, U.S.: Clayton bill, H.R. 15,657 (1914)

Clerks' International Protective Association, Retail,* 72n

Cleveland, Grover, 2:127n, 201

Cleveland Board of Education, 137, 137-38n

Cleveland Federation of Labor, 137-38n

Cleveland Grade Teachers' Club, 137n

Clothing Workers of America, Amalgamated,* 205n; AFL 1914 convention and, 205n, 227, 228n; organization of, 74n, 203, 205n, 227n, 386, 391, 393; strike, 1915 (Chicago), 354, 355-56n, 356-57, 370-71, 371n, 386-87, 391; and Tailors' Industrial Union, 236, 236n, 260, 261n

Cloutier, Emile, 15n, 443n, 460n

Clover Leaf Railroad, 516

Coal Wheelers' Union (New Orleans), indictment of members of, 8:182n, 82

Cockran, William Bourke, 517, 518n

Coffey, Frank M.,* 200n; letter to, 198-200

Collective bargaining, 120; SG and, 55

Colombia, and Pan-American Federation of Labor, 466n

Colorado, Industrial Commission of, 456-57, 457n

Colorado, miners' strike in (1913-14), 23, 24n, 210-11, 211n, 242, 301, 399, 400n (see also Ludlow massacre); congressional investigation of, 23, 24-25n, 48n, 51-52, 52n, 96n, 97, 98n, 301, 302n

Colorado Fuel and Iron Co., 283n, 328-29, 329n; strike against (1913-14), 23, 24n, 210-11, 211n, 242, 301, 399, 400n. See also Ludlow massacre

Colorado Industrial Plan, 328-29, 329n

Comerford, Matthew, 7:*, 305n

Commercial union, with Latin America, 527, 529n

Committee of One Thousand on National Defense, 358-59, 359n

Committee on Industrial Relations, 420-21, 422n; AFL and, 464, 464n

Common carriers, government ownership of, 255n; SG and, 254-55

Commons, John R., 6:*, 172, 312n

Company stores, 87, 222

Conciliation, SG and, 55

Confédération Générale du Travail (General Confederation of Labor), 7:479n, 238, 292n

Connors, James B., 212, 213n

Conspiracy, law of, 294-95

Consten, Hermann, 192, 194n

Constitution, amendment of, 125

Contempt, in labor disputes, 125

Continuous mediation (between belligerents), 274n

Contract labor, immigrant, 101

Contributory negligence, 7

Convict labor, 118

Conway, Henry J.,* 69, 72n

Cooper, Wade, 106n

Cooperative commonwealth, 245

Cooperative Union, 238, 240n

Cordell, William W., 480, 480n

Corporation Ouvrière Catholique des Trois-Rivières (Catholic Labor Corporation of Three Rivers), 14, 15n

Corrigan, W. J., 267n

Costa Rica, and Pan-American Federation of Labor, 466n

Costello, Tony, 62n; letter to, 61

Cost of living, AFL and, 525, 525-26n, 527, 529n

Coughlin, John P., 63n; letter from, 62-63

Council of National Defense, creation of, 378, 435, 442n; SG appointment to Advisory Committee of, 435, 511, 512n

Craig, Walter A., 256n; letter to, 256

Cramer, Robley D. "Bob," 359n; letter to, 358-59

Crothers, Thomas, 409n

Cruse, James, 13n

Cuba, strikes in, 534, 534n

Cuban Railroad Co., strike against (1916), 534n

Cummins, Albert B., 207, 208n, 319, 321n, 323

Cuyahoga Co. (Ohio), United Trades and Labor Council of, 7:282n, 137n

D

Daily Mail, 289-90n

Daily Mining Gazette (Houghton, Mich.), 28n

Daily Mirror, 289n

D'Alessandro, Domenico,* 71, 73n

Dally, Thomas, 184n

Daly, Timothy M.,* 222, 224n

Danbury hatters, financial appeal in behalf of, 344, 344n

Danger of Peace, The (Allen), 365, 366n

Daniels, Josephus, 98n

Darlington, Joseph J., 8:217n, 106n

Darrow, Clarence S., 8:*, 47n, 88n

Das Kapital (Marx), 5

Davenport, Daniel, 6:339n, 221, 323

Davies, Hywel, 352, 352n, 489n

Davis, Jacob, 1:18n, 538

Debs, Eugene V.,* 113-17, 118n

DeLeon, Daniel, 8:*, 150n

Democratic party: convention, 1916 (St. Louis), SG and, 430n; platform (1908), 4, 9; platform (1912), 4, 9, 77, 111

Detective agencies, 279

Detroit Copper Mining Co., strike against (1915-16), 351-52, 352n, 425

Dewey, John, 430n; letter to, 429

Díaz, Porfirio, 8:320n, 158, 212n, 324, 360, 432, 436

Diggs, James H., letter from, 281

Dillingham, William P., 83n, 92, 94n

Dock Builders' Union (New York City), 292n

Dock workers, organization of, 337-38

Dodd, Alvin, 353n; wire from, 353

Dolan, Thomas, letter to, 470-72

Donoghue, Mortimer M.,* 155n, 190, 191n

Donovan, James A., 454, 455n

Douglas, Charles A., 327, 328n, 430-33, 434n

Downer College, 355n

Doyle, Edward L., 95-96n, 97, 309; wire from, 95

Draft Bill for the Regulation of Public Utilities (National Civic Federation), 164n

Draper, Patrick M.,* 314n, 409n; letter to, 312-14

Dreier, Dorothea, 302, 303n

Drew, Walter, 8:227n, 221, 279, 280n, 284, 285n, 323

Dues, union, 268, 452

Duffy, Frank,* 145n, 148, 149n, 207, 226n, 436, 443n; elected AFL vice-president, 38n, 226n, 348n; letters from, 427-28, 496

