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Volume 9 Index M-Z


This index also includes references to substantive annotations in previous volumes that not repeated here; for instance, the reference to Theodore McCullough's annotation in volume seven appears in this index as 7:442n; and the glossary entry for Frank McCarthy in volume 8 appears in this index as 8:*.

M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ

M (Asterisks indicate glossary entries)

McAdoo, William G., 299-300n, 358, 437; letter to, 296-99

McArdle, Thomas E., 276n; letter to, 275-76

McBryde, Patrick,* 336, 341n

McCarthy, Frank H., 8:*, 418n, 492n

McClory, Joseph, 311n

McClurg, Harry O., 487, 488n

McCullough, Theodore W., 7:422n, 212, 213n, 345, 346n

McDonald, Duncan,* 52, 52n, 62-63, 63n, 66-67, 68n, 69-70, 72n

MacDonald, William, 48n

McGhee, Richard, 477n, 487

McGovern, Francis E., 353, 355n

McGuire, Peter J.,* 336-37, 341n

Machinists, International Association of,* 62, 63n, 191n; disaffiliation from AFL, threatened, 71, 73n; jurisdiction of, 346-47, 347n; strike, 1915 (Bridgeport, Conn.), 304, 305n

McIntyre, Frank, 72, 74n

McMorrow, Edward, 388, 390n

McNamara case, 8:131n, 279, 280n, 300n

McNamara Defense Fund, 279

MacNaughton, James, 183, 184n

McNulty, Frank J.,* 38n

McReynolds, J. C., 106n

Madero, Francisco, 160n, 360, 425, 432; reforms of, 325, 327, 436, 443n; overthrow of, 96n, 158, 436-37; and overthrow of Díaz, 158, 212n, 324; Zapata and, 307n

Magna Carta, 290

Mahon, William D.,* 31-32, 34n, 47n, 65, 208n, 255, 337; as fraternal delegate to TUC, 162, 469, 485; letters from, 206-7, 388-90; letter to, 533-34

Mahon et al. v. Guaranty Trust and Safe Deposit Co., 208n

Mahoney, Charles E., 7:285-86n, 65; indictment of, 182-83, 184n

Maintenance of Way Employes, International Brotherhood of,* 50n, 342

Male Nurses' Association of Massachusetts, 416-18

Malines, German defeat at, 193n

Manly, Basil, 312

Mann, James R., 24, 25n

Mann, Thomas, 4:*, 337

Manning, James F., 166n; letter to, 164-66

Man Nobody Knows, The (Barton), 17n

Mansfield, Frederick W., 454, 455n

Marot, Helen, 422n

Martel, Arthur, 458, 460n

Martine, James, 195n

Martínez, Edmundo E., 307n, 326-27, 426-27n, 436-38, 443n, 465; letter from, 305-7; letter to, 360-62

Marx, Karl, 1:43n, 5

Mason Forwarding Co., 83n

Mathews, James W., 422n; letter to, 419-22

Mayors, conference of, 1914 (Philadelphia), 206-7, 208n

Mayor's Committee on National Defense, 358-59, 359n

Mazur, Paul M., 229n; letter to, 228-29

Meador, C. H., 494, 495n

Mendelsohn, George, 236n; letter from, 235-36

Menge, Edward, 213n

Merritt, Charles H., 284, 285n

Merritt, Walter G., 284, 285n

Mesabi Range strike (1916), 488, 489-90n, 504-5

Metal Mine Workers' Industrial Union (IWW), 489n

Metal Polishers', Buffers', Platers', and Brass and Silver Workers' Union of North America,* 224n

Mexican-American War, 434n

Mexican Federation of Labor, 305-7, 326-27, 436, 465

Mexican workers, in U.S., 43, 352n, 425, 438-39, 443n, 456, 466-68

Mexico: AFL and, 158-59, 360-61, 436, 458, 462; AFL Executive Council and, 158, 324, 326, 326n; American prisoners held by, 426n, 434-35, 435n, 437; anti-American feeling in, 439; hacienda lands, distribution of, 307n, 439, 443n; organization of labor in, 427-28, 429n, 439, 467 (see also Casa del Obrero Mundial; Federación de Sindicatos Obreros de la República Mexicana; Gran Círculo de Obreros Libres; Mexican Federation of Labor); and Pan-American Federation of Labor, 466n; religious persecution in, 440, 443n, 458; schools in, 465; Tampico incident, 95, 95-96n; U.S. intervention in, possible (1915), 306, 307n, 326-27, 361, 363n, 437; U.S. Punitive Expedition in, 212n, 426n, 437; U.S. war with, possible (1916), 428, 430-33, 433n, 434, 434n, 435, 435n, 438-39; wages in, 439

Mexico City, general strike in (1916), 426n, 499-500, 500- 501n

Meyling, Herman, 173

Migrant workers, 142, 143n, 507n

Militarism: AFL and, 524-25n, 529; SG and, 380-81, 384

Military, democracy in, 380-82

Military training, 332n; AFL and, 345-46, 379, 524, 524- 25n, 526

Military Training Camps Association of the U.S., 332n

Militia, 379, 382

Miller, Abraham, 227n; letter from, 227

Miller, Guy E., 6:460n, 179, 183n

Mills, Ernest,* 44n; wire from, 43-44

Mills, Ogden, 403n

Milwaukee Building Trades Council, 4:183n, 354

Milwaukee-Downer College, 354, 355n

Milwaukee Female College, 355n

Miners, organization of, 222. See also Miners, Western

Federation of; Mine Workers of America, United

Miners, Western Federation of,* 28n, 66, 115, 118n; amalgamation with Mine Workers of America, United, 176-78, 178n, 271-74; in Butte, Mont., 154, 155n, 179-82, 190; convention, 1914, 178n; and eight-hour day, 121; indictment of officers of, 182-83, 184n; local 1 (Butte), 155n, 180, 182, 270-72; and Mexico, 443n; strike, 1913 (Mineville, N.Y.), 177, 178n; strike, 1913-14 (Northern Michigan), 8:512-13n, 11-13, 13-14n, 25-28, 43-44, 44n, 46-47, 47-48n, 51-52, 52n, 64-67, 68n, 177, 181-83, 210, 301; strike, 1915-16 (Arizona), 351-52, 352n, 425