Duncan, James,* 14n, 66, 68n, 107, 200n, 492n, 535, 539n; at AFL conventions, 23-24, 25n, 34-36, 345-46, 346n; at AFL Executive Council meetings, 366, 367n, 396, 397n, 436, 438-40; elected AFL vice-president, 38n, 226n, 348n; illness of, 363, 366n; letters to, 69-72, 363-66, 396

E

Eagle Pass, Tex., labor conference (1916), 426n

Easley, Donna R., 164, 164n

Easley, Minerva Cheney, 164, 164n

Easley, Ralph M.,* 132, 136n, 385n; letter from, 138-39; letters to, 163-64, 460-61

Easley, Ronald M., 164, 164n

Education test, for immigrants, 80-81, 82-83n, 102, 103n, 403-4, 405n, 413-16

Efficiency. See Scientific management

Eidlitz, Otto, 200n

Eight-Hour League, 220

Eight-hour legislation: AFL and, 22n, 214-23, 223n, 240-41, 335, 349-50, 350-51n, 527, 529n, 532; Machinists, International Association of, and, 214-16, 220-22, 224n; SG and, 119-22, 215, 219-23, 224n, 240-44, 246, 335-40, 341n, 407, 494, 495n. See also Legislation, U.S.: Adamson Act (1916)

Eight-hour movement, 1886, 1:276-77, 241

Eight-hour movement, 1890, 2:163-64, 241

Eldorado (Ill.) Trades Council, 240-41, 244n

Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,* 38n, 99n, 342, 343n; local 1A (Boston), 270, 274n; McNulty faction, 38, 39n, 73n; Reid-Murphy faction, 38, 38-39n, 73n, 137n; secession movement in, 7:482n, 70, 73n; secession movement in, AFL and, 38, 39n, 40, 40n; secession movement in, SG and, 38, 39n, 40, 40n, 70

Elkus, Abram I., 8:329n, 258, 259n

El Paso, Tex.: labor conference (1916), 425, 427-28, 428n, 437; peace conference (1916), 430-31, 433n

El Salvador, and Pan-American Federation of Labor, 466n

Ely, Frederick W., 515n; interview with SG, 512-15

Emergency Federation of Peace Forces, 274n

Emery, James A., 8:199n, 85, 87, 88n

Employees, interests of, 131-32

Employers, interests of, 131-32

Employment bureaus, state, 123

Empress of Ireland, sinking of, 201, 203n

Endich, Judge, 263n

Engineers, Amalgamated Society of, 6:*, 385n

Erie Railroad, 481

Ettor, Joseph J., 8:502-3n, 489n

Evans, Fred, 161n; letter from, 160-61

Evans, P. F., letter to, 251-52

Evening Copper Journal (Hancock, Mich.), 28n

F

Fairley, William R., 7:329n, 489n

Falkner, Roland P., 139, 140n

Fargo (N.Dak.) Trades and Labor Assembly, 424n

Farmers, AFL and, 34, 36n, 422-24

Farrington, Frank, 178n, 272; letter to, 176-78

Federación de Sindicatos Obreros de la República Mexicana (Federation of the Organized Workers of the Republic of Mexico), 305, 307n, 363n, 427n, 429n, 467

Federación Libre de los Trabajadores de Puerto Rico (Free Federation of the Workers of Puerto Rico), 6:258n, 257

Federal Baseball League, 237n

Federal Council of Churches of Christ, 310n

Federal Reserve Board, 300n

Federal Trade Commission, 300n, 365, 449, 526n

Fédération Nationale des Coopératives de Consommation (National Federation of Consumers' Cooperatives), 238, 240n

Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the U.S. and Canada, 395; convention, 1881 (Pittsburgh), 368, 370n, 514, 515n; convention, 1884 (Chicago), 3:580n, 121, 136n

Ferris, Woodbridge N., 47n, 65, 68n, 183

Fishler, Bennett, 53, 54n

Fitzgerald, Thomas D., 8:327n, 330, 332n, 491; letter to, 400-403

Fitzpatrick, John E., 80n

Fitzpatrick, John J.,* 205n, 261n, 348n, 349-50, 350n, 354; letter from, 203-5; letter to, 208-9

Flett, John A.,* 409n; letter to, 408-9

Flint Glass Workers' Union, American,* 34n

Flood, Emmet T.,* 47n, 354, 356n; wire from, 438

Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley, 8:326n, 489n

Flynn, Patrick, 38n

Flynn, Thomas H., 7:122n; letter to, 150

Foodstuffs, AFL and, 525, 525-26n, 527

Ford, Charles P.,* 70, 73n

Ford, Henry, 45, 45n

Ford, Richard "Blackie," 507n

Ford Motor Co., 45, 45-46n

Ford Plan, 45-46n; SG and, 45

Forrester, James J.,* 517n; letter from, 516-17

Foster, Martin D., 96n, 97, 98n

Foster, William Z.,* 454n; letters to, 453-54, 461-62

France, labor representatives of, at Leeds conference, 470n; and outbreak of WWI, 163n

Franc-tireur, 477n

Frank, Leo M., 278, 278-79n

Franklin, Joseph A.,* 49, 50n

Franklin, Stella Miles, 234, 235n, 302

Franz, G. A., 351, 352n

Franz Ferdinand, 160n

Frayne, Hugh,* 107-8, 110n, 161n, 168, 169n, 311n; letter to, 490-92

Frederick, J. M. H., 138n

Freedom of assembly, 124

Freedom of speech, 124

Freedom of the press, 124

French, Thomas A.,* 468n; letter to, 466-68

Frey, John P.,* 25n, 90-91, 94n, 188-89n; at AFL conventions 23, 32, 37, 214, 216-17, 223n, 529n; letter to, 454-55

Fryatt, Charles A., 475, 477n

Frye, William P., 7:6n, 202

Fuel, AFL and, 525-26n

Fulton, Harry W., 317n; letter to, 314-17

Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills, strike against (1914), 170-71, 171n, 191n