Mine Workers of America, United,* 24n, 66, 115, 118n; agreements with Ohio miner operators (1914, 1915), 282, 283n; amalgamation with Miners, Western Federation of, 176-78, 178n, 271-74; conference, 1897 (Wheeling, W.Va.), 4:359n, 337; convention, 1914 (Indianapolis), 40, 40n, 52, 52-53n, 63n, 64-67, 68n, 69, 176, 178n; District 12 (Illinois), 181; and eight-hour day, 121; indictment of officers of, 39, 40n, 89; and industrial unionism, 502; and Mexico, 436, 443n; organization of, 336-37; strike, 1897, 4:345n, 33; strike, 1913-14 (Colorado), 23, 24n, 210-11, 211n, 242, 301, 399, 400n (see also Ludlow massacre); strike, 1914 (threatened), 97, 98n

Minimum Wage Law (Brown), 316, 318n

Minimum wage legislation, 19, 21-22n; AFL and, 19, 22n, 214, 532; AFL Executive Council and, 19-21, 22n, 460-61, 461n; SG and, 22n, 119, 122, 215, 258-59, 259n, 314-17. See also specific entries under Legislation, state, and Legislation, U.S.

Mitchel, John P., 358-59, 359n, 430n, 492

Mitchell, John,* 13n, 38n, 200n, 280n, 359, 359n; and Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases, 105; and Northern Michigan copper miners' strike, 12, 14n, 28n, 44n, 47n, 65; retirement of, 37-38, 41

Model state law regarding injunctions, 262, 262n, 320, 423

Molders' Union of North America, International,* 34n

Moley, Daniel M., 99, 99n

Molloy, Annie E., 270, 274n

Monon Railroad, 516

Monroe, sinking of, 201, 203n

Montana Federation of Labor, 155n

Montana State Federation of Labor, 155n

Montana Trades and Labor Council, 155n

Mooney, Rena, 517-18n

Mooney, Thomas J.,* 343, 344n, 517-18n

Mooney-Billings case, 517, 517-18n

Morales, Nieves G., letter to, 43

"More," 127-30

Morgan, J. Edward, 517, 517-18n

Moriarty, James, 479n

Morones Negrete, Luis N.,* 426-27n, 436, 443n

Morrison, Frank,* 14n, 48n, 64, 157n, 359n, 464n, 488n, 508; at AFL conventions, 29, 33, 34n, 214n; at AFL Executive Council meetings, 271-74, 436; and black workers, 282n; and Boston building trades conference, 68n, 70, 73n; and Buck's Stove and Range Co. cases, 105; and Clayton bill, 90-91, 97n, 98n, 153; elected AFL secretary, 38n, 226n, 348n; and International Federation of Trade Unions, payment of per capita tax to, 174, 175n; and jurisdictional dispute, 107-8; and Lawson protest, 309; salary of, 213, 214n; and trade union movement in Canada, 15-16n; letters to, 39-40, 227, 260-61, 281, 464; wire from, 146; wire to, 371

Morrison, Harry, 145n

Morrison, John (grocer), 343, 343-44n

Moyer, Charles H.,* 44n, 65, 154, 155n, 274; attack on, 43-44; criticism of AFL, 52n, 67, 68n; indictment of, 182-83, 184n; letter from, 179-83; letter to, 189-91

Murdock, Victor, 7:95n, 98n

Murillo, Geraldo, 433n

Murray, John, 430-31, 433-34n, 436, 438, 443n

Mushet, William, 213n

Musical Mutual Protective Union (New York City), 2:37n, 4:399n, 168-69, 169n

Musicians, American Federation of,* 169n; and black workers, 168-69, 169-70n; local 310 (New York City), 168-69, 169n

Mussolini, Benito, 489n

Mutual Beneficial Association of Pennsylvania Railroad Employes, 48, 50n

Myers, Joseph S., 352, 352n

Myrup, A. A., 145n

N

National Association for Universal Military Training, 451n

National Association of Manufacturers, 5:15n, 3, 78, 82, 135, 221, 229-30, 230n

National Association of Manufacturers Exposed (AFL), 229, 230n

National Civic Federation, 5:218n, 51n, 138; annual meeting, 1916 (Washington, D.C.), 382n; annual meeting, 1916, SG address before, 372-82; Department on Regulation of Interstate and Municipal Utilities, 163, 164n; Minimum Wage Commission, 461n; and minimum wage laws, 460-61, 461n; model bill for regulating public utilities, 163-64, 164n; SG testimony regarding, 132-36; survey of social and industrial conditions, 139, 140n; and workmen's compensation laws, 199, 200n

National Constitutional Prohibition Committee on Cooperation, 179

National Emergency Peace Conference, 1915 (Chicago), 269, 274n

National Erectors' Association, 8:227n, 221

National Founders' Association, 5:368n; convention, 1916 (New York City), 523, 523n

National Industrial Conference Board, 523, 523n

National Labor Union, 3:204n, 241

National League (baseball), 237n

National League of Professional Baseball Clubs et al. v. Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore, Inc., 238n