Furuseth, Andrew,* 91, 94n, 305n, 359n, 454; at AFL conventions, 212, 214n, 225-26, 226n, 345, 346n, 520-21, 521n, 524

G

Gallagher, Andrew J., 7:385n, 218-19, 221, 224n

Garment Workers of America, United,* 71, 73-74n, 203, 261n, 386, 391, 393; convention, 1914 (Nashville), 205n, 227, 393; jurisdiction of, 74n; local 2 (New York City), 227, 228n; secession movement in, 203, 205n, 227, 228n (see also Clothing Workers of America, Amalgamated)

Garretson, Austin B.,* 49, 50n, 136, 312n, 322, 422n

Garrett, Finis J., 5, 9n

Gary Plan, 429, 430n

General Electric Co., strike against (1914), 99, 99n

General Federation of Trade Unions of Great Britain and Ireland, 5:69n, 238, 470n, 474

General strikes: 1914 (miners, threatened), 97, 98n; 1916 (Mexico City), 426n, 499-500, 500-501n; 1916 (New York City, threatened), 490-91, 492n; SG and, 97, 269, 490-91, 492n

Gentlemen's Agreement (with Japan), 7:148n, 514

German transatlantic cables, cutting of, 173, 175n

Germany: air raids on Great Britain, 289, 290n, 474; atrocities committed by, 192, 193-94n, 195; conditions in, 173-74, 175n, 264; invasion of Belgium, 163n, 295, 296n, 364; and outbreak of WWI, 160n, 163n; submarine warfare of, 253, 254n, 263-64, 287n, 474-75, 477n; war credits, socialists and, 379

Germany and the Next War (Bernhardi), 193n

Germer, Adolph F.,* 217-18, 221-22, 224n, 344-45, 346n, 348n, 364

Ghent, William J., 378, 383n

Ghent unemployment relief program, 174, 175n

Gibson, David H., 418n; letter from, 416-18

Gill Engraving Co., 74-75n

Gill Engraving Co. v. William Doerr et al., 74-75n

Giovannitti, Arturo, 489n

Glass Workers, National Window,* 83n

Glass Workers of America, Amalgamated Window, dissolution of, 82, 83n

Glenn, Frank J., 155n; wire from, 154

Glove Workers' Union of America, International, 7:*; strike, 1914 (New York City), 191n

Golden, John,* 171n; letter from, 170-71; letter to, 261-62

Goldstone, Jacob, 31, 34n

Gompers, Alexander,* 537, 539n

Gompers, Alexander J.,* 537, 539n

Gompers, Florence, 4:175n, 537

Gompers, George, 156n; letter to, 155-56

Gompers, Henry,* 537, 539n

Gompers, Henry J.,* 156, 156n, 367, 367n, 537-38, 539n; letter to, 308

Gompers, Jacob, 3:*, 311n

Gompers, Louis (SG's brother),* 537, 539n

Gompers, Louis (son of Henry J.), 156, 156n

Gompers, Sadie J.,* 156, 156n, 354, 537, 539n

Gompers, Samuel: addresses, 57-60, 367-70, 372-82, 443-48, 508-10, 535-39; addresses mentioned, 52-53n, 62-63n, 64-67, 68n, 69-70, 72n, 138n, 153n, 167, 167n, 178n, 208n, 256, 256n, 276n, 292n, 303n, 309, 310n, 354, 355n, 364, 366n, 373, 492n, 522, 523n; appearance before grand jury, 366n; articles, 412-16; articles mentioned, 55, 57n, 151-52, 295, 296n, 310n, 407, 408n, 465, 466n, 532, 533n; as automobile driver, 327; birthday of, 61, 62n, 535-39; as candidate for N.Y. state constitutional convention, 280n; childhood of, 287; circulars, 51-52, 141-42, 153-54, 194, 246-51, 510-11; circulars mentioned, 65, 68n, 145n, 154-55n, 157n, 190, 191n, 227, 227n, 236n, 251n, 262, 262n, 469n, 488n; Edison Kinetophone recording of, 44-45, 45n; editorials mentioned, 56, 57n, 150-52, 152n, 229, 230n, 238n, 244, 252, 253n, 284, 285n, 302, 303n, 310n, 316, 317n, 399, 407, 408n, 455, 456n, 465, 466n, 502, 507n, 532, 533n; elected AFL president, 37, 38n, 225, 226n, 348, 348n; Hillquit, interrogation by, 118-35, 138-39; Hillquit, interrogation of, 112-17; illness of (mastoiditis, 1913), 8:468n, 44, 79; illness of (1915), 363; interview with, 512-15; leadership of, 526-29; memoranda, 88-93, 167-68, 353-55, 498-500; pacifism of, 346, 364, 366n, 372-73; salary of, 213, 214n; statements issued by, 45, 184-87, 286-87, 328-29, 383; testimony, 3-8, 83-88, 112-36; testimony mentioned, 40, 90, 137-38, 138n, 139, 139n, 224n, 279-80, 280n, 284, 285n, 300, 323, 324n; and union cabs, 266-67, 267n

--trips: Puerto Rico (Feb.-Mar. 1904), 6:228n, 79; San Francisco and New York City (Nov.-Dec. 1913), 39n, 40; New York City (Jan. 1914), 51n; Indianapolis and New York City (Jan.-Feb. 1914), 64, 68n; Chicago (Feb.-Mar. 1914), 72, 74n; Puerto Rico (Mar.-Apr. 1914), 78-80, 80n; New York City and New Haven, Conn. (Apr. 1914), 93n; Cleveland (May 1914), 137, 138n; New York City (May 1914), 137, 138n; Buffalo and New York City (June 1914), 155-56, 156n; New York City (July 1914), 164, 164n; Atlantic City and Schenectady (Aug. 1914), 176, 178, 178n; Chicago, Cleveland, Buffalo, and New York City (Feb. 1915), 234, 235n; Chicago (Mar. 1915), 258, 258n, 260-61, 263, 266, 266n, 267, 267n; New England and New York City (May 1915), 276, 276n; New York City (June 1915), 290, 292n; New York City, Meriden, Conn., Cincinnati, Chicago, and Philadelphia (July-Aug. 1915), 310n; New York City (Aug. 1915), 310, 311n; West Coast, Milwaukee, and Chicago (Oct.-Dec. 1915), 353-55, 355n, 363; New York City (Dec. 1915), 363, 366n; New York City (Jan. 1916), 363, 363n; New York City and Albany (Mar. 1916), 406, 408n; Midwest (May-June 1916), 429, 430n; New England and New York City (Sept. 1916), 490, 492n; New York City and Atlantic City (Oct. 1916), 498