National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education, 353, 353n

National Society for Vocational Education, 353n

Neary, Timothy F., 267n, 453; letter to, 266-67

Neff, William B., 138n

Nelson, Knute, 8:363n, 10n, 92

Nestor, Agnes, 7:*, 422n

Neutrality, American, 254n

New Jersey State Federation of Labor, 8:135n; convention, 1914 (Newark), 168, 168n

Newlands, Francis G., 55, 57n, 92

New Orleans Dock and Cotton Council, indictment of members of, 8:182n, 82

New Orleans longshoremen's case, 8:182n, 82

Newspaper Enterprise Association, 397

New York and Vicinity, Central Federated Union of Greater, 1:379n, 167, 269, 274n, 278n, 291n

New York City, Gary Plan in, 429, 430n

New York City Allied Printing Trades Council, 153n; investigation of, 72, 74n, 89

New York City Building Trades Council, 292n

New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad, 516

New York Railways Co., strike against (1916), 490-92, 492n

New York state constitutional convention, 279-80, 280n

New York State Department of Labor, 277, 277n

New York State Factory Investigating Commission, 8:301n, 137, 138n, 156, 258-59, 259n, 316

New York State Federation of Labor, 2:96n, 62, 278n, 280, 280n, 408n; convention, 1914 (Schenectady), 178n

New York state industrial board, 277n

New York state industrial commission, 277n

New York state workmen's compensation commission, 277, 277n

New York World, statement to, 45

Nimmo, John, 283n

Nockels, Edward N., 6:342n, 91, 205n, 354

Nolan, Edward, 517-18n

Nolda, Henry, 214n

Nolde and Horst Co., 263n

Nolde and Horst Co. v. Kruger et al., 263n

Nolte, Ed, letter to, 166-67

Northcliffe, Charles W. H., 289n

Northcliffe press, 288, 289-90n

North Dakota Non-Partisan League, 422, 424n

Northern Michigan copper miners' strike (1913-14), 8:512- 13n, 11-13, 13-14n, 25-28, 43-44, 44n, 46-47, 47-48n, 51-52, 52n, 64-67, 68n, 177, 181-83, 210, 301; congressional investigation of, 28n, 46, 47-48n, 51-52, 52n, 65-66, 68n, 96n

Nurses, male, 416-18

O

Obregón Salido, Alvaro, 160n, 306, 307n, 427n

O'Brien, Patrick, 13n

Observer, 289n

O'Connell, James,* 10n, 71, 157n, 488n, 508; at AFL convention, 224-25, 225n; at AFL Executive Council meetings, 272, 436; and Clayton Act, 91; and Committee on Industrial Relations, 422n; elected AFL vice-president, 38n, 226n, 348n; and jurisdictional dispute, 388, 390n; and U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations, 9, 138, 171-72, 311, 312n, 322; letter from, 171-72

O'Connell, John, 518n

O'Connor, T. V., 83n, 104n

Office employees, organization of, 142

O'Gorman, James A., 194, 194n

O'Hara, John J., 233n; letter from, 232-33

Ohio State Federation of Labor, 8:17n, 511

Olander, Victor A.,* 91, 94n

Olsen, S. A., letter to, 422-24

"One Big Union," 103, 245

Oregon Industrial Welfare Commission, 317n

Organizing, AFL assessments for, 38, 38n

Otis, Harrison G., 6:213n, 484n

Oudegeest, Jan,* 240n, 265, 266n, 289n

P

Pabst, Gustave G., 354, 355n

Pacific Gas and Electric Co., strike against (1913-14), 38-39n

Page, Carroll S., 8:381n, 10n

Pages, Baltasar, 426-27n, 430, 432, 433-34n, 436

Painters, Decorators, and Paperhangers of America, Brotherhood of,* 34n, 62, 191n

Palestine, 403-5, 405n

Panama Canal, 328n

Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915), 326, 328n

Pan-American Federation of Labor, 443n, 465, 466n, 500, 534

Pan-American Federation of Labor Conference Committee, 443n

Pan-American Financial Conference (1915), 296-99, 299-300n, 327, 358, 437; commission of, 298, 299-300n, 358

Pani, Alberto J., 498-500, 500n

Paper, print, 525, 526n

Parker, Alton B., 7:296n, 97n, 141, 153, 536

Parker, Lewis W., 171n

Parral (Chihuahua), battle at, 426n

Pattern Makers' League of North America,* 34n

Peace delegations, postwar, labor representation in, 485, 488n

Peace movement, 254, 366n, 430, 433n; AFL Executive Council and, 231; meetings: Jan. 1915 (Washington, D.C.), 231, 232n; Feb. 1915 (Chicago), 269, 274n; Apr. 1915 (New York City), 269, 274n; Apr.-May 1915 (The Hague), 270, 274n; May 1915 (Cleveland), 269, 274n; June 1915 (New York City), 290, 291-92n

Pearce, William C.,* 336, 341n

Pennsylvania, University of, SG address at, banned by, 256, 256n

Pennsylvania Railroad, 48-49, 50n, 481, 511, 516; strike against (1914), 50n

Pensions, 122-23, 525-26

People ex rel. Fursman v. City of Chicago et al., 419n

Perham, Henry B.,* 9, 10n, 343n, 436, 495n; elected AFL vice-president, 38n, 226n, 348n

Perkins, Edgar A.,* 64, 68n, 69

Perkins, George W.,* 75n, 80n, 254n, 260, 354, 403n; letter from, 253-54; letters to, 75, 237, 478-79

Persecution: political, 414-15; religious, 404, 414-15 (see also Mexico, religious persecution in)

Pershing, John, 212n, 426n

Persion, Achille,* 480n; letter from, 480

Pettipiece, R. Parmenter, 478n; letter to, 477-78

Phagan, Mary, 279n

Philipp, Emanuel L., 353, 355n

Phillips, Cyrus, 200n

Phillips, George, 83n

Photo-Engravers' Union of North America, International,* 94n; convention, 1914 (Indianapolis), 163, 163n, 168; local 1 (New York City), 74-75n

Physical training, AFL and, 524-25n; SG and, 329-30, 374-75, 380, 382

Pierce, Willis H., 48, 49-50n

Pinchot, Amos, 422n, 433n

Pinchot, Gifford, 309, 310n

Planten, G. H., 48, 49n

Plattsburgh (N.Y.) Business Men's Camp, 330-31, 332n

"Pluck-me" stores, 87, 222

Political action: nonpartisan, AFL and, 165-66, 423-24, 471-72; partisan, AFL and, 34-36, 36n, 165-66, 245, 327

Political candidates: legislative records of, 165; platforms of, 165

Pomerene, Atlee, 470, 472n

Pope, George, 78, 78n

Port-au-Prince, U.S. occupation of, 311n

Porter, D. Edward, 168, 169n

Port Henry Iron Ore Co., strike against (1913), 177, 178n

Portland (Ore.) and Vicinity, Central Labor Council of, 172, 172n

Portsmouth (Va.) Central Labor Union, 419-22, 422n

Post, Louis F., 319, 321n, 323

Powell, George, 352n

Preparedness, 332n, 358-59, 359-60n; AFL and, 344-46, 346n, 379, 383n, 524; SG and, 329-31, 346, 364-65, 374-82, 384

Pressmen's and Assistant's Union of North America, International Printing,* 348n; lockout, 1912- (local 7, Chicago), 74n

Prince of Wales's Fund, 196

Princip, Gavrilo, 160n

Prinz, Henry, 19, 21n

Proebstle, Joseph,* 30, 34n

Profit sharing, SG and, 397-98

Progressive party: convention, 1916 (Chicago), 430n; platform (1912), 77

Prohibition, SG and, 179, 406, 408n

Proportional representation, 124-25

Protest conference, 1906 (Washington, D.C.), 7:6n, 89-90

Protest conference, 1908 (Washington, D.C.), 7:320n, 89-90, 165, 166n

"Protocol of Peace," 8:114n, 403n

Prussian military caste, antagonism toward, in Great Britain, 192, 196-97

Public works, 123

Puebla, strike at (1907), 307n

Puerto Rican workers, organization of, 533-34, 534n

Puerto Rico: agricultural workers' strike (1916), 411n;

U.S. Industrial Relations Commission hearings on, 256-58, 258n, 280, 312. See also Legislation, U.S.: Jones Act (1917)

Putrich, Antonia, 26, 28n

Putrich, Steve, 26, 28n

Q

Quebec (City), National Trades and Labor Council of, 14-15, 15n

Quebec (City) Trades and Labor Council, 14, 15n

Quelch, Tom, 230n; letter to, 229-30

Quick, Humphrey, 26, 28n

R

Railroads: government ownership of, AFL and, 494; government ownership of, SG and 254-55; municipal ownership of, 255, 255n

Railroad Telegraphers of North America, Order of,* 342-43n

Railroad workers, organization of, 48-49, 49-50n

Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,* 157n, 343n

Railway Clerks, Brotherhood of,* 342, 343n

Railway Employes, Brotherhood of Federated, 48-49, 50n

Railwaymen, National Union of, 377, 382n

Railway Yardmen, National Association of, 341-42

Ralston, Jackson H., 4:294n, 3-4, 90-91, 141, 153

Ramos, Domingo, 429n, 467, 468n

Randall, Beverly, 282n

Ratchford, Michael D.,* 336, 341n

Ravola, Alfonso A., 467, 468n

Reardon, John, 390n

Recall, 124

Referendum, 124

Reid, James J.,* 38n

Religion, and trade unions, SG and, 16-17, 458-59. See also Catholic Church, and trade unions in Canada

Religious organizations, fraternal delegates from, AFL and, 212-13, 213-14n

Remington Arms Co., strike against (1915), 305n

Remington Cartridge Co., strike against (1915), 305n

Republican party: convention, 1916 (Chicago), 430n; platform (1912), 4, 77, 111

Rheims, destruction of cathedral at, 192, 194n, 195

Rich, Albert, 529n

Rickert, Thomas A.,* 203, 205n, 227, 393; wire to, 406

Río Blanco, strike at (1907), 306, 307n

Riordan, William J., 354, 356n

Rivera Martínez, Prudencio, 257-58, 258n, 280

Roach, James, 44n, 47n

Roan, Jack, 283n

Robins, Margaret Dreier (Mrs. Raymond Robins), 22n, 235n; letter from, 302-3, letters to, 234-35, 318-21

Rockefeller, John D., 8:277n, 218

Rockefeller, John D., Jr., 210-11, 211n, 282, 283n, 301,

302n, 328-29, 399, 400n

Rocky Mountain Fuel Co., strike against (1913-14), 23, 24n, 210-11, 211n, 242, 301, 399, 400n. See also Ludlow massacre

Roebuck, Joseph, 244n; letter to, 240-44

Rojas, Luis Manuel, 433n

Rolland, Modesto, 433n

Roosevelt, Theodore, 1:443n, 202, 323, 514

Root, Elihu, 5:438n, 92

Rowe, Thomas W.,* 31, 34n

Rubin, William B., 8:459n, 354

Run-of-mine method of paying miners, 282, 283n

Russell, Charles E., 378, 382-83n

Russia, and outbreak of WWI, 160n, 163n, 174; U.S. mission to (1917), 383n

Ryan, John D., 270-71, 275n

Ryan, Martin F.,* 49, 50n

S

Sailors' and Firemen's Union of Great Britain and Ireland, National, 474-76, 477n