Gompers, Samuel J.,* 537-38, 539n

Gompers, Samuel M.,* 536, 539n

Gompers, Sarah Rood,* 537, 539n

Gompers, Simon,* 537, 539n

Gompers, Solomon,* 367n, 537-38; wire to, 367

Gompers, Sophia Dampf (Mrs. Samuel J. Gompers), 4:*, 538, 539n

Gompers, Sophia Julian,* 156, 156n, 354, 537-38

Gompers, Sophia Spero, 3:141n, 311n

Gompers, William, 310, 311n

González García, Salvador, 426-27n, 436, 443n

Gordon, F. G. R., 6:118n, 139

Gordon, Sadie, letter to, 530-33

Gore, Thomas P., 194, 195n

Gosling, Harry, 487, 488n

Gould, Jay, 1:101n, 218

Government workers: hours of labor of, SG and, 119-20, 123, 215, 241-42, 335, 532; wages of, 19, 22n; wages of, SG and, 22n, 532

Gran Círculo de Obreros Libres (Grand Circle of Free Workers), 307n

Granite Cutters' International Association of America,* 136n; and eight-hour day, 120

Great Britain: anti-German feeling in, 192-93, 194n, 195-97, 288-89, 289-90n, 474-76; blockade of Germany, 263-64; German air raids on, 289, 290n, 474; and outbreak of WWI, 163n

Greek workers, 170

Green, William,* 39, 40n, 52n, 98n, 490n; at AFL conventions, 529n; at AFL Executive Council meetings, 271-74, 436, 440; elected AFL vice-president, 42n, 226n, 348n; and Lawson, 283n, 309; letter to, 282-83; wire from, 63-64

Green, M. F., 479n

Grey, Edgar, 160

Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of, 431-32, 434n

Guaranty Trust and Safe Deposit Co. v. Mahon et al., 208n

Guard, Rosa Lee,* 78n, 93, 490n, 498, 500n

Guatemala, and civil war in Mexico, 363n; and Pan-American Federation of Labor, 466n

Gulick, Sidney L., 513, 515n

H

Hacienda lands, distribution of, 307n, 439, 443n

Haiti, U.S. intervention in, 311n

Hall, John S., 23-24, 25n, 27, 28n, 35, 36n

Hamilton, Marie, 328, 328n

Hamilton, M. Grant,* 44n, 47n, 82n, 90-92, 94n, 98n; letters to, 326-28, 456-57, 493-95

Hamilton (Ont.) Trades and Labor Council, 409n

Handley, John J.,* 47n; letter to, 46-47

Hanna, Marcus A., 4:221n, 132

Hannahan, James, 282n, 497n

Harada, J., letter to, 17-18

Harriman, Florence, 312n

Harris, Daniel, 8:*, 80n

Harris, G. B. "Barney," 342n; letter from, 341-42

Harrison, Thomas H., 6:499n, 479n

Haskell, Henry, 274n

Hassenpflue, Peter, 137n; letter to, 136-37

Hat and Cap Makers of North America, United Cloth,* 110n; jurisdiction of, 107-9, 110n; local 5 (Chicago), 107, 110n; local 24 (New York City), 108, 110n

Hatters case. See Loewe v. Lawlor

Hatters of North America, United,* 110n; jurisdiction of, 108-9, 110n

Havana Central Railroad Co., strike against (1916-17), 534, 534n

Hayes, Denis A.,* 14n, 38n, 226n, 348n, 436

Hayes, Frank,* 40n, 98n, 210, 211n, 443n

Hayes, Max S.,* 35, 36n, 139, 139-40n, 524, 524n; letter to, 333-34

Haymarket bombing, 1:277, 241

Haynes, George E., 8:504n, 16

Hays, John W.,* 168, 168n

Hayward, Stuart A., 406, 406n

Haywood, William D., 8:*, 489n

Headley, Frank, 492, 493n

Health insurance: AFL Executive Council and, 400-401; in Great Britain, 193n; SG and, 400-403, 407

Heberling, Samuel E.,* 30, 34n

Hebrew Trades, United, 3:355n; SG address before, 57-60

Henry, Alice, 302, 303n

Henson, James, 477n, 487

Herzl, Theodor, 405n

High School Teachers' Union (Washington, D.C.), 466n

Hilfers, Henry F.,* 54n, 167; letter to, 53-54

Hill, Andrew, 518n

Hill, Joe, 343, 343-44n

Hillman, Sidney,* 227, 228n, 354, 357

Hillquit, Morris,* 117n, 378; interrogation by SG, 112-17; interrogation of SG, 118-35, 138-39; socialist program, summary of, 139, 139n

Hillstrom, Joseph. See Hill, Joe

Hillyer, Granby, 283n, 309, 310n

History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century, The  (Treitschke), 194n

Hobson, Richard P., 5:11n; letter to, 178-79

Hod Carriers', Building and Common Laborers' Union of America, International,* 71, 73n, 251; and black workers, 480, 480n; local 224 (Cedar Rapids, Iowa), 464

Holder, Arthur E.,* 54, 56n, 90-92, 97-98n, 371

Hollis, Lawrence P., 170, 171n

Holston Manufacturing Co., 263n

Homestead strike, 3:189n; congressional investigation of, 51, 52n

Horseshoers of the U.S. and Canada, International Union of Journeymen,* 209, 209n