St. John, Vincent, 150n

Sam, Vilbrun Guillaume, 311n

Sandeman, George, 518n

San Francisco Building Trades Council, 5:339n, 39n

San Francisco exhibition (1915). See Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915)

San Francisco Labor Council, 4:172n, 5:475n, 39n, 40, 40n

San Francisco preparedness parade, bombing of, 517, 517n

Santiago, Cuba, naval battle at, 197, 198n

Sarah Knisley v. Pascal P. Pratt et al., 7, 9n

Sassenbach, Johann,* 107, 107n

Scharrenberg, Paul,* 38n, 206n, 220-21, 223-24n, 514-15, 515n; wire to, 206

Schiff, Jacob H., 253, 254n

Schley, Winfield S., 5:11n, 197

Schloerb, R. W., letter to, 254-55

Schlossberg, Joseph,* 227, 228n

Schram, Louis, 200n

Scientific management, 187-89, 189n; SG and, 228-29, 398

Scientific Management and Labor (Hoxie), 189n

Scott, Melinda, 108, 110n; letter to, 258-59

"Scrap of paper" (Belgian neutrality treaty), 296n, 373

Scully, Mary P., 98, 99n

Seamen's Union of America, International,* 213n; convention, 1916 (New York City), 476, 477n, 487; German effort to foment strikes by, 304, 305n

Seattle and Vicinity, Central Labor Council of, 171, 221

Serbia, and outbreak of WWI, 160n, 163n

Shackleton, David J., 8:*, 476

Shannon Copper Co., strike against (1915-16), 351-52, 352n, 425

Shaw, Quincy A., Jr., 211, 211n

Sheet Metal Workers' International Alliance, Amalgamated,* 73n; and AFL Building Trades Department, 73n; jurisdiction of, 70, 73n

Sheets, Henry, 451n

Sheppard, Lucius E.,* 521, 523n, 527

Shields, John K., 194, 195n, 409-10, 410n

Shipping disasters, 111, 112n, 201, 203n

Shonts, Theodore P., 492, 493n

Short, James A., 8:151n, 44n, 47n

Shuster, George N., 302n; letter to, 300-302

Skilled workers, 251-52, 530-31

Slaton, John M., 278-79n; letter to, 278

Slobodin, Henry L., 378-79, 383n

Smith, Alfred E., 8:472n, 359, 359n

Smith, Ellison D., 103n; letter to, 100-102

Smith, Hoke, 10n

Social Democratic Party of Germany, 2:371n, 379, 475

Socialist-labor conference, 1915 (London), 238, 239-40n

Socialist Labor party, 112-13

Socialist Party of America, 6:204n, 4, 461-62, 462n; AFL and, 36n, 112-15, 124, 126, 130; and preparedness, 378-79; and U.S. intervention in WWI, 383n

Socialists: AFL and, 34-36, 36n; SG and, 4-5, 80-82, 112-35, 138-39, 139n, 150-52, 152n, 245-46, 333-34, 353-55, 378-79, 461-62, 512, 527-29

Solidarity, 245

Sonora, governor of, 427n

Spanish-American War, 4:465-66n, 291, 534, 534n

Spartacus, 387, 387n

Spelling, Thomas C., 7:254n, 279, 280n, 323

Spencer, Herbert, 2:110n, 17

Spencer, William J., 8:*, 157n

Spring, George F., 277-78n

Spry, William, 343, 344n

Stafford, William H., 4-6, 9n

Standard Oil Co., 279, 301

Starr, Ellen Gates, 371n; letters from, 370-71, 391; letters to, 385-87, 392-95

Steam and Operating Engineers, International Union of, 7:*, 205n; and black workers, 281, 282n, 497, 497n; convention, 1916 (Newark, N.J.), 492n; German effort to foment strikes by, 305n; local 69 (Chicago), 203, 205n; local 77 (Washington, D.C.), 281, 282n; local 94 (Washington, D.C.), 497, 497n; local 569 (Chicago), 205n

Steam Shovel and Dredge Men, International Brotherhood of, 74n

Steelworkers, organization of, 211

Steghagen, Emma, 302-3, 303n; letters from, 332, 452

Stephen, James F., 244, 245n

Stepic, Stanko, 28n

Sterling, John, 450n

Stettler, Frank C., 317n

Stettler v. O'Hara et al., 316, 317-18n

Steward, Samuel, 155n

Stillman, Charles B.,* 418, 419n

Stimac, John, 26, 28n

Stone, Warren S.,* 49, 50n, 521-22, 523n, 527; letters to, 449-50, 463

Stone Cutters' Association of North America, Journeymen,* 71, 73n; jurisdiction of, 73n

Storey, Moorfield, 434n

Strauss, William, 8:334n, 80n

Street and Electric Railway Employes of America, Amalgamated Association of,* 34n, 191n, 251; division 308 (Chicago), 390n; division 589 (Boston), 390n; jurisdiction of, 388-90, 390n; and Puerto Rican workers, 533-34, 534n; strike, 1916 (New York City), 490-92, 492n

Strikes, AFL financial appeals for, 11-13, 14n, 48n, 65, 171n, 191n, 352n; AFL financial support of, considered, 27-28, 28n, 29-33, 33n, 48n, 65-66, 156-57, 157n, 181-83, 190-91; German effort to foment, 303-4, 305n, 366n; SG and, 84-85

Strikes and lockouts:

--agricultural workers: 1916 (Puerto Rico), 411n

--clothing workers: 1915 (Chicago), 354, 355-56n, 356-57, 370-71, 371n, 386-87, 391

--cooks and waiters: 1913 (New York City), 8:452n, 489n

--copper miners: 1913-14 (Northern Michigan), 8:512-13n, 11-13, 13-14n, 25-28, 43-44, 44n, 46-47, 47-48n, 51-52, 52n, 64-67, 68n, 177, 181-83, 210, 301

--electrical workers: 1913-14 (San Francisco), 38, 38-39n; 1914 (Toledo), 99, 99n

--foundry workers: 1916 (Chicago), 438, 443n, 452

--general strikes: 1914 (miners, threatened), 97, 98n; 1916 (Mexico City), 426n, 499-500, 500-501n; 1916 (New York City), 490-91, 492n

--Homestead strike: 1892, 3:189n, 51

--hop field workers: 1913, 1914 (California), 504, 507n

--iron miners: 1913 (Mineville, N.Y.), 177, 178n; 1916 (Mesabi Range), 488, 489-90n, 504-5

--ladies' garment workers: 1913 (New York City), 8:442n, 98

--machinists: 1915 (Bridgeport, Conn.), 304, 305n

--mill workers: 1916 (Buffalo, N.Y.), 406n

--mine and smelter workers: 1915-16 (Arizona), 351-52, 352n, 425

--miners: 1884 (Hocking Valley, Ohio), 1:426n, 86-87; 1897, 4:345n, 33, 86-88, 337; 1900 (anthracite), 5:263n, 337; 1902 (anthracite), 6:13-14n, 13, 86-88, 337; 1912-13 (W.Va.), 8:519n, 24, 210, 301; 1913-14 (Colorado), 23, 24n, 210-11, 211n, 242, 301, 399, 400n (see also Ludlow massacre)

--munitions workers: 1915 (Bridgeport, Conn.), 304, 305n

--printing pressmen: 1912- (Chicago), 74n

--railroad workers: 1914 (Pennsylvania), 50n; 1916 (Cuba), 534n; 1916 (threatened), 450n, 463, 495n, 529n

--steelworkers: 1916 (Pittsburgh), 504, 507n

--street and electric railway workers: 1916 (New York City), 490-92, 492n; 1916-17 (Havana), 534, 534n

--textile workers: 1907 (Veracruz), 306, 307n; 1912 (Lawrence, Mass.), 8:325-26n, 229, 230n, 489n, 504; 1913 (Paterson, N.J.), 8:503n, 489n, 504-5; 1914 (Atlanta), 170-71, 171n, 191n

Suhr, Herman, 507n

Sullivan, James W.,* 124, 136n, 139, 192, 207, 470n; letter to, 468-69

Sullivan, Jere L.,* 246n; letter to, 245-46

Suzuki, Bunji,* 327, 328n, 513, 515, 515n

Switchmen's Union of North America,* 34n

T

Taft, William H., 6:383n, 3, 112n, 274n; and German submarine warfare, 253, 254n; and immigration bill (1913; S. 3175), 80-81, 82-83n; and sundry civil appropriation bill (1913; H.R. 28,775), 81-82, 82n, 353

Tagle, Manuel Vázquez, 306, 307n

Tailors' Industrial Union,* 71, 73-74n, 235-36, 236n, 260-61, 261n; jurisdiction of, 74n; local 2 (San Francisco), 236; local 161 (Chicago), 356n. See also Tailors' Union of America, Journeymen

Tailors' Union of America, Journeymen,* 74n, 354, 356n. See also Tailors' Industrial Union

Tampico incident, 95, 95-96n

Tanner, Charles H., 43, 44n

Tariff commission, nonpartisan, AFL and, 365, 366n

Taunton (Mass.) Central Labor Union, 166n

Taylor, Claude O.,* 65, 68n

Taylor, James A.,* 223-24n, 214-16

Taylor system, SG and, 228

Teachers: and Chicago board of education, 419n; and Cleveland board of education, 137, 137-38n, 418; in Mexico, 465; organization of, 137, 137-38n, 418-19, 419n, 429 (see also Teachers, American Federation of)

Teachers, American Federation of,* 418-19, 419n, 429; local 8 (Washington, D.C.), 466n

Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen, and Helpers of America, International Brotherhood of,* 36n; Joint Council 25 (Chicago), 267n; jurisdiction of, 143-45, 145-46n, 146-49; secession movement in, 357n

Telegraph lines, government ownership of, AFL and, 494

Terry, William E., 7:384n, 83n

Textile Workers of America, United,* 171n; local 900 (Reading, Pa.), injunction against, 262, 263n; local 909 (Lenoir City, Tenn.), injunction against, 262, 262-63n; strike, 1914 (Atlanta), 170-71, 171n, 191n

Thirty Years War, 264, 266n

Thomas, Charles S., 194, 195n

Thompson, Joseph F., 510, 510n

Thompson, William O., 83-85, 88n, 112

Thorne, Florence C.,* 433n; memorandum, 430-33

Tijan, Alois, 26, 28n

Tillett, Benjamin,* 197n, 337; letter from, 195-97

Timberworkers, International Union of,* 453, 454n

Times (London), 289n

Titanic, sinking of, 8:369n, 201

Tobin, Daniel J.,* 35, 36n, 267n, 357n; letter from, 146-49; letters to, 143-45, 356-57; wire from, 52