Hotel and Restaurant Employees' International Alliance and Bartenders' International League of America,* 245, 246n

Hough, D. J., 74n

Hours of labor, AFL and, 118; for government employees, 119- 20, 123, 215, 241-42; legislation to limit, AFL and, 214-23, 223n, 240-41, 349-50, 350-51n; legislation to limit, Machinists and, 214-16, 220-22, 224n; legislation to limit, SG and, 119-22, 215, 219-23, 224n, 240-44, 246, 335-40, 341n, 349-50, 407

Houston, Clinton C.,* 457, 457n

Howe, Frederic, 422n

Hoxie, Robert F., 189n, 505; letter to, 187-89

Huber, William D.,* 14n

Huerta, Adolfo de la, 467, 468n

Huerta, Victoriano, 160n, 325, 432; and Madero, 158-59, 436; overthrow of, 96n, 159n, 306, 361, 437; Villa and, 212n; Zapata and, 307n

Hughes, Charles E., 8:259n; labor record of, SG and, 488n

Hughes, Harley, 223n

Hughes, Samuel T., letters to, 287-88, 397-98

Hughes, Thomas, 267n

Hughes, William, 8:101n, 92

Hugo, Victor, 537

Huhta, John, 184n

Hunt, George W. P., 351, 352n, 467

Hylan, John, 430n

I

Iffland, Charles,* 242, 244n; letter from, 242-43

Iglesias Pantín, Santiago,* 80n, 410, 443n, 533-34; and U.S.

Commission on Industrial Relations, 257-58, 258n, 280, 311-12; letter to, 78-80

Illinois Malleable Iron Co., strike against (1916), 438, 443n, 452

Illinois State Federation of Labor, 7:364n, 204, 511

Immigrants: educational test for, 80-81, 82-83n, 102, 103n, 403-4, 405n, 413-16; SG and, 412-13

Indianapolis Traction and Terminal Co., 208n

Indiana State Federation of Labor, 6:141n, 511

Industrial disputes: collective bargaining in resolution of, SG and, 55; compulsory arbitration of, 56n, 86, 450n; compulsory arbitration of, AFL and, 212, 527; compulsory arbitration of, SG and, 85-86, 312-13, 408-9, 449-50, 463; compulsory investigation of, 450n, 456n, 529n; compulsory investigation of, SG and, 84-88, 449, 456-57; conciliation of, 457n; conciliation of, SG and, 55; mediation of, 57n, 457n; mediation of, SG and, 55; voluntary arbitration of, 57n, 449, 457n; voluntary arbitration of, SG and, 55-56, 85

Industrial education, SG and, 382. See also Legislation,

U.S.: agricultural extension act (1914); Legislation, U.S.: industrial education bill (1913); Legislation, U.S.: vocational education resolution (1914)

Industrial training, 355, 355n

Industrial unionism, 52n, 104n, 115-17, 148-49; AFL and, 212, 213n; AFL Executive Council and, 71, 73n, 104, 104n, 116, 245, 246n; SG and, 71, 103-4, 143, 245, 502-3

Industrial Unionism (Debs), 115, 118n

Industrial Unionism in Its Relation to Trade Unionism (AFL), 71, 73n, 245, 246n

Industrial Workers of the World, 170, 218, 245, 343, 406, 406n; AFL and, 30-31; in Butte, Mont., 154, 180, 270-72; Casa del Obrero Mundial and, 427, 499; Chicago faction of, 150, 150n, 230, 504-5; Debs and, 113-14, 116-17; Detroit faction of, 150n, 230, 504-5; membership of, 230; official journal of (Solidarity), 245; SG and, 230, 503-5

--strikes: 1912 (textile workers, Lawrence, Mass.), 8:325-26n, 229, 230n, 489n, 504; 1913 (cooks and waiters, New York City), 8:452n, 489n; 1913 (textile workers, Paterson, N.J.), 8:503n, 489n, 504-5; 1913, 1914 (hop field workers, California), 504, 507n; 1916 (iron ore miners, Mesabi Range), 488, 489-90n, 504-5; 1916 (steelworkers, Pittsburgh), 504, 507n

Initiative, 124

Injunctions: AFL and, 520-21, 521n, 528; against Chicago board of education, 419n; against Photo-Engravers' Union of North America, International, local 1 (New York City), 74n; against Street and Electric Railway Employes of America, Amalgamated Association of, 206-7, 208n, 220; against Textile Workers of America, United, local 900 (Reading, Pa.), 262, 263n; against Textile Workers of America, United, local 909 (Lenoir City, Tenn.), 262, 262-63n; against Waddell-Mahon detectives, 12, 13n; against Western Federation of Miners, 12, 13n

Injunctions, state, model law regarding, 262, 262n, 320, 423

In re Frederick, 138n

Inspection of workplaces, 118

Insurance, health. See Health insurance

Insurance, unemployment. See Unemployment insurance

Inter-American Peace Conference, 434n

Interborough Rapid Transit Co., strike against (1916), 490-92, 492n

Intermountain Worker, letter to, 80-82

International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace, 274n

International Conference on Safety of Life at Sea, 112n

International Congress of Women, 1915 (The Hague), 270, 274n

International Congress on Social Insurance, 68n

International Convention on the Safety of Life at Sea, 111, 112n

International Federation of Trade Unions, 8:394n; AFL per capita tax payment, 174, 175n, 265; headquarters of, 238-39, 240n, 289n, 470n; meeting, 1915 (Amsterdam), 288, 289n; meeting, 1915 (San Francisco), 106, 107n, 174, 175n

International Harvester Co. of America v. State of Missouri, 294, 296n

International Secretariat of the National Centers of Trade Unions, 8:394n; meeting, 1909 (Paris), 213, 364, 366n; meeting, 1913 (Zurich), 8:506n, 254n

International Workers' Defense League of San Francisco, 517n

Interstate Commerce Commission, 365

Isaacs, Bella Gompers,* 537, 539n

Isaacs, Henrietta Gompers,* 537, 539n

Italian workers, 171

Italy, labor representatives of, at Leeds conference, 470n

Itinerant workers, 142, 143n, 507n

It , Hirobumi, 17, 18n

Ittner, Anthony, 54n

Ives v. South Buffalo Railway Co., 8:327n, 76n

IWW. See Industrial Workers of the World

J

Jacksonville, Fla., longshoremen's case, 82, 83n

Jallonen, Hjalmer, 182, 184n, 190-91, 191n

James J. Reid et al. v. Frank J. McNulty et al., 70, 73n

Jane, Arthur, 184n

Jane, Henry, 184n

Japan, and outbreak of WWI, 173, 175n

Japanese workers, 513-15, 515n; in California, 206n; exclusion of, SG and, 17-18

J. Edgar Thompson steelworks, 507n

Jewish Congress Organization Committee, 405n; conference, 1916 (Philadelphia), 405n

Jewish workers, 57-60; AFL and, 404, 405-6n; SG and, 57-60, 403-5, 405n

J. M. H. Frederick v. John G. Owens, 138n

John A. Kealey et al. v. A. L. Faulkner et al., 83n

John Bogni et al. v. Giovanni Perotti et al., 454-55, 455n, 520-21

John G. Owens v. Board of Education of Cleveland, 138n

Johnson, Granville T., 497n; letter from, 497

Johnson, Samuel, 183n

Johnston, William H.,* 49, 50n, 71

Jones, Eugene K., 169n; letter from, 168-69

Jones, Mary H. "Mother,"* 210-11, 211n, 443n, 520

Jones, William, 372n

Jordan, David S., 433n

Jouhaux, Léon,* 239n, 289n, 385n, 469; letters from, 238-39, 488-89

Joyce, Martin T.,* 454, 456n

Juárez, Benito Pablo, 498, 501n

Juárez decree, 498, 500-501n

Judges, restriction of powers of, 125

Junius, 8:492n, 455

Jurisdiction, of trade unions: AFL and, 110n, 143-44, 145- 46n, 147-49, 224-25, 346-47, 347-48n, 526; AFL Building Trades Department and, 70, 73n; AFL Executive Council and, 110n, 143, 145-46n, 147-49, 390n; SG and, 143-45, 145-46n, 147-49, 347, 502

Jurisdictional disputes: Bakers' and Confectioners' International Union of America, Journeymen, v. Teamsters, International Brotherhood of, 143, 145n, 147-49; Blacksmiths and Helpers, International Brotherhood of, v. Tunnel and Subway Constructors' International Union, 347, 347-48n; Brewery Workmen of America, International Union of the United, v. Teamsters, 143-44, 146n, 148; Bricklayers', Masons', and Plasterers' International Union of America, v. Stone Cutters' Association of North America, Journeymen, 73n; Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, International Association of, 305n; Carpenters and Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, v. Machinists, International Association of, 346-47, 347n; Carpenters v. Sheet Metal Workers' International Alliance, Amalgamated, 8:151n, 70, 73n; Garment Workers of America, United, v. Tailors' Industrial Union, 74n; Hat and Cap Makers of North America, United Cloth, v. Hatters of North America, United, 110n; Hat and Cap Makers' local 5 v. AFL Ladies' Straw and Felt Hat Workers' Union 12,675, 107, 110n; Hat and Cap Makers' local 5 v. AFL Ladies' Straw and Felt Hat Operators' Union 14,440, 110n; Laundry Workers' International Union, v. Teamsters, 143, 145n, 148-49; metal trades unions v. Street and Electric Railway Employes of America, Amalgamated Association of, 388-90, 390n; railroad yardmen, 341-42, 342-43n

Juuntunen, John, 182, 184n, 190-91, 191n

K

Kaiserhof Hotel (Chicago), fire at, 263, 266n

Kalamazoo (Mich.) Trades and Labor Council, 28n

Kalan, John, 26, 28n

Kaneko, Kentar , 18n

Kean, John, 6:341n; letter to, 103-4

Keating, Edward, 25n, 48n

Keep, Arthur, 482n; letter to, 481-82

Kelly, Cornelius F., 180-81, 184n, 270-71, 275n

Kelly, Josephine T., 410, 410n

Kelly, William J., 32, 34n

Kerby, Frederick M., 397, 398n

Kern, John W., 194, 194n

Kerr, Charles H., 115, 118n

King, A. E., 450n, 464n

King, W. L. Mackenzie, 85-86, 88n, 329n

Kirby, James,* 15n; letters from, 14-15, 69-70

Klarsfeld, Jerome R., 311n; letter from, 310

Kline, James W.,* 49, 50n

Knight, Andrew E., 367n

Knight, Charles E., 367, 367n, 538, 539n

Knight, Sophia Gompers, 367, 367n, 538, 539n

Knights of Labor, 257, 391, 394-95, 506

KOL. See Knights of Labor

Kugler, Albert J., 8:408n, 32

Kyle, Hugh G., 262, 263n

L

Labor and Antitrust Legislation (SG), 89, 93n

Labor conference, postwar, AFL proposal for, 226, 226n, 469-70n, 488n; Appleton and, 468, 469n; Confédération Générale du Travail and, 291, 292n; Leeds conference and, 469, 470n, 474, 485; Legien and, 265, 485; SG and, 226, 226n, 468-69, 469n, 484-87, 488n; Wilson, J. H., and, 473-76

Labor Day, 3:106-7n, 201, 453-54, 454n

Labor Forward Movement, 8:474n, 62, 63n, 310n

Labor movement, divisions in, sectional, 219

Labor party. See Political action, partisan, AFL and

Labor representatives on boards and commissions, SG and. See Committee of One Thousand on National Defense; Mayor's Committee on National Defense; Pan-American Financial Conference