Todd, G. Carroll, 74n

Toledo Central Labor Union, 99n

Toronto District Labor Council, 409n

Townley, Arthur, 424n

Tracy, Thomas F.,* 157n, 479, 479n

Trades Union Congress of Great Britain, 4:*; meeting, 1914 (Portsmouth), 162-63, 163n; meeting, 1915 (Bristol), 404, 406n; meeting, 1916 (Birmingham), 469, 470n, 476, 484

Trade union disputes. See Clothing Workers of America, Amalgamated; Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of, secession movement in; Garment Workers of America, United, secession movement in; Jurisdiction, of trade unions; Jurisdictional disputes; Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen, and Helpers of America, International Brotherhood of, secession movement in

Trade unions: Catholic Church and, in Canada, 14-15, 15-16n, 458, 460n; constitutions of, SG critiques of, 267-68, 419, 419n, 420-22; democracy in, 392-93; dues of, 452; economic power of, 282, 333-35, 339, 462; goals of, 447-48, 536; history of, 222-23; members of, indictment of, 39, 40n, 82, 83n, 89, 182-83, 184n; nonpartisan political activity in, 165-66, 423-24, 471-72; organization of, 501-3; and "outsiders," 277, 392-93, 420-21, 431, 459-62, 512; partisan political activity in, 34-36, 36n, 165-66, 245, 327; patriotism of, 381; philosophy of, 127-30; and religion, 16-17, 458-59 (see also Catholic Church, and trade unions in Canada); secession movements in (see Trade union disputes)

Training School for Active Workers in the Labor Movement, 332, 333n

Training School for Women Organizers, 332, 333n

Travis, Claude C., 400n; letter to, 399-400

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 431-32, 434n

Treitschke, Heinrich von, 192, 194n

Tresca, Carlo, 488-89, 489n

TUC. See Trades Union Congress of Great Britain

Tumulty, Joseph, 203n

Tunnel and Subway Constructors' International Union, jurisdiction of, 347, 347-48n

Typographical Union, International,* 36n, 315, 537; convention, 1914 (Providence), 168, 168n; and eight-hour day, 120; and industrial unionism, 502; local 174 (Los Angeles), 436

U

Underwood, Oscar W., 48n, 65, 68n, 98n

Unemployment insurance: in Belgium, 175n; in Great Britain, 193n

United Mine Workers' Journal, letter to, 335-40

Unorganized workers. See Itinerant workers; Migrant workers;

Unskilled workers; Women workers

Unskilled workers, 142, 143n, 172, 251-52, 530-31

Urquidi, Francisco, 307n

Uruguay, and civil war in Mexico, 363n

U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations, 8:331-32n, 9; AFL and, 464n; hearings, 83-88, 90, 112-38, 138n, 139, 139-40n, 171-72, 172n, 188, 189n, 224n, 256-58, 258n, 279-80, 280n, 282, 283n, 284, 285n, 322; and minimum wage, 316-17; reports of, 311, 312n, 321-23, 324n; and scientific management, 187-89, 189n

U.S. Department of Labor, 2:127n, 8

U.S. House of Representatives:

--Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 526n

--Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, 111, 112n

--Committee on Mines and Mining, 48n, 302n

--Committee on the Judiciary, 40, 40n, 52n, 106n, 140

--Select Committee on Lobby Investigation, 3-8, 229, 230n

U.S.-Mexican Joint Commission, 426n, 431-32, 434n, 482-84, 498

U.S. Punitive Expedition, 212n, 426n, 437

U.S. Senate

--Committee on Foreign Affairs, 111, 112n

--Committee on Interstate Commerce, 92, 526n

--Committee on the Judiciary, 92, 300

U.S. Steel Corporation, 5:335n, 81, 279; profit sharing plan of, 8:25n, 45, 46n

U.S. v. A. Haines et al., 83n

Utah Board of Pardons, 344n

Utilities, mayors' conference on municipal, 206-7, 208n

Utilities, National Civic Federation model bill for regulating public, 163-64, 164n

V

Valentine, Joseph F.,* 14n, 38n, 226n, 271-73, 348n, 436

Vanderbilt, Cornelius, 2:409n, 218

Van Lear, Thomas, 347, 348n, 350n

Vare, William S., 19, 22n

Vargas, Hermogenes, 411n,

Veracruz: occupation of (see Tampico incident); textile workers strike in (1907), 306, 307n

Verbanac, Nick, 182, 184n, 190-91, 191n

Verdun, battle of, 426n

Victor-American Fuel Co., strike against (1913-14), 23, 24n, 210-11, 211n, 242, 301, 399, 400n. See also Ludlow massacre

Villa, Francisco "Pancho," 211, 212n, 306, 307n, 426n, 432, 437

Vocational Association of the Middle West, 353n

Vocational education, 126, 355, 355n; SG and, 382

Volturno, sinking of, 201, 203n

Vote: direct, 125; right to, 184-87

W

Waddell, W. E., letter to, 44-45

Waddell-Mahon guards, 11-12, 13n, 28n, 43, 182

Wages, 126-27, 252; legislation regarding, 19, 22n, 460-61, 461n; legislation regarding, AFL and, 214, 532; legislation regarding, SG and, 119, 122, 215. See also Minimum wage legislation

Walker, John H.,* 24, 25n, 27, 65, 346, 346n, 350n; letter to, 150-52

Wallace, Edgar, 341n; letter to, 335-40

Wallace (Idaho) Trades and Labor Council, 25n

Walsh, Francis P., 117n, 257, 312n, 324n, 517; and American Union against Militarism, 433n; and Committee on Industrial Relations, 422n; at U.S. Industrial Relations Commission hearings, 112, 118, 124, 130, 135; letter from, 311-12; letters to, 279-80, 321-23