"Labor's Bill of Grievances" (1906), 7:6n, 165, 166n, 202

Labor's National Peace Council, 366n

"Labor's Protest to Congress" (1908), 7:320n, 165, 166n

Ladies' and Panama Hat Blockers, 108

Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, International,* 99n; convention, 1914 (Cleveland), 137, 138n; joint board of sanitary control, 402, 403n

Lafferty, Abraham W., 19, 22n

LaFollette, Robert M., 10n

LaFollette Seamen's Act of 1915. See Legislation, U.S.: Seamen's Act (1915)

Landers, Samuel L., 7:98n; letter to, 285-86

Landis, Kenesaw M., 237n

Lane, Franklin K., 466, 466n, 484n, 498; letter to, 482-84

Lane, Harry, 371, 372n

Lansing, Robert, 431-32, 434n, 443n

Lansing, Mich., conference on Northern Michigan copper miners' strike (1913), 46, 47n, 65, 68n

Larger, Bernard A.,* 227, 228n

Laundry Workers' International Union,* 145n; jurisdiction of, 143, 145n, 148-49

Laurrell, Carl F.,* 408n; letter to, 406-7

Lawlor, Martin,* 107-8, 110n

Lawson, John R., 282, 283n; protest meetings in behalf of, 309, 310n; letter to, 308-9

League of nations, AFL proposal for, 527, 529n

Leather Workers on Horse Goods, United Brotherhood of, 7:*, 205n; local 17 (Chicago), 203, 205n

Lee, Ernest, 477

Lee, Ivy L., 399, 400n

Lee, William G.,* 49, 50n, 521, 527

Leeds conference (1916), 469, 470n, 474, 485

Legien, Carl,* 107n, 239, 240n, 289n, 385n, 485; letters from, 173-74, 263-65; letter to, 106-7; wire to, 160

Legislation, foreign:

--Australia: Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Act (1904), 212, 213n, 217

--Canada: Industrial Disputes Education Act (Lemieux Act, 1907), 86, 88n, 212, 213n, 312-13, 314n, 408-9, 409n, 529n

--Germany: Workmen's Compensation Act (1911), 199, 200n

--Great Britain: Conciliation Act of 1896, 54, 57n; Insurance Act, National (1911), 192, 193n; Military Service Act (1916), 382n; Munitions of War Act (1915), 384, 385n; Munitions of War (Amendment) Act (1916), 384, 385n; Treasury Agreement (1915), 384, 385n; Workmen's Compensation Act (1906), 7:289n, 199

--New Zealand: Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act (1894), 5:307-8n, 212, 213n, 217

Legislation, state:

--California: Alien Land Act (1913), 206n; wages, hours, and working conditions for women and minors, law regarding, 8:384n, 19, 21n

--Colorado: eight-hour law (1899), 5:115n, 242; industrial commission law, 456-57, 457n; minimum wage law for women and minors, 19, 21n

--Idaho: minimum wage law for women, 314

--Massachusetts: anti-injunction law (1914), 262, 262-63n, 321-22, 454-55, 455n, 520-21; minimum wage law for women and minors (1912), 19, 21n; workmen's compensation law (1911), 75, 76n

--Michigan: mine accident reporting law (1913), 27, 28n; workmen's compensation law (1912), 75, 76n

--Minnesota: minimum wage law for women and minors (1913), 19, 21n

--Missouri: antitrust acts (1899, 1909), 296n; miners' eight-hour law (1899), 242, 244n; minimum wage commission bill (1913), 19, 22n

--Nebraska: minimum wage law for women and minors (1913), 19, 21n; workmen's compensation law, 198-200, 200n

--New Jersey: apprenticeship bill (1913, 1914), 53, 54n; workmen's compensation law (1911), 75, 76n

--New York: bakers' ten-hour law (1895), 6:394n, 242-43; health insurance bill (1916), 400, 403n, 407; industrial disputes law, 321-22, 323-24n; Spring bill (1915), 277, 277-78n; Wilson-Fullagar bill (1916), 406, 408n; workmen's compensation law (1910, mandatory), 8:327n, 76n; workmen's compensation law (1910, voluntary), 75, 76n; workmen's compensation law (1913), 75, 76n, 200

--Ohio: run-of-mine payment laws (1914, 1915), 282, 283n; workmen's compensation law (1911), 75, 76n

--Oregon: minimum wage law for women, 316; wage, hours, and working conditions for women and minors, law regarding (1913), 19, 21n

--Utah: minimum wage law for women (1913), 19, 21n

--Washington: initiative on eight-hour day (1914), 214-16, 220-22, 224n; wages and working conditions for women and minors, law regarding (1913), 19, 21n; workmen's compensation law (1911), 75, 75n

--Wisconsin: minimum wage law for women and minors (1913), 19, 21n; workmen's compensation law (1911), 6, 75, 75-76n

Legislation, U.S.:

--Adamson Act (1916): H.R. 17,700 (1916), 450n, 493-95, 495n, 522, 523n, 527

--agricultural extension act (1914): H.R. 7951 (1913), 9, 10n

--alien contract labor legislation, 101

--army appropriations act for 1917 (1916), 435, 442n

--Bacon bill. See Legislation, U.S.: Sherman Antitrust Act, bills to amend: S. 927 (1913, Bacon)

--Bartlett bill. See Legislation, U.S.: Sherman Antitrust Act, bills to amend: H.R. 1873 (1913, Bartlett)

--Chinese exclusion act, 100, 514

--Clayton Act (1914), 94n, 207, 220, 233, 237, 423; Golden and, 261-62, 262n; SG defense of, 246-51, 262, 279-80n, 292-95, 318-21, 321n, 322-23, 324n, 446-47; Spelling and, 279, 280n, 323; Wickersham and, 250, 292-95, 295n, 319, 323. See also Legislation, U.S.: Clayton bill, H.R. 15,657 (1914)