Wambaugh, Sarah, 270, 274n

Wanhope, Joshua, 378, 383n

Warheit (Truth), 405n

Washington, Booker T., 4:408n, 383

Washington Association of New Jersey, 254n

Washington Herald, letter to, 76-78

Waterman, Homer F.,* 27, 28n, 47n

Watters, James, 409n

Weeks, Edwin W.,* 157n; letter from, 156-57

Weinberg, Israel, 517-18n

Weinstock, Harris, 285n, 312n; letter to, 284-85

West, George P., 430-31, 433n

West Indian workers, 496

Westinghouse, strike against (1916), 504, 507n

West Virginia, congressional investigation of strike in (1913), 8:519n, 23, 51

White, A. Robert, 383

White, John P.,* 39-40, 40n, 67, 68n, 98n, 422n; and AFL vice-presidency, 38n, 41-42, 42-43n; letter from, 41-42; wires to, 64, 97

Whitefield, William, 487, 488n

Whitehead, Myrtle, 332, 333n

White Rats Actors' Union, 292n

Whitney, C. E., 450n, 464n

Wickersham, George W., 8:54n, 250, 295-96n, 319, 323, 324n; letter to, 292-95

Willcox, William R., 163, 164n

Williams, Charles, 422n

Williams, Thomas, 157n, 261n

Williams, Wayne C., 457, 457n

Willis, Frank, 283n

Wilson, Frederick, 213n

Wilson, James A.,* 32, 34n

Wilson, J. Havelock,* 477n; letter from, 473-76; letter to, 484-87

Wilson, Thomas Woodrow, 8:135n, 106n, 203n, 354, 358-59, 360n, 435, 476; and AFL convention delegates, reception of, 519-20; and AFL Executive Council, meeting with, 9, 10n; and AFL office building, dedication of, 276n, 444-45, 448n; Brandeis, nomination of, 409, 410n; and Burnett immigration bill, 103n, 405n; and Clayton Act, 91-92, 140-41, 197, 200-201, 446, 455; and Colorado miners' strike (1913-14), 24n, 95n, 98n, 210, 211n; and Hill, 343, 344n; labor record of, SG on, 473, 487, 488n; and Mexico, U.S. relations with, 96n, 307n, 324-27, 361, 363n, 426n, 432-33, 434n, 437; and Puerto Rico, 410-11, 411n; and railroad strike, threatened, 450n; reelection of, 518; and SG, meetings with, 358-59, 359-60n, 432-33, 434n; and vocational education, 353, 353n; letters to, 200-203, 324-26, 410-11

Wilson, William B.,* 9, 10n, 112n, 359, 431-32, 435; and AFL Executive Council, meeting with members of president's cabinet, 396, 396n; and Arizona mine and smelter workers' strike (1915-16), 352n; and Clayton Act, 319, 321n, 323; and Northern Michigan copper miners' strike (1913-14), 44, 44n

Wilson v. New et al., 450n

Winslow, Charles H., 54-55, 57n

Wirt, William A., 429, 430n

Witherbee, Sherman, and Co., strike against (1913), 177, 178n

Woll, Matthew,* 93n; and Clayton Act, 89, 93, 153n, 168, 323, 324n; fraternal delegate to TUC, 162-63, 469, 485

Woman's Peace Party, 231, 232n, 274n

Woman's Suffrage League, 36n

Woman suffrage, 36, 124, 185-87

Women Machine Wood Workers' Union (Oshkosh, Wis.), 332, 333n

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 274n

Women's Trade Union League, National, 6:483n, 108, 286, 332, 333n, 371; AFL financial support of, 234, 235n; Chicago branch, 302-3, 371, 452; and Clayton Act, 318-21, 321n; convention, 1915 (New York City), 302, 303n, 318, 321n; New York branch, 110n

Women workers, 99n, 285-86; organization of, 20, 38, 38n, 98-99, 99n, 108-9, 142, 186, 235n, 332, 333n; hours of labor of, legislation regarding, AFL and, 214-15, 223n; minimum wage legislation for, New York State Factory Investigating Commission and, 258-59, 259n. See also Minimum wage legislation

Wood, Leonard, 331-32n, 363n; letter to, 329-31

Woolley, Robert W., 473n; wire to, 473

Workers' International Industrial Union, 150n

Workmen's compensation laws, 75-76n, 200n; National Civic Federation-AFL model bill, 200n; SG and, 6-7, 75, 198-200

World Court Congress, 1915 (Cleveland), 269, 274n

World War I, AFL and, 226, 226n, 231, 232n, 265, 291, 292n, 485, 525n; AFL Executive Council and, 231, 232n; American involvement in, discussion of, 253-54; American involvement in, SG and, 286-87, 290-91, 447; atrocities, 192, 193-94n, 195; economic impact of, 190; outbreak of, 160n, 163n, 173, 192, 193n; outbreak of, SG and, 160, 162-63, 166-67, 168n, 175n, 372. See also Peace movement; entries under specific countries

Wright, Daniel T., 7:438n, 105, 106n

XYZ

Yager, Arthur, 72, 74n, 79-80, 80n, 411, 411n

York Manufacturing Co., 347n

Young, George B., 56n; letter to, 54-56

Young, Maurice de, 63n

Young, Samuel B. M., 451n; letter to, 451

Y aikai (Laborers' Friendly Society), 513, 515n

Yucatán, governor of, 427n

Yudico, Samuel O., 426n; letter to, 425-26

Zapata, Emiliano, 212n, 306, 307n

Zionism, 405n; SG and, 60, 403-5, 405n

Zolezzi, Norman A., 341, 342n

Zubarán Capmany, Rafael, 159n, 425, 498, 500n; letter to, 158-59

Zuckerman, Max,* 110n; letter from, 107-10

UP

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