--Clayton bill, H.R. 15,657 (1914), 10n, 94n, 105; genesis of, 88-93, 96-97, 97n, 140-41, 141n, 152-53; in House of Representatives, 97n, 146, 146n, 153-54; in Senate, 152, 153n, 154, 154n, 167-68, 168n, 175-76, 208n; final passage of, 176, 194, 197-98, 446; Wilson approval of, 200-201, 446. See also Legislation, U.S.: Clayton Act (1914)

--Department of Labor, appropriations for, 9, 10-11n

--diplomatic and consular service appropriation act (1915): 300n

--eight-hour law (1868), 1:229n, 242

--Food Survey Law (1917), 526n, 529n

--immigration act (1917): H.R. 10,384 (1916), 403-4, 405n, 414-15, 470

--immigration bills: S. 3175 (1911), 80-81, 82-83n; H.R. 6060 (1913), 102, 103n

--income tax act (1913), 8:493n, 90

--industrial education bill, S. 3 (1913), 9, 10n

--Jones Act (1917): H.R. 9533 (1916), 371, 371-72n

--Lever Food and Fuel Control Act (1917), 526n, 529n

--minimum wage bill for government employees, H.R. 4901 (1913), 19, 22n

--minimum wage bill for women, S. 579 (1913), 19, 22n

--minimum wage commission bills: H.R. 1803 (1913), 19, 22n; S. 1925 (1913), 19, 22n

--National Defense Act (1916), 525n

--Newlands Mediation, Conciliation, and Arbitration Act (1913), 55, 57n, 212, 450n

--Seamen's Act (1915): 10n, 201-3, 446-47; S. 4 (1913), 9, 10n; S. 136 (1913), 9, 10n, 111

--seamen's bill, H.R. 23,673 (1912), 111, 112n

--Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), 4:28n, 237, 237-38n; and labor organizations, 39, 40n, 72, 74-75n, 77, 82, 83n, 89, 247-50, 295

--Sherman Antitrust Act, amendment of, 76-78; bills to amend: S. 6266 (1912, Bacon), 8:381n, 93n; H.R. 23,189 (1912, Bartlett), 8:381n, 93n; H.R. 23,635 (1912, Clayton), 8:259n, 91, 94n; S. 927 (1913, Bacon), 9, 10n, 40, 40n, 72, 89-90, 93n; H.R. 1873 (1913, Bartlett), 9, 10n, 40, 40n, 72, 89-90, 93n; H.R. 4659 (1913, Clayton), 91, 94n; H.R. 5484 (1913, Clayton), 91, 94n. See also Legislation, U.S.: Clayton Act (1914); Legislation, U.S.: Clayton bill, H.R. 15,657 (1914)

--sundry civil appropriation, bill for 1914: H.R. 28,775 (1913), 8:468n, 81-82, 82n, 353; Hamill amendment of, 8:468n, 81-82, 82n, 353

--tariff act (1909): H.R. 1438 (1909), 8:492n, 89

--tariff act (1913; Underwood tariff): H.R. 10 (1913) and H.R. 3321 (1913), 8:493n, 89-90

--vocational education resolution (1914): S.J. Res. 5 (1913), 9, 10n

--Workmen's Compensation Act (1908): H.R. 21,844 (1908), 199, 200n

Legislative Achievements of the American Federation of Labor (AFL), 470-71, 472n

Legislative records, of political candidates, 165

Lemieux, Rodolphe, 314n

Lennon, John B.,* 10n, 71, 74n, 208n; at AFL convention, 23, 25n; at AFL Executive Council meetings, 271-72, 436, 438; and Committee on Industrial Relations, 422n; elected AFL treasurer, 38n, 226n, 348n; and Northern Michigan copper miners' strike, 12, 14n, 47n, 65; and U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations, 9, 138, 171-72, 311, 312n, 322; letter to, 256-58

Lever, Asbury, 10n

Lewis, David J., 90-92, 94n, 98n

Lewis, James H., 19, 22n, 194

Lewis, Jesse L., letter from, 464

Lewis, John L., 8:*, 47n

Lian, Ole O.,* 507n; letter to, 501-7

Light and Power Council of California, strike (1913-14), 38, 38-39n

Lilly, James H., 480, 480n

Lincoln, Abraham, 291, 293, 383

Literacy test, for immigrants, 80-81, 82-83n, 102, 103n, 403-4, 405n, 413-16

Living wage, 20, 259n

Lobbying, investigation of, 3-8, 229, 230n

Lochner, Louis, 274n

Lochner v. New York, 6:394n, 243

Lockwood Committee, 292n

Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of,* 450n; convention, 1912 (Harrisburg, Pa.), 522, 523n

Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, Brotherhood of,* 50n; convention, 1915 (Cincinnati), 310n

Loewe, Dietrich E., 233, 233n

Loewe v. Lawlor, 6:177-78n, 150, 233n, 248-50, 294, 319

London, Meyer, 8:114n, 274n, 292n

Longshoremen's Association, International,* 103, 104n; German effort to foment strikes by, 304, 305n; indictment of members of, 82, 83n; local 348 (Jacksonville, Fla.), 83n; local 652 (Jacksonville), 82, 83n; local 797 (Jacksonville), 83n; Pacific Coast District, 103, 104n

Lord, James,* 271, 275n, 352n; letter from, 351-52

Lord, J. Walter, 200n

Louis Geib et al. v. The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers et al., 70, 73n

Louisiana State Federation of Labor, 400n

Louvain, destruction of, 192, 193n, 195

Loveira y Chirinos, Carlos, 426-27n, 430, 432, 433-34n, 436, 443n, 534

Low, A. Maurice, 54, 57n

Low, Seth, 7:321n, 163

Lowe, Archibald B.,* 49n; letter from, 48-49

Ludlow massacre, 24n, 95, 95-96n, 97, 98n, 210, 221, 301, 329

Lusitania, sinking of, 287n, 288, 289-90n, 332n, 474-75

Lynch, James M., 8:*, 280n

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